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Subject[PATCH 31/50] Translate linux-2.6/Documentation/magic-number.txt into Chinese
Date
From: Harry Wei <jiaweiwei.xiyou@gmail.com>

I have translated linux-2.6/Documentation/magic-number.txt into Chinese.

Signed-off-by: Harry Wei <harryxiyou@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
---
Documentation/zh_CN/magic-number.txt | 167 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 files changed, 167 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 Documentation/zh_CN/magic-number.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/zh_CN/magic-number.txt b/Documentation/zh_CN/magic-number.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..4c4ce85
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/zh_CN/magic-number.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,167 @@
+Chinese translated version of Documentation/magic-number.txt
+
+If you have any comment or update to the content, please post to LKML directly.
+However, if you have problem communicating in English you can also ask the
+Chinese maintainer for help. Contact the Chinese maintainer, if this
+translation is outdated or there is problem with translation.
+
+Chinese maintainer: Jia Wei Wei <harryxiyou@gmail.com>
+---------------------------------------------------------------------
+Documentation/magic-number.txt的中文翻译
+
+如果想评论或更新本文的内容,请直接发信到LKML。如果你使用英文交流有困难的话,也可
+以向中文版维护者求助。如果本翻译更新不及时或者翻译存在问题,请联系中文版维护者。
+
+中文版维护者: 贾威威 Jia Wei Wei <harryxiyou@gmail.com>
+中文版翻译者: 贾威威 Jia Wei Wei <harryxiyou@gmail.com>
+中文版校译者: 贾威威 Jia Wei Wei <harryxiyou@gmail.com>
+
+以下为正文
+---------------------------------------------------------------------
+这个文件是有关当前使用的魔术值注册表。当你给一个结构添加了一个魔术值,你也应该把这个魔术值添加到这个文件,因为我们最好把用于各种结构的魔术值统一起来。
+
+使用魔术值来保护内核数据结构是一个非常好的主意。这就允许你在运行期检查(a)一个结构是否已经被攻击,或者(b)你已经给一个例行程序通过了一个错误的结构。后一种情况特别地有用---特别是当你通过一个空指针指向结构体的时候。tty源码,例如,经常通过特定驱动使用这种方法并且反复地排列特定方面的结构。
+
+使用魔术值的方法是在结构的开始处声明的,如下:
+
+struct tty_ldisc {
+ int magic;
+ ...
+};
+
+当你以后给内核添加增强功能的时候,请遵守这条规则!这样就会节省数不清的调试时间,特别是一些古怪的情况,例如,数组超出范围并且重新写了超出部分。遵守这个规则,‪这些情况可以被快速地,安全地避免。
+
+ Theodore Ts'o
+ 31 Mar 94
+
+给当前的Linux 2.1.55添加魔术表。
+
+ Michael Chastain
+ <mailto:mec@shout.net>
+ 22 Sep 1997
+
+现在应该最新的Linux 2.1.112.因为在特性冻结期间,不能在2.2.x前改变任何东西。这些条目被数域所排序。
+
+ Krzysztof G.Baranowski
+ <mailto: kgb@knm.org.pl>
+ 29 Jul 1998
+
+更新魔术表到Linux 2.5.45。刚好越过特性冻结,但是有可能还会有一些新的魔术值在2.6.x之前融入到内核中。
+
+ Petr Baudis
+ <pasky@ucw.cz>
+ 03 Nov 2002
+
+更新魔术表到Linux 2.5.74。
+
+ Fabian Frederick
+ <ffrederick@users.sourceforge.net>
+ 09 Jul 2003
+
+魔术名 地址 结构 所在文件
+===========================================================================
+PG_MAGIC 'P' pg_{read,write}_hdr include/linux/pg.h
+CMAGIC 0x0111 user include/linux/a.out.h
+MKISS_DRIVER_MAGIC 0x04bf mkiss_channel drivers/net/mkiss.h
+RISCOM8_MAGIC 0x0907 riscom_port drivers/char/riscom8.h
