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Subject[PATCH 22/29] sysctl: Stop requiring explicit management of sysctl directories
Date
Simplify the code and the sysctl semantics by autogenerating
sysctl directories when a sysctl table is registered that needs
the directories and autodeleting the directories when there are
no more sysctl tables registered that need them.

Autogenerating directories keeps sysctl tables from depending
on each other, removing all of the arcane register/unregister
ordering constraints and makes it impossible to get the order
wrong when reigsering and unregistering sysctl tables.

Autogenerating directories yields one unique entity that dentries
can point to, retaining the current effective use of the dcache.

Add struct ctl_dir as the type of these new autogenerated
directories.

The attached_by and attached_to fields in ctl_table_header are
removed as they are no longer needed.

The child field in ctl_table is no longer needed by the core of
the sysctl code. ctl_table.child can be removed once all of the
existing users have been updated.

Benchmark before:
make-dummies 0 999 -> 0.7s
rmmod dummy -> 0.07s
make-dummies 0 9999 -> 1m10s
rmmod dummy -> 0.4s
Benchmark after:
make-dummies 0 999 -> 0.44s
rmmod dummy -> 0.065s
make-dummies 0 9999 -> 1m36s
rmmod dummy -> 0.4s
Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>
---
fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c | 342 ++++++++++++++++++++----------------------------
include/linux/sysctl.h | 10 +-
2 files changed, 150 insertions(+), 202 deletions(-)
diff --git a/fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c b/fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c
index 65c13dd..3c0767d 100644
--- a/fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c
+++ b/fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c
@@ -28,28 +28,31 @@ void proc_sys_poll_notify(struct ctl_table_poll *poll)
static struct ctl_table root_table[] = {
{
.procname = "",
- .mode = S_IRUGO|S_IXUGO,
- .child = &root_table[1],
+ .mode = S_IFDIR|S_IRUGO|S_IXUGO,
},
{ }
};
static struct ctl_table_root sysctl_table_root;
-static struct ctl_table_header root_table_header = {
- {{.count = 1,
- .nreg = 1,
- .ctl_table = root_table,
- .ctl_entry = LIST_HEAD_INIT(sysctl_table_root.default_set.list),}},
- .root = &sysctl_table_root,
- .set = &sysctl_table_root.default_set,
+static struct ctl_dir sysctl_root_dir = {
+ .header = {
+ {{.count = 1,
+ .nreg = 1,
+ .ctl_table = root_table,
+ .ctl_entry = LIST_HEAD_INIT(sysctl_table_root.default_set.list),}},
+ .root = &sysctl_table_root,
+ .set = &sysctl_table_root.default_set,
+ },
};
static struct ctl_table_root sysctl_table_root = {
.root_list = LIST_HEAD_INIT(sysctl_table_root.root_list),
- .default_set.list = LIST_HEAD_INIT(root_table_header.ctl_entry),
+ .default_set.list = LIST_HEAD_INIT(sysctl_root_dir.header.ctl_entry),
.default_set.root = &sysctl_table_root,
};

static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(sysctl_lock);

+static void drop_sysctl_table(struct ctl_table_header *header);
+
static int namecmp(const char *name1, int len1, const char *name2, int len2)
{
int minlen;
@@ -66,29 +69,18 @@ static int namecmp(const char *name1, int len1, const char *name2, int len2)
}

static struct ctl_table *find_entry(struct ctl_table_header **phead,
- struct ctl_table_set *set,
- struct ctl_table_header *dir_head, struct ctl_table *dir,
+ struct ctl_table_set *set, struct ctl_dir *dir,
const char *name, int namelen)
{
struct ctl_table_header *head;
struct ctl_table *entry;

- if (dir_head->set == set) {
- for (entry = dir; entry->procname; entry++) {
- const char *procname = entry->procname;
- if (namecmp(procname, strlen(procname), name, namelen) == 0) {
- *phead = dir_head;
- return entry;
- }
- }
- }
-
list_for_each_entry(head, &set->list, ctl_entry) {
if (head->unregistering)
continue;
- if (head->attached_to != dir)
+ if (head->parent != dir)
continue;
- for (entry = head->attached_by; entry->procname; entry++) {
+ for (entry = head->ctl_table; entry->procname; entry++) {
const char *procname = entry->procname;
if (namecmp(procname, strlen(procname), name, namelen) == 0) {
*phead = head;
@@ -103,6 +95,7 @@ static void init_header(struct ctl_table_header *head,
struct ctl_table_root *root, struct ctl_table_set *set,
struct ctl_table *table)
{
+ head->ctl_table = table;
head->ctl_table_arg = table;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&head->ctl_entry);
head->used = 0;
@@ -119,9 +112,10 @@ static void erase_header(struct ctl_table_header *head)
list_del_init(&head->ctl_entry);
}

