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Subject[PATCH 2/6] thp: optimize away unnecessary page table locking
Date
Currently when we check if we can handle thp as it is or we need to
split it into regular sized pages, we hold page table lock prior to
check whether a given pmd is mapping thp or not. Because of this,
when it's not "huge pmd" we suffer from unnecessary lock/unlock overhead.
To remove it, this patch introduces a optimized check function and
replace several similar logics with it.

Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>

Changes since v3:
- Fix likely/unlikely pattern in pmd_trans_huge_stable()
- Change suffix from _stable to _lock
- Introduce __pmd_trans_huge_lock() to avoid micro-regression
- Return 1 when wait_split_huge_page path is taken

Changes since v2:
- Fix missing "return 0" in "thp under splitting" path
- Remove unneeded comment
- Change the name of check function to describe what it does
- Add VM_BUG_ON(mmap_sem)
---
fs/proc/task_mmu.c | 70 +++++++++------------------
include/linux/huge_mm.h | 17 +++++++
mm/huge_memory.c | 120 ++++++++++++++++++++++-------------------------
3 files changed, 96 insertions(+), 111 deletions(-)
diff --git 3.3-rc1.orig/fs/proc/task_mmu.c 3.3-rc1/fs/proc/task_mmu.c
index cfbba8d..2622b64 100644
--- 3.3-rc1.orig/fs/proc/task_mmu.c
+++ 3.3-rc1/fs/proc/task_mmu.c
@@ -394,20 +394,11 @@ static int smaps_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
pte_t *pte;
spinlock_t *ptl;

- spin_lock(&walk->mm->page_table_lock);
- if (pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)) {
- if (pmd_trans_splitting(*pmd)) {
- spin_unlock(&walk->mm->page_table_lock);
- wait_split_huge_page(vma->anon_vma, pmd);
- } else {
- smaps_pte_entry(*(pte_t *)pmd, addr,
- HPAGE_PMD_SIZE, walk);
- spin_unlock(&walk->mm->page_table_lock);
- mss->anonymous_thp += HPAGE_PMD_SIZE;
- return 0;
- }
- } else {
+ if (pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd, vma) == 1) {
+ smaps_pte_entry(*(pte_t *)pmd, addr, HPAGE_PMD_SIZE, walk);
spin_unlock(&walk->mm->page_table_lock);
+ mss->anonymous_thp += HPAGE_PMD_SIZE;
+ return 0;
}
/*
* The mmap_sem held all the way back in m_start() is what
@@ -694,25 +685,17 @@ static int pagemap_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
/* find the first VMA at or above 'addr' */
vma = find_vma(walk->mm, addr);

- spin_lock(&walk->mm->page_table_lock);
- if (pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)) {
- if (pmd_trans_splitting(*pmd)) {
- spin_unlock(&walk->mm->page_table_lock);
- wait_split_huge_page(vma->anon_vma, pmd);
- } else {
- for (; addr != end; addr += PAGE_SIZE) {
- unsigned long offset = (addr & ~PAGEMAP_WALK_MASK)
- >> PAGE_SHIFT;
- pfn = thp_pmd_to_pagemap_entry(*pmd, offset);
- err = add_to_pagemap(addr, pfn, pm);
- if (err)
- break;
- }
- spin_unlock(&walk->mm->page_table_lock);
- return err;
+ if (pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd, vma) == 1) {
+ for (; addr != end; addr += PAGE_SIZE) {
+ unsigned long offset = (addr & ~PAGEMAP_WALK_MASK)
+ >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ pfn = thp_pmd_to_pagemap_entry(*pmd, offset);
+ err = add_to_pagemap(addr, pfn, pm);
+ if (err)
+ break;
}
- } else {
spin_unlock(&walk->mm->page_table_lock);
+ return err;
}

for (; addr != end; addr += PAGE_SIZE) {
@@ -979,24 +962,17 @@ static int gather_pte_stats(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr,
pte_t *pte;

