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SubjectRe: CFS Bandwidth Control - Test results of cgroups tasks pinned vs unpinnede
* Peter Zijlstra <> [2011-09-13 16:07:28]:

> > > > This is perhaps not optimal (as it may lead to more lock contentions), but
> > > > something to note for those who care for both capping and utilization in
> > > > equal measure!
> > >
> > > You meant lock inversion, which leads to more idle time :-)
> >
> > I think 'cfs_b->lock' contention would go up significantly when reducing
> > sysctl_sched_cfs_bandwidth_slice, while for something like 'balancing' lock
> > (taken with SD_SERIALIZE set and more frequently when tuning down
> > max_interval?), yes it may increase idle time! Did you have any other
> > lock in mind when speaking of inversion?
> I can't read it seems.. I thought you were talking about increasing the
> period,

Mm ..I brought up the increased lock contention with reference to this
experimental result that I posted earlier:

> Tuning min_interval and max_interval of various sched_domains to 1
> and also setting sched_cfs_bandwidth_slice_us to 500 does cut down idle
> time further to 2.7%

Value of sched_cfs_bandwidth_slice_us was reduced from default of 5000us
to 500us, which (along with reduction of min/max interval) helped cut down
idle time further (3.9% -> 2.7%). I was commenting that this may not necessarily
be optimal (as for example low 'sched_cfs_bandwidth_slice_us' could result
in all cpus contending for cfs_b->lock very frequently).

> which increases the time you force a task to sleep that's holding locks etc..

Ideally all tasks should get capped at the same time, given that there is
a global pool from which everyone pulls bandwidth? So while one vcpu/task
(holding a lock) gets capped, other vcpus/tasks (that may want the same lock)
should ideally not be running for long after that, avoiding lock inversion
related problems you point out.

I guess that we may still run into that with current implementation ..
Basically global pool may have zero runtime left for current period,
forcing a vcpu/task to be throttled, while there is surplus runtime in
per-cpu pools, allowing some sibling vcpus/tasks to run for wee bit
more, leading to lock-inversion related problems (more idling). That
makes me think we can improve directed yield->capping interaction.
Essentially when the target task of directed yield is capped, can the
"yielding" task donate some of its bandwidth?

- vatsa

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