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Subject[RESEND][PATCH] Mark thread stack correctly in proc/<pid>/maps
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Hi,

Resending since I did not get any feedback on the second take of the patch.

Thanks,
Siddhesh


---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: Siddhesh Poyarekar <siddhesh.poyarekar@gmail.com>
Date: Tue, Jan 17, 2012 at 10:24 AM
Subject: [PATCH] Mark thread stack correctly in proc/<pid>/maps
To: Jamie Lokier <jamie@shareable.org>
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, Alexander Viro
<viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>, linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org, Michael
Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com>, linux-man@vger.kernel.org, Siddhesh
Poyarekar <siddhesh.poyarekar@gmail.com>

[Take 2]

Memory mmaped by glibc for a thread stack currently shows up as a simple
anonymous map, which makes it difficult to differentiate between memory
usage of the thread on stack and other dynamic allocation. Since glibc
already uses MAP_STACK to request this mapping, the attached patch
uses this flag to add additional VM_STACK_FLAGS to the resulting vma
so that the mapping is treated as a stack and not any regular
anonymous mapping. Also, one may use vm_flags to decide if a vma is a
stack.

This patch also changes the maps output to annotate stack guards for
both the process stack as well as the thread stacks. Thus is born the
[stack guard] annotation, which should be exactly a page long for the
process stack and can be longer than a page (configurable in
userspace) for POSIX compliant thread stacks. A thread stack guard is
simply page(s) with PROT_NONE.

If accepted, this should also reflect in the man page for mmap since
MAP_STACK will no longer be a noop.

Signed-off-by: Siddhesh Poyarekar <siddhesh.poyarekar@gmail.com>
---
 fs/proc/task_mmu.c |   41 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
 include/linux/mm.h |   19 +++++++++++++++++--
 mm/mmap.c          |    3 +++
 3 files changed, 56 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
diff --git a/fs/proc/task_mmu.c b/fs/proc/task_mmu.c
index e418c5a..650330c 100644
--- a/fs/proc/task_mmu.c
+++ b/fs/proc/task_mmu.c
@@ -227,13 +227,42 @@ static void show_map_vma(struct seq_file *m,
struct vm_area_struct *vma)
               pgoff = ((loff_t)vma->vm_pgoff) << PAGE_SHIFT;
       }

-       /* We don't show the stack guard page in /proc/maps */
+       /*
+        * Mark the process stack guard, which is just one page at the
+        * beginning of the stack within the stack vma.
+        */
       start = vma->vm_start;
-       if (stack_guard_page_start(vma, start))
+       if (stack_guard_page_start(vma, start)) {
+               seq_printf(m, "%08lx-%08lx %c%c%c%c %08llx %02x:%02x %lu %n",
+                               start,
+                               start + PAGE_SIZE,
+                               flags & VM_READ ? 'r' : '-',
+                               flags & VM_WRITE ? 'w' : '-',
+                               flags & VM_EXEC ? 'x' : '-',
+                               flags & VM_MAYSHARE ? 's' : 'p',
+                               pgoff,
+                               MAJOR(dev), MINOR(dev), ino, &len);
+
+               pad_len_spaces(m, len);
+               seq_puts(m, "[stack guard]\n");
               start += PAGE_SIZE;
+       }
       end = vma->vm_end;
-       if (stack_guard_page_end(vma, end))
+       if (stack_guard_page_end(vma, end)) {
+               seq_printf(m, "%08lx-%08lx %c%c%c%c %08llx %02x:%02x %lu %n",
+                               end - PAGE_SIZE,
+                               end,
+                               flags & VM_READ ? 'r' : '-',
+                               flags & VM_WRITE ? 'w' : '-',
+                               flags & VM_EXEC ? 'x' : '-',
+                               flags & VM_MAYSHARE ? 's' : 'p',
+                               pgoff,
+                               MAJOR(dev), MINOR(dev), ino, &len);
+
+               pad_len_spaces(m, len);
+               seq_puts(m, "[stack guard]\n");
               end -= PAGE_SIZE;
+       }

       seq_printf(m, "%08lx-%08lx %c%c%c%c %08llx %02x:%02x %lu %n",
                       start,
@@ -259,8 +288,10 @@ static void show_map_vma(struct seq_file *m,
struct vm_area_struct *vma)
                               if (vma->vm_start <= mm->brk &&
                                               vma->vm_end >= mm->start_brk) {
                                       name = "[heap]";
-                               } else if (vma->vm_start <= mm->start_stack &&
-                                          vma->vm_end >= mm->start_stack) {
+                               } else if (vma_is_stack(vma) &&
+                                          vma_is_guard(vma)) {
+                                       name = "[stack guard]";
+                               } else if (vma_is_stack(vma)) {
                                       name = "[stack]";
                               }
                       } else {
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index 17b27cd..4e57753 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -1018,12 +1018,26 @@ static inline int vma_growsdown(struct
vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr)
       return vma && (vma->vm_end == addr) && (vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN);
 }

+static inline int vma_is_stack(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+       return vma && (vma->vm_flags & (VM_GROWSUP | VM_GROWSDOWN));
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check guard set by userspace (PROT_NONE)
+ */
+static inline int vma_is_guard(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+       return (vma->vm_flags & (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_EXEC |
VM_SHARED)) == 0;
+}
+
 static inline int stack_guard_page_start(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
                                            unsigned long addr)
 {
       return (vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN) &&
               (vma->vm_start == addr) &&
-               !vma_growsdown(vma->vm_prev, addr);
+               !vma_growsdown(vma->vm_prev, addr) &&
+               !vma_is_guard(vma);
 }

 /* Is the vma a continuation of the stack vma below it? */
@@ -1037,7 +1051,8 @@ static inline int stack_guard_page_end(struct
vm_area_struct *vma,
 {
       return (vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSUP) &&
               (vma->vm_end == addr) &&
-               !vma_growsup(vma->vm_next, addr);
+               !vma_growsup(vma->vm_next, addr) &&
+               !vma_is_guard(vma);
 }

 extern unsigned long move_page_tables(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
diff --git a/mm/mmap.c b/mm/mmap.c
index 3f758c7..2f9f540 100644
--- a/mm/mmap.c
+++ b/mm/mmap.c
@@ -992,6 +992,9 @@ unsigned long do_mmap_pgoff(struct file *file,
unsigned long addr,
       vm_flags = calc_vm_prot_bits(prot) | calc_vm_flag_bits(flags) |
                       mm->def_flags | VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC;

+       if (flags & MAP_STACK)
+               vm_flags |= VM_STACK_FLAGS;
+
       if (flags & MAP_LOCKED)
               if (!can_do_mlock())
                       return -EPERM;
--
1.7.7.4



--
Siddhesh Poyarekar
http://siddhesh.in
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