lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2011]   [Sep]   [18]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Subject[PATCH v3 1/7] Basic kernel memory functionality for the Memory Controller
Date
This patch lays down the foundation for the kernel memory component
of the Memory Controller.

As of today, I am only laying down the following files:

* memory.independent_kmem_limit
* memory.kmem.limit_in_bytes (currently ignored)
* memory.kmem.usage_in_bytes (always zero)

Signed-off-by: Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com>
CC: Paul Menage <paul@paulmenage.org>
CC: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
---
Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt | 30 +++++++++-
init/Kconfig | 11 ++++
mm/memcontrol.c | 115 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
3 files changed, 148 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)
diff --git a/Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt b/Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt
index 6f3c598..6f1954a 100644
--- a/Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt
+++ b/Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt
@@ -44,8 +44,9 @@ Features:
- oom-killer disable knob and oom-notifier
- Root cgroup has no limit controls.

- Kernel memory and Hugepages are not under control yet. We just manage
- pages on LRU. To add more controls, we have to take care of performance.
+ Hugepages is not under control yet. We just manage pages on LRU. To add more
+ controls, we have to take care of performance. Kernel memory support is work
+ in progress, and the current version provides basically functionality.

Brief summary of control files.

@@ -56,8 +57,11 @@ Brief summary of control files.
(See 5.5 for details)
memory.memsw.usage_in_bytes # show current res_counter usage for memory+Swap
(See 5.5 for details)
+ memory.kmem.usage_in_bytes # show current res_counter usage for kmem only.
+ (See 2.7 for details)
memory.limit_in_bytes # set/show limit of memory usage
memory.memsw.limit_in_bytes # set/show limit of memory+Swap usage
+ memory.kmem.limit_in_bytes # if allowed, set/show limit of kernel memory
memory.failcnt # show the number of memory usage hits limits
memory.memsw.failcnt # show the number of memory+Swap hits limits
memory.max_usage_in_bytes # show max memory usage recorded
@@ -72,6 +76,9 @@ Brief summary of control files.
memory.oom_control # set/show oom controls.
memory.numa_stat # show the number of memory usage per numa node

+ memory.independent_kmem_limit # select whether or not kernel memory limits are
+ independent of user limits
+
1. History

The memory controller has a long history. A request for comments for the memory
@@ -255,6 +262,25 @@ When oom event notifier is registered, event will be delivered.
per-zone-per-cgroup LRU (cgroup's private LRU) is just guarded by
zone->lru_lock, it has no lock of its own.

+2.7 Kernel Memory Extension (CONFIG_CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR_KMEM)
+
+ With the Kernel memory extension, the Memory Controller is able to limit
+the amount of kernel memory used by the system. Kernel memory is fundamentally
+different than user memory, since it can't be swapped out, which makes it
+possible to DoS the system by consuming too much of this precious resource.
+Kernel memory limits are not imposed for the root cgroup.
+
+Memory limits as specified by the standard Memory Controller may or may not
+take kernel memory into consideration. This is achieved through the file
+memory.independent_kmem_limit. A Value different than 0 will allow for kernel
+memory to be controlled separately.
+
+When kernel memory limits are not independent, the limit values set in
+memory.kmem files are ignored.
+
+Currently no soft limit is implemented for kernel memory. It is future work
+to trigger slab reclaim when those limits are reached.
+
3. User Interface

0. Configuration
diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
index d627783..49e5839 100644
--- a/init/Kconfig
+++ b/init/Kconfig
@@ -689,6 +689,17 @@ config CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR_SWAP_ENABLED
For those who want to have the feature enabled by default should
select this option (if, for some reason, they need to disable it
then swapaccount=0 does the trick).
+config CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR_KMEM
+ bool "Memory Resource Controller Kernel Memory accounting"
+ depends on CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR
+ default y
+ help
+ The Kernel Memory extension for Memory Resource Controller can limit
+ the amount of memory used by kernel objects in the system. Those are
+ fundamentally different from the entities handled by the standard
+ Memory Controller, which are page-based, and can be swapped. Users of
+ the kmem extension can use it to guarantee that no group of processes
+ will ever exhaust kernel resources alone.

config CGROUP_PERF
bool "Enable perf_event per-cpu per-container group (cgroup) monitoring"
diff --git a/mm/memcontrol.c b/mm/memcontrol.c
index ebd1e86..d32e931 100644
--- a/mm/memcontrol.c
+++ b/mm/memcontrol.c
@@ -73,7 +73,11 @@ static int really_do_swap_account __initdata = 0;
#define do_swap_account (0)
#endif

-
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR_KMEM
+int do_kmem_account __read_mostly = 1;
+#else
+#define do_kmem_account 0
+#endif
/*
* Statistics for memory cgroup.
*/
@@ -270,6 +274,10 @@ struct mem_cgroup {
*/
struct res_counter memsw;
/*
+ * the counter to account for kmem usage.
+ */
+ struct res_counter kmem;
+ /*
* Per cgroup active and inactive list, similar to the
* per zone LRU lists.
*/
@@ -321,6 +329,11 @@ struct mem_cgroup {
*/
unsigned long move_charge_at_immigrate;
/*
+ * Should kernel memory limits be stabilished independently
+ * from user memory ?
+ */
+ int kmem_independent;
+ /*
* percpu counter.
*/
struct mem_cgroup_stat_cpu *stat;
@@ -388,9 +401,14 @@ enum charge_type {
};

