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SubjectRe: [RFD] cgroup: about multiple hierarchies
On Tue, Mar 13, 2012 at 9:10 AM, Vivek Goyal <> wrote:
> On Mon, Mar 12, 2012 at 04:04:16PM -0700, Tejun Heo wrote:
>> On Mon, Mar 12, 2012 at 11:44:01PM +0100, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
>> > On Mon, 2012-03-12 at 15:39 -0700, Tejun Heo wrote:
>> > > If we can get to the point where nesting is fully
>> > > supported by every controller first, that would be awesome too.
>> >
>> > As long as that is the goal.. otherwise, I'd be overjoyed if I can rip
>> > nesting support out of the cpu-controller.. that stuff is such a pain.
>> > Then again, I don't think the container people like this proposal --
>> > they were the ones pushing for full hierarchy back when.
>> Yeah, the great pain of full hierarchy support is one of the reasons
>> why I keep thinking about supporting mapping to flat hierarchy.  Full
>> hierarchy could be too painful and not useful enough for some
>> controllers.  Then again, cpu and memcg already have it and according
>> to Vivek blkcg also had a proposed implementation, so maybe it's okay.
>> Let's see.
> Implementing hierarchy is a pain and is expensive at run time. Supporting
> flat structure will provide path for smooth transition.
> We had some RFC patches for blkcg hierarchy and that made things even more
> complicated and we might not gain much. So why to complicate the code
> until and unless we have a good use case.

how about ditching the idea of an FS altogether?

the `mkdir` creates and nests has always felt awkward to me. maybe
instead we flatten everything out, and bind to the process tree, but
enable a tag-like system to "mark" processes, and attach meaning to
them. akin to marking+processing packets (netfilter), or maybe like
sysfs tags(?).

maybe a trivial example, but bear with me here ... other controllers
are bound to a `name` controller ...

# my pid?
$ echo $$

# what controllers are available for this process?
$ cat /proc/self/tags/TYPE

# create a new `name` base controller
$ touch /proc/self/tags/admin

# create a new `name` base controller
$ touch /proc/self/tags/users

# begin tracking cpu shares at some default level
$ touch /proc/self/tags/admin.cpuacct.cpu.shares

# explicit assign `admin` 150 shares
$ echo 150 > /proc/self/tags/admin.cpuacct.cpu.shares

# explicit assign `users` 50 shares
$ echo 50 > /proc/self/tags/admin.cpuacct.cpu.shares

# tag will propogate to children
$ echo 1 > /proc/self/tags/admin.cpuacct.cpu.PERSISTENT

# `name`'s priority relative to sibling `name` groups (like shares)
$ echo 100 > /proc/self/tags/admin.cpuacct.cpu.PRIORITY

# `name`'s priority relative to sibling `name` groups (like shares)
$ echo 100 > /proc/self/tags/admin.cpuacct.cpu.PRIORITY

[... system ...]

# what controllers are available system-wide?
$ cat /sys/fs/cgroup/TYPE
cpuacct = monitor resources
memory = monitor memory
blkio = io stuffs

# what knobs are available?
$ cat /sys/fs/cgroup/cpuacct.TYPE
shares = relative assignment of resources
stat = some stats

# how many total shares requested (system)
$ cat /sys/fs/cgroup/cpuacct.cpu.shares

# how many total shares requested (admin)
$ cat /sys/fs/cgroup/admin.cpuacct.cpu.shares

# how many total shares requested (users)
$ cat /sys/fs/cgroup/users.cpuacct.cpu.shares

# *all* processes
$ cat /sys/fs/cgroup/TASKS

# which processes have `admin` tag?
$ cat /sys/fs/cgroup/cpuacct/admin.TASKS

# which processes have `users` tag?
$ cat /sys/fs/cgroup/cpuacct/users.TASKS

# link to pid
$ readlink -f /sys/fs/cgroup/cpuacct/users.TASKS.123

# which user owns `users` tag?
$ cat /sys/fs/cgroup/cpuacct/users.UID

# default mode for `user` controls?
$ cat /sys/fs/cgroup/users.MODE

# default mode for `user` cpuacct controls?
$ cat /sys/fs/cgroup/users.cpuacct.MODE

# mask some controllers to `users` tag?
$ echo -e "cpuacct\nmemory" > /sys/fs/cgroup/users.MASK

# ... did the above work? (look at last call to TYPE above)
$ cat /sys/fs/cgroup/users.TYPE

# assign a whitelist instead
$ echo -e "cpu\nmemory" > /sys/fs/cgroup/users.TYPE

# mask some knobs to `users` tag
$ echo -e "shares" > /sys/fs/cgroup/users.cpuacct.MASK

# ... did the above work?
$ cat /sys/fs/cgroup/users.cpuacct.TYPE
stat = some stats

... in this way there is still a sort of heirarchy, but each
controller is free to choose:

) if there is any meaning to multiple `names` per process
) ... or if one one should be allowed
) how to combine laterally
) how to combine descendents
) ... maybe even assignable strategies!
) controller semantics independent of other controllers

when a new pid namespace is created, the `tags` dir is "cleared out"
and that person can assign new values (or maybe a directory is created
in `tags`?). the effective value is the union of both, and identical
to whatever the process would have had *without* a namespace (no
difference, on visibility).

thus, cgroupfs becomes a simple mount that has aggregate stats and
system-wide settings.


) bound to process heirarchy
) ... but control space is flat
) does not force every controller to use same paradigm (eg, "you must
behave like a directory tree")
) ... but orthogonal multiplexing of a controller is possible if the
controller allows it
) allows same permission-based ACL
) easy to see all controls affect a process or `name` group with a
simple `ls -l`
) additional possibilities that didn't exist with directory/arbitrary
mounts paradigm

does this make sense? makes much more to me at least, and i think
allow greater flexibility with less complexity (if my experience with
FUSE is any indication) ...

... or is this the same wolf in sheep's skin?


C Anthony
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