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Subject[PATCH 4/7] ufs: remove the BKL
Date
This introduces a new per-superblock mutex in UFS to replace
the big kernel lock. I have been careful to avoid nested
calls to lock_ufs and to get the lock order right with
respect to other mutexes, in particular lock_super.

I did not make any attempt to prove that the big kernel
lock is not needed in a particular place in the code,
which is very possible.

The code is still only compile-tested, but it should
at least be harmless on non-SMP systems, since the
new mutex is not taken on those.

As Nick Piggin noticed, any allocation inside of the lock
may end up deadlocking when we get to ufs_getfrag_block
in the reclaim task, so we now use GFP_NOFS.

Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Cc: Nick Bowler <nbowler@elliptictech.com>
Cc: Evgeniy Dushistov <dushistov@mail.ru>
Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>
---
fs/ufs/Kconfig | 1 -
fs/ufs/inode.c | 78 ++++++++++++++--------------------------------------
fs/ufs/namei.c | 35 +++++++++++------------
fs/ufs/super.c | 64 +++++++++++++++++++++++++------------------
fs/ufs/truncate.c | 5 +--
fs/ufs/ufs.h | 6 +++-
fs/ufs/util.c | 2 +-
7 files changed, 83 insertions(+), 108 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/ufs/Kconfig b/fs/ufs/Kconfig
index 30c8f22..e4f10a4 100644
--- a/fs/ufs/Kconfig
+++ b/fs/ufs/Kconfig
@@ -1,7 +1,6 @@
config UFS_FS
tristate "UFS file system support (read only)"
depends on BLOCK
- depends on BKL # probably fixable
help
BSD and derivate versions of Unix (such as SunOS, FreeBSD, NetBSD,
OpenBSD and NeXTstep) use a file system called UFS. Some System V
diff --git a/fs/ufs/inode.c b/fs/ufs/inode.c
index 2b251f2..03c255f 100644
--- a/fs/ufs/inode.c
+++ b/fs/ufs/inode.c
@@ -34,7 +34,6 @@
#include <linux/stat.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
-#include <linux/smp_lock.h>
#include <linux/buffer_head.h>
#include <linux/writeback.h>

@@ -43,7 +42,7 @@
#include "swab.h"
#include "util.h"

-static u64 ufs_frag_map(struct inode *inode, sector_t frag);
+static u64 ufs_frag_map(struct inode *inode, sector_t frag, bool needs_lock);

static int ufs_block_to_path(struct inode *inode, sector_t i_block, sector_t offsets[4])
{
@@ -82,7 +81,7 @@ static int ufs_block_to_path(struct inode *inode, sector_t i_block, sector_t off
* the begining of the filesystem.
*/

-static u64 ufs_frag_map(struct inode *inode, sector_t frag)
+static u64 ufs_frag_map(struct inode *inode, sector_t frag, bool needs_lock)
{
struct ufs_inode_info *ufsi = UFS_I(inode);
struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
@@ -107,7 +106,8 @@ static u64 ufs_frag_map(struct inode *inode, sector_t frag)

p = offsets;

- lock_kernel();
+ if (needs_lock)
+ lock_ufs(sb);
if ((flags & UFS_TYPE_MASK) == UFS_TYPE_UFS2)
goto ufs2;

@@ -152,7 +152,8 @@ ufs2:
ret = temp + (u64) (frag & uspi->s_fpbmask);

out:
- unlock_kernel();
+ if (needs_lock)
+ unlock_ufs(sb);
return ret;
}

@@ -415,14 +416,16 @@ out:
int ufs_getfrag_block(struct inode *inode, sector_t fragment, struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create)
{
struct super_block * sb = inode->i_sb;
- struct ufs_sb_private_info * uspi = UFS_SB(sb)->s_uspi;
+ struct ufs_sb_info * sbi = UFS_SB(sb);
+ struct ufs_sb_private_info * uspi = sbi->s_uspi;
struct buffer_head * bh;
int ret, err, new;
unsigned long ptr,phys;
u64 phys64 = 0;
+ bool needs_lock = (sbi->mutex_owner != current);

if (!create) {
- phys64 = ufs_frag_map(inode, fragment);
+ phys64 = ufs_frag_map(inode, fragment, needs_lock);
UFSD("phys64 = %llu\n", (unsigned long long)phys64);
if (phys64)
map_bh(bh_result, sb, phys64);
@@ -436,7 +439,8 @@ int ufs_getfrag_block(struct inode *inode, sector_t fragment, struct buffer_head
ret = 0;
bh = NULL;

