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Subject[PATCH v3 6/8] x86-64: Move vread_tsc and vread_hpet into the vDSO
Date
The vsyscall page now consists entirely of trap instructions.

Cc: John Stultz <johnstul@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@mit.edu>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/clocksource.h | 6 +++-
arch/x86/include/asm/tsc.h | 4 ---
arch/x86/include/asm/vgtod.h | 2 +-
arch/x86/include/asm/vsyscall.h | 4 ---
arch/x86/kernel/Makefile | 7 +----
arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c | 8 -----
arch/x86/kernel/hpet.c | 9 +-----
arch/x86/kernel/tsc.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S | 3 --
arch/x86/kernel/vread_tsc_64.c | 36 -------------------------
arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_64.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/vdso/vclock_gettime.c | 52 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
12 files changed, 56 insertions(+), 79 deletions(-)
delete mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/vread_tsc_64.c
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/clocksource.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/clocksource.h
index a5df33f..3882c65 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/clocksource.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/clocksource.h
@@ -7,8 +7,12 @@

#define __ARCH_HAS_CLOCKSOURCE_DATA

+#define VCLOCK_NONE 0 /* No vDSO clock available. */
+#define VCLOCK_TSC 1 /* vDSO should use vread_tsc. */
+#define VCLOCK_HPET 2 /* vDSO should use vread_hpet. */
+
struct arch_clocksource_data {
- cycle_t (*vread)(void);
+ int vclock_mode;
};

#endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/tsc.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/tsc.h
index 9db5583..83e2efd 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/tsc.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/tsc.h
@@ -51,10 +51,6 @@ extern int unsynchronized_tsc(void);
extern int check_tsc_unstable(void);
extern unsigned long native_calibrate_tsc(void);

-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
-extern cycles_t vread_tsc(void);
-#endif
-
/*
* Boot-time check whether the TSCs are synchronized across
* all CPUs/cores:
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/vgtod.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/vgtod.h
index aa5add8..815285b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/vgtod.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/vgtod.h
@@ -13,7 +13,7 @@ struct vsyscall_gtod_data {

struct timezone sys_tz;
struct { /* extract of a clocksource struct */
- cycle_t (*vread)(void);
+ int vclock_mode;
cycle_t cycle_last;
cycle_t mask;
u32 mult;
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/vsyscall.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/vsyscall.h
index d555973..6010707 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/vsyscall.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/vsyscall.h
@@ -16,10 +16,6 @@ enum vsyscall_num {
#ifdef __KERNEL__
#include <linux/seqlock.h>

-/* Definitions for CONFIG_GENERIC_TIME definitions */
-#define __vsyscall_fn \
- __attribute__ ((unused, __section__(".vsyscall_fn"))) notrace
-
#define VGETCPU_RDTSCP 1
#define VGETCPU_LSL 2

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile
index cc0469a..2deef3d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile
@@ -24,17 +24,12 @@ endif
nostackp := $(call cc-option, -fno-stack-protector)
CFLAGS_vsyscall_64.o := $(PROFILING) -g0 $(nostackp)
CFLAGS_hpet.o := $(nostackp)
-CFLAGS_vread_tsc_64.o := $(nostackp)
CFLAGS_paravirt.o := $(nostackp)
GCOV_PROFILE_vsyscall_64.o := n
GCOV_PROFILE_hpet.o := n
GCOV_PROFILE_tsc.o := n
-GCOV_PROFILE_vread_tsc_64.o := n
GCOV_PROFILE_paravirt.o := n

-# vread_tsc_64 is hot and should be fully optimized:
-CFLAGS_REMOVE_vread_tsc_64.o = -pg -fno-optimize-sibling-calls
-
obj-y := process_$(BITS).o signal.o entry_$(BITS).o
obj-y += traps.o irq.o irq_$(BITS).o dumpstack_$(BITS).o
obj-y += time.o ioport.o ldt.o dumpstack.o
@@ -43,7 +38,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_IRQ_WORK) += irq_work.o
obj-y += probe_roms.o
obj-$(CONFIG_X86_32) += sys_i386_32.o i386_ksyms_32.o
obj-$(CONFIG_X86_64) += sys_x86_64.o x8664_ksyms_64.o
-obj-$(CONFIG_X86_64) += syscall_64.o vsyscall_64.o vread_tsc_64.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_X86_64) += syscall_64.o vsyscall_64.o
obj-$(CONFIG_X86_64) += vsyscall_emu_64.o
obj-y += bootflag.o e820.o
obj-y += pci-dma.o quirks.o topology.o kdebugfs.o
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c b/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c
index ddb207b..c638228 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c
@@ -14,7 +14,6 @@
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/mce.h>
#include <asm/nmi.h>
-#include <asm/vsyscall.h>
#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
@@ -250,7 +249,6 @@ static void __init_or_module add_nops(void *insns, unsigned int len)

