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SubjectRe: [PATCHSET] mempool, percpu, blkcg: fix percpu stat allocation and remove stats_lock
On Mon, Mar 05, 2012 at 02:13:21PM -0800, Tejun Heo wrote:
> Hello, Vivek.
>
> On Wed, Feb 29, 2012 at 12:36:39PM -0500, Vivek Goyal wrote:
> > Index: tejun-misc/block/blk-cgroup.h
> > ===================================================================
> > --- tejun-misc.orig/block/blk-cgroup.h 2012-02-28 01:29:09.238256494 -0500
> > +++ tejun-misc/block/blk-cgroup.h 2012-02-28 01:29:12.000000000 -0500
> > @@ -180,6 +180,8 @@ struct blkio_group {
> > struct request_queue *q;
> > struct list_head q_node;
> > struct hlist_node blkcg_node;
> > + /* List of blkg waiting for per cpu stats memory to be allocated */
> > + struct list_head pending_alloc_node;
>
> Can we move this right on top of rcu_head? It's one of the coldest
> entries. Also, long field names tend to be a bit painful. How about
> just alloc_node?

Hi Tejun,

Here is the new version (lets call it v2) of the patch. Please let me
know if some more changes are required.

Thanks
Vivek

blk-cgroup: Alloc per cpu stats from worker thread in a delayed manner

Current per cpu stat allocation assumes GFP_KERNEL allocation flag. But in
IO path there are times when we want GFP_NOIO semantics. As there is no
way to pass the allocation flags to alloc_percpu(), this patch delays the
allocation of stats using a worker thread.

v2-> tejun suggested following changes. Changed the patch accordingly.
- move alloc_node location in structure
- reduce the size of names of some of the fields
- Reduce the scope of locking of alloc_list_lock
- Simplified stat_alloc_fn() by allocating stats for all
policies in one go and then assigning these to a group.

Signed-off-by: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com>
---
block/blk-cgroup.c | 128 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------------
block/blk-cgroup.h | 2
2 files changed, 90 insertions(+), 40 deletions(-)

Index: tejun-misc/block/blk-cgroup.c
===================================================================
--- tejun-misc.orig/block/blk-cgroup.c 2012-03-07 02:33:14.761787970 -0500
+++ tejun-misc/block/blk-cgroup.c 2012-03-07 02:33:51.042788674 -0500
@@ -30,6 +30,15 @@ static LIST_HEAD(blkio_list);
static DEFINE_MUTEX(all_q_mutex);
static LIST_HEAD(all_q_list);

+/* List of groups pending per cpu stats allocation */
+static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(alloc_list_lock);
+static LIST_HEAD(alloc_list);
+
+/* Array of per cpu stat pointers allocated for blk groups */
+static void *pcpu_stats[BLKIO_NR_POLICIES];
+static void blkio_stat_alloc_fn(struct work_struct *);
+static DECLARE_WORK(blkio_stat_alloc_work, blkio_stat_alloc_fn);
+
struct blkio_cgroup blkio_root_cgroup = { .weight = 2*BLKIO_WEIGHT_DEFAULT };
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blkio_root_cgroup);

@@ -391,6 +400,9 @@ void blkiocg_update_dispatch_stats(struc
struct blkio_group_stats_cpu *stats_cpu;
unsigned long flags;

+ if (pd->stats_cpu == NULL)
+ return;
+
/*
* Disabling interrupts to provide mutual exclusion between two
* writes on same cpu. It probably is not needed for 64bit. Not
@@ -443,6 +455,9 @@ void blkiocg_update_io_merged_stats(stru
struct blkio_group_stats_cpu *stats_cpu;
unsigned long flags;

+ if (pd->stats_cpu == NULL)
+ return;
+
/*
* Disabling interrupts to provide mutual exclusion between two
* writes on same cpu. It probably is not needed for 64bit. Not
@@ -460,6 +475,59 @@ void blkiocg_update_io_merged_stats(stru
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blkiocg_update_io_merged_stats);

+static void blkio_stat_alloc_fn(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+
+ struct blkio_group *blkg, *n;
+ int i;
+
+alloc_stats:
+ spin_lock_irq(&alloc_list_lock);
+ if (list_empty(&alloc_list)) {
+ /* Nothing to do */
+ spin_unlock_irq(&alloc_list_lock);
+ return;
+ }
+ spin_unlock_irq(&alloc_list_lock);
+
+ for (i = 0; i < BLKIO_NR_POLICIES; i++) {
+ if (pcpu_stats[i] != NULL)
+ continue;
+
+ pcpu_stats[i] = alloc_percpu(struct blkio_group_stats_cpu);
+ if (pcpu_stats[i] == NULL)
+ goto alloc_stats;
+ }
+
+ spin_lock_irq(&blkio_list_lock);
+ spin_lock(&alloc_list_lock);
+
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(blkg, n, &alloc_list, alloc_node) {
+ for (i = 0; i < BLKIO_NR_POLICIES; i++) {
+ struct blkio_policy_type *pol = blkio_policy[i];
+ struct blkg_policy_data *pd;
+
+ if (!pol)
+ continue;
+
+ if (!blkg->pd[i])
+ continue;
+
+ pd = blkg->pd[i];
+ if (pd->stats_cpu)
+ continue;
+
+ pd->stats_cpu = pcpu_stats[i];
+ pcpu_stats[i] = NULL;
+ }
+ list_del_init(&blkg->alloc_node);
+ break;
+ }
+ spin_unlock(&alloc_list_lock);
+ spin_unlock_irq(&blkio_list_lock);
+ goto alloc_stats;
+}
+
/**
* blkg_free - free a blkg
* @blkg: blkg to free
@@ -491,9 +559,6 @@ static void blkg_free(struct blkio_group
* @q: request_queue the new blkg is associated with
*
* Allocate a new blkg assocating @blkcg and @q.
- *
- * FIXME: Should be called with queue locked but currently isn't due to
- * percpu stat breakage.
*/
static struct blkio_group *blkg_alloc(struct blkio_cgroup *blkcg,
struct request_queue *q)
@@ -509,6 +574,7 @@ static struct blkio_group *blkg_alloc(st
spin_lock_init(&blkg->stats_lock);
blkg->q = q;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&blkg->q_node);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&blkg->alloc_node);
blkg->blkcg = blkcg;
blkg->refcnt = 1;
cgroup_path(blkcg->css.cgroup, blkg->path, sizeof(blkg->path));
@@ -530,13 +596,6 @@ static struct blkio_group *blkg_alloc(st