- lock_kernel();
+ if (needs_lock)
+ lock_ufs(sb);

UFSD("ENTER, ino %lu, fragment %llu\n", inode->i_ino, (unsigned long long)fragment);
if (fragment >
@@ -498,7 +502,9 @@ out:
set_buffer_new(bh_result);
map_bh(bh_result, sb, phys);
abort:
- unlock_kernel();
+ if (needs_lock)
+ unlock_ufs(sb);
+
return err;

abort_too_big:
@@ -506,48 +512,6 @@ abort_too_big:
goto abort;
}

-static struct buffer_head *ufs_getfrag(struct inode *inode,
- unsigned int fragment,
- int create, int *err)
-{
- struct buffer_head dummy;
- int error;
-
- dummy.b_state = 0;
- dummy.b_blocknr = -1000;
- error = ufs_getfrag_block(inode, fragment, &dummy, create);
- *err = error;
- if (!error && buffer_mapped(&dummy)) {
- struct buffer_head *bh;
- bh = sb_getblk(inode->i_sb, dummy.b_blocknr);
- if (buffer_new(&dummy)) {
- memset(bh->b_data, 0, inode->i_sb->s_blocksize);
- set_buffer_uptodate(bh);
- mark_buffer_dirty(bh);
- }
- return bh;
- }
- return NULL;
-}
-
-struct buffer_head * ufs_bread (struct inode * inode, unsigned fragment,
- int create, int * err)
-{
- struct buffer_head * bh;
-
- UFSD("ENTER, ino %lu, fragment %u\n", inode->i_ino, fragment);
- bh = ufs_getfrag (inode, fragment, create, err);
- if (!bh || buffer_uptodate(bh))
- return bh;
- ll_rw_block (READ, 1, &bh);
- wait_on_buffer (bh);
- if (buffer_uptodate(bh))
- return bh;
- brelse (bh);
- *err = -EIO;
- return NULL;
-}
-
static int ufs_writepage(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc)
{
return block_write_full_page(page,ufs_getfrag_block,wbc);
@@ -900,9 +864,9 @@ static int ufs_update_inode(struct inode * inode, int do_sync)
int ufs_write_inode(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc)
{
int ret;
- lock_kernel();
+ lock_ufs(inode->i_sb);
ret = ufs_update_inode(inode, wbc->sync_mode == WB_SYNC_ALL);
- unlock_kernel();
+ unlock_ufs(inode->i_sb);
return ret;
}

@@ -922,22 +886,22 @@ void ufs_evict_inode(struct inode * inode)
if (want_delete) {
loff_t old_i_size;
/*UFS_I(inode)->i_dtime = CURRENT_TIME;*/
- lock_kernel();
+ lock_ufs(inode->i_sb);
mark_inode_dirty(inode);
ufs_update_inode(inode, IS_SYNC(inode));
old_i_size = inode->i_size;
inode->i_size = 0;
if (inode->i_blocks && ufs_truncate(inode, old_i_size))
ufs_warning(inode->i_sb, __func__, "ufs_truncate failed\n");
- unlock_kernel();
+ unlock_ufs(inode->i_sb);
}

invalidate_inode_buffers(inode);
end_writeback(inode);

if (want_delete) {
- lock_kernel();
+ lock_ufs(inode->i_sb);
ufs_free_inode (inode);
- unlock_kernel();
+ unlock_ufs(inode->i_sb);
}
}
diff --git a/fs/ufs/namei.c b/fs/ufs/namei.c
index 12f39b9..205030a 100644
--- a/fs/ufs/namei.c
+++ b/fs/ufs/namei.c
@@ -29,7 +29,6 @@

#include <linux/time.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
-#include <linux/smp_lock.h>

#include "ufs_fs.h"
#include "ufs.h"
@@ -55,16 +54,16 @@ static struct dentry *ufs_lookup(struct inode * dir, struct dentry *dentry, stru
if (dentry->d_name.len > UFS_MAXNAMLEN)
return ERR_PTR(-ENAMETOOLONG);

