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Subject[PATCHv2 3/5] cpuidle: add support for states that affect multiple cpus
Date
On some ARM SMP SoCs (OMAP4460, Tegra 2, and probably more), the
cpus cannot be independently powered down, either due to
sequencing restrictions (on Tegra 2, cpu 0 must be the last to
power down), or due to HW bugs (on OMAP4460, a cpu powering up
will corrupt the gic state unless the other cpu runs a work
around). Each cpu has a power state that it can enter without
coordinating with the other cpu (usually Wait For Interrupt, or
WFI), and one or more "coupled" power states that affect blocks
shared between the cpus (L2 cache, interrupt controller, and
sometimes the whole SoC). Entering a coupled power state must
be tightly controlled on both cpus.

The easiest solution to implementing coupled cpu power states is
to hotplug all but one cpu whenever possible, usually using a
cpufreq governor that looks at cpu load to determine when to
enable the secondary cpus. This causes problems, as hotplug is an
expensive operation, so the number of hotplug transitions must be
minimized, leading to very slow response to loads, often on the
order of seconds.

This file implements an alternative solution, where each cpu will
wait in the WFI state until all cpus are ready to enter a coupled
state, at which point the coupled state function will be called
on all cpus at approximately the same time.

Once all cpus are ready to enter idle, they are woken by an smp
cross call. At this point, there is a chance that one of the
cpus will find work to do, and choose not to enter idle. A
final pass is needed to guarantee that all cpus will call the
power state enter function at the same time. During this pass,
each cpu will increment the ready counter, and continue once the
ready counter matches the number of online coupled cpus. If any
cpu exits idle, the other cpus will decrement their counter and
retry.

To use coupled cpuidle states, a cpuidle driver must:

Set struct cpuidle_device.coupled_cpus to the mask of all
coupled cpus, usually the same as cpu_possible_mask if all cpus
are part of the same cluster. The coupled_cpus mask must be
set in the struct cpuidle_device for each cpu.

Set struct cpuidle_device.safe_state to a state that is not a
coupled state. This is usually WFI.

Set CPUIDLE_FLAG_COUPLED in struct cpuidle_state.flags for each
state that affects multiple cpus.

Provide a struct cpuidle_state.enter function for each state
that affects multiple cpus. This function is guaranteed to be
called on all cpus at approximately the same time. The driver
should ensure that the cpus all abort together if any cpu tries
to abort once the function is called.

Signed-off-by: Colin Cross <ccross@android.com>
Cc: Len Brown <len.brown@intel.com>
Cc: Kevin Hilman <khilman@ti.com>
Cc: Santosh Shilimkar <santosh.shilimkar@ti.com>
Cc: Amit Kucheria <amit.kucheria@linaro.org>
Cc: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Trinabh Gupta <g.trinabh@gmail.com>
Cc: Deepthi Dharwar <deepthi@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
drivers/cpuidle/Kconfig | 3 +
drivers/cpuidle/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/cpuidle/coupled.c | 568 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.c | 15 +-
drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.h | 30 +++
include/linux/cpuidle.h | 7 +
6 files changed, 623 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
create mode 100644 drivers/cpuidle/coupled.c
v2:
* removed the coupled lock, replacing it with atomic counters
* added a check for outstanding pokes before beginning the
final transition to avoid extra wakeups
* made the cpuidle_coupled struct completely private
* fixed kerneldoc comment formatting


diff --git a/drivers/cpuidle/Kconfig b/drivers/cpuidle/Kconfig
index 78a666d..a76b689 100644
--- a/drivers/cpuidle/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/cpuidle/Kconfig
@@ -18,3 +18,6 @@ config CPU_IDLE_GOV_MENU
bool
depends on CPU_IDLE && NO_HZ
default y
+
+config ARCH_NEEDS_CPU_IDLE_COUPLED
+ def_bool n
diff --git a/drivers/cpuidle/Makefile b/drivers/cpuidle/Makefile
index 5634f88..38c8f69 100644
--- a/drivers/cpuidle/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/cpuidle/Makefile
@@ -3,3 +3,4 @@
#