+SPECIALIX_MAGIC 0x0907 specialix_port drivers/char/specialix_io8.h
+HDLC_MAGIC 0x239e n_hdlc drivers/char/n_hdlc.c
+APM_BIOS_MAGIC 0x4101 apm_user arch/i386/kernel/apm.c
+CYCLADES_MAGIC 0x4359 cyclades_port include/linux/cyclades.h
+DB_MAGIC 0x4442 fc_info drivers/net/iph5526_novram.c
+DL_MAGIC 0x444d fc_info drivers/net/iph5526_novram.c
+FASYNC_MAGIC 0x4601 fasync_struct include/linux/fs.h
+FF_MAGIC 0x4646 fc_info drivers/net/iph5526_novram.c
+ISICOM_MAGIC 0x4d54 isi_port include/linux/isicom.h
+PTY_MAGIC 0x5001 drivers/char/pty.c
+PPP_MAGIC 0x5002 ppp include/linux/if_pppvar.h
+SERIAL_MAGIC 0x5301 async_struct include/linux/serial.h
+SSTATE_MAGIC 0x5302 serial_state include/linux/serial.h
+SLIP_MAGIC 0x5302 slip drivers/net/slip.h
+STRIP_MAGIC 0x5303 strip drivers/net/strip.c
+X25_ASY_MAGIC 0x5303 x25_asy drivers/net/x25_asy.h
+SIXPACK_MAGIC 0x5304 sixpack drivers/net/hamradio/6pack.h
+AX25_MAGIC 0x5316 ax_disp drivers/net/mkiss.h
+ESP_MAGIC 0x53ee esp_struct drivers/char/esp.h
+TTY_MAGIC 0x5401 tty_struct include/linux/tty.h
+MGSL_MAGIC 0x5401 mgsl_info drivers/char/synclink.c
+TTY_DRIVER_MAGIC 0x5402 tty_driver include/linux/tty_driver.h
+MGSLPC_MAGIC 0x5402 mgslpc_info drivers/char/pcmcia/synclink_cs.c
+TTY_LDISC_MAGIC 0x5403 tty_ldisc include/linux/tty_ldisc.h
+USB_SERIAL_MAGIC 0x6702 usb_serial drivers/usb/serial/usb-serial.h
+FULL_DUPLEX_MAGIC 0x6969 drivers/net/tulip/de2104x.c
+USB_BLUETOOTH_MAGIC 0x6d02 usb_bluetooth drivers/usb/class/bluetty.c
+RFCOMM_TTY_MAGIC 0x6d02 net/bluetooth/rfcomm/tty.c
+USB_SERIAL_PORT_MAGIC 0x7301 usb_serial_port drivers/usb/serial/usb-serial.h
+CG_MAGIC 0x00090255 ufs_cylinder_group include/linux/ufs_fs.h
+A2232_MAGIC 0x000a2232 gs_port drivers/char/ser_a2232.h
+RPORT_MAGIC 0x00525001 r_port drivers/char/rocket_int.h
+LSEMAGIC 0x05091998 lse drivers/fc4/fc.c
+GDTIOCTL_MAGIC 0x06030f07 gdth_iowr_str drivers/scsi/gdth_ioctl.h
+RIEBL_MAGIC 0x09051990 drivers/net/atarilance.c
+RIO_MAGIC 0x12345678 gs_port drivers/char/rio/rio_linux.c
+SX_MAGIC 0x12345678 gs_port drivers/char/sx.h
+NBD_REQUEST_MAGIC 0x12560953 nbd_request include/linux/nbd.h
+RED_MAGIC2 0x170fc2a5 (any) mm/slab.c
+BAYCOM_MAGIC 0x19730510 baycom_state drivers/net/baycom_epp.c
+ISDN_X25IFACE_MAGIC 0x1e75a2b9 isdn_x25iface_proto_data
+ drivers/isdn/isdn_x25iface.h
+ECP_MAGIC 0x21504345 cdkecpsig include/linux/cdk.h
+LSOMAGIC 0x27091997 lso drivers/fc4/fc.c
+LSMAGIC 0x2a3b4d2a ls drivers/fc4/fc.c
+WANPIPE_MAGIC 0x414C4453 sdla_{dump,exec} include/linux/wanpipe.h
+CS_CARD_MAGIC 0x43525553 cs_card sound/oss/cs46xx.c
+LABELCL_MAGIC 0x4857434c labelcl_info_s include/asm/ia64/sn/labelcl.h
+ISDN_ASYNC_MAGIC 0x49344C01 modem_info include/linux/isdn.h
+CTC_ASYNC_MAGIC 0x49344C01 ctc_tty_info drivers/s390/net/ctctty.c
+ISDN_NET_MAGIC 0x49344C02 isdn_net_local_s drivers/isdn/i4l/isdn_net_lib.h
