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SubjectRe: txqueuelen has wrong units; should be time
Quoting Albert Cahalan <acahalan@gmail.com>:

> On Sun, Feb 27, 2011 at 5:55 AM, Jussi Kivilinna
> <jussi.kivilinna@mbnet.fi> wrote:
>
>> I made simple hack on sch_fifo with per packet time limits (attachment) this
>> weekend and have been doing limited testing on wireless link. I think
>> hardlimit is fine, it's simple and does somewhat same as what
>> packet(-hard)limited buffer does, drops packets when buffer is 'full'. My
>> hack checks for timed out packets on enqueue, might be wrong approach (on
>> other hand might allow some more burstiness).
>
> Thanks!
>
> I think the default is too high. 1 ms may even be a bit high.

Well, with 10ms buffer timeout latency goes to 10-20ms on 54Mbit wifi
link (zd1211rw driver) from >500ms (ping rtt when iperf running same
time). So for that it's good enough.

>
> I suppose there is a need to allow at least 2 packets despite any
> time limits, so that it remains possible to use a traditional modem
> even if a huge packet takes several seconds to send.
>

I made EWMA version of my fifo hack (attached). I added minimum 2
packet queue limit and probabilistic 1% ECN marking/dropping for
timeout/2.

-Jussi

/*
* sch_fifo_ewma.c Simple FIFO EWMA timelimit queue.
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
* the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software
* Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later
* version.
*
*/
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/skbuff.h>
#include <net/pkt_sched.h>
#include <net/inet_ecn.h>

#include <linux/version.h>
#if LINUX_VERSION_CODE <= KERNEL_VERSION(2, 6, 37)
#include "average.h"
#else
#include <linux/average.h>
#endif

#define DEFAULT_PKT_TIMEOUT_MS 10
#define DEFAULT_PKT_TIMEOUT PSCHED_NS2TICKS(NSEC_PER_MSEC * \
DEFAULT_PKT_TIMEOUT_MS)
#define DEFAULT_PROB_HALF_DROP 10 /* 1% */
#define FIFO_EWMA_MIN_QDISC_LEN 2

struct tc_fifo_ewma_qopt {
__u64 timeout; /* Max time packet may stay in buffer */
__u32 limit; /* Queue length: bytes for bfifo, packets for pfifo */
};
struct fifo_ewma_skb_cb {
psched_time_t time_queued;
};
struct fifo_ewma_sched_data {
psched_tdiff_t timeout;
u32 limit;
struct ewma ewma;
};
static inline
struct fifo_ewma_skb_cb *fifo_ewma_skb_cb(struct sk_buff *skb)
{
BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(skb->cb) <
sizeof(struct qdisc_skb_cb) +
sizeof(struct fifo_ewma_skb_cb));
return (struct fifo_ewma_skb_cb *)qdisc_skb_cb(skb)->data;
}
static int pfifo_tail_enqueue(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc* sch)
{
struct fifo_ewma_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
if (likely(skb_queue_len(&sch->q) < q->limit))
return qdisc_enqueue_tail(skb, sch);
/* queue full, remove one skb to fulfill the limit */
__qdisc_queue_drop_head(sch, &sch->q);
sch->qstats.drops++;
qdisc_enqueue_tail(skb, sch);
return NET_XMIT_CN;
}
static int bfifo_enqueue(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc* sch)
{
struct fifo_ewma_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
if (likely(sch->qstats.backlog + qdisc_pkt_len(skb) <= q->limit))
return qdisc_enqueue_tail(skb, sch);
return qdisc_reshape_fail(skb, sch);
}
static int pfifo_enqueue(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc* sch)
{
struct fifo_ewma_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
if (likely(skb_queue_len(&sch->q) < q->limit))
return qdisc_enqueue_tail(skb, sch);
return qdisc_reshape_fail(skb, sch);
}
static inline int fifo_get_prob(void)
{
return (net_random() & 0xffff) * 1000 / 0xffff;
}
static struct sk_buff *fifo_ewma_dequeue(struct Qdisc* sch)
{
struct fifo_ewma_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
struct sk_buff *skb;
psched_tdiff_t tdiff;
if (likely(!q->timeout))
goto no_ewma;
skb = qdisc_peek_head(sch);
if (!skb)
return NULL;
/* update EWMA */
tdiff = psched_get_time() - fifo_ewma_skb_cb(skb)->time_queued;
ewma_add(&q->ewma, tdiff);
no_ewma:
return qdisc_dequeue_head(sch);
}
#define FIFO_EWMA_OK 0
#define FIFO_EWMA_DROP 1
#define FIFO_EWMA_CN 2

static int fifo_check_ewma_drop(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch)
{
struct fifo_ewma_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
unsigned long fifo_latency_avg;
int ret = FIFO_EWMA_OK;
if (likely(!q->timeout))
goto no_ewma;
/* lower limit */
if (skb_queue_len(&sch->q) <= FIFO_EWMA_MIN_QDISC_LEN)
goto no_drop;
fifo_latency_avg = ewma_read(&q->ewma);

