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SubjectRe: [PATCH 0/1] vsprintf: optimize decimal conversion (again)
Date
On Wednesday 28 March 2012 07:56, roma1390 wrote:
> On 2012.03.27 18:42, Denys Vlasenko wrote:
> > On Tue, Mar 27, 2012 at 2:08 PM, roma1390<roma1390@gmail.com> wrote:
> >> On 2012.03.26 21:47, Denys Vlasenko wrote:
> >>>
> >>> Please find test programs attached.
> >>>
> >>> 32-bit test programs were built using gcc 4.6.2
> >>> 64-bit test programs were built using gcc 4.2.1
> >>> Command line: gcc --static [-m32] -O2 -Wall test_{org,new}.c
> >>
> >> Can't compile reference for arm:
> >> $ arm-linux-gnueabi-gcc -O2 -Wall test_org.c -o test_org
> >> test_org.c: In function ‘put_dec’:
> >> test_org.c:101: error: impossible constraint in ‘asm’
> >> test_org.c:101: error: impossible constraint in ‘asm’
> >> test_org.c:101: error: impossible constraint in ‘asm’
> >
> > Please find a modified test_header.c attached.
> > I tested and it builds in my arm emulator.
>
>
> Run on same:
> 2.6.32-5-kirkwood #1 Tue Jan 17 05:11:52 UTC 2012 armv5tel GNU/Linux
> GCC version:
> gcc version 4.4.5 (Debian 4.4.5-8), Target: arm-linux-gnueabi
> Compiled with:
> arm-linux-gnueabi-gcc -O2 -Wall test_{org,new}.c -o test_{org,new}
>
>
> run default priority on almost idle machine:

Hmm, results are not good. Up to 8-digit conversions we were winning,
but when we start converting larger numbers, we lose big time:

123456789:2388000 2^32:2268000 2^64:1400000
123456789:1168000 2^32:976000 2^64:532000
Since ARM is 32-bit, we are using algorithm #2.

It's not like algorithm #2 is intrinsically bad: on i386, it is a win
on both AMD and Intel I tested it on.

Either it's just the difference between ARM and x86, or gcc is
generating suboptimal code for it.

I would like to ask you to do a few things.

First: email me both test_org and test_new binaries.
(Privately, to not spam the list).

Second: run
arm-linux-gnueabi-gcc -O2 -Wall test_{org,new}.c -S
and email me resulting test_{org,new}.s files.
Third: switch to algorithm #1 and test whether it fares better.
To do that, go to test_new.c
and replace
#if LONG_MAX > ((1UL<<31)-1) || LLONG_MAX > ((1ULL<<63)-1)
with
#if 1 ////LONG_MAX > ((1UL<<31)-1) || LLONG_MAX > ((1ULL<<63)-1)
(there are two instances of this line there),
then recompile and rerun the test, and post the result.

When I disassemble ARM code produced by _my_ compiler,
I don't see any obviously bad things.

put_dec_trunc8 is the function which works well for you.

put_dec_full4 and put_dec are used for printing 9+ digit numbers,
and your testing says they are slow. I don't see why -
see disassembly below.

I need to look at _your_ gcc's output...

