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SubjectRE: [PATCH 3.2.0-rc1 3/3] Used Memory Meter pseudo-device module
> -----Original Message-----
> From: ext Greg KH []
> Sent: 04 January, 2012 21:55
> Note, I don't agree that this code is the correct thing to be doing here, you'll
> have to get the buy-in from the mm developers on that, but I do have some
> comments on the implementation:

Hello everyone and thanks for comments.

If I not wrong in addition to Greg's remarks about polishing I got 14 findings (see details below):
1. Alternative solutions: why not Android OOM or memcg
2. How to connect to MM - the current variant is no-go and that is a critical part
3. What should be tracked (e.g. memory pressure 3.1)

For sure I used wrong approach to solve notification problem. The user-space reaction should fit under 1s, so to react 250-500 ms on kernel side absolutely not necessary hook page_alloc due to this component
should be used only for notification and not denying allocations. It also inadequate idea due to I need only data from global_page_state/vm_stat which is cpu-independent and has a lot of traces in MM where
it could be updated.

So major changes in coming version will be:
1. timer-based access to global_page_state() data. If I understand documentation right the deferred timer will not wake up if cpu frozen. Otherwise timer must be set using register_cpu_notifier
2. to track high memory pressure cases the shrinker should be added without filtering by last call time
3. used memory calculation will be changed and active page set added
4. file renamed to memnotify.c and interface to /dev/memnotify due to it will report not only used memory + low probability it will be accepted as mm/notify.c as advised below (but maybe someone will use it).

With Best Wishes,

Remarks collected from emails

1. Alternative solutions

1.1. Pekka Enberg
> However, from VM point of view, both have the exact same functionality: detect when we reach low memory condition
> (for some configurable threshold) and notify userspace or kernel subsystem about it.

Well, I cannot say that SIGKILL is a notification. From kernel side maybe. But Android OOM uses different memory
tracking rules. From my opinion OOM killer should be as reliable as default is but functionality Android OOM killer
does should be done in user space by some "smart killer" which closes application correct way (save data, notify user etc.).
It heavily depends from product design.

1.2. Pekka Enberg
> That's the part I'd like to see implemented in mm/notify.c or similar.
> I really don't care what Android or any other folks use it for exactly as long as the generic code is light-weight, > clean, and we can reasonably assume that distros can actually enable it.

I will try to do memnotify.c but due to I am not sure it will be well enough done to be accepted it will be in drivers.

1.3. Rik van Riel
> Also, the low memory notification that Kosaki-san has worked on, and which Minchan is looking at now.
Finally I found only patches from 2009 which are not look for me good from user space point of view.
For example I do not understand how to specify application limit(s).

1.4. Mel Gorman
> I haven't looked at the alternatives but there has been some vague discussion recently on reviving the concept of
> a low memory notifier, somehow making the existing memcg oom notifier global or maybe the andro lowmem killer
> can be adapted to your needs.

Most likely not. The memcg OOM handling can but idea is to not have memcg/partitions.

1.5. David Rientjes
> If you can accept the overhead of the memory controller (increase in
> kernel text size and amount of metadata for page_cgroup), then you can
> already do this with a combination of memory thresholds with
> cgroup.event_control and disabling of the oom killer entirely with
> memory.oom_control.
already done in libmemnotifyqt used in n9

1.6. David Rientjes
> Agreed. This came up recently when another lowmem killer was proposed and the suggestion was to enable the memory > controller to be able to have the memory threshold notifications with eventfd(2) and cgroup.event_control.

already done in libmemnotifyqt used in n9

1.7. David Rientjes
> This is just a side-note but as this information is meant to be consumed by userspace you have the option of hooking
> into the mm_page_alloc tracepoint. You get the same information about how many pages are allocated or freed. I accept
> that it will probably be a bit slower but on the plus side it'll be backwards compatible and you don't need a kernel
> patch for it.

That is odd for sure, I have to use another kind of access to vm_stat.

2. How to hook MM

2.1. Pekka Enberg
> Can we hook into mm/vmscan.c and mm/page-writeback.c for this?
Thanks for pointing. For vmscan I plan to use shrinker. But changes in page-writeback seems to be the same bad as page-alloc hooking.

2.2. Rik van Riel
> It may be possible to hijack memcg accounting to get lower usage thresholds for earlier notification.
> That way the code can stay out of the true fast paths like alloc_pages

That is a case but memcg is not well suitable when processes migrating in-between cgroups e.g. forced to be swapped out
and device becomes slaggy or if process is big enough it cannot be injected into cgroup and stays in root group without
any restrictions

2.3. Mel Gorman
> I'm going to chime in and say that hooks like this into the page allocator are a no-go unless there really
> s absolutely no other option. There is too much scope for abuse.

Agree. The idea is based on vm_stat which is global, and to track it absolutely do not necessary to hook in page_alloc

2.4. David Rientjes

> It would be very nice to have a generic lowmem notifier (like /dev/mem_notify that has been reworked several times
> in the past) rather than tying it to a particular cgroup, especially when that cgroup incurs a substantial overhead
> for embedded users.

Ok, will try to do more generic and re-use memnotify name. But due to high risk to be not accepted in mainline I will keep it as drivers/misc/memnotify.c

3. What to track

3.1. Mel Gorman
> It also would have very poor information about memory pressure which is likely to be far more interesting and for that,
> awareness of what is happening in page reclaim is required.
Could to be added later, now I try to focus on vm_stat due to it is simpler.

3.2. KOSAKI Motohiro
> If you spent a few time to read past discuttion, you should have understand
> your fomula
> is broken and unacceptable. Think, mlocked (or pinning by other way) cache
> can't be discarded.

NR_MLOCK will be added

3.3. KOSAKI Motohiro
> And, When system is under swap thrashing, userland notification is useless.
Well, cgroups CPU shares and ionice seems to me better but as a quick solution extension with LRU_ACTIVE_ANON + LRU_ACTIVE_FILE could be done easily.

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