extern struct alt_instr __alt_instructions[], __alt_instructions_end[];
extern s32 __smp_locks[], __smp_locks_end[];
-extern char __vsyscall_0;
void *text_poke_early(void *addr, const void *opcode, size_t len);

/* Replace instructions with better alternatives for this CPU type.
@@ -294,12 +292,6 @@ void __init_or_module apply_alternatives(struct alt_instr *start,
add_nops(insnbuf + a->replacementlen,
a->instrlen - a->replacementlen);

-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
- /* vsyscall code is not mapped yet. resolve it manually. */
- if (instr >= (u8 *)VSYSCALL_START && instr < (u8*)VSYSCALL_END) {
- instr = __va(instr - (u8*)VSYSCALL_START + (u8*)__pa_symbol(&__vsyscall_0));
- }
-#endif
text_poke_early(instr, insnbuf, a->instrlen);
}
}
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/hpet.c b/arch/x86/kernel/hpet.c
index 0e07257..d10cc00 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/hpet.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/hpet.c
@@ -738,13 +738,6 @@ static cycle_t read_hpet(struct clocksource *cs)
return (cycle_t)hpet_readl(HPET_COUNTER);
}

-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
-static cycle_t __vsyscall_fn vread_hpet(void)
-{
- return readl((const void __iomem *)fix_to_virt(VSYSCALL_HPET) + 0xf0);
-}
-#endif
-
static struct clocksource clocksource_hpet = {
.name = "hpet",
.rating = 250,
@@ -753,7 +746,7 @@ static struct clocksource clocksource_hpet = {
.flags = CLOCK_SOURCE_IS_CONTINUOUS,
.resume = hpet_resume_counter,
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
- .archdata = { .vread = vread_hpet },
+ .archdata = { .vclock_mode = VCLOCK_HPET },
#endif
};

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/tsc.c b/arch/x86/kernel/tsc.c
index e7a74b8..56c633a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/tsc.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/tsc.c
@@ -777,7 +777,7 @@ static struct clocksource clocksource_tsc = {
.flags = CLOCK_SOURCE_IS_CONTINUOUS |
CLOCK_SOURCE_MUST_VERIFY,
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
- .archdata = { .vread = vread_tsc },
+ .archdata = { .vclock_mode = VCLOCK_TSC },
#endif
};

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S b/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
index 8017471..4aa9c54 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
@@ -169,9 +169,6 @@ SECTIONS
.vsyscall : AT(VLOAD(.vsyscall)) {
*(.vsyscall_0)

- . = ALIGN(L1_CACHE_BYTES);
- *(.vsyscall_fn)
-
. = 1024;
*(.vsyscall_1)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/vread_tsc_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/vread_tsc_64.c
deleted file mode 100644
index a81aa9e..0000000
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/vread_tsc_64.c
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,36 +0,0 @@
-/* This code runs in userspace. */
-
-#define DISABLE_BRANCH_PROFILING
-#include <asm/vgtod.h>
-
-notrace cycle_t __vsyscall_fn vread_tsc(void)
-{
- cycle_t ret;
- u64 last;
-
- /*
- * Empirically, a fence (of type that depends on the CPU)
- * before rdtsc is enough to ensure that rdtsc is ordered
- * with respect to loads. The various CPU manuals are unclear
- * as to whether rdtsc can be reordered with later loads,
- * but no one has ever seen it happen.
- */
- rdtsc_barrier();
- ret = (cycle_t)vget_cycles();
-
- last = VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).clock.cycle_last;
-
- if (likely(ret >= last))
- return ret;
-
- /*
- * GCC likes to generate cmov here, but this branch is extremely
- * predictable (it's just a funciton of time and the likely is
- * very likely) and there's a data dependence, so force GCC
- * to generate a branch instead. I don't barrier() because
- * we don't actually need a barrier, and if this function
- * ever gets inlined it will generate worse code.
- */
- asm volatile ("");
- return last;
-}
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_64.c
index 12d488f..dda7dff 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_64.c
@@ -74,7 +74,7 @@ void update_vsyscall(struct timespec *wall_time, struct timespec *wtm,
write_seqlock_irqsave(&vsyscall_gtod_data.lock, flags);