+SAVEKMSG_MAGIC2 0x4B4D5347 savekmsg arch/*/amiga/config.c
+STLI_BOARDMAGIC 0x4bc6c825 stlibrd include/linux/istallion.h
+CS_STATE_MAGIC 0x4c4f4749 cs_state sound/oss/cs46xx.c
+SLAB_C_MAGIC 0x4f17a36d kmem_cache mm/slab.c
+COW_MAGIC 0x4f4f4f4d cow_header_v1 arch/um/drivers/ubd_user.c
+I810_CARD_MAGIC 0x5072696E i810_card sound/oss/i810_audio.c
+TRIDENT_CARD_MAGIC 0x5072696E trident_card sound/oss/trident.c
+ROUTER_MAGIC 0x524d4157 wan_device include/linux/wanrouter.h
+SCC_MAGIC 0x52696368 gs_port drivers/char/scc.h
+SAVEKMSG_MAGIC1 0x53415645 savekmsg arch/*/amiga/config.c
+GDA_MAGIC 0x58464552 gda arch/mips/include/asm/sn/gda.h
+RED_MAGIC1 0x5a2cf071 (any) mm/slab.c
+STL_PORTMAGIC 0x5a7182c9 stlport include/linux/stallion.h
+EEPROM_MAGIC_VALUE 0x5ab478d2 lanai_dev drivers/atm/lanai.c
+HDLCDRV_MAGIC 0x5ac6e778 hdlcdrv_state include/linux/hdlcdrv.h
+EPCA_MAGIC 0x5c6df104 channel include/linux/epca.h
+PCXX_MAGIC 0x5c6df104 channel drivers/char/pcxx.h
+KV_MAGIC 0x5f4b565f kernel_vars_s arch/mips/include/asm/sn/klkernvars.h
+I810_STATE_MAGIC 0x63657373 i810_state sound/oss/i810_audio.c
+TRIDENT_STATE_MAGIC 0x63657373 trient_state sound/oss/trident.c
+M3_CARD_MAGIC 0x646e6f50 m3_card sound/oss/maestro3.c
+FW_HEADER_MAGIC 0x65726F66 fw_header drivers/atm/fore200e.h
+SLOT_MAGIC 0x67267321 slot drivers/hotplug/cpqphp.h
+SLOT_MAGIC 0x67267322 slot drivers/hotplug/acpiphp.h
+LO_MAGIC 0x68797548 nbd_device include/linux/nbd.h
+OPROFILE_MAGIC 0x6f70726f super_block drivers/oprofile/oprofilefs.h
+M3_STATE_MAGIC 0x734d724d m3_state sound/oss/maestro3.c
+STL_PANELMAGIC 0x7ef621a1 stlpanel include/linux/stallion.h
+VMALLOC_MAGIC 0x87654320 snd_alloc_track sound/core/memory.c
+KMALLOC_MAGIC 0x87654321 snd_alloc_track sound/core/memory.c
+PWC_MAGIC 0x89DC10AB pwc_device drivers/usb/media/pwc.h
+NBD_REPLY_MAGIC 0x96744668 nbd_reply include/linux/nbd.h
+STL_BOARDMAGIC 0xa2267f52 stlbrd include/linux/stallion.h
+ENI155_MAGIC 0xa54b872d midway_eprom drivers/atm/eni.h
+SCI_MAGIC 0xbabeface gs_port drivers/char/sh-sci.h
+CODA_MAGIC 0xC0DAC0DA coda_file_info include/linux/coda_fs_i.h
+DPMEM_MAGIC 0xc0ffee11 gdt_pci_sram drivers/scsi/gdth.h
+STLI_PORTMAGIC 0xe671c7a1 stliport include/linux/istallion.h
+YAM_MAGIC 0xF10A7654 yam_port drivers/net/hamradio/yam.c
+CCB_MAGIC 0xf2691ad2 ccb drivers/scsi/ncr53c8xx.c
+QUEUE_MAGIC_FREE 0xf7e1c9a3 queue_entry drivers/scsi/arm/queue.c
+QUEUE_MAGIC_USED 0xf7e1cc33 queue_entry drivers/scsi/arm/queue.c
+HTB_CMAGIC 0xFEFAFEF1 htb_class net/sched/sch_htb.c
+NMI_MAGIC 0x48414d4d455201 nmi_s arch/mips/include/asm/sn/nmi.h
+
+请注意,在声音记忆管理中仍然有每一些被定义的驱动魔术值。查看include/sound/sndmagic.h来获取他们完整的列表信息。很多OSS声音驱动拥有自己从声卡PCI ID构建的魔术值-他们也没有被列在这里。
+
+IrDA子系统也使用了大量的自己的魔术值,查看include/net/irda/irda.h来获取他们完整的信息。
+
+HFS是另外一个比较大的使用魔术值的文件系统-你可以在fs/hfs/hfs.h中找到他们。
--
1.7.4.1
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