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Subject[patch 23/36] Hexagon: Add user access functions
Signed-off-by: Richard Kuo <rkuo@codeaurora.org>

---
arch/hexagon/include/asm/uaccess.h | 116 +++++++++++++++++++++
arch/hexagon/mm/copy_from_user.S | 114 +++++++++++++++++++++
arch/hexagon/mm/copy_to_user.S | 92 +++++++++++++++++
arch/hexagon/mm/copy_user_template.S | 185 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/hexagon/mm/strnlen_user.S | 140 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/hexagon/mm/uaccess.c | 59 +++++++++++
6 files changed, 706 insertions(+)
Index: linux-hexagon-kernel/arch/hexagon/include/asm/uaccess.h
===================================================================
--- /dev/null 1970-01-01 00:00:00.000000000 +0000
+++ linux-hexagon-kernel/arch/hexagon/include/asm/uaccess.h 2011-07-20 15:19:42.385151865 -0500
@@ -0,0 +1,116 @@
+/*
+ * User memory access support for Hexagon
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2010-2011, Code Aurora Forum. All rights reserved.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 and
+ * only version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
+ * 02110-1301, USA.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _ASM_UACCESS_H
+#define _ASM_UACCESS_H
+/*
+ * User space memory access functions
+ */
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <asm/segment.h>
+#include <asm/sections.h>
+
+/*
+ * access_ok: - Checks if a user space pointer is valid
+ * @type: Type of access: %VERIFY_READ or %VERIFY_WRITE. Note that
+ * %VERIFY_WRITE is a superset of %VERIFY_READ - if it is safe
+ * to write to a block, it is always safe to read from it.
+ * @addr: User space pointer to start of block to check
+ * @size: Size of block to check
+ *
+ * Context: User context only. This function may sleep.
+ *
+ * Checks if a pointer to a block of memory in user space is valid.
+ *
+ * Returns true (nonzero) if the memory block *may* be valid, false (zero)
+ * if it is definitely invalid.
+ *
+ * User address space in Hexagon, like x86, goes to 0xbfffffff, so the
+ * simple MSB-based tests used by MIPS won't work. Some further
+ * optimization is probably possible here, but for now, keep it
+ * reasonably simple and not *too* slow. After all, we've got the
+ * MMU for backup.
+ */
+#define VERIFY_READ 0
+#define VERIFY_WRITE 1
+
+#define __access_ok(addr, size) \
+ ((get_fs().seg == KERNEL_DS.seg) || \
+ (((unsigned long)addr < get_fs().seg) && \
+ (unsigned long)size < (get_fs().seg - (unsigned long)addr)))
+
+/*
+ * When a kernel-mode page fault is taken, the faulting instruction
+ * address is checked against a table of exception_table_entries.
+ * Each entry is a tuple of the address of an instruction that may
+ * be authorized to fault, and the address at which execution should
+ * be resumed instead of the faulting instruction, so as to effect
+ * a workaround.
+ */
+
+/* Assembly somewhat optimized copy routines */
+unsigned long __copy_from_user_hexagon(void *to, const void __user *from,
+ unsigned long n);
+unsigned long __copy_to_user_hexagon(void __user *to, const void *from,
+ unsigned long n);
+
+#define __copy_from_user(to, from, n) __copy_from_user_hexagon(to, from, n)
+#define __copy_to_user(to, from, n) __copy_to_user_hexagon(to, from, n)
+
+/*
+ * XXX todo: some additonal performance gain is possible by
+ * implementing __copy_to/from_user_inatomic, which is much
+ * like __copy_to/from_user, but performs slightly less checking.
