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Subject[PATCH 07/12] mm: MIGRATE_CMA migration type added
From: Michal Nazarewicz <m.nazarewicz@samsung.com>

The MIGRATE_CMA migration type has two main characteristics:
(i) only movable pages can be allocated from MIGRATE_CMA
pageblocks and (ii) page allocator will never change migration
type of MIGRATE_CMA pageblocks.

This guarantees that page in a MIGRATE_CMA page block can
always be migrated somewhere else (unless there's no memory left
in the system).

It is designed to be used with Contiguous Memory Allocator
(CMA) for allocating big chunks (eg. 10MiB) of physically
contiguous memory. Once driver requests contiguous memory,
CMA will migrate pages from MIGRATE_CMA pageblocks.

To minimise number of migrations, MIGRATE_CMA migration type
is the last type tried when page allocator falls back to other
migration types then requested.

Signed-off-by: Michal Nazarewicz <m.nazarewicz@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Kyungmin Park <kyungmin.park@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@samsung.com>
CC: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com>
---
include/linux/mmzone.h | 43 ++++++++++++++++++----
mm/Kconfig | 28 +++++++++------
mm/compaction.c | 10 +++++
mm/internal.h | 3 ++
mm/page_alloc.c | 93 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------
5 files changed, 140 insertions(+), 37 deletions(-)
diff --git a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
index e56f835..db8495e 100644
--- a/include/linux/mmzone.h
+++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h
@@ -35,13 +35,37 @@
*/
#define PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER 3

-#define MIGRATE_UNMOVABLE 0
-#define MIGRATE_RECLAIMABLE 1
-#define MIGRATE_MOVABLE 2
-#define MIGRATE_PCPTYPES 3 /* the number of types on the pcp lists */
-#define MIGRATE_RESERVE 3
-#define MIGRATE_ISOLATE 4 /* can't allocate from here */
-#define MIGRATE_TYPES 5
+enum {
+ MIGRATE_UNMOVABLE,
+ MIGRATE_RECLAIMABLE,
+ MIGRATE_MOVABLE,
+ MIGRATE_PCPTYPES, /* the number of types on the pcp lists */
+ MIGRATE_RESERVE = MIGRATE_PCPTYPES,
+#ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATE_CMA
+ /*
+ * MIGRATE_CMA migration type is designed to mimic the way
+ * ZONE_MOVABLE works. Only movable pages can be allocated
+ * from MIGRATE_CMA pageblocks and page allocator never
+ * implicitly change migration type of MIGRATE_CMA pageblock.
+ *
+ * The way to use it is to change migratetype of a range of
+ * pageblocks to MIGRATE_CMA which can be done by
+ * __free_pageblock_cma() function. What is important though
+ * is that a range of pageblocks must be aligned to
+ * MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES should biggest page be bigger then
+ * a single pageblock.
+ */
+ MIGRATE_CMA,
+#endif
+ MIGRATE_ISOLATE, /* can't allocate from here */
+ MIGRATE_TYPES
+};
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATE_CMA
+# define is_migrate_cma(migratetype) unlikely((migratetype) == MIGRATE_CMA)
+#else
+# define is_migrate_cma(migratetype) false
+#endif

#define for_each_migratetype_order(order, type) \
for (order = 0; order < MAX_ORDER; order++) \
@@ -54,6 +78,11 @@ static inline int get_pageblock_migratetype(struct page *page)
return get_pageblock_flags_group(page, PB_migrate, PB_migrate_end);
}

+static inline bool is_pageblock_cma(struct page *page)
+{
+ return is_migrate_cma(get_pageblock_migratetype(page));
+}
+
struct free_area {
struct list_head free_list[MIGRATE_TYPES];
unsigned long nr_free;
diff --git a/mm/Kconfig b/mm/Kconfig
index ac40779..844455e 100644
--- a/mm/Kconfig
+++ b/mm/Kconfig
@@ -341,23 +341,29 @@ choice
endchoice

config CMA
- bool "Contiguous Memory Allocator framework"
- # Currently there is only one allocator so force it on
+ bool "Contiguous Memory Allocator"
select MIGRATION
select GENERIC_ALLOCATOR
help
- This enables the Contiguous Memory Allocator framework which
- allows drivers to allocate big physically-contiguous blocks of
- memory for use with hardware components that do not support I/O
- map nor scatter-gather.
+ This enables the Contiguous Memory Allocator which allows drivers
+ to allocate big physically-contiguous blocks of memory for use with
+ hardware components that do not support I/O map nor scatter-gather.