- lock_kernel();
+ lock_ufs(dir->i_sb);
ino = ufs_inode_by_name(dir, &dentry->d_name);
if (ino) {
inode = ufs_iget(dir->i_sb, ino);
if (IS_ERR(inode)) {
- unlock_kernel();
+ unlock_ufs(dir->i_sb);
return ERR_CAST(inode);
}
}
- unlock_kernel();
+ unlock_ufs(dir->i_sb);
d_add(dentry, inode);
return NULL;
}
@@ -93,9 +92,9 @@ static int ufs_create (struct inode * dir, struct dentry * dentry, int mode,
inode->i_fop = &ufs_file_operations;
inode->i_mapping->a_ops = &ufs_aops;
mark_inode_dirty(inode);
- lock_kernel();
+ lock_ufs(dir->i_sb);
err = ufs_add_nondir(dentry, inode);
- unlock_kernel();
+ unlock_ufs(dir->i_sb);
}
UFSD("END: err=%d\n", err);
return err;
@@ -115,9 +114,9 @@ static int ufs_mknod (struct inode * dir, struct dentry *dentry, int mode, dev_t
init_special_inode(inode, mode, rdev);
ufs_set_inode_dev(inode->i_sb, UFS_I(inode), rdev);
mark_inode_dirty(inode);
- lock_kernel();
+ lock_ufs(dir->i_sb);
err = ufs_add_nondir(dentry, inode);
- unlock_kernel();
+ unlock_ufs(dir->i_sb);
}
return err;
}
@@ -133,7 +132,7 @@ static int ufs_symlink (struct inode * dir, struct dentry * dentry,
if (l > sb->s_blocksize)
goto out_notlocked;

- lock_kernel();
+ lock_ufs(dir->i_sb);
inode = ufs_new_inode(dir, S_IFLNK | S_IRWXUGO);
err = PTR_ERR(inode);
if (IS_ERR(inode))
@@ -156,7 +155,7 @@ static int ufs_symlink (struct inode * dir, struct dentry * dentry,

err = ufs_add_nondir(dentry, inode);
out:
- unlock_kernel();
+ unlock_ufs(dir->i_sb);
out_notlocked:
return err;

@@ -172,9 +171,9 @@ static int ufs_link (struct dentry * old_dentry, struct inode * dir,
struct inode *inode = old_dentry->d_inode;
int error;

- lock_kernel();
+ lock_ufs(dir->i_sb);
if (inode->i_nlink >= UFS_LINK_MAX) {
- unlock_kernel();
+ unlock_ufs(dir->i_sb);
return -EMLINK;
}

@@ -183,7 +182,7 @@ static int ufs_link (struct dentry * old_dentry, struct inode * dir,
ihold(inode);

error = ufs_add_nondir(dentry, inode);
- unlock_kernel();
+ unlock_ufs(dir->i_sb);
return error;
}

@@ -195,7 +194,7 @@ static int ufs_mkdir(struct inode * dir, struct dentry * dentry, int mode)
if (dir->i_nlink >= UFS_LINK_MAX)
goto out;

- lock_kernel();
+ lock_ufs(dir->i_sb);
inode_inc_link_count(dir);

inode = ufs_new_inode(dir, S_IFDIR|mode);
@@ -216,7 +215,7 @@ static int ufs_mkdir(struct inode * dir, struct dentry * dentry, int mode)
err = ufs_add_link(dentry, inode);
if (err)
goto out_fail;
- unlock_kernel();
+ unlock_ufs(dir->i_sb);

d_instantiate(dentry, inode);
out:
@@ -228,7 +227,7 @@ out_fail:
iput (inode);
out_dir:
inode_dec_link_count(dir);
- unlock_kernel();
+ unlock_ufs(dir->i_sb);
goto out;
}

@@ -259,7 +258,7 @@ static int ufs_rmdir (struct inode * dir, struct dentry *dentry)
struct inode * inode = dentry->d_inode;
int err= -ENOTEMPTY;

