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SubjectRe: [PATCH -tip v4 0/7] perf: Introduce branch sub commands


On 05/26/2011 07:28 AM, Frederic Weisbecker wrote:
> (Adding David Ahern in Cc)
>
> Ok that's all good except this needs to use the "perf script" centralized
> dump.
>
> Currently running "perf script" without an actual script dumps
> the events by default, whatever kind of event they are: hardware,
> software, tracepoints, ...
> So we want the branch output to be supported there, so we can reuse
> some code and interface.
>
> For example, "perf script -f branch:comm,tid,sym" would print the
> comm, tid and the sym for to and from addresses.
>
> That's better than creating a new set of options in a new command
> that people need to relearn while everybody could simply get
> familiarized with common perf script options.
>
> Of course we can still have a "perf branch" command, which could
> be a tiny shortcut that maps to perf record and perf script.
>
> Like:
>
> perf branch record
> perf branch [trace] -f tid,sym,comm
>
> Would map to:
>
> perf record branch:u
> perf script -f branch:tid,sym,comm
>
> And may be if one day we can do something more tricky than a
> linear output for branches (like source code coloring/browsing),
> then it may be implemented inside perf branch and not rely on
> another subcommand. Until then we are only dealing with raw linear
> dump, and that's a core job for perf script where we want to
> centralize that kind of facility.

I mentioned that when v3 was posted.

The sample address can be converted to symbols and the output can be
added to perf-script rather easily. Attached is an example. I was going
to submit it back in April and got distracted. I'll rebase, move the
addr->sym conversion to a function and submit later today.

David

>
> Thanks.
>
> On Thu, May 26, 2011 at 02:02:46PM +0900, Akihiro Nagai wrote:
>> Hi,
>>
>> This patch series provides the commands 'perf branch record' and
>> 'perf branch trace' version 4. These commands record and analyze
>> a BTS (Branch Trace Store) log. And, they provide the interface
>> to use BTS log for application developers.
>>
>> BTS is a facility of Intel x86 processors, which records the address of
>> 'branch to/from' on every branch/jump instruction and interrupt.
>> This facility is very useful for developers to test their software,
>> for example, coverage test, execution path analysis, dynamic step count ...etc.
>> These test tools have a big advantage, which user doesn't have to modify target
>> executable binaries, because the BTS is a hardware feauture.
>>
>> But, there are few applications using BTS. Reasons I guess are ...
>> - Few people know what BTS is.
>> - Few people know how to use BTS on Linux box.
>> - It's hard to analyze the BTS log because it includes just a series of
>> addresses.
>>
>> So, I want to provide a user-friendly interface to BTS for application
>> developers.
>>
>>
>> About new sub commands
>> ========================
>> 'perf branch record' provides an easy way to record BTS log.
>> Usage is 'perf branch record <command>'. This command is just an alias to
>> 'perf record -e branches:u -c 1 -d <command>'. But, new one is more simple
>> and more intuitive.
>>
>> 'perf branch trace' can parse and analyze recorded BTS log and print various
>> information of execution path. This command can show address, pid, command name,
>> function+offset, file path of elf.
>> You can choose the printed information with option.
>>
>> Example: 'perf branch trace'
>>
>> function+offset
>> _start+0x3 => _dl_start+0x0
>> _dl_start+0x71 => _dl_start+0x93
>> _dl_start+0x97 => _dl_start+0x78
>> _dl_start+0x97 => _dl_start+0x78
>> _dl_start+0xa3 => _dl_start+0x3c0
>> _dl_start+0x3c8 => _dl_start+0x3e8
>> ...
>>
>> This is the default behavior of 'perf branch trace'. It prints function+offset.
>>
>> Example2: 'perf branch -cas trace'
>> command address function+offset
>> ls 0x0000003e9b000b23 _start+0x3 => 0x0000003e9b004540 _dl_start+0x0
>> ls 0x0000003e9b0045b1 _dl_start+0x71 => 0x0000003e9b0045d3 _dl_start+0x93
>> ls 0x0000003e9b0045d7 _dl_start+0x97 => 0x0000003e9b0045b8 _dl_start+0x78
>> ls 0x0000003e9b0045d7 _dl_start+0x97 => 0x0000003e9b0045b8 _dl_start+0x78
>> ls 0x0000003e9b0045e3 _dl_start+0xa3 => 0x0000003e9b004900 _dl_start+0x3c0
>> ls 0x0000003e9b004908 _dl_start+0x3c8 => 0x0000003e9b004928 _dl_start+0x3e8
>> ...
>>
>> In the future, I'd like to make this more informative. For example
>> - Show source file path
>> - Show line number
>> - Show inlined function name
>> - Draw call graph
>> - Browse source code and coloring
>> - Make BTS record fast
>> and more!
>>
>> Changes in V4:
>> - Add kenel filter
>> - Print PID and command only once in a line
>> - Add output TSV mode
>>
>> Changes in V3:
>> - Update to the latest -tip tree
>> - Rename to 'perf branch'
>> - Process only BTS records
>> - Fix bug of getting elf_filepath
>> - Fix return value of __cmd_trace
>>
>> Changes in V2:
>> - Update to the latest -tip tree
>> - Add bts explanation to the subcommand list
>> - Remove the patch already merged (add OPT_CALLBACK_DEFAULT_NOOPT)
>> - Add comments
>> - Add new function to the todo list
>>
>> Thanks,
>>
>> ---
>>
>> Akihiro Nagai (7):
>> perf branch trace: add kernel filter
>> perf branch trace: add print all option
>> perf branch trace: print function+offset
>> perf branch trace: print file path of the executed elf
>> perf branch trace: print pid and command
>> perf branch: Introduce new sub command 'perf branch trace'
>> perf: new subcommand perf branch record
>>
>>
>> tools/perf/Documentation/perf-branch.txt | 62 +++++
>> tools/perf/Makefile | 1
>> tools/perf/builtin-branch.c | 361 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>> tools/perf/builtin.h | 1
>> tools/perf/command-list.txt | 1
>> tools/perf/perf.c | 1
>> 6 files changed, 427 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
>> create mode 100644 tools/perf/Documentation/perf-branch.txt
>> create mode 100644 tools/perf/builtin-branch.c
>>
>> --
>> Akihiro Nagai (akihiro.nagai.hw@hitachi.com)
diff --git a/tools/perf/builtin-script.c b/tools/perf/builtin-script.c
index 6debb9c..55f9967 100644
--- a/tools/perf/builtin-script.c
+++ b/tools/perf/builtin-script.c
@@ -32,6 +32,7 @@ enum perf_output_field {
PERF_OUTPUT_EVNAME = 1U << 5,
PERF_OUTPUT_TRACE = 1U << 6,
PERF_OUTPUT_SYM = 1U << 7,
+ PERF_OUTPUT_ADDR = 1U << 8,
};