- If you select this option you will also have to select at least
- one allocator algorithm below.
+ For more information see <include/linux/cma.h>. If unsure, say "n".
+
+config MIGRATE_CMA
+ bool "Use MIGRATE_CMA migratetype"
+ depends on CMA
+ default y
+ help
+ This enables the use the MIGRATE_CMA migrate type in the CMA.
+ MIGRATE_CMA lets CMA work on almost arbitrary memory range and
+ not only inside ZONE_MOVABLE.

- To make use of CMA you need to specify the regions and
- driver->region mapping on command line when booting the kernel.
+ This option can also be selected by code that uses MIGRATE_CMA
+ even if CMA is not present.

- For more information see <include/linux/cma.h>. If unsure, say "n".
+ If unsure, say "y".

config CMA_DEBUG
bool "CMA debug messages (DEVELOPEMENT)"
diff --git a/mm/compaction.c b/mm/compaction.c
index 021a296..6d013c3 100644
--- a/mm/compaction.c
+++ b/mm/compaction.c
@@ -119,6 +119,16 @@ static bool suitable_migration_target(struct page *page)
if (migratetype == MIGRATE_ISOLATE || migratetype == MIGRATE_RESERVE)
return false;

+ /* Keep MIGRATE_CMA alone as well. */
+ /*
+ * XXX Revisit. We currently cannot let compaction touch CMA
+ * pages since compaction insists on changing their migration
+ * type to MIGRATE_MOVABLE (see split_free_page() called from
+ * isolate_freepages_block() above).
+ */
+ if (is_migrate_cma(migratetype))
+ return false;
+
/* If the page is a large free page, then allow migration */
if (PageBuddy(page) && page_order(page) >= pageblock_order)
return true;
diff --git a/mm/internal.h b/mm/internal.h
index 3438dd4..0df30da 100644
--- a/mm/internal.h
+++ b/mm/internal.h
@@ -49,6 +49,9 @@ extern void putback_lru_page(struct page *page);
* in mm/page_alloc.c
*/
extern void __free_pages_bootmem(struct page *page, unsigned int order);
+#ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATE_CMA
+extern void __free_pageblock_cma(struct page *page);
+#endif
extern void prep_compound_page(struct page *page, unsigned long order);
#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_FAILURE
extern bool is_free_buddy_page(struct page *page);
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index be21ac9..24f795e 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -716,6 +716,30 @@ void __meminit __free_pages_bootmem(struct page *page, unsigned int order)
}
}

+#ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATE_CMA
+
+/*
+ * Free whole pageblock and set it's migration type to MIGRATE_CMA.
+ */
+void __init __free_pageblock_cma(struct page *page)
+{
+ struct page *p = page;
+ unsigned i = pageblock_nr_pages;
+
+ prefetchw(p);
+ do {
+ if (--i)
+ prefetchw(p + 1);
+ __ClearPageReserved(p);
+ set_page_count(p, 0);
+ } while (++p, i);
+
+ set_page_refcounted(page);
+ set_pageblock_migratetype(page, MIGRATE_CMA);
+ __free_pages(page, pageblock_order);
+}
+
+#endif

/*
* The order of subdivision here is critical for the IO subsystem.
@@ -824,11 +848,15 @@ struct page *__rmqueue_smallest(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order,
* This array describes the order lists are fallen back to when
* the free lists for the desirable migrate type are depleted
*/
-static int fallbacks[MIGRATE_TYPES][MIGRATE_TYPES-1] = {
+static int fallbacks[MIGRATE_TYPES][4] = {
[MIGRATE_UNMOVABLE] = { MIGRATE_RECLAIMABLE, MIGRATE_MOVABLE, MIGRATE_RESERVE },
[MIGRATE_RECLAIMABLE] = { MIGRATE_UNMOVABLE, MIGRATE_MOVABLE, MIGRATE_RESERVE },
+#ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATE_CMA
+ [MIGRATE_MOVABLE] = { MIGRATE_RECLAIMABLE, MIGRATE_UNMOVABLE, MIGRATE_CMA , MIGRATE_RESERVE },
+#else
[MIGRATE_MOVABLE] = { MIGRATE_RECLAIMABLE, MIGRATE_UNMOVABLE, MIGRATE_RESERVE },
- [MIGRATE_RESERVE] = { MIGRATE_RESERVE, MIGRATE_RESERVE, MIGRATE_RESERVE }, /* Never used */
+#endif
+ [MIGRATE_RESERVE] = { MIGRATE_RESERVE }, /* Never used */
};

/*
@@ -923,12 +951,12 @@ __rmqueue_fallback(struct zone *zone, int order, int start_migratetype)
/* Find the largest possible block of pages in the other list */
for (current_order = MAX_ORDER-1; current_order >= order;
--current_order) {
- for (i = 0; i < MIGRATE_TYPES - 1; i++) {
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(fallbacks[0]); i++) {
migratetype = fallbacks[start_migratetype][i];

