lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2012]   [Feb]   [2]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Date
Subject[PATCH v10 3.3-rc2 4/9] uprobes: counter to optimize probe hits.

Maintain a per-mm counter (number of uprobes that are inserted on
this process address space). This counter can be used at probe hit
time to determine if we need to do a uprobe lookup in the uprobes
rbtree. Everytime a probe gets inserted successfully, the probe
count is incremented and everytime a probe gets removed successfully
the probe count is removed.

A new hook munmap_uprobe is added to keep the counter to be correct
even when a region is unmapped or remapped. This patch expects that
once a munmap_uprobe() is called, the vma either go away or a
subsequent mmap_uprobe gets called before a removal of a probe from
unregister_uprobe in the same address space.

On every executable vma thats cowed at fork, mmap_uprobe is called
so that the mm_uprobes_count is in sync.

When a vma of interest is mapped, insert the breakpoint at the right
address. Upon munmap, just make sure the data structures are
adjusted/cleaned up.

On process creation, make sure the probes count in the child is set
correctly.

Special cases that are taken care include:
a. mremap()
b. VM_DONTCOPY vmas on fork()
c. insertion/removal races in the parent during fork().

Signed-off-by: Srikar Dronamraju <srikar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
Changelog (since v7)
- Separate this patch from the patch that implements mmap_uprobe.
- Increment counter only after verifying that the probe lies underneath.
Changelog (since v5)
- While forking, handle vma's that have VM_DONTCOPY.
- While forking, handle race of new breakpoints being inserted / removed
in the parent process.

include/linux/mm_types.h | 1
include/linux/uprobes.h | 4 ++
kernel/fork.c | 4 ++
kernel/uprobes.c | 103 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
mm/mmap.c | 10 ++++
5 files changed, 117 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
diff --git a/include/linux/mm_types.h b/include/linux/mm_types.h
index 9ade86e..62d5aeb 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm_types.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm_types.h
@@ -390,6 +390,7 @@ struct mm_struct {
struct cpumask cpumask_allocation;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_UPROBES
+ atomic_t mm_uprobes_count;
struct uprobes_xol_area *uprobes_xol_area;
#endif
};
diff --git a/include/linux/uprobes.h b/include/linux/uprobes.h
index c9ad7fc..0f6cc1a 100644
--- a/include/linux/uprobes.h
+++ b/include/linux/uprobes.h
@@ -126,6 +126,7 @@ extern void unregister_uprobe(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset,
extern void free_uprobe_utask(struct task_struct *tsk);
extern void free_uprobes_xol_area(struct mm_struct *mm);
extern int mmap_uprobe(struct vm_area_struct *vma);
+extern void munmap_uprobe(struct vm_area_struct *vma);
extern unsigned long __weak get_uprobe_bkpt_addr(struct pt_regs *regs);
extern int uprobe_post_notifier(struct pt_regs *regs);
extern int uprobe_bkpt_notifier(struct pt_regs *regs);
@@ -146,6 +147,9 @@ static inline int mmap_uprobe(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
return 0;
}
+static inline void munmap_uprobe(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+}
static inline void uprobe_notify_resume(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
}
diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
index 8e65a55..53e7959 100644
--- a/kernel/fork.c
+++ b/kernel/fork.c
@@ -420,6 +420,9 @@ static int dup_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm, struct mm_struct *oldmm)

if (retval)
goto out;
+
+ if (file && mmap_uprobe(tmp))
+ goto out;
}
/* a new mm has just been created */
arch_dup_mmap(oldmm, mm);
@@ -741,6 +744,7 @@ struct mm_struct *dup_mm(struct task_struct *tsk)
mm->pmd_huge_pte = NULL;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_UPROBES
+ atomic_set(&mm->mm_uprobes_count, 0);
mm->uprobes_xol_area = NULL;
#endif

diff --git a/kernel/uprobes.c b/kernel/uprobes.c
index f789c84..96cf12c 100644
--- a/kernel/uprobes.c
+++ b/kernel/uprobes.c
@@ -615,6 +615,30 @@ static int copy_insn(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
return __copy_insn(mapping, vma, uprobe->insn, bytes, uprobe->offset);
}

+/*
+ * How mm_uprobes_count gets updated
+ * mmap_uprobe() increments the count if
+ * - it successfully adds a breakpoint.
+ * - it not add a breakpoint, but sees that there is a underlying
+ * breakpoint (via a is_bkpt_at_addr()).
+ *
+ * munmap_uprobe() decrements the count if
+ * - it sees a underlying breakpoint, (via is_bkpt_at_addr)
+ * - Subsequent unregister_uprobe wouldnt find the breakpoint
+ * unless a mmap_uprobe kicks in, since the old vma would be
+ * dropped just after munmap_uprobe.
+ *
+ * register_uprobe increments the count if:
+ * - it successfully adds a breakpoint.
+ *
+ * unregister_uprobe decrements the count if:
+ * - it sees a underlying breakpoint and removes successfully.
+ * (via is_bkpt_at_addr)
+ * - Subsequent munmap_uprobe wouldnt find the breakpoint
+ * since there is no underlying breakpoint after the
+ * breakpoint removal.
+ */
+
static int install_breakpoint(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe,
struct vm_area_struct *vma, loff_t vaddr)
{
@@ -646,7 +670,19 @@ static int install_breakpoint(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe,

