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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/3] ACPI, APEI: Add RAM mapping support to ACPI
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On Sun, 2012-01-29 at 13:41 -0700, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> On Sat, Jan 28, 2012 at 5:58 PM, Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com> wrote:
> > Hi, Bjorn,
> >
> > Sorry for late. Just return from Chinese new year holiday.
> >
> > On Sat, 2012-01-21 at 08:04 -0700, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> > [snip]
> >> > +
> >> > +static void __iomem *acpi_map(acpi_physical_address pg_off, unsigned long pg_sz)
> >> > +{
> >> > + unsigned long pfn;
> >> > +
> >> > + pfn = pg_off >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> >> > + if (should_use_kmap(pfn)) {
> >> > + if (pg_sz > PAGE_SIZE)
> >> > + return NULL;
> >> > + return (void __iomem __force *)kmap(pfn_to_page(pfn));
> >> > + } else
> >> > + return acpi_os_ioremap(pg_off, pg_sz);
> >>
> >> This implies that ioremap() works differently on ia64 than on x86.
> >> Apparently one can ioremap() RAM on x86, but not on ia64. Why is this
> >> different? Shouldn't we instead fix ioremap() on ia64 so it works the
> >> same as on x86?
> >
> > If my understanding were correct, ioremap can not work for RAM on x86.
> > So we need to use kmap for RAM. And on IA64, ioremap works for RAM and
> > will take care of cache attributes while kmap will not. So ioremap is
> > used on IA64, while kmap is used on x86.
>
> My point is that the *user* of ioremap() shouldn't need to care what
> architecture we're on. For example, maybe the ioremap()
> implementation could be changed so that it uses kmap() internally when
> necessary.

I think that is about the semantics of ioremap().

Hi, Ingo,

Can you describe why normal RAM is not allowed to be mapped by
ioremap()?

> >> I looked at the ia64 ioremap(), and I can't see the reason it fails
> >> for RAM. Huang, do you remember the details from 76da3fb3575?
>
> This question is still open. Do you remember anything about it?

Copy from Tony's mail,

This (Ying: use kmap insted of ioremap to map RAM) might be a problem on
ia64 - it is s/w responsibility to make sure that we don't map the same
underlying physical address using different cache attributes - e.g. we
must not map memory both cacheable and uncacheable at the same time.
Accessing such a mis-attributed page will result in a machine check.

So I'd worry that if the memory in question was being used as
uncacheable, this code might result in a cached access, which would
crash the machine.

Best Regards,
Huang Ying



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