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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/2] cgroup: Walk task list under tasklist_lock in cgroup_enable_task_cg_list
On Tue, Feb 21, 2012 at 02:23:43PM -0800, Mandeep Singh Baines wrote:
> Frederic Weisbecker (fweisbec@gmail.com) wrote:
> > Walking through the tasklist in cgroup_enable_task_cg_list() inside
> > an RCU read side critical section is not enough because:
> >
> > - RCU is not (yet) safe against while_each_thread()
> >
> > - If we use only RCU, a forking task that has passed cgroup_post_fork()
> > without seeing use_task_css_set_links == 1 is not guaranteed to have
> > its child immediately visible in the tasklist if we walk through it
> > remotely with RCU. In this case it will be missing in its css_set's
> > task list.
> >
> > Thus we need to traverse the list (unfortunately) under the
> > tasklist_lock. It makes us safe against while_each_thread() and also
> > make sure we see all forked task that have been added to the tasklist.
> >
> > As a secondary effect, reading and writing use_task_css_set_links are
> > now well ordered against tasklist traversing and modification. The new
> > layout is:
> >
> > CPU 0 CPU 1
> >
> > use_task_css_set_links = 1 write_lock(tasklist_lock)
> > read_lock(tasklist_lock) add task to tasklist
> > do_each_thread() { write_unlock(tasklist_lock)
> > add thread to css set links if (use_task_css_set_links)
> > } while_each_thread() add thread to css set links
> > read_unlock(tasklist_lock)
> >
> > If CPU 0 traverse the list after the task has been added to the tasklist
> > then it is correctly added to the css set links. OTOH if CPU 0 traverse
> > the tasklist before the new task had the opportunity to be added to the
> > tasklist because it was too early in the fork process, then CPU 1
> > catches up and add the task to the css set links after it added the task
> > to the tasklist. The right value of use_task_css_set_links is guaranteed
> > to be visible from CPU 1 due to the LOCK/UNLOCK implicit barrier properties:
> > the read_unlock on CPU 0 makes the write on use_task_css_set_links happening
> > and the write_lock on CPU 1 make the read of use_task_css_set_links that comes
> > afterward to return the correct value.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
> > Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
> > Cc: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com>
> > Cc: Mandeep Singh Baines <msb@chromium.org>
>
> Reviewed-by: Mandeep Singh Baines <msb@chromium.org>
>
> Sorry for being late. My feedback is really just comments.
>
> > Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
> > Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
> > Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> > ---
> > kernel/cgroup.c | 20 ++++++++++++++++++++
> > 1 files changed, 20 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/kernel/cgroup.c b/kernel/cgroup.c
> > index 6e4eb43..c6877fe 100644
> > --- a/kernel/cgroup.c
> > +++ b/kernel/cgroup.c
> > @@ -2707,6 +2707,14 @@ static void cgroup_enable_task_cg_lists(void)
> > struct task_struct *p, *g;
> > write_lock(&css_set_lock);
>
> You might want to re-test use_task_css_set_links once you have the lock
> in order to avoid an unnecessary do_each_thread()/while_each_thread() in
> case you race between reading the value and entering the loop. This is
> a potential optimization in a rare case so maybe not worth the LOC.

Makes sense. I'll do that in a seperate patch.

>
> > use_task_css_set_links = 1;
> > + /*
> > + * We need tasklist_lock because RCU is not safe against
> > + * while_each_thread(). Besides, a forking task that has passed
> > + * cgroup_post_fork() without seeing use_task_css_set_links = 1
> > + * is not guaranteed to have its child immediately visible in the
> > + * tasklist if we walk through it with RCU.
> > + */
>
> Maybe add TODO to remove the lock once do_each_thread()/while_each_thread()
> is made rcu safe. On a large system, it could take a while to iterate
> over every thread in the system. Thats a long time to hold a spinlock.
> But it only happens once so probably not that big a deal.

I think that even if while_each_thread() was RCU safe, that wouldn't
work here.

Unless I'm mistaken, we have no guarantee that a remote list_add_rcu()
is immediately visible by the local CPU if it walks the list under
rcu_read_lock() only.

Consider that ordering scenario:

CPU 0 CPU 1
--------------- --------------
fork() {
write_lock(tasklist_lock);
add child to tasklist
write_unlock(tasklist_lock);
cgroup_post_fork()
}
cgroup_enable_task_cg_lists() {
rcu_read_lock();
do_each_thread() {
..... <-- find child ?
} while_each_thread()
rcu_read_unlock()

We have no guarantee here that the write on CPU 0 will be visible
in time to CPU 1.

But may be I misunderstood the ordering and committing guarantees with RCU.
Perhaps Paul can confirm or correct me.

Paul?


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