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SubjectRe: [linux-pm] [RFC PATCH 2/2] thermal: Add generic cpu cooling implementation
Hello Amit,

On Tue, Dec 13, 2011 at 08:43:16PM +0530, Amit Daniel Kachhap wrote:
> This patch adds support for generic cpu thermal cooling low level
> implementations using frequency scaling and cpuhotplugg currently.
> Different cpu related cooling devices can be registered by the
> user and the binding of these cooling devices to the corresponding
> trip points can be easily done as the registration API's return the
> cooling device pointer.
>
> Signed-off-by: Amit Daniel Kachhap <amit.kachhap@linaro.org>
> ---
> Documentation/thermal/cpu-cooling-api.txt | 52 +++++
> drivers/thermal/Kconfig | 11 +
> drivers/thermal/Makefile | 1 +
> drivers/thermal/cpu_cooling.c | 302 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> include/linux/cpu_cooling.h | 45 +++++
> 5 files changed, 411 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 Documentation/thermal/cpu-cooling-api.txt
> create mode 100644 drivers/thermal/cpu_cooling.c
> create mode 100644 include/linux/cpu_cooling.h
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/thermal/cpu-cooling-api.txt b/Documentation/thermal/cpu-cooling-api.txt
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..d30b4f2
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/thermal/cpu-cooling-api.txt
> @@ -0,0 +1,52 @@
> +CPU cooling api's How To
> +===================================
> +
> +Written by Amit Daniel Kachhap <amit.kachhap@linaro.org>
> +
> +Updated: 13 Dec 2011
> +
> +Copyright (c) 2011 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd(http://www.samsung.com)
> +
> +0. Introduction
> +
> +The generic cpu cooling(freq clipping, cpuhotplug) provides
> +registration/unregistration api's to the user. The binding of the cooling
> +devices to the trip types is left for the user. The registration api's returns
> +the cooling device pointer.
> +
> +1. cpufreq cooling api's
> +
> +1.1 cpufreq registration api's
> +1.1.1 struct thermal_cooling_device *cpufreq_cooling_register(
> + struct freq_pctg_table *tab_ptr, unsigned int tab_size,
> + const struct cpumask *mask_val)
> +
> + This interface function registers the cpufreq cooling device with the name
> + "thermal-cpufreq".
> +
> + tab_ptr: The table containing the percentage of frequency to be clipped for
> + each cooling state.
> + .freq_clip_pctg[NR_CPUS]:Percentage of frequency to be clipped for each
> + cpu.
> + .polling_interval: polling interval for this cooling state.
> + tab_size: the total number of cooling state.
> + mask_val: all the allowed cpu's where frequency clipping can happen.
> +
> +1.1.2 void cpufreq_cooling_unregister(void)
> +
> + This interface function unregisters the "thermal-cpufreq" cooling device.
> +
> +
> +1.2 cpuhotplug registration api's
> +
> +1.2.1 struct thermal_cooling_device *cpuhotplug_cooling_register(
> + const struct cpumask *mask_val)
> +
> + This interface function registers the cpuhotplug cooling device with the name
> + "thermal-cpuhotplug".
> +
> + mask_val: all the allowed cpu's which can be hotplugged out.
> +
> +1.1.2 void cpuhotplug_cooling_unregister(void)
> +
> + This interface function unregisters the "thermal-cpuhotplug" cooling device.
> diff --git a/drivers/thermal/Kconfig b/drivers/thermal/Kconfig
> index f7f71b2..298c1cd 100644
> --- a/drivers/thermal/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/thermal/Kconfig
> @@ -18,3 +18,14 @@ config THERMAL_HWMON
> depends on THERMAL
> depends on HWMON=y || HWMON=THERMAL
> default y
> +
> +config CPU_THERMAL
> + bool "generic cpu cooling support"
> + depends on THERMAL
> + help
> + This implements the generic cpu cooling mechanism through frequency
> + reduction, cpu hotplug and any other ways of reducing temperature. An
> + ACPI version of this already exists(drivers/acpi/processor_thermal.c).
> + This will be useful for platforms using the generic thermal interface
> + and not the ACPI interface.
> + If you want this support, you should say Y or M here.
> diff --git a/drivers/thermal/Makefile b/drivers/thermal/Makefile
> index 31108a0..655cbc4 100644
> --- a/drivers/thermal/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/thermal/Makefile
> @@ -3,3 +3,4 @@
> #
>
> obj-$(CONFIG_THERMAL) += thermal_sys.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_CPU_THERMAL) += cpu_cooling.o
> diff --git a/drivers/thermal/cpu_cooling.c b/drivers/thermal/cpu_cooling.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..cdd148c
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/thermal/cpu_cooling.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,302 @@
> +/*
> + * linux/drivers/thermal/cpu_cooling.c
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2011 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd(http://www.samsung.com)
> + * Copyright (C) 2011 Amit Daniel <amit.kachhap@linaro.org>
> + *
> + * ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
> + * the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
> + * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
> + * General Public License for more details.
> + *
> + * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
> + * with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
> + * 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA.
> + *
> + * ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> + */
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/thermal.h>
> +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
> +#include <linux/cpufreq.h>
> +#include <linux/err.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/cpu.h>
> +#include <linux/cpu_cooling.h>
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_FREQ
> +struct cpufreq_cooling_device {
> + struct thermal_cooling_device *cool_dev;
> + struct freq_pctg_table *tab_ptr;
> + unsigned int tab_size;
> + unsigned int cpufreq_state;
> + const struct cpumask *allowed_cpus;
> +};
> +
> +static struct cpufreq_cooling_device *cpufreq_device;
> +
> +/*Below codes defines functions to be used for cpufreq as cooling device*/
> +static bool is_cpufreq_valid(int cpu)
> +{
> + struct cpufreq_policy policy;
> + if (!cpufreq_get_policy(&policy, cpu))
> + return true;
> + return false;
> +}
> +
> +static int cpufreq_apply_cooling(int cooling_state)
> +{

