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Subject[RFC][PATCH 5/6] x86, efi: Fix endian issues and unaligned accesses
Date
From: Matt Fleming <matt.fleming@intel.com>

We may need to convert the endianness of the data we read from/write
to 'buf', so let's use {get,put}_unaligned_le32() to do that. Failure
to do so can result in accessing invalid memory, leading to a
segfault. Stephen Rothwell noticed this bug while cross-building an
x86_64 allmodconfig kernel on PowerPC.
We need to read from and write to 'buf' a byte at a time otherwise
it's possible we'll perform an unaligned access, which can lead to bus
errors when cross-building an x86 kernel on risc architectures.

Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Nick Bowler <nbowler@elliptictech.com>
Tested-by: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>
Reported-by: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>
Signed-off-by: Matt Fleming <matt.fleming@intel.com>
---
arch/x86/boot/tools/build.c | 31 +++++++++++++++----------------
1 files changed, 15 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/tools/build.c b/arch/x86/boot/tools/build.c
index 4e9bd6b..f2ac95e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/tools/build.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/tools/build.c
@@ -34,6 +34,7 @@
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <asm/boot.h>
+#include <tools/le_byteshift.h>

typedef unsigned char u8;
typedef unsigned short u16;
@@ -41,6 +42,7 @@ typedef unsigned long u32;

#define DEFAULT_MAJOR_ROOT 0
#define DEFAULT_MINOR_ROOT 0
+#define DEFAULT_ROOT_DEV (DEFAULT_MAJOR_ROOT << 8 | DEFAULT_MINOR_ROOT)

/* Minimal number of setup sectors */
#define SETUP_SECT_MIN 5
@@ -159,7 +161,7 @@ int main(int argc, char ** argv)
die("read-error on `setup'");
if (c < 1024)
die("The setup must be at least 1024 bytes");
- if (buf[510] != 0x55 || buf[511] != 0xaa)
+ if (get_unaligned_le16(&buf[510]) != 0xAA55)
die("Boot block hasn't got boot flag (0xAA55)");
fclose(file);

@@ -171,8 +173,7 @@ int main(int argc, char ** argv)
memset(buf+c, 0, i-c);

/* Set the default root device */
- buf[508] = DEFAULT_MINOR_ROOT;
- buf[509] = DEFAULT_MAJOR_ROOT;
+ put_unaligned_le16(DEFAULT_ROOT_DEV, &buf[508]);

fprintf(stderr, "Setup is %d bytes (padded to %d bytes).\n", c, i);

@@ -192,44 +193,42 @@ int main(int argc, char ** argv)

/* Patch the setup code with the appropriate size parameters */
buf[0x1f1] = setup_sectors-1;
- buf[0x1f4] = sys_size;
- buf[0x1f5] = sys_size >> 8;
- buf[0x1f6] = sys_size >> 16;
- buf[0x1f7] = sys_size >> 24;
+ put_unaligned_le32(sys_size, &buf[0x1f4]);

#ifdef CONFIG_EFI_STUB
file_sz = sz + i + ((sys_size * 16) - sz);

- pe_header = *(unsigned int *)&buf[0x3c];
+ pe_header = get_unaligned_le32(&buf[0x3c]);

/* Size of code */
- *(unsigned int *)&buf[pe_header + 0x1c] = file_sz;
+ put_unaligned_le32(file_sz, &buf[pe_header + 0x1c]);

/* Size of image */
- *(unsigned int *)&buf[pe_header + 0x50] = file_sz;
+ put_unaligned_le32(file_sz, &buf[pe_header + 0x50]);

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
/* Address of entry point */
- *(unsigned int *)&buf[pe_header + 0x28] = i;
+ put_unaligned_le32(i, &buf[pe_header + 0x28]);

/* .text size */
- *(unsigned int *)&buf[pe_header + 0xb0] = file_sz;
+ put_unaligned_le32(file_sz, &buf[pe_header + 0xb0]);

/* .text size of initialised data */
- *(unsigned int *)&buf[pe_header + 0xb8] = file_sz;
+ put_unaligned_le32(file_sz, &buf[pe_header + 0xb8]);
#else
/*
* Address of entry point. startup_32 is at the beginning and
* the 64-bit entry point (startup_64) is always 512 bytes
* after.
*/
- *(unsigned int *)&buf[pe_header + 0x28] = i + 512;
+ put_unaligned_le32(i + 512, &buf[pe_header + 0x28]);

/* .text size */
- *(unsigned int *)&buf[pe_header + 0xc0] = file_sz;
+ put_unaligned_le32(file_sz, &buf[pe_header + 0xc0]);

/* .text size of initialised data */
- *(unsigned int *)&buf[pe_header + 0xc8] = file_sz;
+ put_unaligned_le32(file_sz, &buf[pe_header + 0xc8]);
+
#endif /* CONFIG_X86_32 */
#endif /* CONFIG_EFI_STUB */

--
1.7.4.4


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