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    Subjectprocess time < thread time?
    From

    If someone who understands our thread/process time implementation can
    look into this, I'd appreciate it.

    Attached below is a watered-down version of rt/tst-cpuclock2.c from
    GLIBC. Just build it with "gcc -o test test.c -lpthread -lrt" or
    similar.

    Run it several times, and you will see cases where the main thread
    will measure a process clock difference before and after the nanosleep
    which is smaller than the cpu-burner thread's individual thread clock
    difference. This doesn't make any sense since the cpu-burner thread
    is part of the top-level process's thread group.

    I've reproduced this on both x86-64 and sparc64 (using both 32-bit and
    64-bit binaries).

    For example:

    [davem@boricha build-x86_64-linux]$ ./test
    process: before(0.001221967) after(0.498624371) diff(497402404)
    thread: before(0.000081692) after(0.498316431) diff(498234739)
    self: before(0.001223521) after(0.001240219) diff(16698)
    [davem@boricha build-x86_64-linux]$

    The diff of 'process' should always be >= the diff of 'thread'.

    I make sure to wrap the 'thread' clock measurements the most tightly
    around the nanosleep() call, and that the 'process' clock measurements
    are the outer-most ones.

    I suspect this might be some kind of artifact of how the partial
    runqueue ->clock and ->clock_task updates work? Maybe some weird
    interaction with ->skip_clock_update?

    Or is this some known issue?

    Thanks!

    --------------------
    #include <unistd.h>
    #include <stdio.h>
    #include <stdlib.h>
    #include <time.h>
    #include <fcntl.h>
    #include <string.h>
    #include <errno.h>
    #include <pthread.h>

    static pthread_barrier_t barrier;

    static void *chew_cpu(void *arg)
    {
    pthread_barrier_wait(&barrier);
    while (1)
    __asm__ __volatile__("" : : : "memory");
    return NULL;
    }

    int main(void)
    {
    clockid_t process_clock, my_thread_clock, th_clock;
    struct timespec process_before, process_after;
    struct timespec me_before, me_after;
    struct timespec th_before, th_after;
    struct timespec sleeptime;
    unsigned long diff;
    pthread_t th;
    int err;

    err = clock_getcpuclockid(0, &process_clock);
    if (err)
    return 1;

    err = pthread_getcpuclockid(pthread_self(), &my_thread_clock);
    if (err)
    return 1;

    pthread_barrier_init(&barrier, NULL, 2);
    err = pthread_create(&th, NULL, chew_cpu, NULL);
    if (err)
    return 1;

    err = pthread_getcpuclockid(th, &th_clock);
    if (err)
    return 1;

    pthread_barrier_wait(&barrier);

    err = clock_gettime(process_clock, &process_before);
    if (err)
    return 1;

    err = clock_gettime(my_thread_clock, &me_before);
    if (err)
    return 1;

    err = clock_gettime(th_clock, &th_before);
    if (err)
    return 1;

    sleeptime.tv_sec = 0;
    sleeptime.tv_nsec = 500000000;
    nanosleep(&sleeptime, NULL);

    err = clock_gettime(th_clock, &th_after);
    if (err)
    return 1;

    err = clock_gettime(my_thread_clock, &me_after);
    if (err)
    return 1;

    err = clock_gettime(process_clock, &process_after);
    if (err)
    return 1;

    diff = process_after.tv_nsec - process_before.tv_nsec;
    printf("process: before(%lu.%.9lu) after(%lu.%.9lu) diff(%lu)\n",
    process_before.tv_sec, process_before.tv_nsec,
    process_after.tv_sec, process_after.tv_nsec, diff);
    diff = th_after.tv_nsec - th_before.tv_nsec;
    printf("thread: before(%lu.%.9lu) after(%lu.%.9lu) diff(%lu)\n",
    th_before.tv_sec, th_before.tv_nsec,
    th_after.tv_sec, th_after.tv_nsec, diff);
    diff = me_after.tv_nsec - me_before.tv_nsec;
    printf("self: before(%lu.%.9lu) after(%lu.%.9lu) diff(%lu)\n",
    me_before.tv_sec, me_before.tv_nsec,
    me_after.tv_sec, me_after.tv_nsec, diff);

    return 0;
    }


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