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SubjectRe: [PATCH 3/3] dma_buf: Add documentation for the new cpu access support
Hi Daniel,

Thanks for the patch.

On Thu, Mar 01, 2012 at 04:36:01PM +0100, Daniel Vetter wrote:
> Signed-off-by: Daniel Vetter <daniel.vetter@ffwll.ch>
> ---
> Documentation/dma-buf-sharing.txt | 102 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> 1 files changed, 99 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/dma-buf-sharing.txt b/Documentation/dma-buf-sharing.txt
> index 225f96d..f12542b 100644
> --- a/Documentation/dma-buf-sharing.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/dma-buf-sharing.txt
> @@ -32,8 +32,12 @@ The buffer-user
> *IMPORTANT*: [see https://lkml.org/lkml/2011/12/20/211 for more details]
> For this first version, A buffer shared using the dma_buf sharing API:
> - *may* be exported to user space using "mmap" *ONLY* by exporter, outside of
> - this framework.
> -- may be used *ONLY* by importers that do not need CPU access to the buffer.
> + this framework.
> +- with this new iteration of the dma-buf api cpu access from the kernel has been
> + enable, see below for the details.
> +
> +dma-buf operations for device dma only
> +--------------------------------------
>
> The dma_buf buffer sharing API usage contains the following steps:
>
> @@ -219,7 +223,99 @@ NOTES:
> If the exporter chooses not to allow an attach() operation once a
> map_dma_buf() API has been called, it simply returns an error.
>
> -Miscellaneous notes:
> +Kernel cpu access to a dma-buf buffer object
> +--------------------------------------------
> +
> +The motivation to allow cpu access from the kernel to a dma-buf object from the
> +importers side are:
> +- fallback operations, e.g. if the devices is connected to a usb bus and the
> + kernel needs to shuffle the data around first before sending it away.
> +- full transperancy for existing users on the importer side, i.e. userspace
> + should not notice the difference between a normal object from that subsystem
> + and an imported one backed by a dma-buf. This is really important for drm
> + opengl drivers that expect to still use all the existing upload/download
> + paths.
> +
> +Access to a dma_buf from the kernel context involves three steps:
> +
> +1. Prepare access, which invalidate any necessary caches and make the object
> + available for cpu access.
> +2. Access the object page-by-page with the dma_buf map apis
> +3. Finish access, which will flush any necessary cpu caches and free reserved
> + resources.

Where it should be decided which operations are being done to the buffer
when it is passed to user space and back to kernel space?

How about spliting these operations to those done on the first time the
buffer is passed to the user space (mapping to kernel address space, for
example) and those required every time buffer is passed from kernel to user
and back (cache flusing)?

I'm asking since any unnecessary time-consuming operations, especially as
heavy as mapping the buffer, should be avoidable in subsystems dealing
with streaming video, cameras etc., i.e. non-GPU users.

> +1. Prepare acces
> +
> + Before an importer can acces a dma_buf object with the cpu from the kernel
> + context, it needs to notice the exporter of the access that is about to
> + happen.
> +
> + Interface:
> + int dma_buf_begin_cpu_access(struct dma_buf *dmabuf,
> + size_t start, size_t len,
> + enum dma_data_direction direction)
> +
> + This allows the exporter to ensure that the memory is actually available for
> + cpu access - the exporter might need to allocate or swap-in and pin the
> + backing storage. The exporter also needs to ensure that cpu access is
> + coherent for the given range and access direction. The range and access
> + direction can be used by the exporter to optimize the cache flushing, i.e.
> + access outside of the range or with a different direction (read instead of
> + write) might return stale or even bogus data (e.g. when the exporter needs to
> + copy the data to temporaray storage).
> +
> + This step might fail, e.g. in oom conditions.
> +
> +2. Accessing the buffer
> +
> + To support dma_buf objects residing in highmem cpu access is page-based using
> + an api similar to kmap. Accessing a dma_buf is done in aligned chunks of
> + PAGE_SIZE size. Before accessing a chunk it needs to be mapped, which returns
> + a pointer in kernel virtual address space. Afterwards the chunk needs to be
> + unmapped again. There is no limit on how often a given chunk can be mapped
> + and unmmapped, i.e. the importer does not need to call begin_cpu_access again
> + before mapping the same chunk again.
> +
> + Interfaces:
> + void *dma_buf_kmap(struct dma_buf *, unsigned long);
> + void dma_buf_kunmap(struct dma_buf *, unsigned long, void *);
> +
> + There are also atomic variants of these interfaces. Like for kmap they
> + facilitate non-blocking fast-paths. Neither the importer nor the exporter (in
> + the callback) is allowed to block when using these.
> +
> + Interfaces:
> + void *dma_buf_kmap_atomic(struct dma_buf *, unsigned long);
> + void dma_buf_kunmap_atomic(struct dma_buf *, unsigned long, void *);
> +
> + For importers all the restrictions of using kmap apply, like the limited
> + supply of kmap_atomic slots. Hence an importer shall only hold onto at most 2
> + atomic dma_buf kmaps at the same time (in any given process context).
> +
> + dma_buf kmap calls outside of the range specified in begin_cpu_access are
> + undefined. If the range is not PAGE_SIZE aligned, kmap needs to succeed on
> + the partial chunks at the beginning and end but may return stale or bogus
> + data outside of the range (in these partial chunks).
> +
> + Note that these calls need to always succeed. The exporter needs to complete
> + any preparations that might fail in begin_cpu_access.
> +
> +3. Finish access
> +
> + When the importer is done accessing the range specified in begin_cpu_acces,
> + it needs to announce this to the exporter (to facilitate cache flushing and
> + unpinning of any pinned resources). The result of of any dma_buf kmap calls
> + after end_cpu_access is undefined.
> +
> + Interface:
> + void dma_buf_end_cpu_access(struct dma_buf *dma_buf,
> + size_t start, size_t len,
> + enum dma_data_direction dir);
> +
> +
> +Miscellaneous notes
> +-------------------
> +
> - Any exporters or users of the dma-buf buffer sharing framework must have
> a 'select DMA_SHARED_BUFFER' in their respective Kconfigs.

Kind regards,

--
Sakari Ailus
e-mail: sakari.ailus@iki.fi jabber/XMPP/Gmail: sailus@retiisi.org.uk


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