md = walk->private;
- spin_lock(&walk->mm->page_table_lock);
- if (pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)) {
- if (pmd_trans_splitting(*pmd)) {
- spin_unlock(&walk->mm->page_table_lock);
- wait_split_huge_page(md->vma->anon_vma, pmd);
- } else {
- pte_t huge_pte = *(pte_t *)pmd;
- struct page *page;
-
- page = can_gather_numa_stats(huge_pte, md->vma, addr);
- if (page)
- gather_stats(page, md, pte_dirty(huge_pte),
- HPAGE_PMD_SIZE/PAGE_SIZE);
- spin_unlock(&walk->mm->page_table_lock);
- return 0;
- }
- } else {
+
+ if (pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd, md->vma) == 1) {
+ pte_t huge_pte = *(pte_t *)pmd;
+ struct page *page;
+
+ page = can_gather_numa_stats(huge_pte, md->vma, addr);
+ if (page)
+ gather_stats(page, md, pte_dirty(huge_pte),
+ HPAGE_PMD_SIZE/PAGE_SIZE);
spin_unlock(&walk->mm->page_table_lock);
+ return 0;
}

orig_pte = pte = pte_offset_map_lock(walk->mm, pmd, addr, &ptl);
diff --git 3.3-rc1.orig/include/linux/huge_mm.h 3.3-rc1/include/linux/huge_mm.h
index 1b92129..f56cacb 100644
--- 3.3-rc1.orig/include/linux/huge_mm.h
+++ 3.3-rc1/include/linux/huge_mm.h
@@ -113,6 +113,18 @@ extern void __vma_adjust_trans_huge(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long start,
unsigned long end,
long adjust_next);
+extern int __pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd_t *pmd,
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma);
+/* mmap_sem must be held on entry */
+static inline int pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd_t *pmd,
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ VM_BUG_ON(!rwsem_is_locked(&vma->vm_mm->mmap_sem));
+ if (pmd_trans_huge(*pmd))
+ return __pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd, vma);
+ else
+ return 0;
+}
static inline void vma_adjust_trans_huge(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long start,
unsigned long end,
@@ -176,6 +188,11 @@ static inline void vma_adjust_trans_huge(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
long adjust_next)
{
}
+static inline int pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd_t *pmd,
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
#endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */

#endif /* _LINUX_HUGE_MM_H */
diff --git 3.3-rc1.orig/mm/huge_memory.c 3.3-rc1/mm/huge_memory.c
index b3ffc21..cca6461 100644
--- 3.3-rc1.orig/mm/huge_memory.c
+++ 3.3-rc1/mm/huge_memory.c
@@ -1030,30 +1030,22 @@ int zap_huge_pmd(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
{
int ret = 0;

- spin_lock(&tlb->mm->page_table_lock);
- if (likely(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd))) {
- if (unlikely(pmd_trans_splitting(*pmd))) {
- spin_unlock(&tlb->mm->page_table_lock);
- wait_split_huge_page(vma->anon_vma,
- pmd);
- } else {
- struct page *page;
- pgtable_t pgtable;
- pgtable = get_pmd_huge_pte(tlb->mm);
- page = pmd_page(*pmd);
- pmd_clear(pmd);
- tlb_remove_pmd_tlb_entry(tlb, pmd, addr);
- page_remove_rmap(page);
- VM_BUG_ON(page_mapcount(page) < 0);
- add_mm_counter(tlb->mm, MM_ANONPAGES, -HPAGE_PMD_NR);
- VM_BUG_ON(!PageHead(page));
- spin_unlock(&tlb->mm->page_table_lock);
- tlb_remove_page(tlb, page);
- pte_free(tlb->mm, pgtable);
- ret = 1;
- }
- } else
+ if (__pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd, vma) == 1) {
+ struct page *page;
+ pgtable_t pgtable;
+ pgtable = get_pmd_huge_pte(tlb->mm);
+ page = pmd_page(*pmd);
+ pmd_clear(pmd);
+ tlb_remove_pmd_tlb_entry(tlb, pmd, addr);
+ page_remove_rmap(page);
+ VM_BUG_ON(page_mapcount(page) < 0);
+ add_mm_counter(tlb->mm, MM_ANONPAGES, -HPAGE_PMD_NR);
+ VM_BUG_ON(!PageHead(page));
spin_unlock(&tlb->mm->page_table_lock);
+ tlb_remove_page(tlb, page);
+ pte_free(tlb->mm, pgtable);
+ ret = 1;
+ }

return ret;
}
@@ -1064,21 +1056,14 @@ int mincore_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd,
{
int ret = 0;