00000000 <put_dec_trunc8>:
0: e92d40f0 stmdb sp!, {r4, r5, r6, r7, lr}
4: e59f6188 ldr r6, [pc, #392] ; 194 <.text+0x194>
8: e0843691 umull r3, r4, r1, r6
c: e1a03004 mov r3, r4
10: e1a0c003 mov ip, r3
14: e1a02083 mov r2, r3, lsl #1
18: e1a03183 mov r3, r3, lsl #3
1c: e3a04000 mov r4, #0 ; 0x0
20: e0822003 add r2, r2, r3
24: e2811030 add r1, r1, #48 ; 0x30
28: e0621001 rsb r1, r2, r1
2c: e15c0004 cmp ip, r4
30: e1a05000 mov r5, r0
34: e3a07000 mov r7, #0 ; 0x0
38: e4c01001 strb r1, [r0], #1
3c: 0a000052 beq 18c <put_dec_trunc8+0x18c>
40: e084369c umull r3, r4, ip, r6
44: e1a03004 mov r3, r4
48: e1a02083 mov r2, r3, lsl #1
4c: e1a01183 mov r1, r3, lsl #3
50: e1a0e003 mov lr, r3
54: e3a04000 mov r4, #0 ; 0x0
58: e0822001 add r2, r2, r1
5c: e28c3030 add r3, ip, #48 ; 0x30
60: e0623003 rsb r3, r2, r3
64: e15e0004 cmp lr, r4
68: e5c53001 strb r3, [r5, #1]
6c: e2800001 add r0, r0, #1 ; 0x1
70: 0a000045 beq 18c <put_dec_trunc8+0x18c>
74: e084369e umull r3, r4, lr, r6
78: e1a03004 mov r3, r4
7c: e1a02083 mov r2, r3, lsl #1
80: e1a01183 mov r1, r3, lsl #3
84: e1a05003 mov r5, r3
88: e3a04000 mov r4, #0 ; 0x0
8c: e0822001 add r2, r2, r1
90: e28e3030 add r3, lr, #48 ; 0x30
94: e0623003 rsb r3, r2, r3
98: e1550004 cmp r5, r4
9c: e4c03001 strb r3, [r0], #1
a0: 0a000039 beq 18c <put_dec_trunc8+0x18c>
a4: e0843695 umull r3, r4, r5, r6
a8: e1a03004 mov r3, r4
ac: e1a02083 mov r2, r3, lsl #1
b0: e1a01183 mov r1, r3, lsl #3
b4: e1a0c003 mov ip, r3
b8: e3a04000 mov r4, #0 ; 0x0
bc: e0822001 add r2, r2, r1
c0: e2853030 add r3, r5, #48 ; 0x30
c4: e0623003 rsb r3, r2, r3
c8: e15c0004 cmp ip, r4
cc: e4c03001 strb r3, [r0], #1
d0: 0a00002d beq 18c <put_dec_trunc8+0x18c>
d4: e1a0220c mov r2, ip, lsl #4
d8: e042210c sub r2, r2, ip, lsl #2
dc: e082200c add r2, r2, ip
e0: e1a03302 mov r3, r2, lsl #6
e4: e0623003 rsb r3, r2, r3
e8: e1a03103 mov r3, r3, lsl #2
ec: e083300c add r3, r3, ip
f0: e1a03083 mov r3, r3, lsl #1
f4: e1a0e823 mov lr, r3, lsr #16
f8: e1a0208e mov r2, lr, lsl #1
fc: e1a0118e mov r1, lr, lsl #3
100: e0822001 add r2, r2, r1
104: e28c3030 add r3, ip, #48 ; 0x30
108: e0623003 rsb r3, r2, r3
10c: e15e0004 cmp lr, r4
110: e4c03001 strb r3, [r0], #1
114: 0a00001c beq 18c <put_dec_trunc8+0x18c>
118: e1a0320e mov r3, lr, lsl #4
11c: e043310e sub r3, r3, lr, lsl #2
120: e1a02203 mov r2, r3, lsl #4
124: e0833002 add r3, r3, r2
128: e083300e add r3, r3, lr
12c: e1a0c5a3 mov ip, r3, lsr #11
130: e1a0208c mov r2, ip, lsl #1
134: e1a0118c mov r1, ip, lsl #3
138: e0822001 add r2, r2, r1
13c: e28e3030 add r3, lr, #48 ; 0x30
140: e0623003 rsb r3, r2, r3
144: e15c0004 cmp ip, r4
148: e4c03001 strb r3, [r0], #1
14c: 0a00000e beq 18c <put_dec_trunc8+0x18c>
150: e1a0320c mov r3, ip, lsl #4
154: e043310c sub r3, r3, ip, lsl #2
158: e1a02203 mov r2, r3, lsl #4
15c: e0833002 add r3, r3, r2
160: e083300c add r3, r3, ip
164: e1a0e5a3 mov lr, r3, lsr #11
168: e1a0208e mov r2, lr, lsl #1
16c: e1a0118e mov r1, lr, lsl #3
170: e0822001 add r2, r2, r1
174: e28c3030 add r3, ip, #48 ; 0x30
178: e0623003 rsb r3, r2, r3
17c: e15e0004 cmp lr, r4
180: e4c03001 strb r3, [r0], #1
184: 128e3030 addne r3, lr, #48 ; 0x30
188: 14c03001 strneb r3, [r0], #1
