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    SubjectRe: [PATCH 02/10] mach-u300: rewrite gpio driver, move to drivers/gpio
    2011/5/19 Linus Walleij <>:
    > On Thu, May 19, 2011 at 1:38 PM, Barry Song <> wrote:
    >>> -arch_initcall(u300_gpio_init);
    >>> -module_exit(u300_gpio_exit);
    >> looks like the driver can't be a real module, is the module_exit
    >> suitable? it looks strange module_exit plays together with
    >> arch_initcall.
    > It's a rather common design pattern in the kernel for early
    > platform drivers. Either the dependencies are resolved by the
    > different initlevels or they are resolved in probe order with
    > loadable modules. Module load will call all initlevels in order.
    > It is not elegant but it is common.

    Linus, thanks for your reply. module_exit and related functions are
    really useless codes. but people have done that before, then we have
    no way except following.
    u300_gpio_exit never gets chance to run and when we disassemble
    vmlinux, u300_gpio_exit() function should be not in the final binary
    at all, just a symbol name is left.

    >> guess symbol u300_gpio_exit will finally lose in the last vmlinux
    >> since it is in exit section and built-in kernel.
    > Yes. And if you one day, to do some testing, compile and load it
    > as module and unload it, it is handy.
    > I have other drivers where I simply don't have an exit function
    > but this one I have actually used.
    >> another problem i see is after moving gpio/pinmux to drivers as
    >> platform device, codes in arch/arm/plat(mach) can't  call gpio/pinmux
    >> api before the related platform devices registerred. that will
    >> required these platform devices enter system earlier.
    > This is exactly the reason why the u300 gpio driver needs to
    > be initialized in an arch_initcall().
    > Yours,
    > Linus Walleij
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