uprobe->flags |= UPROBES_COPY_INSN;
}
+
+ /*
+ * Ideally, should be updating the probe count after the breakpoint
+ * has been successfully inserted. However a thread could hit the
+ * breakpoint we just inserted even before the probe count is
+ * incremented. If this is the first breakpoint placed, breakpoint
+ * notifier might ignore uprobes and pass the trap to the thread.
+ * Hence increment before and decrement on failure.
+ */
+ atomic_inc(&mm->mm_uprobes_count);
ret = set_bkpt(mm, uprobe, addr);
+ if (ret)
+ atomic_dec(&mm->mm_uprobes_count);

return ret;
}
@@ -654,7 +690,8 @@ static int install_breakpoint(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe,
static void remove_breakpoint(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe,
loff_t vaddr)
{
- set_orig_insn(mm, uprobe, (unsigned long)vaddr, true);
+ if (!set_orig_insn(mm, uprobe, (unsigned long)vaddr, true))
+ atomic_dec(&mm->mm_uprobes_count);
}

/*
@@ -960,7 +997,7 @@ int mmap_uprobe(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
struct list_head tmp_list;
struct uprobe *uprobe, *u;
struct inode *inode;
- int ret = 0;
+ int ret = 0, count = 0;

if (!atomic_read(&uprobe_events) || !valid_vma(vma, true))
return ret; /* Bail-out */
@@ -984,17 +1021,74 @@ int mmap_uprobe(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
}
ret = install_breakpoint(vma->vm_mm, uprobe, vma,
vaddr);
- if (ret == -EEXIST)
+ if (ret == -EEXIST) {
ret = 0;
+ if (!is_bkpt_at_addr(vma->vm_mm, vaddr))
+ continue;
+
+ /*
+ * Unable to insert a breakpoint, but
+ * breakpoint lies underneath. Increment the
+ * probe count.
+ */
+ atomic_inc(&vma->vm_mm->mm_uprobes_count);
+ }
+ if (!ret)
+ count++;
+
}
put_uprobe(uprobe);
}

mutex_unlock(uprobes_mmap_hash(inode));
+ if (ret)
+ atomic_sub(count, &vma->vm_mm->mm_uprobes_count);

return ret;
}

+/*
+ * Called in context of a munmap of a vma.
+ */
+void munmap_uprobe(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ struct list_head tmp_list;
+ struct uprobe *uprobe, *u;
+ struct inode *inode;
+
+ if (!atomic_read(&uprobe_events) || !valid_vma(vma, false))
+ return; /* Bail-out */
+
+ if (!atomic_read(&vma->vm_mm->mm_uprobes_count))
+ return;
+
+ inode = vma->vm_file->f_mapping->host;
+ if (!inode)
+ return;
+
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tmp_list);
+ mutex_lock(uprobes_mmap_hash(inode));
+ build_probe_list(inode, &tmp_list);
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(uprobe, u, &tmp_list, pending_list) {
+ loff_t vaddr;
+
+ list_del(&uprobe->pending_list);
+ vaddr = vma_address(vma, uprobe->offset);
+ if (vaddr >= vma->vm_start && vaddr < vma->vm_end) {
+
+ /*
+ * An unregister could have removed the probe before
+ * unmap. So check before we decrement the count.
+ */
+ if (is_bkpt_at_addr(vma->vm_mm, vaddr) == 1)
+ atomic_dec(&vma->vm_mm->mm_uprobes_count);
+ }
+ put_uprobe(uprobe);
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(uprobes_mmap_hash(inode));
+ return;
+}
+
/* Slot allocation for XOL */
static int xol_add_vma(struct uprobes_xol_area *area)
{
@@ -1397,7 +1491,8 @@ int uprobe_bkpt_notifier(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
struct uprobe_task *utask;

- if (!current->mm)
+ if (!current->mm || !atomic_read(&current->mm->mm_uprobes_count))
+ /* task is currently not uprobed */
return 0;

utask = current->utask;
diff --git a/mm/mmap.c b/mm/mmap.c
index 1aed183..e7f5e3c 100644
--- a/mm/mmap.c
+++ b/mm/mmap.c
@@ -218,6 +218,7 @@ void unlink_file_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
mutex_lock(&mapping->i_mmap_mutex);
__remove_shared_vm_struct(vma, file, mapping);
mutex_unlock(&mapping->i_mmap_mutex);
+ munmap_uprobe(vma);
}
}

@@ -546,8 +547,14 @@ again: remove_next = 1 + (end > next->vm_end);

if (file) {
mapping = file->f_mapping;
- if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_NONLINEAR))
+ if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_NONLINEAR)) {
root = &mapping->i_mmap;
+ munmap_uprobe(vma);
+
+ if (adjust_next)
+ munmap_uprobe(next);
+ }
+
mutex_lock(&mapping->i_mmap_mutex);
if (insert) {
/*
@@ -626,6 +633,7 @@ again: remove_next = 1 + (end > next->vm_end);

if (remove_next) {
if (file) {
+ munmap_uprobe(next);
fput(file);
if (next->vm_flags & VM_EXECUTABLE)
removed_exe_file_vma(mm);


\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2012-02-02 15:33    [from the cache]
©2003-2014 Jasper Spaans. Advertise on this site