+ */
+
+__kernel_size_t __clear_user_hexagon(void __user *dest, unsigned long count);
+#define __clear_user(a, s) __clear_user_hexagon((a), (s))
+
+#define __strncpy_from_user(dst, src, n) hexagon_strncpy_from_user(dst, src, n)
+
+/* get around the ifndef in asm-generic/uaccess.h */
+#define __strnlen_user __strnlen_user
+
+extern long __strnlen_user(const char __user *src, long n);
+
+static inline long hexagon_strncpy_from_user(char *dst, const char __user *src,
+ long n);
+
+#include <asm-generic/uaccess.h>
+
+/* Todo: an actual accelerated version of this. */
+static inline long hexagon_strncpy_from_user(char *dst, const char __user *src,
+ long n)
+{
+ long res = __strnlen_user(src, n);
+
+ /* return from strnlen can't be zero -- that would be rubbish. */
+
+ if (res > n) {
+ copy_from_user(dst, src, n);
+ return n;
+ } else {
+ copy_from_user(dst, src, res);
+ return res-1;
+ }
+}
+
+#endif
Index: linux-hexagon-kernel/arch/hexagon/mm/copy_from_user.S
===================================================================
--- /dev/null 1970-01-01 00:00:00.000000000 +0000
+++ linux-hexagon-kernel/arch/hexagon/mm/copy_from_user.S 2011-07-20 15:19:42.385151865 -0500
@@ -0,0 +1,114 @@
+/*
+ * User memory copy functions for kernel
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2010-2011, Code Aurora Forum. All rights reserved.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 and
+ * only version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
+ * 02110-1301, USA.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * The right way to do this involves valignb
+ * The easy way to do this is only speed up src/dest similar alignment.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Copy to/from user are the same, except that for packets with a load and
+ * a store, I don't know how to tell which kind of exception we got.
+ * Therefore, we duplicate the function, and handle faulting addresses
+ * differently for each function
+ */
+
+/*
+ * copy from user: loads can fault
+ */
+#define src_sav r13
+#define dst_sav r12
+#define src_dst_sav r13:12
+#define d_dbuf r15:14
+#define w_dbuf r15
+
+#define dst r0
+#define src r1
+#define bytes r2
+#define loopcount r5
+
+#define FUNCNAME __copy_from_user_hexagon
+#include "copy_user_template.S"
+
+ /* LOAD FAULTS from COPY_FROM_USER */
+
+ /* Alignment loop. r2 has been updated. Return it. */
+ .falign
+1009:
+2009:
+4009:
+ {
+ r0 = r2
+ jumpr r31
+ }
+ /* Normal copy loops. Do epilog. Use src-src_sav to compute distance */
+ /* X - (A - B) == X + B - A */
+ .falign
+8089:
+ {
+ memd(dst) = d_dbuf
+ r2 += sub(src_sav,src)
+ }
+ {
+ r0 = r2
+ jumpr r31
+ }
+ .falign
+4089:
+ {
+ memw(dst) = w_dbuf
+ r2 += sub(src_sav,src)
+ }
+ {
+ r0 = r2
+ jumpr r31
+ }
+ .falign
+2089:
+ {
+ memh(dst) = w_dbuf
+ r2 += sub(src_sav,src)
+ }
+ {
+ r0 = r2
+ jumpr r31
+ }
+ .falign
+1089:
+ {
+ memb(dst) = w_dbuf
+ r2 += sub(src_sav,src)
+ }
+ {
+ r0 = r2
+ jumpr r31
+ }
+
+ /* COPY FROM USER: only loads can fail */
+
+ .section __ex_table,"a"
+ .long 1000b,1009b
+ .long 2000b,2009b
+ .long 4000b,4009b
+ .long 8080b,8089b
+ .long 4080b,4089b
+ .long 2080b,2089b
+ .long 1080b,1089b
+ .previous
Index: linux-hexagon-kernel/arch/hexagon/mm/copy_to_user.S
===================================================================
--- /dev/null 1970-01-01 00:00:00.000000000 +0000
+++ linux-hexagon-kernel/arch/hexagon/mm/copy_to_user.S 2011-07-20 15:19:42.385151865 -0500
@@ -0,0 +1,92 @@
+/*
+ * User memory copying routines for the Hexagon Kernel
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2010-2011, Code Aurora Forum. All rights reserved.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 and
+ * only version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
+ * 02110-1301, USA.
+ */
+
+/* The right way to do this involves valignb
+ * The easy way to do this is only speed up src/dest similar alignment.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Copy to/from user are the same, except that for packets with a load and
+ * a store, I don't know how to tell which kind of exception we got.