/* copy vsyscall data */
- vsyscall_gtod_data.clock.vread = clock->archdata.vread;
+ vsyscall_gtod_data.clock.vclock_mode = clock->archdata.vclock_mode;
vsyscall_gtod_data.clock.cycle_last = clock->cycle_last;
vsyscall_gtod_data.clock.mask = clock->mask;
vsyscall_gtod_data.clock.mult = mult;
diff --git a/arch/x86/vdso/vclock_gettime.c b/arch/x86/vdso/vclock_gettime.c
index cf54813..9869bac 100644
--- a/arch/x86/vdso/vclock_gettime.c
+++ b/arch/x86/vdso/vclock_gettime.c
@@ -25,6 +25,43 @@

#define gtod (&VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data))

+notrace static cycle_t vread_tsc(void)
+{
+ cycle_t ret;
+ u64 last;
+
+ /*
+ * Empirically, a fence (of type that depends on the CPU)
+ * before rdtsc is enough to ensure that rdtsc is ordered
+ * with respect to loads. The various CPU manuals are unclear
+ * as to whether rdtsc can be reordered with later loads,
+ * but no one has ever seen it happen.
+ */
+ rdtsc_barrier();
+ ret = (cycle_t)vget_cycles();
+
+ last = VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).clock.cycle_last;
+
+ if (likely(ret >= last))
+ return ret;
+
+ /*
+ * GCC likes to generate cmov here, but this branch is extremely
+ * predictable (it's just a funciton of time and the likely is
+ * very likely) and there's a data dependence, so force GCC
+ * to generate a branch instead. I don't barrier() because
+ * we don't actually need a barrier, and if this function
+ * ever gets inlined it will generate worse code.
+ */
+ asm volatile ("");
+ return last;
+}
+
+static notrace cycle_t vread_hpet(void)
+{
+ return readl((const void __iomem *)fix_to_virt(VSYSCALL_HPET) + 0xf0);
+}
+
notrace static long vdso_fallback_gettime(long clock, struct timespec *ts)
{
long ret;
@@ -36,9 +73,12 @@ notrace static long vdso_fallback_gettime(long clock, struct timespec *ts)
notrace static inline long vgetns(void)
{
long v;
- cycles_t (*vread)(void);
- vread = gtod->clock.vread;
- v = (vread() - gtod->clock.cycle_last) & gtod->clock.mask;
+ cycles_t cycles;
+ if (gtod->clock.vclock_mode == VCLOCK_TSC)
+ cycles = vread_tsc();
+ else
+ cycles = vread_hpet();
+ v = (cycles - gtod->clock.cycle_last) & gtod->clock.mask;
return (v * gtod->clock.mult) >> gtod->clock.shift;
}

@@ -118,11 +158,11 @@ notrace int __vdso_clock_gettime(clockid_t clock, struct timespec *ts)
{
switch (clock) {
case CLOCK_REALTIME:
- if (likely(gtod->clock.vread))
+ if (likely(gtod->clock.vclock_mode != VCLOCK_NONE))
return do_realtime(ts);
break;
case CLOCK_MONOTONIC:
- if (likely(gtod->clock.vread))
+ if (likely(gtod->clock.vclock_mode != VCLOCK_NONE))
return do_monotonic(ts);
break;
case CLOCK_REALTIME_COARSE:
@@ -139,7 +179,7 @@ int clock_gettime(clockid_t, struct timespec *)
notrace int __vdso_gettimeofday(struct timeval *tv, struct timezone *tz)
{
long ret;
- if (likely(gtod->clock.vread)) {
+ if (likely(gtod->clock.vclock_mode != VCLOCK_NONE)) {
if (likely(tv != NULL)) {
BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetof(struct timeval, tv_usec) !=
offsetof(struct timespec, tv_nsec) ||
--
1.7.6


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