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SubjectRe: [PATCH 06/15] mm: page_alloc: introduce alloc_contig_range()
On Thu, Jan 26, 2012 at 10:00:48AM +0100, Marek Szyprowski wrote:
> From: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com>
>
> This commit adds the alloc_contig_range() function which tries
> to allocate given range of pages. It tries to migrate all
> already allocated pages that fall in the range thus freeing them.
> Once all pages in the range are freed they are removed from the
> buddy system thus allocated for the caller to use.
>
> Signed-off-by: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com>
> Signed-off-by: Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@samsung.com>
> ---
> include/linux/page-isolation.h | 7 ++
> mm/page_alloc.c | 183 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 2 files changed, 190 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/page-isolation.h b/include/linux/page-isolation.h
> index 8c02c2b..430cf61 100644
> --- a/include/linux/page-isolation.h
> +++ b/include/linux/page-isolation.h
> @@ -39,5 +39,12 @@ extern void update_pcp_isolate_block(unsigned long pfn);
> extern int set_migratetype_isolate(struct page *page);
> extern void unset_migratetype_isolate(struct page *page);
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_CMA
> +
> +/* The below functions must be run on a range from a single zone. */
> +extern int alloc_contig_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long end);
> +extern void free_contig_range(unsigned long pfn, unsigned nr_pages);
> +
> +#endif
>

Did you really mean page-isolation.h? I would have thought gfp.h
would be a more suitable fit.

> #endif
> diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
> index 70709e7..b4f50532 100644
> --- a/mm/page_alloc.c
> +++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
> @@ -57,6 +57,7 @@
> #include <linux/ftrace_event.h>
> #include <linux/memcontrol.h>
> #include <linux/prefetch.h>
> +#include <linux/migrate.h>
> #include <linux/page-debug-flags.h>
>
> #include <asm/tlbflush.h>
> @@ -5488,6 +5489,188 @@ out:
> spin_unlock_irqrestore(&zone->lock, flags);
> }
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_CMA
> +
> +static unsigned long pfn_align_to_maxpage_down(unsigned long pfn)
> +{
> + return pfn & ~(MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES - 1);
> +}
> +
> +static unsigned long pfn_align_to_maxpage_up(unsigned long pfn)
> +{
> + return ALIGN(pfn, MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES);
> +}
> +
> +static struct page *
> +__alloc_contig_migrate_alloc(struct page *page, unsigned long private,
> + int **resultp)
> +{
> + return alloc_page(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE);
> +}
> +
> +/* [start, end) must belong to a single zone. */
> +static int __alloc_contig_migrate_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
> +{
> + /* This function is based on compact_zone() from compaction.c. */
> +
> + unsigned long pfn = start;
> + unsigned int tries = 0;
> + int ret = 0;
> +
> + struct compact_control cc = {
> + .nr_migratepages = 0,
> + .order = -1,
> + .zone = page_zone(pfn_to_page(start)),
> + .sync = true,
> + };
> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cc.migratepages);
> +
> + migrate_prep_local();
> +
> + while (pfn < end || !list_empty(&cc.migratepages)) {
> + if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) {
> + ret = -EINTR;
> + break;
> + }
> +
> + if (list_empty(&cc.migratepages)) {
> + cc.nr_migratepages = 0;
> + pfn = isolate_migratepages_range(cc.zone, &cc,
> + pfn, end);
> + if (!pfn) {
> + ret = -EINTR;
> + break;
> + }
> + tries = 0;
> + } else if (++tries == 5) {
> + ret = ret < 0 ? ret : -EBUSY;
> + break;
> + }
> +
> + ret = migrate_pages(&cc.migratepages,
> + __alloc_contig_migrate_alloc,
> + 0, false, true);
> + }
> +
> + putback_lru_pages(&cc.migratepages);
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * alloc_contig_range() -- tries to allocate given range of pages
> + * @start: start PFN to allocate
> + * @end: one-past-the-last PFN to allocate
> + *
> + * The PFN range does not have to be pageblock or MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES
> + * aligned, however it's the caller's responsibility to guarantee that
> + * we are the only thread that changes migrate type of pageblocks the
> + * pages fall in.
> + *
> + * The PFN range must belong to a single zone.
> + *
> + * Returns zero on success or negative error code. On success all
> + * pages which PFN is in [start, end) are allocated for the caller and
> + * need to be freed with free_contig_range().
> + */
> +int alloc_contig_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
> +{
> + unsigned long outer_start, outer_end;
> + int ret = 0, order;
> +
> + /*
> + * What we do here is we mark all pageblocks in range as
> + * MIGRATE_ISOLATE. Because of the way page allocator work, we
> + * align the range to MAX_ORDER pages so that page allocator
> + * won't try to merge buddies from different pageblocks and
> + * change MIGRATE_ISOLATE to some other migration type.
> + *
> + * Once the pageblocks are marked as MIGRATE_ISOLATE, we
> + * migrate the pages from an unaligned range (ie. pages that
> + * we are interested in). This will put all the pages in
> + * range back to page allocator as MIGRATE_ISOLATE.
> + *
> + * When this is done, we take the pages in range from page
> + * allocator removing them from the buddy system. This way
> + * page allocator will never consider using them.
> + *
> + * This lets us mark the pageblocks back as
> + * MIGRATE_CMA/MIGRATE_MOVABLE so that free pages in the
> + * MAX_ORDER aligned range but not in the unaligned, original
> + * range are put back to page allocator so that buddy can use
> + * them.
> + */
> +
> + ret = start_isolate_page_range(pfn_align_to_maxpage_down(start),
> + pfn_align_to_maxpage_up(end));
> + if (ret)
> + goto done;
> +
> + ret = __alloc_contig_migrate_range(start, end);
> + if (ret)
> + goto done;
> +
> + /*
> + * Pages from [start, end) are within a MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES
> + * aligned blocks that are marked as MIGRATE_ISOLATE. What's
> + * more, all pages in [start, end) are free in page allocator.
> + * What we are going to do is to allocate all pages from
> + * [start, end) (that is remove them from page allocater).
> + *
> + * The only problem is that pages at the beginning and at the
> + * end of interesting range may be not aligned with pages that
> + * page allocator holds, ie. they can be part of higher order
> + * pages. Because of this, we reserve the bigger range and
> + * once this is done free the pages we are not interested in.
> + */
> +
> + lru_add_drain_all();
> + drain_all_pages();
> +