+ * Therefore, we duplicate the function, and handle faulting addresses
+ * differently for each function
+ */
+
+/*
+ * copy to user: stores can fault
+ */
+#define src_sav r13
+#define dst_sav r12
+#define src_dst_sav r13:12
+#define d_dbuf r15:14
+#define w_dbuf r15
+
+#define dst r0
+#define src r1
+#define bytes r2
+#define loopcount r5
+
+#define FUNCNAME __copy_to_user_hexagon
+#include "copy_user_template.S"
+
+ /* STORE FAULTS from COPY_TO_USER */
+ .falign
+1109:
+2109:
+4109:
+ /* Alignment loop. r2 has been updated. Return it. */
+ {
+ r0 = r2
+ jumpr r31
+ }
+ /* Normal copy loops. Use dst-dst_sav to compute distance */
+ /* dst holds best write, no need to unwind any loops */
+ /* X - (A - B) == X + B - A */
+ .falign
+8189:
+8199:
+4189:
+4199:
+2189:
+2199:
+1189:
+1199:
+ {
+ r2 += sub(dst_sav,dst)
+ }
+ {
+ r0 = r2
+ jumpr r31
+ }
+
+ /* COPY TO USER: only stores can fail */
+ .section __ex_table,"a"
+ .long 1100b,1109b
+ .long 2100b,2109b
+ .long 4100b,4109b
+ .long 8180b,8189b
+ .long 8190b,8199b
+ .long 4180b,4189b
+ .long 4190b,4199b
+ .long 2180b,2189b
+ .long 2190b,2199b
+ .long 1180b,1189b
+ .long 1190b,1199b
+ .previous
Index: linux-hexagon-kernel/arch/hexagon/mm/copy_user_template.S
===================================================================
--- /dev/null 1970-01-01 00:00:00.000000000 +0000
+++ linux-hexagon-kernel/arch/hexagon/mm/copy_user_template.S 2011-07-20 15:19:42.385151865 -0500
@@ -0,0 +1,185 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2010-2011, Code Aurora Forum. All rights reserved.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 and
+ * only version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
+ * 02110-1301, USA.
+ */
+
+/* Numerology:
+ * WXYZ
+ * W: width in bytes
+ * X: Load=0, Store=1
+ * Y: Location 0=preamble,8=loop,9=epilog
+ * Z: Location=0,handler=9
+ */
+ .text
+ .global FUNCNAME
+ .type FUNCNAME, @function
+ .p2align 5
+FUNCNAME:
+ {
+ p0 = cmp.gtu(bytes,#0)
+ if (!p0.new) jump:nt .Ldone
+ r3 = or(dst,src)
+ r4 = xor(dst,src)
+ }
+ {
+ p1 = cmp.gtu(bytes,#15)
+ p0 = bitsclr(r3,#7)
+ if (!p0.new) jump:nt .Loop_not_aligned_8
+ src_dst_sav = combine(src,dst)
+ }
+
+ {
+ loopcount = lsr(bytes,#3)
+ if (!p1) jump .Lsmall
+ }
+ p3=sp1loop0(.Loop8,loopcount)
+.Loop8:
+8080:
+8180:
+ {
+ if (p3) memd(dst++#8) = d_dbuf
+ d_dbuf = memd(src++#8)
+ }:endloop0
+8190:
+ {
+ memd(dst++#8) = d_dbuf
+ bytes -= asl(loopcount,#3)
+ jump .Lsmall
+ }
+
+.Loop_not_aligned_8:
+ {
+ p0 = bitsclr(r4,#7)
+ if (p0.new) jump:nt .Lalign
+ }
+ {
+ p0 = bitsclr(r3,#3)
+ if (!p0.new) jump:nt .Loop_not_aligned_4
+ p1 = cmp.gtu(bytes,#7)
+ }
+
+ {
+ if (!p1) jump .Lsmall
+ loopcount = lsr(bytes,#2)
+ }
+ p3=sp1loop0(.Loop4,loopcount)