blkg->pd[i] = pd;
pd->blkg = blkg;
-
- /* broken, read comment in the callsite */
- pd->stats_cpu = alloc_percpu(struct blkio_group_stats_cpu);
- if (!pd->stats_cpu) {
- blkg_free(blkg);
- return NULL;
- }
}

/* invoke per-policy init */
@@ -556,7 +615,7 @@ struct blkio_group *blkg_lookup_create(s
bool for_root)
__releases(q->queue_lock) __acquires(q->queue_lock)
{
- struct blkio_group *blkg, *new_blkg;
+ struct blkio_group *blkg;

WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held());
lockdep_assert_held(q->queue_lock);
@@ -580,48 +639,27 @@ struct blkio_group *blkg_lookup_create(s

/*
* Allocate and initialize.
- *
- * FIXME: The following is broken. Percpu memory allocation
- * requires %GFP_KERNEL context and can't be performed from IO
- * path. Allocation here should inherently be atomic and the
- * following lock dancing can be removed once the broken percpu
- * allocation is fixed.
*/
- spin_unlock_irq(q->queue_lock);
- rcu_read_unlock();
-
- new_blkg = blkg_alloc(blkcg, q);
-
- rcu_read_lock();
- spin_lock_irq(q->queue_lock);
-
- /* did bypass get turned on inbetween? */
- if (unlikely(blk_queue_bypass(q)) && !for_root) {
- blkg = ERR_PTR(blk_queue_dead(q) ? -EINVAL : -EBUSY);
- goto out;
- }
-
- /* did someone beat us to it? */
- blkg = blkg_lookup(blkcg, q);
- if (unlikely(blkg))
- goto out;
+ blkg = blkg_alloc(blkcg, q);

/* did alloc fail? */
- if (unlikely(!new_blkg)) {
+ if (unlikely(!blkg)) {
blkg = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
goto out;
}

/* insert */
spin_lock(&blkcg->lock);
- swap(blkg, new_blkg);
-
hlist_add_head_rcu(&blkg->blkcg_node, &blkcg->blkg_list);
list_add(&blkg->q_node, &q->blkg_list);
-
spin_unlock(&blkcg->lock);
+
+ spin_lock(&alloc_list_lock);
+ list_add(&blkg->alloc_node, &alloc_list);
+ /* Queue per cpu stat allocation from worker thread. */
+ queue_work(system_nrt_wq, &blkio_stat_alloc_work);
+ spin_unlock(&alloc_list_lock);
out:
- blkg_free(new_blkg);
return blkg;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blkg_lookup_create);
@@ -654,6 +692,10 @@ static void blkg_destroy(struct blkio_gr
list_del_init(&blkg->q_node);
hlist_del_init_rcu(&blkg->blkcg_node);

+ spin_lock(&alloc_list_lock);
+ list_del_init(&blkg->alloc_node);
+ spin_unlock(&alloc_list_lock);
+
/*
* Put the reference taken at the time of creation so that when all
* queues are gone, group can be destroyed.
@@ -752,6 +794,9 @@ static void blkio_reset_stats_cpu(struct
struct blkg_policy_data *pd = blkg->pd[plid];
struct blkio_group_stats_cpu *stats_cpu;
int i, j, k;
+
+ if (pd->stats_cpu == NULL)
+ return;
/*
* Note: On 64 bit arch this should not be an issue. This has the
* possibility of returning some inconsistent value on 32bit arch
@@ -883,6 +928,9 @@ static uint64_t blkio_read_stat_cpu(stru
struct blkio_group_stats_cpu *stats_cpu;
u64 val = 0, tval;

+ if (pd->stats_cpu == NULL)
+ return val;
+
for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
unsigned int start;
stats_cpu = per_cpu_ptr(pd->stats_cpu, cpu);
Index: tejun-misc/block/blk-cgroup.h
===================================================================
--- tejun-misc.orig/block/blk-cgroup.h 2012-03-07 02:33:14.761787970 -0500
+++ tejun-misc/block/blk-cgroup.h 2012-03-07 02:33:51.042788674 -0500
@@ -190,6 +190,8 @@ struct blkio_group {
spinlock_t stats_lock;
struct blkg_policy_data *pd[BLKIO_NR_POLICIES];

+ /* List of blkg waiting for per cpu stats memory to be allocated */
+ struct list_head alloc_node;
struct rcu_head rcu_head;
};


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