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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3] PM / QoS: Introduce new classes: DMA-Throughput and DVFS-Latency
On Friday, March 09, 2012, MyungJoo Ham wrote:
> On Thu, Mar 8, 2012 at 12:47 PM, mark gross <> wrote:
> > On Wed, Mar 07, 2012 at 02:02:01PM +0900, MyungJoo Ham wrote:
> ...
> >
> > The cpu_dma_throughput looks ok to me. I do however; wonder about the
> > dvfs_lat_pm_qos. Should that knob be exposed to user mode? Does that
> > matter so much? why can't dvfs_lat use the cpu_dma_lat?
> >
> > BTW I'll be out of town for the next 10 days and probably will not get
> > to this email account until I get home.
> >
> > --mark
> >
> 1. Should DVFS Latency be exposed to user mode?
> It would depend on the policy of the given system; however, yes, there
> are systems that require a user interface for DVFS Latency.
> With the example of user input response (response to user click,
> typing, touching, and etc), a user program (probably platform s/w or
> middleware) may input QoS requests. Besides, when a new "application"
> is starting, such "middleware" may want faster responses from DVFS
> mechanisms.

But this is a global knob, isn't it? And it seems that a per-device one
is needed rather than that?

It also applies to your CPU_DMA_THROUGHPUT thing, doesn't it?

> 2. Does DVFS Latency matter?
> Yes, in our experimental sets w/ Exynos4210 (those slapped in Galaxy
> S2 equivalent; not exactly as I'm not conducted in Android systems,
> but Tizen), we could see noticable difference w/ bare eyes for
> user-input responses. When we shortened DVFS polling interval with
> touches, the touch responses were greatly improved; e.g., losing 10
> frames into losing 0 or 1 frame for a sudden input rush.

Well, this basically means PM QoS matters, which is kind of obvious.
It doesn't mean that it can't be implemented in a better way, though.

> 3. Why not replace DVFS Latency w/ CPU-DMA-Latency/Throughput?
> When we implement the user-input response enhancement with CPU-DMA QoS
> requests, the PM-QoS will unconditionally increase CPU and BUS
> frequencies/voltages with user inputs. However, with many cases it is
> unnecessary; i.e., a user input means that there will be unexpected
> changes soon; however, the change does not mean that the load will
> increase. Thus, allowing DVFS mechanism to evolve faster was enough to
> shorten the response time and not to increase frequencies and voltages
> when not needed. There were significant difference in power
> consumption with this changes if the user inputs were not involving
> drastic graphics jobs; e.g., typing a text message.

Again, you're arguing for having PM QoS rather than not having it. You don't
have to do that. :-)

Generally speaking, I don't think we should add any more PM QoS "classes"
as defined in pm_qos.h, since they are global and there's only one
list of requests per class. While that may be good for CPU power
management (in an SMP system all CPUs are identical, so the same list of
requests may be applied to all of them), it generally isn't for I/O
devices (some of them work in different time scales, for example).

So, for example, most likely, a list of PM QoS requests for storage devices
shouldn't be applied to input devices (keyboards and mice to be precise) and
vice versa.

On the other hand, I don't think that applications should access PM QoS
interfaces associated with individual devices directly, because they may
not have enough information about the relationships between devices in the
system. So, perhaps, there needs to be an interface allowing applications
to specify their PM QoS expectations in a general way (e.g. "I want <number>
disk I/O throughput") and a code layer between that interface and device
drivers translating those expecataions into PM QoS requests for specific
devices. However, that would require support from subsystems throughout
the kernel (e.g. if an application wants specific disk I/O throughput,
we need to figure out what disks are used by that application and apply
appropriate PM QoS requests to them on behalf of it and that may require
support from the VFS and the block layer).

I don't really think we have sufficiently understood the problem area yet.


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