obj-y += cpuidle.o driver.o governor.o sysfs.o governors/
+obj-$(CONFIG_ARCH_NEEDS_CPU_IDLE_COUPLED) += coupled.o
diff --git a/drivers/cpuidle/coupled.c b/drivers/cpuidle/coupled.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..046fccb
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/cpuidle/coupled.c
@@ -0,0 +1,568 @@
+/*
+ * coupled.c - helper functions to enter the same idle state on multiple cpus
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2011 Google, Inc.
+ *
+ * Author: Colin Cross <ccross@android.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for
+ * more details.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/cpu.h>
+#include <linux/cpuidle.h>
+#include <linux/mutex.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+
+#include "cpuidle.h"
+
+/*
+ * coupled cpuidle states
+ *
+ * On some ARM SMP SoCs (OMAP4460, Tegra 2, and probably more), the
+ * cpus cannot be independently powered down, either due to
+ * sequencing restrictions (on Tegra 2, cpu 0 must be the last to
+ * power down), or due to HW bugs (on OMAP4460, a cpu powering up
+ * will corrupt the gic state unless the other cpu runs a work
+ * around). Each cpu has a power state that it can enter without
+ * coordinating with the other cpu (usually Wait For Interrupt, or
+ * WFI), and one or more "coupled" power states that affect blocks
+ * shared between the cpus (L2 cache, interrupt controller, and
+ * sometimes the whole SoC). Entering a coupled power state must
+ * be tightly controlled on both cpus.
+ *
+ * The easiest solution to implementing coupled cpu power states is
+ * to hotplug all but one cpu whenever possible, usually using a
+ * cpufreq governor that looks at cpu load to determine when to
+ * enable the secondary cpus. This causes problems, as hotplug is an
+ * expensive operation, so the number of hotplug transitions must be
+ * minimized, leading to very slow response to loads, often on the
+ * order of seconds.
+ *
+ * This file implements an alternative solution, where each cpu will
+ * wait in the WFI state until all cpus are ready to enter a coupled
+ * state, at which point the coupled state function will be called
+ * on all cpus at approximately the same time.
+ *
+ * Once all cpus are ready to enter idle, they are woken by an smp
+ * cross call. At this point, there is a chance that one of the
+ * cpus will find work to do, and choose not to enter idle. A
+ * final pass is needed to guarantee that all cpus will call the
+ * power state enter function at the same time. During this pass,
+ * each cpu will increment the ready counter, and continue once the
+ * ready counter matches the number of online coupled cpus. If any
+ * cpu exits idle, the other cpus will decrement their counter and
+ * retry.
+ *
+ * requested_state stores the deepest coupled idle state each cpu
+ * is ready for. It is assumed that the states are indexed from
+ * shallowest (highest power, lowest exit latency) to deepest
+ * (lowest power, highest exit latency). The requested_state
+ * variable is not locked. It is only written from the cpu that
+ * it stores (or by the on/offlining cpu if that cpu is offline),
+ * and only read after all the cpus are ready for the coupled idle
+ * state are are no longer updating it.
+ *
+ * Three atomic counters are used. alive_count tracks the number
+ * of cpus in the coupled set that are currently or soon will be
+ * online. waiting_count tracks the number of cpus that are in
+ * the waiting loop, in the ready loop, or in the coupled idle state.
+ * ready_count tracks the number of cpus that are in the ready loop
+ * or in the coupled idle state.
+ *
+ * To use coupled cpuidle states, a cpuidle driver must:
+ *
+ * Set struct cpuidle_device.coupled_cpus to the mask of all
+ * coupled cpus, usually the same as cpu_possible_mask if all cpus
+ * are part of the same cluster. The coupled_cpus mask must be
+ * set in the struct cpuidle_device for each cpu.
+ *