-static void insert_header(struct ctl_table_header *header)
+static void insert_header(struct ctl_dir *dir, struct ctl_table_header *header)
{
- header->parent->count++;
+ header->parent = dir;
+ header->parent->header.nreg++;
list_add_tail(&header->ctl_entry, &header->set->list);
}

@@ -219,8 +213,7 @@ lookup_header_list(struct ctl_table_root *root, struct nsproxy *namespaces)
}

static struct ctl_table *lookup_entry(struct ctl_table_header **phead,
- struct ctl_table_header *dir_head,
- struct ctl_table *dir,
+ struct ctl_dir *dir,
const char *name, int namelen)
{
struct ctl_table_header *head;
@@ -232,7 +225,7 @@ static struct ctl_table *lookup_entry(struct ctl_table_header **phead,
root = &sysctl_table_root;
do {
set = lookup_header_set(root, current->nsproxy);
- entry = find_entry(&head, set, dir_head, dir, name, namelen);
+ entry = find_entry(&head, set, dir, name, namelen);
if (entry && use_table(head))
*phead = head;
else
@@ -244,7 +237,7 @@ static struct ctl_table *lookup_entry(struct ctl_table_header **phead,
return entry;
}

-static struct ctl_table_header *next_usable_entry(struct ctl_table *dir,
+static struct ctl_table_header *next_usable_entry(struct ctl_dir *dir,
struct ctl_table_root *root, struct list_head *tmp)
{
struct nsproxy *namespaces = current->nsproxy;
@@ -256,8 +249,8 @@ static struct ctl_table_header *next_usable_entry(struct ctl_table *dir,
head = list_entry(tmp, struct ctl_table_header, ctl_entry);
root = head->root;

- if (head->attached_to != dir ||
- !head->attached_by->procname ||
+ if (head->parent != dir ||
+ !head->ctl_table->procname ||
!use_table(head))
goto next;

@@ -281,47 +274,35 @@ out:
return NULL;
}

-static void first_entry(
- struct ctl_table_header *dir_head, struct ctl_table *dir,
+static void first_entry(struct ctl_dir *dir,
struct ctl_table_header **phead, struct ctl_table **pentry)
{
- struct ctl_table_header *head = dir_head;
- struct ctl_table *entry = dir;
+ struct ctl_table_header *head;
+ struct ctl_table *entry = NULL;

spin_lock(&sysctl_lock);
- if (entry->procname) {
- use_table(head);
- } else {
- head = next_usable_entry(dir, &sysctl_table_root,
- &sysctl_table_root.default_set.list);
- if (head)
- entry = head->attached_by;
- }
+ head = next_usable_entry(dir, &sysctl_table_root,
+ &sysctl_table_root.default_set.list);
spin_unlock(&sysctl_lock);
+ if (head)
+ entry = head->ctl_table;
*phead = head;
*pentry = entry;
}

-static void next_entry(struct ctl_table *dir,
- struct ctl_table_header **phead, struct ctl_table **pentry)
+static void next_entry(struct ctl_table_header **phead, struct ctl_table **pentry)
{
struct ctl_table_header *head = *phead;
struct ctl_table *entry = *pentry;

entry++;
if (!entry->procname) {
- struct ctl_table_root *root = head->root;
- struct list_head *tmp = &head->ctl_entry;
- if (head->attached_to != dir) {
- root = &sysctl_table_root;
- tmp = &sysctl_table_root.default_set.list;
- }
spin_lock(&sysctl_lock);
unuse_table(head);
- head = next_usable_entry(dir, root, tmp);
+ head = next_usable_entry(head->parent, head->root, &head->ctl_entry);
spin_unlock(&sysctl_lock);
if (head)
- entry = head->attached_by;
+ entry = head->ctl_table;
}
*phead = head;
*pentry = entry;
@@ -381,7 +362,7 @@ static struct inode *proc_sys_make_inode(struct super_block *sb,

inode->i_mtime = inode->i_atime = inode->i_ctime = CURRENT_TIME;
inode->i_mode = table->mode;
- if (!table->child) {
+ if (!S_ISDIR(table->mode)) {
inode->i_mode |= S_IFREG;
inode->i_op = &proc_sys_inode_operations;
inode->i_fop = &proc_sys_file_operations;
@@ -398,7 +379,7 @@ static struct ctl_table_header *grab_header(struct inode *inode)
{
struct ctl_table_header *head = PROC_I(inode)->sysctl;
if (!head)
- head = &root_table_header;
+ head = &sysctl_root_dir.header;
return sysctl_head_grab(head);
}