- lock_kernel();
+ lock_ufs(dir->i_sb);
if (ufs_empty_dir (inode)) {
err = ufs_unlink(dir, dentry);
if (!err) {
@@ -268,7 +267,7 @@ static int ufs_rmdir (struct inode * dir, struct dentry *dentry)
inode_dec_link_count(dir);
}
}
- unlock_kernel();
+ unlock_ufs(dir->i_sb);
return err;
}

diff --git a/fs/ufs/super.c b/fs/ufs/super.c
index 2c61ac5..7693d62 100644
--- a/fs/ufs/super.c
+++ b/fs/ufs/super.c
@@ -84,7 +84,6 @@
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/parser.h>
-#include <linux/smp_lock.h>
#include <linux/buffer_head.h>
#include <linux/vfs.h>
#include <linux/log2.h>
@@ -96,6 +95,26 @@
#include "swab.h"
#include "util.h"

+void lock_ufs(struct super_block *sb)
+{
+#if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined (CONFIG_PREEMPT)
+ struct ufs_sb_info *sbi = UFS_SB(sb);
+
+ mutex_lock(&sbi->mutex);
+ sbi->mutex_owner = current;
+#endif
+}
+
+void unlock_ufs(struct super_block *sb)
+{
+#if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined (CONFIG_PREEMPT)
+ struct ufs_sb_info *sbi = UFS_SB(sb);
+
+ sbi->mutex_owner = NULL;
+ mutex_unlock(&sbi->mutex);
+#endif
+}
+
static struct inode *ufs_nfs_get_inode(struct super_block *sb, u64 ino, u32 generation)
{
struct ufs_sb_private_info *uspi = UFS_SB(sb)->s_uspi;
@@ -313,7 +332,6 @@ void ufs_panic (struct super_block * sb, const char * function,
struct ufs_super_block_first * usb1;
va_list args;

- lock_kernel();
uspi = UFS_SB(sb)->s_uspi;
usb1 = ubh_get_usb_first(uspi);

@@ -521,7 +539,7 @@ static int ufs_read_cylinder_structures(struct super_block *sb)
*/
size = uspi->s_cssize;
blks = (size + uspi->s_fsize - 1) >> uspi->s_fshift;
- base = space = kmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
+ base = space = kmalloc(size, GFP_NOFS);
if (!base)
goto failed;
sbi->s_csp = (struct ufs_csum *)space;
@@ -546,7 +564,7 @@ static int ufs_read_cylinder_structures(struct super_block *sb)
* Read cylinder group (we read only first fragment from block
* at this time) and prepare internal data structures for cg caching.
*/
- if (!(sbi->s_ucg = kmalloc (sizeof(struct buffer_head *) * uspi->s_ncg, GFP_KERNEL)))
+ if (!(sbi->s_ucg = kmalloc (sizeof(struct buffer_head *) * uspi->s_ncg, GFP_NOFS)))
goto failed;
for (i = 0; i < uspi->s_ncg; i++)
sbi->s_ucg[i] = NULL;
@@ -564,7 +582,7 @@ static int ufs_read_cylinder_structures(struct super_block *sb)
ufs_print_cylinder_stuff(sb, (struct ufs_cylinder_group *) sbi->s_ucg[i]->b_data);
}
for (i = 0; i < UFS_MAX_GROUP_LOADED; i++) {
- if (!(sbi->s_ucpi[i] = kmalloc (sizeof(struct ufs_cg_private_info), GFP_KERNEL)))
+ if (!(sbi->s_ucpi[i] = kmalloc (sizeof(struct ufs_cg_private_info), GFP_NOFS)))
goto failed;
sbi->s_cgno[i] = UFS_CGNO_EMPTY;
}
@@ -646,8 +664,6 @@ static void ufs_put_super_internal(struct super_block *sb)

UFSD("ENTER\n");

- lock_kernel();
-
ufs_put_cstotal(sb);
size = uspi->s_cssize;
blks = (size + uspi->s_fsize - 1) >> uspi->s_fshift;
@@ -676,8 +692,6 @@ static void ufs_put_super_internal(struct super_block *sb)
kfree (sbi->s_ucg);
kfree (base);

- unlock_kernel();
-
UFSD("EXIT\n");
}

@@ -696,8 +710,6 @@ static int ufs_fill_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data, int silent)
unsigned maxsymlen;
int ret = -EINVAL;

- lock_kernel();
-
uspi = NULL;
ubh = NULL;
flags = 0;
@@ -718,6 +730,7 @@ static int ufs_fill_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data, int silent)
goto failed;
}
#endif
+ mutex_init(&sbi->mutex);
/*
* Set default mount options
* Parse mount options
@@ -1165,7 +1178,6 @@ magic_found:
goto failed;