+ * Set struct cpuidle_device.safe_state to a state that is not a
+ * coupled state. This is usually WFI.
+ *
+ * Set CPUIDLE_FLAG_COUPLED in struct cpuidle_state.flags for each
+ * state that affects multiple cpus.
+ *
+ * Provide a struct cpuidle_state.enter function for each state
+ * that affects multiple cpus. This function is guaranteed to be
+ * called on all cpus at approximately the same time. The driver
+ * should ensure that the cpus all abort together if any cpu tries
+ * to abort once the function is called. The function should return
+ * with interrupts still disabled.
+ */
+
+/**
+ * struct cpuidle_coupled - data for set of cpus that share a coupled idle state
+ * @coupled_cpus: mask of cpus that are part of the coupled set
+ * @requested_state: array of requested states for cpus in the coupled set
+ * @ready_count: count of cpus that are ready for the final idle transition
+ * @waiting_count: count of cpus that are waiting for all other cpus to be idle
+ * @alive_count: count of cpus that are online or soon will be
+ * @refcnt: reference count of cpuidle devices that are using this struct
+ */
+struct cpuidle_coupled {
+ cpumask_t coupled_cpus;
+ int requested_state[NR_CPUS];
+ atomic_t ready_count;
+ atomic_t waiting_count;
+ atomic_t alive_count;
+ int refcnt;
+};
+
+#define CPUIDLE_COUPLED_NOT_IDLE (-1)
+#define CPUIDLE_COUPLED_DEAD (-2)
+
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(cpuidle_coupled_lock);
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct call_single_data, cpuidle_coupled_poke_cb);
+
+/*
+ * The cpuidle_coupled_poked_mask masked is used to avoid calling
+ * __smp_call_function_single with the per cpu call_single_data struct already
+ * in use. This prevents a deadlock where two cpus are waiting for each others
+ * call_single_data struct to be available
+ */
+static cpumask_t cpuidle_coupled_poked_mask;
+
+/**
+ * cpuidle_state_is_coupled - check if a state is part of a coupled set
+ * @dev: struct cpuidle_device for the current cpu
+ * @drv: struct cpuidle_driver for the platform
+ * @state: index of the target state in drv->states
+ *
+ * Returns true if the target state is coupled with cpus besides this one
+ */
+bool cpuidle_state_is_coupled(struct cpuidle_device *dev,
+ struct cpuidle_driver *drv, int state)
+{
+ return drv->states[state].flags & CPUIDLE_FLAG_COUPLED;
+}
+
+/**
+ * cpuidle_coupled_cpus_waiting - check if all cpus in a coupled set are waiting
+ * @coupled: the struct coupled that contains the current cpu
+ *
+ * Returns true if all cpus coupled to this target state are in the wait loop
+ */
+static inline bool cpuidle_coupled_cpus_waiting(struct cpuidle_coupled *coupled)
+{
+ int alive;
+ int waiting;
+
+ /*
+ * Read alive before reading waiting so a booting cpu is not treated as
+ * idle
+ */
+ alive = atomic_read(&coupled->alive_count);
+ smp_rmb();
+ waiting = atomic_read(&coupled->waiting_count);
+
+ return (waiting == alive);
+}
+
+/**
+ * cpuidle_coupled_get_state - determine the deepest idle state
+ * @dev: struct cpuidle_device for this cpu
+ * @coupled: the struct coupled that contains the current cpu
+ *
+ * Returns the deepest idle state that all coupled cpus can enter
+ */
+static inline int cpuidle_coupled_get_state(struct cpuidle_device *dev,
+ struct cpuidle_coupled *coupled)
+{
+ int i;
+ int state = INT_MAX;
+
+ for_each_cpu_mask(i, coupled->coupled_cpus)
+ if (coupled->requested_state[i] != CPUIDLE_COUPLED_DEAD &&
+ coupled->requested_state[i] < state)
+ state = coupled->requested_state[i];
+
+ BUG_ON(state >= dev->state_count || state < 0);
+
+ return state;
+}
+
+static void cpuidle_coupled_poked(void *info)
+{
+ int cpu = (unsigned long)info;
+ cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, &cpuidle_coupled_poked_mask);
+}
+
+/**
+ * cpuidle_coupled_poke - wake up a cpu that may be waiting
+ * @cpu: target cpu
+ *
+ * Ensures that the target cpu exits it's waiting idle state (if it is in it)