/* MIGRATE_RESERVE handled later if necessary */
if (migratetype == MIGRATE_RESERVE)
- continue;
+ break;

area = &(zone->free_area[current_order]);
if (list_empty(&area->free_list[migratetype]))
@@ -943,19 +971,29 @@ __rmqueue_fallback(struct zone *zone, int order, int start_migratetype)
* pages to the preferred allocation list. If falling
* back for a reclaimable kernel allocation, be more
* agressive about taking ownership of free pages
+ *
+ * On the other hand, never change migration
+ * type of MIGRATE_CMA pageblocks nor move CMA
+ * pages on different free lists. We don't
+ * want unmovable pages to be allocated from
+ * MIGRATE_CMA areas.
*/
- if (unlikely(current_order >= (pageblock_order >> 1)) ||
- start_migratetype == MIGRATE_RECLAIMABLE ||
- page_group_by_mobility_disabled) {
- unsigned long pages;
+ if (!is_pageblock_cma(page) &&
+ (unlikely(current_order >= pageblock_order / 2) ||
+ start_migratetype == MIGRATE_RECLAIMABLE ||
+ page_group_by_mobility_disabled)) {
+ int pages;
pages = move_freepages_block(zone, page,
- start_migratetype);
+ start_migratetype);

- /* Claim the whole block if over half of it is free */
+ /*
+ * Claim the whole block if over half
+ * of it is free
+ */
if (pages >= (1 << (pageblock_order-1)) ||
- page_group_by_mobility_disabled)
+ page_group_by_mobility_disabled)
set_pageblock_migratetype(page,
- start_migratetype);
+ start_migratetype);

migratetype = start_migratetype;
}
@@ -965,11 +1003,14 @@ __rmqueue_fallback(struct zone *zone, int order, int start_migratetype)
rmv_page_order(page);

/* Take ownership for orders >= pageblock_order */
- if (current_order >= pageblock_order)
+ if (current_order >= pageblock_order &&
+ !is_pageblock_cma(page))
change_pageblock_range(page, current_order,
start_migratetype);

- expand(zone, page, order, current_order, area, migratetype);
+ expand(zone, page, order, current_order, area,
+ is_migrate_cma(start_migratetype)
+ ? start_migratetype : migratetype);

trace_mm_page_alloc_extfrag(page, order, current_order,
start_migratetype, migratetype);
@@ -1041,7 +1082,12 @@ static int rmqueue_bulk(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order,
list_add(&page->lru, list);
else
list_add_tail(&page->lru, list);
- set_page_private(page, migratetype);
+#ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATE_CMA
+ if (is_pageblock_cma(page))
+ set_page_private(page, MIGRATE_CMA);
+ else
+#endif
+ set_page_private(page, migratetype);
list = &page->lru;
}
__mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_FREE_PAGES, -(i << order));
@@ -1182,9 +1228,16 @@ void free_hot_cold_page(struct page *page, int cold)
* offlined but treat RESERVE as movable pages so we can get those
* areas back if necessary. Otherwise, we may have to free
* excessively into the page allocator
+ *
+ * Still, do not change migration type of MIGRATE_CMA pages (if
+ * they'd be recorded as MIGRATE_MOVABLE an unmovable page could
+ * be allocated from MIGRATE_CMA block and we don't want to allow
+ * that). In this respect, treat MIGRATE_CMA like
+ * MIGRATE_ISOLATE.
*/
if (migratetype >= MIGRATE_PCPTYPES) {
- if (unlikely(migratetype == MIGRATE_ISOLATE)) {
+ if (unlikely(migratetype == MIGRATE_ISOLATE
+ || is_migrate_cma(migratetype))) {
free_one_page(zone, page, 0, migratetype);
goto out;
}
@@ -1273,7 +1326,9 @@ int split_free_page(struct page *page)
if (order >= pageblock_order - 1) {
struct page *endpage = page + (1 << order) - 1;
for (; page < endpage; page += pageblock_nr_pages)
- set_pageblock_migratetype(page, MIGRATE_MOVABLE);
+ if (!is_pageblock_cma(page))
+ set_pageblock_migratetype(page,
+ MIGRATE_MOVABLE);
}

return 1 << order;
@@ -5429,8 +5484,8 @@ __count_immobile_pages(struct zone *zone, struct page *page, int count)
*/
if (zone_idx(zone) == ZONE_MOVABLE)
return true;
-
- if (get_pageblock_migratetype(page) == MIGRATE_MOVABLE)
+ if (get_pageblock_migratetype(page) == MIGRATE_MOVABLE ||
+ is_pageblock_cma(page))
return true;

pfn = page_to_pfn(page);
--
1.7.1.569.g6f426

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