Why do you need cooling_state to be signed? You used it always against
unsigned values. Besides, the thermal api imposes unsigned long.

> + int cpuid, this_cpu = smp_processor_id();
> +
> + if (!is_cpufreq_valid(this_cpu))
> + return 0;
> +
> + if (cooling_state > cpufreq_device->tab_size)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + /*Check if last cooling level is same as current cooling level*/
> + if (cpufreq_device->cpufreq_state == cooling_state)
> + return 0;
> +
> + cpufreq_device->cpufreq_state = cooling_state;
> +
> + for_each_cpu(cpuid, cpufreq_device->allowed_cpus) {
> + if (is_cpufreq_valid(cpuid))
> + cpufreq_update_policy(cpuid);
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int thermal_cpufreq_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb,
> + unsigned long event, void *data)
> +{
> + struct cpufreq_policy *policy = data;
> + struct freq_pctg_table *th_table;
> + unsigned long max_freq = 0;
> + unsigned int cpu = policy->cpu, th_pctg = 0, level;
> +
> + if (event != CPUFREQ_ADJUST)
> + return 0;
> +
> + level = cpufreq_device->cpufreq_state;
> +
> + if (level > 0) {
> + th_table =
> + &(cpufreq_device->tab_ptr[level - 1]);
> + th_pctg = th_table->freq_clip_pctg[cpu];
> + }
> +
> + max_freq =
> + (policy->cpuinfo.max_freq * (100 - th_pctg)) / 100;


Might be interesting to extend this a bit. You could have the
above as default policy setup, but you could also allow people
to change this behavior. For instance, adding some callback option
while registering the cooling device (or a notifier), which would
determine the max_freq for the generic layer. The mechanism to
deploy max_freq into the system must be generic enough with cpufreq
APIs, but the decision to which max_freq to use, could be specific.
Don't you think?