You unconditionally drain all pages here. It's up to you whether to
keep that or try reduce IPIs by only sending one if a page with count
0 is found in the range. I think it is something that could be followed
up on later and is not necessary for initial merging and wider testing.

> + order = 0;
> + outer_start = start;
> + while (!PageBuddy(pfn_to_page(outer_start))) {
> + if (WARN_ON(++order >= MAX_ORDER)) {
> + ret = -EINVAL;
> + goto done;
> + }
> + outer_start &= ~0UL << order;
> + }
> +

Just a small note here - you are checking PageBuddy without zone->lock .
As you have isolated the range, you have a reasonable expectation that
this is safe but if you spin another version of the patch it might
justify a small comment.

> + /* Make sure the range is really isolated. */
> + if (test_pages_isolated(outer_start, end)) {
> + pr_warn("__alloc_contig_migrate_range: test_pages_isolated(%lx, %lx) failed\n",
> + outer_start, end);
> + ret = -EBUSY;
> + goto done;
> + }
> +
> + outer_end = isolate_freepages_range(outer_start, end);
> + if (!outer_end) {
> + ret = -EBUSY;
> + goto done;
> + }
> +
> + /* Free head and tail (if any) */
> + if (start != outer_start)
> + free_contig_range(outer_start, start - outer_start);
> + if (end != outer_end)
> + free_contig_range(end, outer_end - end);
> +
> +done:
> + undo_isolate_page_range(pfn_align_to_maxpage_down(start),
> + pfn_align_to_maxpage_up(end));
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +void free_contig_range(unsigned long pfn, unsigned nr_pages)
> +{
> + for (; nr_pages--; ++pfn)
> + __free_page(pfn_to_page(pfn));
> +}
> +
> +#endif
> +
> +

Bit of whitespace damage there.

I confess that I did not read this one quite as carefully because I
think I looked a previous version that looked ok at the time. As it
affects CMA and only CMA I also expect others will be spending a lot
of effort and testing on this. Nothing obvious or horrible jumped out
at me other than the page_isolation.h thing and that could be argued
either way so;

Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>

> /*
> #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
> /*
> * All pages in the range must be isolated before calling this.

--
Mel Gorman
SUSE Labs


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