@@ -406,24 +387,19 @@ static struct dentry *proc_sys_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry,
struct nameidata *nd)
{
struct ctl_table_header *head = grab_header(dir);
- struct ctl_table *table = PROC_I(dir)->sysctl_entry;
struct ctl_table_header *h = NULL;
struct qstr *name = &dentry->d_name;
struct ctl_table *p;
struct inode *inode;
struct dentry *err = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
+ struct ctl_dir *ctl_dir;

if (IS_ERR(head))
return ERR_CAST(head);

- if (table && !table->child) {
- WARN_ON(1);
- goto out;
- }
+ ctl_dir = container_of(head, struct ctl_dir, header);

- table = table ? table->child : &head->ctl_table[1];
-
- p = lookup_entry(&h, head, table, name->name, name->len);
+ p = lookup_entry(&h, ctl_dir, name->name, name->len);
if (!p)
goto out;

@@ -586,21 +562,16 @@ static int proc_sys_readdir(struct file *filp, void *dirent, filldir_t filldir)
struct dentry *dentry = filp->f_path.dentry;
struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode;
struct ctl_table_header *head = grab_header(inode);
- struct ctl_table *table = PROC_I(inode)->sysctl_entry;
struct ctl_table_header *h = NULL;
struct ctl_table *entry;
+ struct ctl_dir *ctl_dir;
unsigned long pos;
int ret = -EINVAL;

if (IS_ERR(head))
return PTR_ERR(head);

- if (table && !table->child) {
- WARN_ON(1);
- goto out;
- }
-
- table = table ? table->child : &head->ctl_table[1];
+ ctl_dir = container_of(head, struct ctl_dir, header);

ret = 0;
/* Avoid a switch here: arm builds fail with missing __cmpdi2 */
@@ -618,7 +589,7 @@ static int proc_sys_readdir(struct file *filp, void *dirent, filldir_t filldir)
}
pos = 2;

- for (first_entry(head, table, &h, &entry); h; next_entry(table, &h, &entry)) {
+ for (first_entry(ctl_dir, &h, &entry); h; next_entry(&h, &entry)) {
ret = scan(h, entry, &pos, filp, dirent, filldir);
if (ret) {
sysctl_head_finish(h);
@@ -779,52 +750,86 @@ static const struct dentry_operations proc_sys_dentry_operations = {
.d_compare = proc_sys_compare,
};

-static struct ctl_table *is_branch_in(struct ctl_table *branch,
- struct ctl_table *table)
+static struct ctl_dir *find_subdir(struct ctl_table_set *set, struct ctl_dir *dir,
+ const char *name, int namelen)
{
- struct ctl_table *p;
- const char *s = branch->procname;
+ struct ctl_table_header *head;
+ struct ctl_table *entry;

- /* branch should have named subdirectory as its first element */
- if (!s || !branch->child)
- return NULL;
+ entry = find_entry(&head, set, dir, name, namelen);
+ if (!entry)
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
+ if (S_ISDIR(entry->mode))
+ return container_of(head, struct ctl_dir, header);
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOTDIR);
+}
+
+static struct ctl_dir *new_dir(struct ctl_table_set *set,
+ const char *name, int namelen)
+{
+ struct ctl_table *table;
+ struct ctl_dir *new;
+ char *new_name;

- /* ... and nothing else */
- if (branch[1].procname)
+ new = kzalloc(sizeof(*new) + sizeof(struct ctl_table)*2 +
+ namelen + 1, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!new)
return NULL;

- /* table should contain subdirectory with the same name */
- for (p = table; p->procname; p++) {
- if (!p->child)
- continue;
- if (p->procname && strcmp(p->procname, s) == 0)
- return p;
- }
- return NULL;
+ table = (struct ctl_table *)(new + 1);
+ new_name = (char *)(table + 2);
+ memcpy(new_name, name, namelen);
+ new_name[namelen] = '\0';
+ table[0].procname = new_name;
+ table[0].mode = S_IFDIR|S_IRUGO|S_IXUGO;
+ init_header(&new->header, set->root, set, table);
+
+ return new;
}