+.Loop4:
+4080:
+4180:
+ {
+ if (p3) memw(dst++#4) = w_dbuf
+ w_dbuf = memw(src++#4)
+ }:endloop0
+4190:
+ {
+ memw(dst++#4) = w_dbuf
+ bytes -= asl(loopcount,#2)
+ jump .Lsmall
+ }
+
+.Loop_not_aligned_4:
+ {
+ p0 = bitsclr(r3,#1)
+ if (!p0.new) jump:nt .Loop_not_aligned
+ p1 = cmp.gtu(bytes,#3)
+ }
+
+ {
+ if (!p1) jump .Lsmall
+ loopcount = lsr(bytes,#1)
+ }
+ p3=sp1loop0(.Loop2,loopcount)
+.Loop2:
+2080:
+2180:
+ {
+ if (p3) memh(dst++#2) = w_dbuf
+ w_dbuf = memuh(src++#2)
+ }:endloop0
+2190:
+ {
+ memh(dst++#2) = w_dbuf
+ bytes -= asl(loopcount,#1)
+ jump .Lsmall
+ }
+
+.Loop_not_aligned: /* Works for as small as one byte */
+ p3=sp1loop0(.Loop1,bytes)
+.Loop1:
+1080:
+1180:
+ {
+ if (p3) memb(dst++#1) = w_dbuf
+ w_dbuf = memub(src++#1)
+ }:endloop0
+ /* Done */
+1190:
+ {
+ memb(dst) = w_dbuf
+ jumpr r31
+ r0 = #0
+ }
+
+.Lsmall:
+ {
+ p0 = cmp.gtu(bytes,#0)
+ if (p0.new) jump:nt .Loop_not_aligned
+ }
+.Ldone:
+ {
+ r0 = #0
+ jumpr r31
+ }
+ .falign
+.Lalign:
+1000:
+ {
+ if (p0.new) w_dbuf = memub(src)
+ p0 = tstbit(src,#0)
+ if (!p1) jump .Lsmall
+ }
+1100:
+ {
+ if (p0) memb(dst++#1) = w_dbuf
+ if (p0) bytes = add(bytes,#-1)
+ if (p0) src = add(src,#1)
+ }
+2000:
+ {
+ if (p0.new) w_dbuf = memuh(src)
+ p0 = tstbit(src,#1)
+ if (!p1) jump .Lsmall
+ }
+2100:
+ {
+ if (p0) memh(dst++#2) = w_dbuf
+ if (p0) bytes = add(bytes,#-2)
+ if (p0) src = add(src,#2)
+ }
+4000:
+ {
+ if (p0.new) w_dbuf = memw(src)
+ p0 = tstbit(src,#2)
+ if (!p1) jump .Lsmall
+ }
+4100:
+ {
+ if (p0) memw(dst++#4) = w_dbuf
+ if (p0) bytes = add(bytes,#-4)
+ if (p0) src = add(src,#4)
+ jump FUNCNAME
+ }
+ .size FUNCNAME,.-FUNCNAME
Index: linux-hexagon-kernel/arch/hexagon/mm/uaccess.c
===================================================================
--- /dev/null 1970-01-01 00:00:00.000000000 +0000
+++ linux-hexagon-kernel/arch/hexagon/mm/uaccess.c 2011-07-20 15:19:42.385151865 -0500
@@ -0,0 +1,59 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2010-2011, Code Aurora Forum. All rights reserved.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 and
+ * only version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
+ * 02110-1301, USA.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Support for user memory access from kernel. This will
+ * probably be inlined for performance at some point, but
+ * for ease of debug, and to a lesser degree for code size,
+ * we implement here as subroutines.
+ */
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <asm/uaccess.h>
+#include <asm/pgtable.h>
+
+/*
+ * For clear_user(), exploit previously defined copy_to_user function
+ * and the fact that we've got a handy zero page defined in kernel/head.S
+ *
+ * dczero here would be even faster.