18c: e8bd40f0 ldmia sp!, {r4, r5, r6, r7, lr}
190: e12fff1e bx lr
194: 1999999a ldmneib r9, {r1, r3, r4, r7, r8, fp, ip, pc}
00000198 <put_dec_full4>:
198: e1a0c201 mov ip, r1, lsl #4
19c: e04cc101 sub ip, ip, r1, lsl #2
1a0: e1a0320c mov r3, ip, lsl #4
1a4: e08cc003 add ip, ip, r3
1a8: e1a0240c mov r2, ip, lsl #8
1ac: e08cc002 add ip, ip, r2
1b0: e08cc001 add ip, ip, r1
1b4: e1a0c9ac mov ip, ip, lsr #19
1b8: e1a0320c mov r3, ip, lsl #4
1bc: e043310c sub r3, r3, ip, lsl #2
1c0: e083300c add r3, r3, ip
1c4: e1a02303 mov r2, r3, lsl #6
1c8: e0632002 rsb r2, r3, r2
1cc: e1a02102 mov r2, r2, lsl #2
1d0: e082200c add r2, r2, ip
1d4: e1a02082 mov r2, r2, lsl #1
1d8: e1a02822 mov r2, r2, lsr #16
1dc: e92d4070 stmdb sp!, {r4, r5, r6, lr}
1e0: e1a0e202 mov lr, r2, lsl #4
1e4: e04ee102 sub lr, lr, r2, lsl #2
1e8: e1a0320e mov r3, lr, lsl #4
1ec: e08ee003 add lr, lr, r3
1f0: e1a0408c mov r4, ip, lsl #1
1f4: e1a0318c mov r3, ip, lsl #3
1f8: e0844003 add r4, r4, r3
1fc: e08ee002 add lr, lr, r2
200: e2811030 add r1, r1, #48 ; 0x30
204: e0641001 rsb r1, r4, r1
208: e1a0e5ae mov lr, lr, lsr #11
20c: e1a04000 mov r4, r0
210: e4c41001 strb r1, [r4], #1
214: e1a06000 mov r6, r0
218: e1a05182 mov r5, r2, lsl #3
21c: e1a0018e mov r0, lr, lsl #3
220: e1a01082 mov r1, r2, lsl #1
224: e1a0308e mov r3, lr, lsl #1
228: e0833000 add r3, r3, r0
22c: e0811005 add r1, r1, r5
230: e28cc030 add ip, ip, #48 ; 0x30
234: e2822030 add r2, r2, #48 ; 0x30
238: e2840001 add r0, r4, #1 ; 0x1
23c: e061c00c rsb ip, r1, ip
240: e0632002 rsb r2, r3, r2
244: e28ee030 add lr, lr, #48 ; 0x30
248: e5c6c001 strb ip, [r6, #1]
24c: e5c42001 strb r2, [r4, #1]
250: e5c0e001 strb lr, [r0, #1]
254: e2800002 add r0, r0, #2 ; 0x2
258: e8bd4070 ldmia sp!, {r4, r5, r6, lr}
25c: e12fff1e bx lr
00000260 <put_dec>:
260: e92d4ff0 stmdb sp!, {r4, r5, r6, r7, r8, r9, sl, fp, lr}
264: e3530000 cmp r3, #0 ; 0x0
268: e24dd00c sub sp, sp, #12 ; 0xc
26c: e1a08002 mov r8, r2
270: e1a09003 mov r9, r3
274: e1a0e000 mov lr, r0
278: 8a000009 bhi 2a4 <put_dec+0x44>
27c: 0a000003 beq 290 <put_dec+0x30>
280: e1a01008 mov r1, r8
284: e28dd00c add sp, sp, #12 ; 0xc
288: e8bd4ff0 ldmia sp!, {r4, r5, r6, r7, r8, r9, sl, fp, lr}
28c: eaffff5b b 0 <put_dec_trunc8>
290: e3e034fa mvn r3, #-100663296 ; 0xfa000000
294: e2433aa1 sub r3, r3, #659456 ; 0xa1000
298: e2433c0f sub r3, r3, #3840 ; 0xf00
29c: e1520003 cmp r2, r3
2a0: 9afffff6 bls 280 <put_dec+0x20>
2a4: e1a07828 mov r7, r8, lsr #16
2a8: e1a0c187 mov ip, r7, lsl #3
2ac: e1a02287 mov r2, r7, lsl #5
2b0: e08c2002 add r2, ip, r2
2b4: e0822007 add r2, r2, r7
2b8: e1a03182 mov r3, r2, lsl #3
2bc: e1a0a829 mov sl, r9, lsr #16
2c0: e0822003 add r2, r2, r3
2c4: e1a04809 mov r4, r9, lsl #16
2c8: e1a04824 mov r4, r4, lsr #16
2cc: e1a00202 mov r0, r2, lsl #4
2d0: e1a0118a mov r1, sl, lsl #3
2d4: e1a0328a mov r3, sl, lsl #5
2d8: e0815003 add r5, r1, r3
2dc: e1a09184 mov r9, r4, lsl #3
2e0: e0620000 rsb r0, r2, r0
2e4: e1a01808 mov r1, r8, lsl #16
2e8: e1a03304 mov r3, r4, lsl #6
2ec: e0800007 add r0, r0, r7
2f0: e1a01821 mov r1, r1, lsr #16
2f4: e0693003 rsb r3, r9, r3
2f8: e085200a add r2, r5, sl
2fc: e1a02202 mov r2, r2, lsl #4
