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SubjectRe: [PATCH] ATA: pata_at91.c bugfixes
Hi Stanislaw!

Thank you for patch review!

> Hi Igor
>
> On Wed, Apr 20, 2011 at 03:44:37PM +0400, Igor Plyatov wrote:
>> * Fix "initial_timing" structure initialisation. The "struct ata_timing" must
>> contain 10 members, but ".dmack_hold" member was not initialised.
>> * The AT91SAM9 microcontrollers use special coding scheme for SMC_SETUP,
>> SMC_PULSE, SMC_CYCLE registers.
>> Old driver operates correctly only with low master clock values, but
>> with high master clock it incorrectly calculates SMC values and stops
>> to operate, because SMC can be setup only to admissible ranges in special
>> format.
>> New code correctly calculates SMC registers values, adjusts calculated
>> to admissible ranges, enlarges cycles if required and converts values
>> into SMC's format.
>> * Old driver calculates CS_SETUP and CS_PULSE cycles incorrectly
>> because of wrong assumptions.
>> New code calculates:
>> CS_SETUP = SETUP/2
> If you to this, then {RD,WR}_SETUP have to be equal SETUP + SETUP/2
> to generate proper setup (t0) time on IDE bus. I think the best way is
> set CS_SETUP and CS_HOLD to 0 (what your code do if SETUP and HOLD<=1),
> but to do this you need to take care of data float (t6z)

Why so?

This is not clear for me. Maybe we talk about different things or I have
wrong
understanding of ATA timings.
Can you please look at "Standard Read Cycle" for AT91SAM9 MCU
http://www.kicad.ru/files/AT91SAM9G20%20bus%20timing.pdf
, CompactFlash connection schematic
http://www.kicad.ru/files/CF%20for%20AT91SAM9%20(True%20IDE%20mode).pdf
and comment my thoughts?

Here is a legend for "Standard Read Cycle" timing diagram.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Read (NRD) signal parameters:
* t0 = cycle = NRD_CYCLE
* t1 = setup = NRD_SETUP
* t2 = pulse = NRD_PULSE
* t9 = hold = NRD_HOLD
Chip Select (NCS) signal parameters:
* cs_setup = NCS_RD_SETUP
* cs_pulse = NCS_RD_PULSE
* cs_cycle = cycle

Notes:
* The NCS_RD_CYCLE is equal to the NRD_CYCLE for AT91SAM9, because they
start/finish simultaneously (HW related).
* The NCS signal is not the same as CS1, CS2 ATA signals! It used only to
enable data bus transceiver U2.

So NCS parameters calculated as
cs_setup = setup/2
cs_pulse = pulse + setup/2 + hold/2 = (pulse + cycle)/2
>> +static const struct ata_timing initial_timing = {
>> + .mode = XFER_PIO_0,
>> + .setup = 70,
>> + .act8b = 290,
>> + .rec8b = 240,
>> + .cyc8b = 600,
>> + .active = 165,
>> + .recover = 150,
>> + .dmack_hold = 0,
>> + .cycle = 600,
>> + .udma = 0
>> +};
> Is this really needed, why not use ata_timing_find_mode(XFER_PIO_0)?

OK. Fixed.

>> +static int adjust_smc_value(unsigned int *value, int *prange,
>> + unsigned int size)
>> +{
>> + unsigned char i;
>> + int remainder;
>> +
>> + for (i = 0; i< size; i = i + 2) {
>> + if (*value< prange[i]) {
>> + remainder = prange[i] - *value;
>> + *value = prange[i]; /* nearest valid value */
>> + return remainder;
>> + }
>> + else if ((prange[i]<= *value)&& (*value<= prange[i+1])) {
>> + return 0;
>> + }
>> + }
>> + *value = prange[size - 1]; /* assign maximal possible value */
>> +
>> + return -1; /* invalid value */
>> +}
> [snip]
>> +static void calc_smc_vals(struct device *dev,
>> + unsigned int *setup, unsigned int *cs_setup,
>> + unsigned int *pulse, unsigned int *cs_pulse,
>> + unsigned int *cycle)
>> +{
>> + int ret_val;
>> + int cs_hold;
>> + int range_setup[] = { /* SMC_SETUP valid ranges */
>> + 0, 31, /* first range */
>> + 128, 159, /* second range */
>> + };
>> + int range_pulse[] = { /* SMC_PULSE valid ranges */
>> + 0, 63, /* first range */
>> + 256, 319, /* second range */
>> + };
>> + int range_cycle[] = { /* SMC_CYCLE valid ranges */
>> + 0, 127, /* first range */
>> + 256, 383, /* second range */
>> + 512, 639, /* third range */
>> + 768, 895, /* fourth range */
>> + };
> Introducing helper structure like
>
> struct smc_range {
> u16 min, max;
> };
>
> would be a bit cleaner way of coding that (hint: ARRAY_SIZE could be used
> instead of sizeof then)
OK. Fixed.
>> - dev_dbg(dev, "ATA timings: nrd_setup = %lu nrd_pulse = %lu nrd_cycle = %lu\n",
>> - nrd_setup, nrd_pulse, read_cycle);
>> - dev_dbg(dev, "ATA timings: nwe_setup = %lu nwe_pulse = %lu nwe_cycle = %lu\n",
>> - nwe_setup, nwe_pulse, write_cycle);
>> - dev_dbg(dev, "ATA timings: ncs_read_setup = %lu ncs_read_pulse = %lu\n",
>> - ncs_read_setup, ncs_read_pulse);
>> - dev_dbg(dev, "ATA timings: ncs_write_setup = %lu ncs_write_pulse = %lu\n",
>> - ncs_write_setup, ncs_write_pulse);
> It's worth to have some debugging prints to check if values are calculated
> properly.

They exists already in the calc_smc_vals() function, but now I move them
to set_smc_timing().

> Thanks
> Stanislaw
Best regards!
--
Igor Plyatov



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