> +
> + cpufreq_verify_within_limits(policy, 0, max_freq);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * cpufreq cooling device callback functions
> + */
> +static int cpufreq_get_max_state(struct thermal_cooling_device *cdev,
> + unsigned long *state)
> +{
> + *state = cpufreq_device->tab_size;
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int cpufreq_get_cur_state(struct thermal_cooling_device *cdev,
> + unsigned long *state)
> +{
> + *state = cpufreq_device->cpufreq_state;
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/*This cooling may be as PASSIVE/STATE_ACTIVE type*/
> +static int cpufreq_set_cur_state(struct thermal_cooling_device *cdev,
> + unsigned long state)
> +{
> + cpufreq_apply_cooling(state);
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/* bind cpufreq callbacks to cpufreq cooling device */
> +static struct thermal_cooling_device_ops cpufreq_cooling_ops = {
> + .get_max_state = cpufreq_get_max_state,
> + .get_cur_state = cpufreq_get_cur_state,
> + .set_cur_state = cpufreq_set_cur_state,
> +};
> +
> +static struct notifier_block thermal_cpufreq_notifier_block = {
> + .notifier_call = thermal_cpufreq_notifier,
> +};
> +
> +struct thermal_cooling_device *cpufreq_cooling_register(
> + struct freq_pctg_table *tab_ptr, unsigned int tab_size,
> + const struct cpumask *mask_val)
> +{
> + struct thermal_cooling_device *cool_dev;
> +
> + if (tab_ptr == NULL || tab_size == 0)
> + return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
> +
> + cpufreq_device =
> + kzalloc(sizeof(struct cpufreq_cooling_device), GFP_KERNEL);
> +
> + if (!cpufreq_device)
> + return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> +
> + cool_dev = thermal_cooling_device_register("thermal-cpufreq", NULL,
> + &cpufreq_cooling_ops);
> + if (!cool_dev) {
> + kfree(cpufreq_device);
> + return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
> + }
> +
> + cpufreq_device->tab_ptr = tab_ptr;
> + cpufreq_device->tab_size = tab_size;
> + cpufreq_device->cool_dev = cool_dev;
> + cpufreq_device->allowed_cpus = mask_val;
> +
> + cpufreq_register_notifier(&thermal_cpufreq_notifier_block,
> + CPUFREQ_POLICY_NOTIFIER);
> + return cool_dev;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(cpufreq_cooling_register);
> +
> +void cpufreq_cooling_unregister(void)
> +{
> + cpufreq_unregister_notifier(&thermal_cpufreq_notifier_block,
> + CPUFREQ_POLICY_NOTIFIER);
> + thermal_cooling_device_unregister(cpufreq_device->cool_dev);
> + kfree(cpufreq_device);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(cpufreq_cooling_unregister);
> +#else /*!CONFIG_CPU_FREQ*/
> +struct thermal_cooling_device *cpufreq_cooling_register(
> + struct freq_pctg_table *tab_ptr, unsigned int tab_size)
> +{
> + return NULL;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(cpufreq_cooling_register);
> +void cpufreq_cooling_unregister(void)
> +{
> + return;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(cpufreq_cooling_unregister);
> +#endif /*CONFIG_CPU_FREQ*/
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU
> +
> +struct hotplug_cooling_device {
> + struct thermal_cooling_device *cool_dev;
> + unsigned int hotplug_state;
> + const struct cpumask *allowed_cpus;
> +};
> +static struct hotplug_cooling_device *hotplug_device;
> +
> +/*
> + * cpu hotplug cooling device callback functions
> + */
> +static int cpuhotplug_get_max_state(struct thermal_cooling_device *cdev,
> + unsigned long *state)
> +{
> + *state = 1;
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int cpuhotplug_get_cur_state(struct thermal_cooling_device *cdev,
> + unsigned long *state)
> +{
> + /*This cooling device may be of type ACTIVE, so state field
> + can be 0 or 1*/
> + *state = hotplug_device->hotplug_state;
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/*This cooling may be as PASSIVE/STATE_ACTIVE type*/
> +static int cpuhotplug_set_cur_state(struct thermal_cooling_device *cdev,
> + unsigned long state)
> +{
> + int cpuid, this_cpu = smp_processor_id();
> +
> + if (hotplug_device->hotplug_state == state)
> + return 0;
> +
> + /*This cooling device may be of type ACTIVE, so state field
> + can be 0 or 1*/