+ * and will see updates to waiting_count before it re-enters it's waiting idle
+ * state.
+ *
+ * If cpuidle_coupled_poked_mask is already set for the target cpu, that cpu
+ * either has or will soon have a pending IPI that will wake it out of idle,
+ * or it is currently processing the IPI and is not in idle.
+ */
+static void cpuidle_coupled_poke(int cpu)
+{
+ struct call_single_data *csd = &per_cpu(cpuidle_coupled_poke_cb, cpu);
+
+ if (!cpumask_test_and_set_cpu(cpu, &cpuidle_coupled_poked_mask))
+ __smp_call_function_single(cpu, csd, 0);
+}
+
+/**
+ * cpuidle_coupled_poke_others - wake up all other cpus that may be waiting
+ * @dev: struct cpuidle_device for this cpu
+ * @coupled: the struct coupled that contains the current cpu
+ *
+ * Calls cpuidle_coupled_poke on all other online cpus.
+ */
+static void cpuidle_coupled_poke_others(struct cpuidle_device *dev,
+ struct cpuidle_coupled *coupled)
+{
+ int cpu;
+
+ for_each_cpu_mask(cpu, coupled->coupled_cpus)
+ if (cpu != dev->cpu && cpu_online(cpu))
+ cpuidle_coupled_poke(cpu);
+}
+
+/**
+ * cpuidle_coupled_set_waiting - mark this cpu as in the wait loop
+ * @dev: struct cpuidle_device for this cpu
+ * @coupled: the struct coupled that contains the current cpu
+ * @next_state: the index in drv->states of the requested state for this cpu
+ *
+ * Updates the requested idle state for the specified cpuidle device,
+ * poking all coupled cpus out of idle if necessary to let them see the new
+ * state.
+ *
+ * Provides memory ordering around waiting_count.
+ */
+static void cpuidle_coupled_set_waiting(struct cpuidle_device *dev,
+ struct cpuidle_coupled *coupled, int next_state)
+{
+ int alive;
+
+ BUG_ON(coupled->requested_state[dev->cpu] >= 0);
+
+ coupled->requested_state[dev->cpu] = next_state;
+
+ /*
+ * If this is the last cpu to enter the waiting state, poke
+ * all the other cpus out of their waiting state so they can
+ * enter a deeper state. This can race with one of the cpus
+ * exiting the waiting state due to an interrupt and
+ * decrementing waiting_count, see comment below.
+ */
+ alive = atomic_read(&coupled->alive_count);
+ if (atomic_inc_return(&coupled->waiting_count) == alive)
+ cpuidle_coupled_poke_others(dev, coupled);
+}
+
+/**
+ * cpuidle_coupled_set_not_waiting - mark this cpu as leaving the wait loop
+ * @dev: struct cpuidle_device for this cpu
+ * @coupled: the struct coupled that contains the current cpu
+ *
+ * Removes the requested idle state for the specified cpuidle device.
+ *
+ * Provides memory ordering around waiting_count.
+ */
+static void cpuidle_coupled_set_not_waiting(struct cpuidle_device *dev,
+ struct cpuidle_coupled *coupled)
+{
+ BUG_ON(coupled->requested_state[dev->cpu] < 0);
+
+ /*
+ * Decrementing waiting_count can race with incrementing it in
+ * cpuidle_coupled_set_waiting, but that's OK. Worst case, some
+ * cpus will increment ready_count and then spin until they
+ * notice that this cpu has cleared it's requested_state.
+ */
+
+ smp_mb__before_atomic_dec();
+ atomic_dec(&coupled->waiting_count);
+ smp_mb__after_atomic_dec();
+
+ coupled->requested_state[dev->cpu] = CPUIDLE_COUPLED_NOT_IDLE;
+}
+
+/**
+ * cpuidle_enter_state_coupled - attempt to enter a state with coupled cpus
+ * @dev: struct cpuidle_device for the current cpu
+ * @drv: struct cpuidle_driver for the platform
+ * @next_state: index of the requested state in drv->states
+ *
+ * Coordinate with coupled cpus to enter the target state. This is a two
+ * stage process. In the first stage, the cpus are operating independently,
+ * and may call into cpuidle_enter_state_coupled at completely different times.
+ * To save as much power as possible, the first cpus to call this function will
+ * go to an intermediate state (the cpuidle_device's safe state), and wait for
+ * all the other cpus to call this function. Once all coupled cpus are idle,
+ * the second stage will start. Each coupled cpu will spin until all cpus have
+ * guaranteed that they will call the target_state.
+ */