struct output_option {
@@ -46,6 +47,7 @@ struct output_option {
{.str = "event", .field = PERF_OUTPUT_EVNAME},
{.str = "trace", .field = PERF_OUTPUT_TRACE},
{.str = "sym", .field = PERF_OUTPUT_SYM},
+ {.str = "addr", .field = PERF_OUTPUT_ADDR},
};

/* default set to maintain compatibility with current format */
@@ -71,7 +73,8 @@ static struct {

.fields = PERF_OUTPUT_COMM | PERF_OUTPUT_TID |
PERF_OUTPUT_CPU | PERF_OUTPUT_TIME |
- PERF_OUTPUT_EVNAME | PERF_OUTPUT_SYM,
+ PERF_OUTPUT_EVNAME | PERF_OUTPUT_SYM |
+ PERF_OUTPUT_ADDR,

.invalid_fields = PERF_OUTPUT_TRACE,
},
@@ -173,6 +176,11 @@ static int perf_evsel__check_attr(struct perf_session *session,
PERF_OUTPUT_CPU))
return -EINVAL;

+ if (PRINT_FIELD(ADDR) &&
+ perf_attr__check_stype(attr, PERF_SAMPLE_ADDR, "ADDR",
+ PERF_OUTPUT_ADDR))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
return 0;
}

@@ -260,7 +268,7 @@ static void print_sample_start(struct perf_sample *sample,
}
}

-static void process_event(union perf_event *event __unused,
+static void process_event(union perf_event *event,
struct perf_sample *sample,
struct perf_evsel *evsel,
struct perf_session *session,
@@ -273,6 +281,31 @@ static void process_event(union perf_event *event __unused,

print_sample_start(sample, thread, attr);

+ if (PRINT_FIELD(ADDR)) {
+ struct addr_location al;
+ u8 cpumode = event->header.misc & PERF_RECORD_MISC_CPUMODE_MASK;
+ const char *symname, *dsoname;
+
+ thread__find_addr_map(thread, session, cpumode, MAP__FUNCTION,
+ event->ip.pid, sample->addr, &al);
+ if (al.map)
+ al.sym = map__find_symbol(al.map, al.addr, NULL);
+ else
+ al.sym = NULL;
+
+ if (al.sym && al.sym->name)
+ symname = al.sym->name;
+ else
+ symname = "";
+
+ if (al.map && al.map->dso && al.map->dso->name)
+ dsoname = al.map->dso->name;
+ else
+ dsoname = "";
+
+ printf("%16" PRIx64 " %s (%s)", al.addr, symname, dsoname);
+ }
+
if (PRINT_FIELD(TRACE))
print_trace_event(sample->cpu, sample->raw_data,
sample->raw_size);
@@ -972,7 +1005,7 @@ static const struct option options[] = {
OPT_STRING(0, "symfs", &symbol_conf.symfs, "directory",
"Look for files with symbols relative to this directory"),
OPT_CALLBACK('f', "fields", NULL, "str",
- "comma separated output fields prepend with 'type:'. Valid types: hw,sw,trace. Fields: comm,tid,pid,time,cpu,event,trace,sym",
+ "comma separated output fields prepend with 'type:'. Valid types: hw,sw,trace. Fields: comm,tid,pid,time,cpu,event,trace,sym,addr",
parse_output_fields),

OPT_END()
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