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SubjectRe: [PATCH 02/10] mach-u300: rewrite gpio driver, move to drivers/gpio
2011/5/19 Linus Walleij <>:
> On Thu, May 19, 2011 at 1:38 PM, Barry Song <> wrote:
>>> -arch_initcall(u300_gpio_init);
>>> -module_exit(u300_gpio_exit);
>> looks like the driver can't be a real module, is the module_exit
>> suitable? it looks strange module_exit plays together with
>> arch_initcall.
> It's a rather common design pattern in the kernel for early
> platform drivers. Either the dependencies are resolved by the
> different initlevels or they are resolved in probe order with
> loadable modules. Module load will call all initlevels in order.
> It is not elegant but it is common.

Linus, thanks for your reply. module_exit and related functions are
really useless codes. but people have done that before, then we have
no way except following.
u300_gpio_exit never gets chance to run and when we disassemble
vmlinux, u300_gpio_exit() function should be not in the final binary
at all, just a symbol name is left.

>> guess symbol u300_gpio_exit will finally lose in the last vmlinux
>> since it is in exit section and built-in kernel.
> Yes. And if you one day, to do some testing, compile and load it
> as module and unload it, it is handy.
> I have other drivers where I simply don't have an exit function
> but this one I have actually used.
>> another problem i see is after moving gpio/pinmux to drivers as
>> platform device, codes in arch/arm/plat(mach) can't  call gpio/pinmux
>> api before the related platform devices registerred. that will
>> required these platform devices enter system earlier.
> This is exactly the reason why the u300 gpio driver needs to
> be initialized in an arch_initcall().
> Yours,
> Linus Walleij
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