300: e0800001 add r0, r0, r1
304: e0833004 add r3, r3, r4
308: e0800002 add r0, r0, r2
30c: e59fb164 ldr fp, [pc, #356] ; 478 <.text+0x478>
310: e1a03383 mov r3, r3, lsl #7
314: e0800003 add r0, r0, r3
318: e088209b umull r2, r8, fp, r0
31c: e1a086a8 mov r8, r8, lsr #13
320: e1a01388 mov r1, r8, lsl #7
324: e0411108 sub r1, r1, r8, lsl #2
328: e0811008 add r1, r1, r8
32c: e1a03101 mov r3, r1, lsl #2
330: e0811003 add r1, r1, r3
334: e0401201 sub r1, r0, r1, lsl #4
338: e1a0000e mov r0, lr
33c: e58dc004 str ip, [sp, #4]
340: ebffff94 bl 198 <put_dec_full4>
344: e1a03284 mov r3, r4, lsl #5
348: e1a02104 mov r2, r4, lsl #2
34c: e0822003 add r2, r2, r3
350: e1a0630a mov r6, sl, lsl #6
354: e1a0350a mov r3, sl, lsl #10
358: e0663003 rsb r3, r6, r3
35c: e1a01282 mov r1, r2, lsl #5
360: e0822001 add r2, r2, r1
364: e06a3003 rsb r3, sl, r3
368: e0642002 rsb r2, r4, r2
36c: e59dc004 ldr ip, [sp, #4]
370: e1a03183 mov r3, r3, lsl #3
374: e1a02182 mov r2, r2, lsl #3
378: e06a3003 rsb r3, sl, r3
37c: e04cc087 sub ip, ip, r7, lsl #1
380: e0833002 add r3, r3, r2
384: e083300c add r3, r3, ip
388: e0833008 add r3, r3, r8
38c: e087239b umull r2, r7, fp, r3
390: e1a076a7 mov r7, r7, lsr #13
394: e1a01387 mov r1, r7, lsl #7
398: e0411107 sub r1, r1, r7, lsl #2
39c: e0811007 add r1, r1, r7
3a0: e1a02101 mov r2, r1, lsl #2
3a4: e0811002 add r1, r1, r2
3a8: e0431201 sub r1, r3, r1, lsl #4
3ac: e046620a sub r6, r6, sl, lsl #4
3b0: ebffff78 bl 198 <put_dec_full4>
3b4: e1a03286 mov r3, r6, lsl #5
3b8: e0866003 add r6, r6, r3
3bc: e0499084 sub r9, r9, r4, lsl #1
3c0: e06a6006 rsb r6, sl, r6
3c4: e1a02189 mov r2, r9, lsl #3
3c8: e1a03106 mov r3, r6, lsl #2
3cc: e0663003 rsb r3, r6, r3
3d0: e0692002 rsb r2, r9, r2
3d4: e0822003 add r2, r2, r3
3d8: e0822007 add r2, r2, r7
3dc: e084329b umull r3, r4, fp, r2
3e0: e1a046a4 mov r4, r4, lsr #13
3e4: e1a01384 mov r1, r4, lsl #7
3e8: e0411104 sub r1, r1, r4, lsl #2
3ec: e0811004 add r1, r1, r4
3f0: e1a03101 mov r3, r1, lsl #2
3f4: e0811003 add r1, r1, r3
3f8: e0421201 sub r1, r2, r1, lsl #4
3fc: ebffff65 bl 198 <put_dec_full4>
400: e1a03185 mov r3, r5, lsl #3
404: e0653003 rsb r3, r5, r3
408: e083300a add r3, r3, sl
40c: e0944003 adds r4, r4, r3
410: e1a01000 mov r1, r0
414: 0a000010 beq 45c <put_dec+0x1fc>
418: e083249b umull r2, r3, fp, r4
41c: e1a066a3 mov r6, r3, lsr #13
420: e1a01386 mov r1, r6, lsl #7
424: e0411106 sub r1, r1, r6, lsl #2
428: e0811006 add r1, r1, r6
42c: e1a03101 mov r3, r1, lsl #2
430: e0811003 add r1, r1, r3
434: e0441201 sub r1, r4, r1, lsl #4
438: ebffff56 bl 198 <put_dec_full4>
43c: e3560000 cmp r6, #0 ; 0x0
440: e1a01000 mov r1, r0
444: 0a000004 beq 45c <put_dec+0x1fc>
448: e1a01006 mov r1, r6
44c: ebffff51 bl 198 <put_dec_full4>
450: e1a01000 mov r1, r0
454: ea000000 b 45c <put_dec+0x1fc>
458: e2411001 sub r1, r1, #1 ; 0x1
45c: e5513001 ldrb r3, [r1, #-1]
460: e3530030 cmp r3, #48 ; 0x30
464: 0afffffb beq 458 <put_dec+0x1f8>
468: e1a00001 mov r0, r1
46c: e28dd00c add sp, sp, #12 ; 0xc
470: e8bd4ff0 ldmia sp!, {r4, r5, r6, r7, r8, r9, sl, fp, lr}
474: e12fff1e bx lr
478: d1b71759 movles r1, r9, asr r7
--
vda
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