UFSD("EXIT\n");
- unlock_kernel();
return 0;

dalloc_failed:
@@ -1177,12 +1189,10 @@ failed:
kfree(sbi);
sb->s_fs_info = NULL;
UFSD("EXIT (FAILED)\n");
- unlock_kernel();
return ret;

failed_nomem:
UFSD("EXIT (NOMEM)\n");
- unlock_kernel();
return -ENOMEM;
}

@@ -1193,8 +1203,8 @@ static int ufs_sync_fs(struct super_block *sb, int wait)
struct ufs_super_block_third * usb3;
unsigned flags;

+ lock_ufs(sb);
lock_super(sb);
- lock_kernel();

UFSD("ENTER\n");

@@ -1213,8 +1223,8 @@ static int ufs_sync_fs(struct super_block *sb, int wait)
sb->s_dirt = 0;

UFSD("EXIT\n");
- unlock_kernel();
unlock_super(sb);
+ unlock_ufs(sb);

return 0;
}
@@ -1256,7 +1266,7 @@ static int ufs_remount (struct super_block *sb, int *mount_flags, char *data)
unsigned new_mount_opt, ufstype;
unsigned flags;

- lock_kernel();
+ lock_ufs(sb);
lock_super(sb);
uspi = UFS_SB(sb)->s_uspi;
flags = UFS_SB(sb)->s_flags;
@@ -1272,7 +1282,7 @@ static int ufs_remount (struct super_block *sb, int *mount_flags, char *data)
ufs_set_opt (new_mount_opt, ONERROR_LOCK);
if (!ufs_parse_options (data, &new_mount_opt)) {
unlock_super(sb);
- unlock_kernel();
+ unlock_ufs(sb);
return -EINVAL;
}
if (!(new_mount_opt & UFS_MOUNT_UFSTYPE)) {
@@ -1280,14 +1290,14 @@ static int ufs_remount (struct super_block *sb, int *mount_flags, char *data)
} else if ((new_mount_opt & UFS_MOUNT_UFSTYPE) != ufstype) {
printk("ufstype can't be changed during remount\n");
unlock_super(sb);
- unlock_kernel();
+ unlock_ufs(sb);
return -EINVAL;
}

if ((*mount_flags & MS_RDONLY) == (sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY)) {
UFS_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt = new_mount_opt;
unlock_super(sb);
- unlock_kernel();
+ unlock_ufs(sb);
return 0;
}

@@ -1313,7 +1323,7 @@ static int ufs_remount (struct super_block *sb, int *mount_flags, char *data)
printk("ufs was compiled with read-only support, "
"can't be mounted as read-write\n");
unlock_super(sb);
- unlock_kernel();
+ unlock_ufs(sb);
return -EINVAL;
#else
if (ufstype != UFS_MOUNT_UFSTYPE_SUN &&
@@ -1323,13 +1333,13 @@ static int ufs_remount (struct super_block *sb, int *mount_flags, char *data)
ufstype != UFS_MOUNT_UFSTYPE_UFS2) {
printk("this ufstype is read-only supported\n");
unlock_super(sb);
- unlock_kernel();
+ unlock_ufs(sb);
return -EINVAL;
}
if (!ufs_read_cylinder_structures(sb)) {
printk("failed during remounting\n");
unlock_super(sb);
- unlock_kernel();
+ unlock_ufs(sb);
return -EPERM;
}
sb->s_flags &= ~MS_RDONLY;
@@ -1337,7 +1347,7 @@ static int ufs_remount (struct super_block *sb, int *mount_flags, char *data)
}
UFS_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt = new_mount_opt;
unlock_super(sb);
- unlock_kernel();
+ unlock_ufs(sb);
return 0;
}

@@ -1371,7 +1381,7 @@ static int ufs_statfs(struct dentry *dentry, struct kstatfs *buf)
struct ufs_super_block_third *usb3;
u64 id = huge_encode_dev(sb->s_bdev->bd_dev);

- lock_kernel();
+ lock_ufs(sb);

usb1 = ubh_get_usb_first(uspi);
usb2 = ubh_get_usb_second(uspi);
@@ -1395,7 +1405,7 @@ static int ufs_statfs(struct dentry *dentry, struct kstatfs *buf)
buf->f_fsid.val[0] = (u32)id;
buf->f_fsid.val[1] = (u32)(id >> 32);