-/* see if attaching q to p would be an improvement */
-static void try_attach(struct ctl_table_header *p, struct ctl_table_header *q)
+static struct ctl_dir *get_subdir(struct ctl_table_set *set,
+ struct ctl_dir *dir, const char *name, int namelen)
{
- struct ctl_table *to = p->ctl_table, *by = q->ctl_table;
- struct ctl_table *next;
- int is_better = 0;
- int not_in_parent = !p->attached_by;
-
- while ((next = is_branch_in(by, to)) != NULL) {
- if (by == q->attached_by)
- is_better = 1;
- if (to == p->attached_by)
- not_in_parent = 1;
- by = by->child;
- to = next->child;
- }
+ struct ctl_dir *subdir, *new = NULL;

- if (is_better && not_in_parent) {
- q->attached_by = by;
- q->attached_to = to;
- q->parent = p;
+ spin_lock(&sysctl_lock);
+ subdir = find_subdir(dir->header.set, dir, name, namelen);
+ if (!IS_ERR(subdir))
+ goto found;
+ if ((PTR_ERR(subdir) == -ENOENT) && set != dir->header.set)
+ subdir = find_subdir(set, dir, name, namelen);
+ if (!IS_ERR(subdir))
+ goto found;
+ if (PTR_ERR(subdir) != -ENOENT)
+ goto failed;
+
+ spin_unlock(&sysctl_lock);
+ new = new_dir(set, name, namelen);
+ spin_lock(&sysctl_lock);
+ subdir = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+ if (!new)
+ goto failed;
+
+ subdir = find_subdir(set, dir, name, namelen);
+ if (!IS_ERR(subdir))
+ goto found;
+ if (PTR_ERR(subdir) != -ENOENT)
+ goto failed;
+
+ insert_header(dir, &new->header);
+ subdir = new;
+found:
+ subdir->header.nreg++;
+failed:
+ if (unlikely(IS_ERR(subdir))) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR "sysctl could not get directory: %*.*s %ld\n",
+ namelen, namelen, name, PTR_ERR(subdir));
}
+ drop_sysctl_table(&dir->header);
+ if (new)
+ drop_sysctl_table(&new->header);
+ spin_unlock(&sysctl_lock);
+ return subdir;
}

static int sysctl_check_table_dups(const char *path, struct ctl_table *old,
@@ -846,24 +851,14 @@ static int sysctl_check_table_dups(const char *path, struct ctl_table *old,
}

static int sysctl_check_dups(struct nsproxy *namespaces,
- struct ctl_table_header *header,
+ struct ctl_dir *dir,
const char *path, struct ctl_table *table)
{
struct ctl_table_root *root;
struct ctl_table_set *set;
- struct ctl_table_header *dir_head, *head;
- struct ctl_table *dir_table;
+ struct ctl_table_header *head;
int error = 0;

- /* No dups if we are the only member of our directory */
- if (header->attached_by != table)
- return 0;
-
- dir_head = header->parent;
- dir_table = header->attached_to;
-
- error = sysctl_check_table_dups(path, dir_table, table);
-
root = &sysctl_table_root;
do {
set = lookup_header_set(root, namespaces);
@@ -871,9 +866,9 @@ static int sysctl_check_dups(struct nsproxy *namespaces,
list_for_each_entry(head, &set->list, ctl_entry) {
if (head->unregistering)
continue;
- if (head->attached_to != dir_table)
+ if (head->parent != dir)
continue;
- error = sysctl_check_table_dups(path, head->attached_by,
+ error = sysctl_check_table_dups(path, head->ctl_table,
table);
}
root = list_entry(root->root_list.next,
@@ -977,47 +972,25 @@ struct ctl_table_header *__register_sysctl_table(
const char *path, struct ctl_table *table)
{
struct ctl_table_header *header;
- struct ctl_table *new, **prevp;
const char *name, *nextname;
- unsigned int npath = 0;
struct ctl_table_set *set;
- size_t path_bytes = 0;
- char *new_name;
-
- /* Count the path components */
- for (name = path; name; name = nextname) {
- int namelen;
- nextname = strchr(name, '/');
- if (nextname) {
- namelen = nextname - name;
- nextname++;
- } else {
- namelen = strlen(name);
- }
- if (namelen == 0)
- continue;
- path_bytes += namelen + 1;
- npath++;
- }
+ struct ctl_dir *dir;