+int cpuidle_enter_state_coupled(struct cpuidle_device *dev,
+ struct cpuidle_driver *drv, int next_state)
+{
+ int entered_state = -1;
+ struct cpuidle_coupled *coupled = dev->coupled;
+ int alive;
+
+ if (!coupled)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ BUG_ON(atomic_read(&coupled->ready_count));
+ cpuidle_coupled_set_waiting(dev, coupled, next_state);
+
+retry:
+ /*
+ * Wait for all coupled cpus to be idle, using the deepest state
+ * allowed for a single cpu.
+ */
+ while (!need_resched() && !cpuidle_coupled_cpus_waiting(coupled)) {
+ entered_state = cpuidle_enter_state(dev, drv,
+ dev->safe_state_index);
+
+ local_irq_enable();
+ while (cpumask_test_cpu(dev->cpu, &cpuidle_coupled_poked_mask))
+ cpu_relax();
+ local_irq_disable();
+ }
+
+ /* give a chance to process any remaining pokes */
+ local_irq_enable();
+ while (cpumask_test_cpu(dev->cpu, &cpuidle_coupled_poked_mask))
+ cpu_relax();
+ local_irq_disable();
+
+ if (need_resched()) {
+ cpuidle_coupled_set_not_waiting(dev, coupled);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * All coupled cpus are probably idle. There is a small chance that
+ * one of the other cpus just became active. Increment a counter when
+ * ready, and spin until all coupled cpus have incremented the counter.
+ * Once a cpu has incremented the counter, it cannot abort idle and must
+ * spin until either the count has hit alive_count, or another cpu
+ * leaves idle.
+ */
+
+ smp_mb__before_atomic_inc();
+ atomic_inc(&coupled->ready_count);
+ smp_mb__after_atomic_inc();
+ /* alive_count can't change while ready_count > 0 */
+ alive = atomic_read(&coupled->alive_count);
+ while (atomic_read(&coupled->ready_count) != alive) {
+ /* Check if any other cpus bailed out of idle. */
+ if (!cpuidle_coupled_cpus_waiting(coupled)) {
+ atomic_dec(&coupled->ready_count);
+ smp_mb__after_atomic_dec();
+ goto retry;
+ }
+
+ cpu_relax();
+ }
+
+ /* all cpus have acked the coupled state */
+ smp_rmb();
+
+ next_state = cpuidle_coupled_get_state(dev, coupled);
+
+ entered_state = cpuidle_enter_state(dev, drv, next_state);
+
+ cpuidle_coupled_set_not_waiting(dev, coupled);
+ atomic_dec(&coupled->ready_count);
+ smp_mb__after_atomic_dec();
+
+out:
+ /*
+ * Normal cpuidle states are expected to return with irqs enabled.
+ * That leads to an inefficiency where a cpu receiving an interrupt
+ * that brings it out of idle will process that interrupt before
+ * exiting the idle enter function and decrementing ready_count. All
+ * other cpus will need to spin waiting for the cpu that is processing
+ * the interrupt. If the driver returns with interrupts disabled,
+ * all other cpus will loop back into the safe idle state instead of
+ * spinning, saving power.
+ *
+ * Calling local_irq_enable here allows coupled states to return with
+ * interrupts disabled, but won't cause problems for drivers that
+ * exit with interrupts enabled.
+ */
+ local_irq_enable();
+
+ /*
+ * Wait until all coupled cpus have exited idle. There is no risk that
+ * a cpu exits and re-enters the ready state because this cpu has
+ * already decremented its waiting_count.
+ */
+ while (atomic_read(&coupled->ready_count) != 0)
+ cpu_relax();
+
+ smp_rmb();
+
+ return entered_state;
+}
+
+/**
+ * cpuidle_coupled_register_device - register a coupled cpuidle device
+ * @dev: struct cpuidle_device for the current cpu
+ *
+ * Called from cpuidle_register_device to handle coupled idle init. Finds the
+ * cpuidle_coupled struct for this set of coupled cpus, or creates one if none
+ * exists yet.
+ */
+int cpuidle_coupled_register_device(struct cpuidle_device *dev)
+{
+ int cpu;
+ struct cpuidle_device *other_dev;
+ struct call_single_data *csd;
+ struct cpuidle_coupled *coupled;
+
+ if (cpumask_empty(&dev->coupled_cpus))
+ return 0;
+
+ for_each_cpu_mask(cpu, dev->coupled_cpus) {
+ other_dev = per_cpu(cpuidle_devices, cpu);
+ if (other_dev && other_dev->coupled) {
+ coupled = other_dev->coupled;
