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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 3.0-rc2-tip 7/22] 7: uprobes: mmap and fork hooks.
* Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> [2011-06-21 15:17:23]:

> On Fri, 2011-06-17 at 11:41 +0200, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> >
> > On thing I was thinking of to fix that initial problem of spurious traps
> > was to leave the uprobe in the tree but skip all probes without
> > consumers in mmap_uprobe().
>
> Can you find fault with using __unregister_uprobe() as a cleanup path
> for __register_uprobe() so that we do a second vma-rmap walk, and
> ignoring empty probes on uprobe_mmap()?

It gets a little complicated to handle simultaneous mmaps of the same
inode/file on different processes.

- Same uprobe cannot be in two different temporary lists at the same
time. So we have to serialize the mmap_uprobe hook.

- If we use auxillary structures that refers to uprobes as nodes of
tmplist, we dont know how many of them to preallocate. We cannot allocate
on demand since we traverse RB tree with uprobes_treelock.

>
> We won't get spurious traps because the empty (no consumers) uprobe is
> still in the tree, we won't get any 'lost' probe insn because the
> cleanup does a second vma-rmap walk which will include the new mmap().
> And double probe insertion is harmless.
>

so I am thinking of a solution that includes most of your ideas along
with using i_mmap_mutex in mmap_uprobe path.

/*
Changes:
1. Uses inode->i_mutex instead of uprobes_mutex. (This is optional).
2. Now along with vma rma walk, i_mmap_mutex is even held when we do deletion of uprobes into RB tree.
3. mmap_uprobe takes i_mmap_mutex.
4. inode->uprobes_count ( Again this is optional.)

Advantages:
1. No need to drop mmap_sem.
2. Now register/unregister can run in parallel. (iff we use i_mutex);
3. No need to take extra reference to uprobe in mmap_uprobe().
*/

void _unregister_uprobe(...)
{
if (!del_consumer(...)) { // includes tree removal on last consumer
return;
}
if (uprobe->consumers)
return;
mutex_lock(&inode->i_map_mutex); //sync with mmap.
vma_prio_tree_foreach() {
// create list
}
mutex_unlock(&inode->i_map_mutex);

list_for_each_entry_safe() {
// remove from list
down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
remove_breakpoint(); // unconditional, if it wasn't there
up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
}
mutex_lock(&inode->i_mmap_mutex);
delete_uprobe(uprobe);
mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mmap_mutex);

inode->uprobes_count --;
mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
}
int register_uprobe(...)
{
uprobe = alloc_uprobe(...); // find or insert in tree
mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex); // sync with register/unregister
if (uprobe->consumers) {
add_consumer();
goto put_unlock;
}
add_consumer();
inode->uprobes_count ++;
mutex_lock(&inode->i_map_mutex); //sync with mmap.
vma_prio_tree_foreach(..) {
// get mm ref, add to list blah blah
}
mutex_unlock(&inode->i_map_mutex);
list_for_each_entry_safe() {
if (ret) {
// del from list etc..
//
continue;
}
down_read(mm->mmap_sem);
ret = install_breakpoint();
up_read(..);
// del from list etc..
//
if (ret && (ret == -ESRCH || ret == -EEXIST))
ret = 0;
}
if (ret) {
_unregister_uprobe();
put_unlock:
mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
put_uprobe(uprobe);
return ret;
}
void unregister_uprobe(...)
{
mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex); // sync with register/unregister
uprobe = find_uprobe(); // ref++
_unregister_uprobe();
mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
put_uprobe(uprobe);
}

int mmap_uprobe(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
struct list_head tmp_list;
struct uprobe *uprobe, *u;
struct mm_struct *mm;
struct inode *inode;
int ret = 0;
if (!valid_vma(vma))
return ret; /* Bail-out */
mm = vma->vm_mm;
inode = vma->vm_file->f_mapping->host;
if (inode->uprobes_count)
return ret;
__iget(inode);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tmp_list);

mutex_lock(&inode->i_map_mutex);
add_to_temp_list(vma, inode, &tmp_list);
list_for_each_entry_safe(uprobe, u, &tmp_list, pending_list) {
loff_t vaddr;
list_del(&uprobe->pending_list);
if (ret)
continue;
vaddr = vma->vm_start + uprobe->offset;
vaddr -= vma->vm_pgoff << PAGE_SHIFT;
ret = install_breakpoint(mm, uprobe, vaddr);

if (ret && (ret == -ESRCH || ret == -EEXIST))
ret = 0;
}
mutex_unlock(&inode->i_map_mutex);
iput(inode);
return ret;
}
int munmap_uprobe(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
struct list_head tmp_list;
struct uprobe *uprobe, *u;
struct mm_struct *mm;
struct inode *inode;
int ret = 0;
if (!valid_vma(vma))
return ret; /* Bail-out */
mm = vma->vm_mm;
inode = vma->vm_file->f_mapping->host;
if (inode->uprobes_count)
return ret;

// walk thro RB tree and decrement mm->uprobes_count
walk_rbtree_and_dec_uprobes_count(); //hold treelock.
return ret;
}
--
Thanks and Regards
Srikar


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