- /*
- * For each path component, allocate a 2-element ctl_table array.
- * The first array element will be filled with the sysctl entry
- * for this, the second will be the sentinel (procname == 0).
- *
- * We allocate everything in one go so that we don't have to
- * worry about freeing additional memory in unregister_sysctl_table.
- */
- header = kzalloc(sizeof(struct ctl_table_header) + path_bytes +
- (2 * npath * sizeof(struct ctl_table)), GFP_KERNEL);
+ header = kzalloc(sizeof(struct ctl_table_header), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!header)
return NULL;

- new = (struct ctl_table *) (header + 1);
- new_name = (char *)(new + (2 * npath));
+ init_header(header, root, NULL, table);
+ if (sysctl_check_table(path, table))
+ goto fail;
+
+ spin_lock(&sysctl_lock);
+ header->set = set = lookup_header_set(root, namespaces);
+ dir = &sysctl_root_dir;
+ dir->header.nreg++;
+ spin_unlock(&sysctl_lock);

- /* Now connect the dots */
- prevp = &header->ctl_table;
+ /* Find the directory for the ctl_table */
for (name = path; name; name = nextname) {
int namelen;
nextname = strchr(name, '/');
@@ -1029,51 +1002,21 @@ struct ctl_table_header *__register_sysctl_table(
}
if (namelen == 0)
continue;
- memcpy(new_name, name, namelen);
- new_name[namelen] = '\0';
-
- new->procname = new_name;
- new->mode = 0555;
-
- *prevp = new;
- prevp = &new->child;

- new += 2;
- new_name += namelen + 1;
+ dir = get_subdir(set, dir, name, namelen);
+ if (IS_ERR(dir))
+ goto fail;
}
- *prevp = table;
-
- init_header(header, root, NULL, table);
- if (sysctl_check_table(path, table))
- goto fail;
-
spin_lock(&sysctl_lock);
- header->set = lookup_header_set(root, namespaces);
- header->attached_by = header->ctl_table;
- header->attached_to = &root_table[1];
- header->parent = &root_table_header;
- set = header->set;
- root = header->root;
- for (;;) {
- struct ctl_table_header *p;
- list_for_each_entry(p, &set->list, ctl_entry) {
- if (p->unregistering)
- continue;
- try_attach(p, header);
- }
- if (root == &sysctl_table_root)
- break;
- root = list_entry(root->root_list.prev,
- struct ctl_table_root, root_list);
- set = lookup_header_set(root, namespaces);
- }
- if (sysctl_check_dups(namespaces, header, path, table))
- goto fail_locked;
- insert_header(header);
+ if (sysctl_check_dups(namespaces, dir, path, table))
+ goto fail_put_dir_locked;
+ insert_header(dir, header);
+ drop_sysctl_table(&dir->header);
spin_unlock(&sysctl_lock);

return header;
-fail_locked:
+fail_put_dir_locked:
+ drop_sysctl_table(&dir->header);
spin_unlock(&sysctl_lock);
fail:
kfree(header);
@@ -1299,16 +1242,17 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(register_sysctl_table);

static void drop_sysctl_table(struct ctl_table_header *header)
{
+ struct ctl_dir *parent = header->parent;
+
if (--header->nreg)
return;

start_unregistering(header);
- if (!--header->parent->count) {
- WARN_ON(1);
- kfree_rcu(header->parent, rcu);
- }
if (!--header->count)
kfree_rcu(header, rcu);
+
+ if (parent)
+ drop_sysctl_table(&parent->header);
}

/**
diff --git a/include/linux/sysctl.h b/include/linux/sysctl.h
index e73ba33..3084b62 100644
--- a/include/linux/sysctl.h
+++ b/include/linux/sysctl.h
@@ -938,6 +938,7 @@ struct ctl_table;
struct nsproxy;
struct ctl_table_root;
struct ctl_table_header;
+struct ctl_dir;

typedef struct ctl_table ctl_table;

@@ -1040,9 +1041,12 @@ struct ctl_table_header
struct ctl_table *ctl_table_arg;
struct ctl_table_root *root;
struct ctl_table_set *set;
- struct ctl_table *attached_by;
- struct ctl_table *attached_to;
- struct ctl_table_header *parent;
+ struct ctl_dir *parent;
+};
+
+struct ctl_dir {
+ /* Header must be at the start of ctl_dir */
+ struct ctl_table_header header;
};

struct ctl_table_set {
--
1.7.2.5


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