- spin_lock(&vma->vm_mm->page_table_lock);
- if (likely(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd))) {
- ret = !pmd_trans_splitting(*pmd);
- spin_unlock(&vma->vm_mm->page_table_lock);
- if (unlikely(!ret))
- wait_split_huge_page(vma->anon_vma, pmd);
- else {
- /*
- * All logical pages in the range are present
- * if backed by a huge page.
- */
- memset(vec, 1, (end - addr) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
- }
- } else
+ if (__pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd, vma) == 1) {
+ /*
+ * All logical pages in the range are present
+ * if backed by a huge page.
+ */
spin_unlock(&vma->vm_mm->page_table_lock);
+ memset(vec, 1, (end - addr) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
+ }

return ret;
}
@@ -1108,20 +1093,10 @@ int move_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *new_vma,
goto out;
}

- spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock);
- if (likely(pmd_trans_huge(*old_pmd))) {
- if (pmd_trans_splitting(*old_pmd)) {
- spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
- wait_split_huge_page(vma->anon_vma, old_pmd);
- ret = -1;
- } else {
- pmd = pmdp_get_and_clear(mm, old_addr, old_pmd);
- VM_BUG_ON(!pmd_none(*new_pmd));
- set_pmd_at(mm, new_addr, new_pmd, pmd);
- spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
- ret = 1;
- }
- } else {
+ if ((ret = __pmd_trans_huge_lock(old_pmd, vma)) == 1) {
+ pmd = pmdp_get_and_clear(mm, old_addr, old_pmd);
+ VM_BUG_ON(!pmd_none(*new_pmd));
+ set_pmd_at(mm, new_addr, new_pmd, pmd);
spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
}
out:
@@ -1134,24 +1109,41 @@ int change_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd,
struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
int ret = 0;

- spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock);
+ if (__pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd, vma) == 1) {
+ pmd_t entry;
+ entry = pmdp_get_and_clear(mm, addr, pmd);
+ entry = pmd_modify(entry, newprot);
+ set_pmd_at(mm, addr, pmd, entry);
+ spin_unlock(&vma->vm_mm->page_table_lock);
+ ret = 1;
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Returns 1 if a given pmd maps a stable (not under splitting) thp,
+ * -1 if the pmd maps thp under splitting, 0 if the pmd does not map thp.
+ *
+ * Note that if it returns 1, this routine returns without unlocking page
+ * table locks. So callers must unlock them.
+ */
+int __pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd_t *pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ spin_lock(&vma->vm_mm->page_table_lock);
if (likely(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd))) {
if (unlikely(pmd_trans_splitting(*pmd))) {
- spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
+ spin_unlock(&vma->vm_mm->page_table_lock);
wait_split_huge_page(vma->anon_vma, pmd);
+ return -1;
} else {
- pmd_t entry;
-
- entry = pmdp_get_and_clear(mm, addr, pmd);
- entry = pmd_modify(entry, newprot);
- set_pmd_at(mm, addr, pmd, entry);
- spin_unlock(&vma->vm_mm->page_table_lock);
- ret = 1;
+ /* Thp mapped by 'pmd' is stable, so we can
+ * handle it as it is. */
+ return 1;
}
- } else
- spin_unlock(&vma->vm_mm->page_table_lock);
-
- return ret;
+ }
+ spin_unlock(&vma->vm_mm->page_table_lock);
+ return 0;
}

pmd_t *page_check_address_pmd(struct page *page,
--
1.7.7.6


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