- unlock_kernel();
+ unlock_ufs(sb);

return 0;
}
@@ -1405,7 +1415,7 @@ static struct kmem_cache * ufs_inode_cachep;
static struct inode *ufs_alloc_inode(struct super_block *sb)
{
struct ufs_inode_info *ei;
- ei = (struct ufs_inode_info *)kmem_cache_alloc(ufs_inode_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
+ ei = (struct ufs_inode_info *)kmem_cache_alloc(ufs_inode_cachep, GFP_NOFS);
if (!ei)
return NULL;
ei->vfs_inode.i_version = 1;
diff --git a/fs/ufs/truncate.c b/fs/ufs/truncate.c
index a58f915..e56a4f5 100644
--- a/fs/ufs/truncate.c
+++ b/fs/ufs/truncate.c
@@ -40,7 +40,6 @@
#include <linux/time.h>
#include <linux/stat.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
-#include <linux/smp_lock.h>
#include <linux/buffer_head.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
@@ -467,7 +466,6 @@ int ufs_truncate(struct inode *inode, loff_t old_i_size)

block_truncate_page(inode->i_mapping, inode->i_size, ufs_getfrag_block);

- lock_kernel();
while (1) {
retry = ufs_trunc_direct(inode);
retry |= ufs_trunc_indirect(inode, UFS_IND_BLOCK,
@@ -487,7 +485,6 @@ int ufs_truncate(struct inode *inode, loff_t old_i_size)

inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = CURRENT_TIME_SEC;
ufsi->i_lastfrag = DIRECT_FRAGMENT;
- unlock_kernel();
mark_inode_dirty(inode);
out:
UFSD("EXIT: err %d\n", err);
@@ -510,7 +507,9 @@ int ufs_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *attr)
/* XXX(truncate): truncate_setsize should be called last */
truncate_setsize(inode, attr->ia_size);

+ lock_ufs(inode->i_sb);
error = ufs_truncate(inode, old_i_size);
+ unlock_ufs(inode->i_sb);
if (error)
return error;
}
diff --git a/fs/ufs/ufs.h b/fs/ufs/ufs.h
index c08782e..5be2755 100644
--- a/fs/ufs/ufs.h
+++ b/fs/ufs/ufs.h
@@ -18,6 +18,8 @@ struct ufs_sb_info {
unsigned s_cgno[UFS_MAX_GROUP_LOADED];
unsigned short s_cg_loaded;
unsigned s_mount_opt;
+ struct mutex mutex;
+ struct task_struct *mutex_owner;
};

struct ufs_inode_info {
@@ -109,7 +111,6 @@ extern struct inode *ufs_iget(struct super_block *, unsigned long);
extern int ufs_write_inode (struct inode *, struct writeback_control *);
extern int ufs_sync_inode (struct inode *);
extern void ufs_evict_inode (struct inode *);
-extern struct buffer_head * ufs_bread (struct inode *, unsigned, int, int *);
extern int ufs_getfrag_block (struct inode *inode, sector_t fragment, struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create);

/* namei.c */
@@ -154,4 +155,7 @@ static inline u32 ufs_dtogd(struct ufs_sb_private_info * uspi, u64 b)
return do_div(b, uspi->s_fpg);
}

+extern void lock_ufs(struct super_block *sb);
+extern void unlock_ufs(struct super_block *sb);
+
#endif /* _UFS_UFS_H */
diff --git a/fs/ufs/util.c b/fs/ufs/util.c
index d2c36d5..95425b5 100644
--- a/fs/ufs/util.c
+++ b/fs/ufs/util.c
@@ -27,7 +27,7 @@ struct ufs_buffer_head * _ubh_bread_ (struct ufs_sb_private_info * uspi,
if (count > UFS_MAXFRAG)
return NULL;
ubh = (struct ufs_buffer_head *)
- kmalloc (sizeof (struct ufs_buffer_head), GFP_KERNEL);
+ kmalloc (sizeof (struct ufs_buffer_head), GFP_NOFS);
if (!ubh)
return NULL;
ubh->fragment = fragment;
--
1.7.1


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