/* for encoding cft->private value on file */
-#define _MEM (0)
-#define _MEMSWAP (1)
-#define _OOM_TYPE (2)
+
+enum mem_type {
+ _MEM = 0,
+ _MEMSWAP,
+ _OOM_TYPE,
+ _KMEM,
+};
+
#define MEMFILE_PRIVATE(x, val) (((x) << 16) | (val))
#define MEMFILE_TYPE(val) (((val) >> 16) & 0xffff)
#define MEMFILE_ATTR(val) ((val) & 0xffff)
@@ -3943,10 +3961,15 @@ static inline u64 mem_cgroup_usage(struct mem_cgroup *mem, bool swap)
u64 val;

if (!mem_cgroup_is_root(mem)) {
+ val = 0;
+ if (!mem->kmem_independent)
+ val = res_counter_read_u64(&mem->kmem, RES_USAGE);
if (!swap)
- return res_counter_read_u64(&mem->res, RES_USAGE);
+ val += res_counter_read_u64(&mem->res, RES_USAGE);
else
- return res_counter_read_u64(&mem->memsw, RES_USAGE);
+ val += res_counter_read_u64(&mem->memsw, RES_USAGE);
+
+ return val;
}

val = mem_cgroup_recursive_stat(mem, MEM_CGROUP_STAT_CACHE);
@@ -3979,6 +4002,10 @@ static u64 mem_cgroup_read(struct cgroup *cont, struct cftype *cft)
else
val = res_counter_read_u64(&mem->memsw, name);
break;
+ case _KMEM:
+ val = res_counter_read_u64(&mem->kmem, name);
+ break;
+
default:
BUG();
break;
@@ -4756,6 +4783,21 @@ static int mem_cgroup_reset_vmscan_stat(struct cgroup *cgrp,
return 0;
}

+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR_KMEM
+static u64 kmem_limit_independent_read(struct cgroup *cont, struct cftype *cft)
+{
+ return mem_cgroup_from_cont(cont)->kmem_independent;
+}
+
+static int kmem_limit_independent_write(struct cgroup *cont, struct cftype *cft,
+ u64 val)
+{
+ cgroup_lock();
+ mem_cgroup_from_cont(cont)->kmem_independent = !!val;
+ cgroup_unlock();
+ return 0;
+}
+#endif

static struct cftype mem_cgroup_files[] = {
{
@@ -4877,6 +4919,47 @@ static int register_memsw_files(struct cgroup *cont, struct cgroup_subsys *ss)
}
#endif

+
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR_KMEM
+static struct cftype kmem_cgroup_files[] = {
+ {
+ .name = "independent_kmem_limit",
+ .read_u64 = kmem_limit_independent_read,
+ .write_u64 = kmem_limit_independent_write,
+ },
+ {
+ .name = "kmem.usage_in_bytes",
+ .private = MEMFILE_PRIVATE(_KMEM, RES_USAGE),
+ .read_u64 = mem_cgroup_read,
+ },
+ {
+ .name = "kmem.limit_in_bytes",
+ .private = MEMFILE_PRIVATE(_KMEM, RES_LIMIT),
+ .read_u64 = mem_cgroup_read,
+ },
+};
+
+static int register_kmem_files(struct cgroup *cont, struct cgroup_subsys *ss)
+{
+ struct mem_cgroup *mem = mem_cgroup_from_cont(cont);
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ if (!do_kmem_account)
+ return 0;
+
+ if (!mem_cgroup_is_root(mem))
+ ret = cgroup_add_files(cont, ss, kmem_cgroup_files,
+ ARRAY_SIZE(kmem_cgroup_files));
+ return ret;
+};
+
+#else
+static int register_kmem_files(struct cgroup *cont, struct cgroup_subsys *ss)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+#endif
+
static int alloc_mem_cgroup_per_zone_info(struct mem_cgroup *mem, int node)
{
struct mem_cgroup_per_node *pn;
@@ -5075,6 +5158,7 @@ mem_cgroup_create(struct cgroup_subsys *ss, struct cgroup *cont)
if (parent && parent->use_hierarchy) {
res_counter_init(&mem->res, &parent->res);
res_counter_init(&mem->memsw, &parent->memsw);
+ res_counter_init(&mem->kmem, &parent->kmem);
/*
* We increment refcnt of the parent to ensure that we can
* safely access it on res_counter_charge/uncharge.
@@ -5085,6 +5169,7 @@ mem_cgroup_create(struct cgroup_subsys *ss, struct cgroup *cont)
} else {
res_counter_init(&mem->res, NULL);
res_counter_init(&mem->memsw, NULL);
+ res_counter_init(&mem->kmem, NULL);
}
mem->last_scanned_child = 0;
mem->last_scanned_node = MAX_NUMNODES;
@@ -5129,6 +5214,10 @@ static int mem_cgroup_populate(struct cgroup_subsys *ss,

if (!ret)
ret = register_memsw_files(cont, ss);
+
+ if (!ret)
+ ret = register_kmem_files(cont, ss);
+
return ret;
}

@@ -5665,3 +5754,17 @@ static int __init enable_swap_account(char *s)
__setup("swapaccount=", enable_swap_account);

#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR_KMEM
+static int __init disable_kmem_account(char *s)
+{
+ /* consider enabled if no parameter or 1 is given */
+ if (!strcmp(s, "1"))
+ do_kmem_account = 1;
+ else if (!strcmp(s, "0"))
+ do_kmem_account = 0;
+ return 1;
+}
+__setup("kmemaccount=", disable_kmem_account);
+
+#endif
--
1.7.6


\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2011-09-19 03:01    [W:0.240 / U:0.764 seconds]
©2003-2014 Jasper Spaans. Advertise on this site