+ goto have_coupled;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* No existing coupled info found, create a new one */
+ coupled = kzalloc(sizeof(struct cpuidle_coupled), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!coupled)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ coupled->coupled_cpus = dev->coupled_cpus;
+ for_each_cpu_mask(cpu, coupled->coupled_cpus)
+ coupled->requested_state[dev->cpu] = CPUIDLE_COUPLED_DEAD;
+
+have_coupled:
+ dev->coupled = coupled;
+ BUG_ON(!cpumask_equal(&dev->coupled_cpus, &coupled->coupled_cpus));
+
+ if (cpu_online(dev->cpu)) {
+ coupled->requested_state[dev->cpu] = CPUIDLE_COUPLED_NOT_IDLE;
+ atomic_inc(&coupled->alive_count);
+ }
+
+ coupled->refcnt++;
+
+ csd = &per_cpu(cpuidle_coupled_poke_cb, dev->cpu);
+ csd->func = cpuidle_coupled_poked;
+ csd->info = (void *)(unsigned long)dev->cpu;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * cpuidle_coupled_unregister_device - unregister a coupled cpuidle device
+ * @dev: struct cpuidle_device for the current cpu
+ *
+ * Called from cpuidle_unregister_device to tear down coupled idle. Removes the
+ * cpu from the coupled idle set, and frees the cpuidle_coupled_info struct if
+ * this was the last cpu in the set.
+ */
+void cpuidle_coupled_unregister_device(struct cpuidle_device *dev)
+{
+ struct cpuidle_coupled *coupled = dev->coupled;
+
+ if (cpumask_empty(&dev->coupled_cpus))
+ return;
+
+ if (--coupled->refcnt)
+ kfree(coupled);
+ dev->coupled = NULL;
+}
+
+/**
+ * cpuidle_coupled_cpu_set_alive - adjust alive_count during hotplug transitions
+ * @cpu: target cpu number
+ * @alive: whether the target cpu is going up or down
+ *
+ * Run on the cpu that is bringing up the target cpu, before the target cpu
+ * has been booted, or after the target cpu is completely dead.
+ */
+static void cpuidle_coupled_cpu_set_alive(int cpu, bool alive)
+{
+ struct cpuidle_device *dev;
+ struct cpuidle_coupled *coupled;
+
+ mutex_lock(&cpuidle_lock);
+
+ dev = per_cpu(cpuidle_devices, cpu);
+ if (!dev->coupled)
+ goto out;
+
+ coupled = dev->coupled;
+
+ /*
+ * waiting_count must be at least 1 less than alive_count, because
+ * this cpu is not waiting. Spin until all cpus have noticed this cpu
+ * is not idle and exited the ready loop before changing alive_count.
+ */
+ while (atomic_read(&coupled->ready_count))
+ cpu_relax();
+
+ smp_mb__before_atomic_inc();
+ atomic_inc(&coupled->alive_count);
+ smp_mb__after_atomic_inc();
+
+ if (alive)
+ coupled->requested_state[dev->cpu] = CPUIDLE_COUPLED_NOT_IDLE;
+ else
+ coupled->requested_state[dev->cpu] = CPUIDLE_COUPLED_DEAD;
+
+out:
+ mutex_unlock(&cpuidle_lock);
+}
+
+/**
+ * cpuidle_coupled_cpu_notify - notifier called during hotplug transitions
+ * @nb: notifier block
+ * @action: hotplug transition
+ * @hcpu: target cpu number
+ *
+ * Called when a cpu is brought on or offline using hotplug. Updates the
+ * coupled cpu set appropriately
+ */
+static int cpuidle_coupled_cpu_notify(struct notifier_block *nb,
+ unsigned long action, void *hcpu)
+{
+ int cpu = (unsigned long)hcpu;
+
+ switch (action & ~CPU_TASKS_FROZEN) {
+ case CPU_DEAD:
+ case CPU_UP_CANCELED:
+ cpuidle_coupled_cpu_set_alive(cpu, false);
+ break;
+ case CPU_UP_PREPARE:
+ cpuidle_coupled_cpu_set_alive(cpu, true);
+ break;
+ }
+ return NOTIFY_OK;
+}
+
+static struct notifier_block cpuidle_coupled_cpu_notifier = {
+ .notifier_call = cpuidle_coupled_cpu_notify,
+};
+
+static int __init cpuidle_coupled_init(void)
+{
+ return register_cpu_notifier(&cpuidle_coupled_cpu_notifier);
+}
+core_initcall(cpuidle_coupled_init);
diff --git a/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.c b/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.c
index aacf2f0..a203437 100644
--- a/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.c
+++ b/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.c
@@ -123,7 +123,11 @@ int cpuidle_idle_call(void)
trace_power_start(POWER_CSTATE, next_state, dev->cpu);
trace_cpu_idle(next_state, dev->cpu);

