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SubjectRe: getdents - ext4 vs btrfs performance
From
Hi Chris,

the last one was borked :) Please check this one.

-jacek

2012/2/29 Jacek Luczak <difrost.kernel@gmail.com>:
> Hi All,
>
> /*Sorry for sending incomplete email, hit wrong button :) I guess I
> can't use Gmail */
>
> Long story short: We've found that operations on a directory structure
> holding many dirs takes ages on ext4.
>
> The Question: Why there's that huge difference in ext4 and btrfs? See
> below test results for real values.
>
> Background: I had to backup a Jenkins directory holding workspace for
> few projects which were co from svn (implies lot of extra .svn dirs).
> The copy takes lot of time (at least more than I've expected) and
> process was mostly in D (disk sleep). I've dig more and done some
> extra test to see if this is not a regression on block/fs site. To
> isolate the issue I've also performed same tests on btrfs.
>
> Test environment configuration:
> 1) HW: HP ProLiant BL460 G6, 48 GB of memory, 2x 6 core Intel X5670 HT
> enabled, Smart Array P410i, RAID 1 on top of 2x 10K RPM SAS HDDs.
> 2) Kernels: All tests were done on following kernels:
>  - 2.6.39.4-3 -- the build ID (3) is used here for internal tacking of
> config changes mostly. In -3 we've introduced ,,fix readahead pipeline
> break caused by block plug'' patch. Otherwise it's pure 2.6.39.4.
>  - 3.2.7 -- latest kernel at the time of testing (3.2.8 has been
> release recently).
> 3) A subject of tests, directory holding:
>  - 54GB of data (measured on ext4)
>  - 1978149 files
>  - 844008 directories
> 4) Mount options:
>  - ext4 -- errors=remount-ro,noatime,
> data=writeback
>  - btrfs -- noatime,nodatacow and for later investigation on
> copression effect: noatime,nodatacow,compress=lzo
>
> In all tests I've been measuring time of execution. Following tests
> were performed:
> - find . -type d
> - find . -type f
> - cp -a
> - rm -rf
>
> Ext4 results:
> | Type     | 2.6.39.4-3   | 3.2.7
> | Dir cnt  | 17m 40sec  | 11m 20sec
> | File cnt |  17m 36sec | 11m 22sec
> | Copy    | 1h 28m        | 1h 27m
> | Remove| 3m 43sec    | 3m 38sec
>
> Btrfs results (without lzo comression):
> | Type     | 2.6.39.4-3   | 3.2.7
> | Dir cnt  | 2m 22sec  | 2m 21sec
> | File cnt |  2m 26sec | 2m 23sec
> | Copy    | 36m 22sec | 39m 35sec
> | Remove| 7m 51sec   | 10m 43sec
>
> From above one can see that copy takes close to 1h less on btrfs. I've
> done strace counting times of calls, results are as follows (from
> 3.2.7):
> 1) Ext4 (only to elements):
> % time     seconds  usecs/call     calls    errors syscall
> ------ ----------- ----------- --------- --------- ----------------
>  57.01   13.257850           1  15082163           read
>  23.40    5.440353           3   1687702           getdents
>  6.15    1.430559           0   3672418           lstat
>  3.80    0.883767           0  13106961           write
>  2.32    0.539959           0   4794099           open
>  1.69    0.393589           0    843695           mkdir
>  1.28    0.296700           0   5637802           setxattr
>  0.80    0.186539           0   7325195           stat
>
> 2) Btrfs:
> % time     seconds  usecs/call     calls    errors syscall
> ------ ----------- ----------- --------- --------- ----------------
> 53.38    9.486210           1  15179751           read
> 11.38    2.021662           1   1688328           getdents
>  10.64    1.890234           0   4800317           open
>  6.83    1.213723           0  13201590           write
>  4.85    0.862731           0   5644314           setxattr
>  3.50    0.621194           1    844008           mkdir
>  2.75    0.489059           0   3675992         1 lstat
>  1.71    0.303544           0   5644314           llistxattr
>  1.50    0.265943           0   1978149           utimes
>  1.02    0.180585           0   5644314    844008 getxattr
>
> On btrfs getdents takes much less time which prove the bottleneck in
> copy time on ext4 is this syscall. In 2.6.39.4 it shows even less time
> for getdents:
> % time     seconds  usecs/call     calls    errors syscall
> ------ ----------- ----------- --------- --------- ----------------
>  50.77   10.978816           1  15033132           read
>  14.46    3.125996           1   4733589           open
>  7.15    1.546311           0   5566988           setxattr
>  5.89    1.273845           0   3626505           lstat
>  5.81    1.255858           1   1667050           getdents
>  5.66    1.224403           0  13083022           write
>  3.40    0.735114           1    833371           mkdir
>  1.96    0.424881           0   5566988           llistxattr
>
>
> Why so huge difference in the getdents timings?
>
> -Jacek
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