+ */
+__kernel_size_t __clear_user_hexagon(void __user *dest, unsigned long count)
+{
+ long uncleared;
+
+ while (count > PAGE_SIZE) {
+ uncleared = __copy_to_user_hexagon(dest, &empty_zero_page,
+ PAGE_SIZE);
+ if (uncleared)
+ return count - (PAGE_SIZE - uncleared);
+ count -= PAGE_SIZE;
+ dest += PAGE_SIZE;
+ }
+ if (count)
+ count = __copy_to_user_hexagon(dest, &empty_zero_page, count);
+
+ return count;
+}
+
+unsigned long clear_user_hexagon(void __user *dest, unsigned long count)
+{
+ if (!access_ok(VERIFY_WRITE, dest, count))
+ return count;
+ else
+ return __clear_user_hexagon(dest, count);
+}
Index: linux-hexagon-kernel/arch/hexagon/mm/strnlen_user.S
===================================================================
--- /dev/null 1970-01-01 00:00:00.000000000 +0000
+++ linux-hexagon-kernel/arch/hexagon/mm/strnlen_user.S 2011-07-20 15:19:42.385151865 -0500
@@ -0,0 +1,140 @@
+/*
+ * User string length functions for kernel
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2010-2011, Code Aurora Forum. All rights reserved.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 and
+ * only version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
+ * 02110-1301, USA.
+ */
+
+#define isrc r0
+#define max r1 /* Do not change! */
+
+#define end r2
+#define tmp1 r3
+
+#define obo r6 /* off-by-one */
+#define start r7
+#define mod8 r8
+#define dbuf r15:14
+#define dcmp r13:12
+
+/*
+ * The vector mask version of this turned out *really* badly.
+ * The hardware loop version also turned out *really* badly.
+ * Seems straight pointer arithmetic basically wins here.
+ */
+
+#define fname __strnlen_user
+
+ .text
+ .global fname
+ .type fname, @function
+ .p2align 5 /* why? */
+fname:
+ {
+ mod8 = and(isrc,#7);
+ end = add(isrc,max);
+ start = isrc;
+ }
+ {
+ P0 = cmp.eq(mod8,#0);
+ mod8 = and(end,#7);
+ dcmp = #0;
+ if (P0.new) jump:t dw_loop; /* fire up the oven */
+ }
+
+alignment_loop:
+fail_1: {
+ tmp1 = memb(start++#1);
+ }
+ {
+ P0 = cmp.eq(tmp1,#0);
+ if (P0.new) jump:nt exit_found;
+ P1 = cmp.gtu(end,start);
+ mod8 = and(start,#7);
+ }
+ {
+ if (!P1) jump exit_error; /* hit the end */
+ P0 = cmp.eq(mod8,#0);
+ }
+ {
+ if (!P0) jump alignment_loop;
+ }
+
+
+
+dw_loop:
+fail_2: {
+ dbuf = memd(start);
+ obo = add(start,#1);
+ }
+ {
+ P0 = vcmpb.eq(dbuf,dcmp);
+ }
+ {
+ tmp1 = P0;
+ P0 = cmp.gtu(end,start);
+ }
+ {
+ tmp1 = ct0(tmp1);
+ mod8 = and(end,#7);
+ if (!P0) jump end_check;
+ }
+ {
+ P0 = cmp.eq(tmp1,#32);
+ if (!P0.new) jump:nt exit_found;
+ if (!P0.new) start = add(obo,tmp1);
+ }
+ {
+ start = add(start,#8);
+ jump dw_loop;
+ } /* might be nice to combine these jumps... */
+
+
+end_check:
+ {
+ P0 = cmp.gt(tmp1,mod8);
+ if (P0.new) jump:nt exit_error; /* neverfound! */
+ start = add(obo,tmp1);
+ }
+
+exit_found:
+ {
+ R0 = sub(start,isrc);
+ jumpr R31;
+ }
+
+exit_error:
+ {
+ R0 = add(max,#1);
+ jumpr R31;
+ }
+
+ /* Uh, what does the "fixup" return here? */
+ .falign
+fix_1:
+ {
+ R0 = #0;
+ jumpr R31;
+ }
+
+ .size fname,.-fname
+
+
+.section __ex_table,"a"
+.long fail_1,fix_1
+.long fail_2,fix_1
+.previous
+
Sent by an employee of the Qualcomm Innovation Center, Inc.
The Qualcomm Innovation Center, Inc. is a member of the Code Aurora Forum.



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