- entered_state = cpuidle_enter_state(dev, drv, next_state);
+ if (cpuidle_state_is_coupled(dev, drv, next_state))
+ entered_state = cpuidle_enter_state_coupled(dev, drv,
+ next_state);
+ else
+ entered_state = cpuidle_enter_state(dev, drv, next_state);

trace_power_end(dev->cpu);
trace_cpu_idle(PWR_EVENT_EXIT, dev->cpu);
@@ -323,9 +327,16 @@ static int __cpuidle_register_device(struct cpuidle_device *dev)
if (ret)
goto err_sysfs;

+ ret = cpuidle_coupled_register_device(dev);
+ if (ret)
+ goto err_coupled;
+
dev->registered = 1;
return 0;

+err_coupled:
+ cpuidle_remove_sysfs(cpu_dev);
+ wait_for_completion(&dev->kobj_unregister);
err_sysfs:
list_del(&dev->device_list);
per_cpu(cpuidle_devices, dev->cpu) = NULL;
@@ -380,6 +391,8 @@ void cpuidle_unregister_device(struct cpuidle_device *dev)
wait_for_completion(&dev->kobj_unregister);
per_cpu(cpuidle_devices, dev->cpu) = NULL;

+ cpuidle_coupled_unregister_device(dev);
+
cpuidle_resume_and_unlock();

module_put(cpuidle_driver->owner);
diff --git a/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.h b/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.h
index d8a3ccc..76e7f69 100644
--- a/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.h
+++ b/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.h
@@ -32,4 +32,34 @@ extern void cpuidle_remove_state_sysfs(struct cpuidle_device *device);
extern int cpuidle_add_sysfs(struct device *dev);
extern void cpuidle_remove_sysfs(struct device *dev);

+#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_NEEDS_CPU_IDLE_COUPLED
+bool cpuidle_state_is_coupled(struct cpuidle_device *dev,
+ struct cpuidle_driver *drv, int state);
+int cpuidle_enter_state_coupled(struct cpuidle_device *dev,
+ struct cpuidle_driver *drv, int next_state);
+int cpuidle_coupled_register_device(struct cpuidle_device *dev);
+void cpuidle_coupled_unregister_device(struct cpuidle_device *dev);
+#else
+static inline bool cpuidle_state_is_coupled(struct cpuidle_device *dev,
+ struct cpuidle_driver *drv, int state)
+{
+ return false;
+}
+
+static inline int cpuidle_enter_state_coupled(struct cpuidle_device *dev,
+ struct cpuidle_driver *drv, int next_state)
+{
+ return -1;
+}
+
+static inline int cpuidle_coupled_register_device(struct cpuidle_device *dev)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static inline void cpuidle_coupled_unregister_device(struct cpuidle_device *dev)
+{
+}
+#endif
+
#endif /* __DRIVER_CPUIDLE_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/cpuidle.h b/include/linux/cpuidle.h
index 712abcc..71f2fba 100644
--- a/include/linux/cpuidle.h
+++ b/include/linux/cpuidle.h
@@ -53,6 +53,7 @@ struct cpuidle_state {

/* Idle State Flags */
#define CPUIDLE_FLAG_TIME_VALID (0x01) /* is residency time measurable? */
+#define CPUIDLE_FLAG_COUPLED (0x02) /* state applies to multiple cpus */

#define CPUIDLE_DRIVER_FLAGS_MASK (0xFFFF0000)

@@ -97,6 +98,12 @@ struct cpuidle_device {
struct kobject kobj;
struct completion kobj_unregister;
void *governor_data;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_NEEDS_CPU_IDLE_COUPLED
+ int safe_state_index;
+ cpumask_t coupled_cpus;
+ struct cpuidle_coupled *coupled;
+#endif
};

DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct cpuidle_device *, cpuidle_devices);
--
1.7.9.2


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