/*
* Small thing. Check the style for multi line comments.
* This is also an example.
*/
> + if (state == 1) {
> + for_each_cpu(cpuid, hotplug_device->allowed_cpus) {
> + if (cpu_online(cpuid) && (cpuid != this_cpu))
> + cpu_down(cpuid);
> + }
> + } else if (state == 0) {
> + for_each_cpu(cpuid, hotplug_device->allowed_cpus) {
> + if (!cpu_online(cpuid) && (cpuid != this_cpu))
> + cpu_up(cpuid);
> + }
> + } else
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + hotplug_device->hotplug_state = state;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +/* bind hotplug callbacks to cpu hotplug cooling device */
> +static struct thermal_cooling_device_ops cpuhotplug_cooling_ops = {
> + .get_max_state = cpuhotplug_get_max_state,
> + .get_cur_state = cpuhotplug_get_cur_state,
> + .set_cur_state = cpuhotplug_set_cur_state,
> +};
> +
> +struct thermal_cooling_device *cpuhotplug_cooling_register(
> + const struct cpumask *mask_val)
> +{
> + struct thermal_cooling_device *cool_dev;
> +
> + hotplug_device =
> + kzalloc(sizeof(struct hotplug_cooling_device), GFP_KERNEL);
> +
> + if (!hotplug_device)
> + return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> +
> + cool_dev = thermal_cooling_device_register("thermal-cpuhotplug", NULL,
> + &cpuhotplug_cooling_ops);
> + if (!cool_dev) {
> + kfree(hotplug_device);
> + return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
> + }
> +
> + hotplug_device->cool_dev = cool_dev;
> + hotplug_device->hotplug_state = 0;
> + hotplug_device->allowed_cpus = mask_val;
> +
> + return cool_dev;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(cpuhotplug_cooling_register);
> +
> +void cpuhotplug_cooling_unregister(void)
> +{
> + thermal_cooling_device_unregister(hotplug_device->cool_dev);
> + kfree(hotplug_device);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(cpuhotplug_cooling_unregister);
> +#else /*!CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU*/
> +struct thermal_cooling_device *cpuhotplug_cooling_register(
> + const struct cpumask *mask_val)
> +{
> + return NULL;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(cpuhotplug_cooling_register);
> +void cpuhotplug_cooling_unregister(void)
> +{
> + return;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(cpuhotplug_cooling_unregister);
> +#endif /*CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU*/
> diff --git a/include/linux/cpu_cooling.h b/include/linux/cpu_cooling.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..0c57375
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/linux/cpu_cooling.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,45 @@
> +/*
> + * linux/include/linux/cpu_cooling.h
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2011 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd(http://www.samsung.com)
> + * Copyright (C) 2011 Amit Daniel <amit.kachhap@linaro.org>
> + *
> + * ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
> + * the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
> + * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
> + * General Public License for more details.
> + *
> + * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
> + * with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
> + * 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA.
> + *
> + * ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> + */
> +
> +#ifndef __CPU_COOLING_H__
> +#define __CPU_COOLING_H__
> +
> +#include <linux/thermal.h>
> +
> +struct freq_pctg_table {
> + unsigned int freq_clip_pctg[NR_CPUS];
> + unsigned int polling_interval;
> +};
> +
> +extern struct thermal_cooling_device *cpufreq_cooling_register(
> + struct freq_pctg_table *tab_ptr, unsigned int tab_size,
> + const struct cpumask *mask_val);

I suppose your original idea was to have this function called only once right?
I'd suggest to add some documentation on this header file to specify this.

Besides, the fact that you receive a cpumask may suggest you could register
different cooling device for subsets of your system cpus.
In any case, if you call this function more than once, you may end with memory leaks
and the last call will be the one acting in the system.



> +
> +extern void cpufreq_cooling_unregister(void);
> +
> +extern struct thermal_cooling_device *cpuhotplug_cooling_register(
> + const struct cpumask *mask_val);
> +
> +extern void cpuhotplug_cooling_unregister(void);
> +
> +#endif /* __CPU_COOLING_H__ */

Another thing, I have the impression that solving the config selection in the
header file instead of in .c files is cleaner. If you want to solve the config
selection in .c files, better to do so with Makefiles.

If you keep the ifdefery ( THERMAL vs. HOTPLUG_CPU vs. CPU_FREQ ) here in the
header file, it is easier to read.

> --
> 1.7.1
>
> _______________________________________________
> linux-pm mailing list
> linux-pm@lists.linux-foundation.org
> https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-pm


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