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Subject[PATCH v2.1 01/10] cpu: Introduce clear_tasks_mm_cpumask() helper
Many architctures clear tasks' mm_cpumask like this:

for_each_process(p) {
if (p->mm)
cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, mm_cpumask(p->mm));

The code above has several problems, such as:

1. Working with task->mm w/o getting mm or grabing the task lock is
dangerous as ->mm might disappear (exit_mm() assigns NULL under
task_lock(), so tasklist lock is not enough).

2. Checking for process->mm is not enough because process' main
thread may exit or detach its mm via use_mm(), but other threads
may still have a valid mm.

This patch implements a small helper function that does things
correctly, i.e.:

1. We take the task's lock while whe handle its mm (we can't use
get_task_mm()/mmput() pair as mmput() might sleep);

2. To catch exited main thread case, we use find_lock_task_mm(),
which walks up all threads and returns an appropriate task
(with task lock held).

Also, Per Peter Zijlstra's idea, now we don't grab tasklist_lock in
the new helper, instead we take the rcu read lock. We can do this
because the function is called after the cpu is taken down and marked
offline, so no new tasks will get this cpu set in their mm mask.

Signed-off-by: Anton Vorontsov <>

On Sat, Mar 24, 2012 at 01:43:41PM +0100, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> On Sat, 2012-03-24 at 14:27 +0400, Anton Vorontsov wrote:
> > + read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
> > +}
> Why bother with the tasklist_lock at all anymore, afaict you could use
> rcu_read_lock() here. This all is called after the cpu is taken down and
> marked offline, so its not like new tasks will ever get this cpu set in
> their mm mask.

I guess you're right. Well, this would make the code a bit fragile,
but a comment might help.

How about this version?

include/linux/cpu.h | 1 +
kernel/cpu.c | 26 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 27 insertions(+)

diff --git a/include/linux/cpu.h b/include/linux/cpu.h
index 1f65875..941e865 100644
--- a/include/linux/cpu.h
+++ b/include/linux/cpu.h
@@ -171,6 +171,7 @@ extern void put_online_cpus(void);
#define hotcpu_notifier(fn, pri) cpu_notifier(fn, pri)
#define register_hotcpu_notifier(nb) register_cpu_notifier(nb)
#define unregister_hotcpu_notifier(nb) unregister_cpu_notifier(nb)
+void clear_tasks_mm_cpumask(int cpu);
int cpu_down(unsigned int cpu);

diff --git a/kernel/cpu.c b/kernel/cpu.c
index 2060c6e..ecdf499 100644
--- a/kernel/cpu.c
+++ b/kernel/cpu.c
@@ -10,6 +10,8 @@
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/unistd.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
+#include <linux/oom.h>
+#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/stop_machine.h>
@@ -171,6 +173,30 @@ void __ref unregister_cpu_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb)

+void clear_tasks_mm_cpumask(int cpu)
+ struct task_struct *p;
+ /*
+ * This function is called after the cpu is taken down and marked
+ * offline, so its not like new tasks will ever get this cpu set in
+ * their mm mask. -- Peter Zijlstra
+ * Thus, we may use rcu_read_lock() here, instead of grabbing
+ * full-fledged tasklist_lock.
+ */
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ for_each_process(p) {
+ struct task_struct *t;
+ t = find_lock_task_mm(p);
+ if (!t)
+ continue;
+ cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, mm_cpumask(t->mm));
+ task_unlock(t);
+ }
+ rcu_read_unlock();
static inline void check_for_tasks(int cpu)
struct task_struct *p;

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