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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/2] memcg: fix page_referencies cgroup filter on global reclaim
Johannes Weiner wrote:
> On Tue, Feb 21, 2012 at 03:38:04PM +0400, Konstantin Khlebnikov wrote:
>> Johannes Weiner wrote:
>>> On Wed, Feb 15, 2012 at 08:28:30PM +0400, Konstantin Khlebnikov wrote:
>>>> Global memory reclaimer should't skip referencies for any pages,
>>>> even if they are shared between different cgroups.
>>>
>>> Agreed: if we reclaim from one memcg because of its limit, we want to
>>> reclaim those pages that this group is not using. If it's used by
>>> someone else, it should be evicted and refaulted by the group that
>>> needs it.
>>>
>>> If we reclaim globally, all references are "true" because we want to
>>> evict those pages that are not used by any cgroup.
>>>
>>> But if we reclaim a hierarchical subgroup, we don't want to evict
>>> pages that are shared among this hierarchy, either, even if the memcg
>>> that has the page charged to it is not using it. Bouncing the page
>>> around the hierarchy is not sensible, because it does not solve the
>>> problem of the parent hitting its limit when the sibling group will
>>> refault it in a blink of an eye. It should only be evicted if the
>>> memcg that's not using it nears its own limit, because only in that
>>> case would reclaiming the page remedy the situation.
>>>
>>>> This patch adds scan_control->current_mem_cgroup, which points to currently
>>>> shrinking sub-cgroup in hierarchy, at global reclaim it always NULL.
>>>
>>> So to be consistent, I'm wondering if we should pass
>>> sc->target_mem_cgroup - the limit-hitting hierarchy root - to
>>> page_referenced() and then have mm_match_cgroup() do a
>>> mem_cgroup_same_or_subtree() check to see if the vma is in the
>>> hierarchy rooted at sc->target_mem_cgroup.
>>>
>>> Global reclaim is handled automatically, because mm_match_cgroup() is
>>> not checked when the passed memcg is NULL, which sc->target_mem_cgroup
>>> is for global reclaim.
>>
>> Also we can try to recharge page to other cgroup, if we found in rmap another its user
>> outsize of currently shrinking hierarchy, page there is isolated, so at the end we will
>> insert page directly to its lru.
>
> Not sure if it's worth the trouble, but that could work.
>
>> But the main purpose of this patch for me is killing mz->mem_cgroup dereference,
>> because I plan to replace mz with direct reference to lruvec, which will be memcg-free object.
>
> I like that plan. How about this patch then?

I sent my version. See patch "[PATCH v3 02/21] memcg: make mm_match_cgroup() hirarchical"

one note below

>
> ---
> From: Johannes Weiner<hannes@cmpxchg.org>
> Subject: mm: memcg: count pte references from every member of the reclaimed hierarchy
>
> The rmap walker checking page table references has historically
> ignored references from VMAs that were not part of the memcg that was
> being reclaimed during memcg hard limit reclaim.
>
> When transitioning global reclaim to memcg hierarchy reclaim, I missed
> that bit and now references from outside a memcg are ignored even
> during global reclaim.
>
> Reverting back to traditional behaviour - count all references during
> global reclaim and only mind references of the memcg being reclaimed
> during limit reclaim would be one option.
>
> However, the more generic idea is to ignore references exactly then
> when they are outside the hierarchy that is currently under reclaim;
> because only then will their reclamation be of any use to help the
> pressure situation. It makes no sense to ignore references from a
> sibling memcg and then evict a page that will be immediately refaulted
> by that sibling which contributes to the same usage of the common
> ancestor under reclaim.
>
> The solution: make the rmap walker ignore references from VMAs that
> are not part of the hierarchy that is being reclaimed.
>
> Flat limit reclaim will stay the same, hierarchical limit reclaim will
> mind the references only to pages that the hierarchy owns. Global
> reclaim, since it reclaims from all memcgs, will be fixed to regard
> all references.
>
> Reported-by: Konstantin Khlebnikov<khlebnikov@openvz.org>
> Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner<hannes@cmpxchg.org>
> ---
> include/linux/memcontrol.h | 3 ++-
> mm/memcontrol.c | 2 +-
> mm/vmscan.c | 6 ++++--
> 3 files changed, 7 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/memcontrol.h b/include/linux/memcontrol.h
> index 8537c5d..ba9455d 100644
> --- a/include/linux/memcontrol.h
> +++ b/include/linux/memcontrol.h
> @@ -78,6 +78,7 @@ extern void mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(struct page *page);
> extern void mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page(struct page *page);
>
> extern void mem_cgroup_out_of_memory(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, gfp_t gfp_mask);
> +bool mem_cgroup_same_or_subtree(const struct mem_cgroup *, struct mem_cgroup *);
> int task_in_mem_cgroup(struct task_struct *task, const struct mem_cgroup *memcg);
>
> extern struct mem_cgroup *try_get_mem_cgroup_from_page(struct page *page);
> @@ -91,7 +92,7 @@ int mm_match_cgroup(const struct mm_struct *mm, const struct mem_cgroup *cgroup)
> rcu_read_lock();
> memcg = mem_cgroup_from_task(rcu_dereference((mm)->owner));
> rcu_read_unlock();
> - return cgroup == memcg;
> + return mem_cgroup_same_or_subtree(cgroup, memcg);
> }

seems like this memcg pointer is rcu-protected, so it seems broken.

>
> extern struct cgroup_subsys_state *mem_cgroup_css(struct mem_cgroup *memcg);
> diff --git a/mm/memcontrol.c b/mm/memcontrol.c
> index e4be95a..f91d762 100644
> --- a/mm/memcontrol.c
> +++ b/mm/memcontrol.c
> @@ -1044,7 +1044,7 @@ struct lruvec *mem_cgroup_lru_move_lists(struct zone *zone,
> * Checks whether given mem is same or in the root_mem_cgroup's
> * hierarchy subtree
> */
> -static bool mem_cgroup_same_or_subtree(const struct mem_cgroup *root_memcg,
> +bool mem_cgroup_same_or_subtree(const struct mem_cgroup *root_memcg,
> struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
> {
> if (root_memcg != memcg) {
> diff --git a/mm/vmscan.c b/mm/vmscan.c
> index c631234..120646e 100644
> --- a/mm/vmscan.c
> +++ b/mm/vmscan.c
> @@ -708,7 +708,8 @@ static enum page_references page_check_references(struct page *page,
> int referenced_ptes, referenced_page;
> unsigned long vm_flags;
>
> - referenced_ptes = page_referenced(page, 1, mz->mem_cgroup,&vm_flags);
> + referenced_ptes = page_referenced(page, 1, sc->target_mem_cgroup,
> + &vm_flags);
> referenced_page = TestClearPageReferenced(page);
>
> /* Lumpy reclaim - ignore references */
> @@ -1710,7 +1711,8 @@ static void shrink_active_list(unsigned long nr_pages,
> continue;
> }
>
> - if (page_referenced(page, 0, mz->mem_cgroup,&vm_flags)) {
> + if (page_referenced(page, 0, sc->target_mem_cgroup,
> + &vm_flags)) {
> nr_rotated += hpage_nr_pages(page);
> /*
> * Identify referenced, file-backed active pages and



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