/* hard drop */
if (fifo_latency_avg > q->timeout) {
/*printk(KERN_WARNING "fifo_ewma: hard drop\n");*/
return FIFO_EWMA_DROP;
}
/* probabilistic drop */
if (fifo_latency_avg > q->timeout / 2 &&
fifo_get_prob() < DEFAULT_PROB_HALF_DROP) {
if (!INET_ECN_set_ce(skb)) {
/*printk(KERN_WARNING "fifo_ewma: prob drop\n");*/
return FIFO_EWMA_DROP;
}
/*printk(KERN_WARNING "fifo_ewma: prob mark\n");*/
ret = FIFO_EWMA_CN;
}
no_drop:
fifo_ewma_skb_cb(skb)->time_queued = psched_get_time();
no_ewma:
return ret;
}
static int pfifo_ewma_tail_enqueue(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc* sch)
{
int ewma_action, ret;
ewma_action = fifo_check_ewma_drop(skb, sch);
if (unlikely(ewma_action == FIFO_EWMA_DROP))
return qdisc_drop(skb, sch);
ret = pfifo_tail_enqueue(skb, sch);
if (unlikely(ret != NET_XMIT_SUCCESS))
return ret;
return unlikely(ewma_action == FIFO_EWMA_CN) ? NET_XMIT_CN : ret;
}
static int bfifo_ewma_enqueue(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc* sch)
{
int ewma_action, ret;
ewma_action = fifo_check_ewma_drop(skb, sch);
if (unlikely(ewma_action == FIFO_EWMA_DROP))
return qdisc_drop(skb, sch);
ret = bfifo_enqueue(skb, sch);
if (unlikely(ret != NET_XMIT_SUCCESS))
return ret;
return unlikely(ewma_action == FIFO_EWMA_CN) ? NET_XMIT_CN : ret;
}
static int pfifo_ewma_enqueue(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc* sch)
{
int ewma_action, ret;
ewma_action = fifo_check_ewma_drop(skb, sch);
if (unlikely(ewma_action == FIFO_EWMA_DROP))
return qdisc_drop(skb, sch);
ret = pfifo_enqueue(skb, sch);
if (unlikely(ret != NET_XMIT_SUCCESS))
return ret;
return unlikely(ewma_action == FIFO_EWMA_CN) ? NET_XMIT_CN : ret;
}
static int fifo_ewma_init(struct Qdisc *sch, struct nlattr *opt)
{
struct fifo_ewma_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
if (opt == NULL) {
u32 limit = qdisc_dev(sch)->tx_queue_len ? : 1;
q->limit = limit;
q->timeout = DEFAULT_PKT_TIMEOUT;
} else {
struct tc_fifo_ewma_qopt *ctl = nla_data(opt);
if (nla_len(opt) < sizeof(*ctl))
return -EINVAL;
q->limit = ctl->limit;
q->timeout = ctl->timeout ? : DEFAULT_PKT_TIMEOUT;
}
ewma_init(&q->ewma, 1, 64);

return 0;
}
static int fifo_ewma_dump(struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff *skb)
{
struct fifo_ewma_sched_data *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
struct tc_fifo_ewma_qopt opt = {
.limit = q->limit,
.timeout = q->timeout
};
NLA_PUT(skb, TCA_OPTIONS, sizeof(opt), &opt);
return skb->len;

nla_put_failure:
return -1;
}
static struct Qdisc_ops pfifo_ewma_qdisc_ops __read_mostly = {
.id = "pfifo_ewma",
.priv_size = sizeof(struct fifo_ewma_sched_data),
.enqueue = pfifo_ewma_enqueue,
.dequeue = fifo_ewma_dequeue,
.peek = qdisc_peek_head,
.drop = qdisc_queue_drop,
.init = fifo_ewma_init,
.reset = qdisc_reset_queue,
.change = fifo_ewma_init,
.dump = fifo_ewma_dump,
.owner = THIS_MODULE,
};
static struct Qdisc_ops bfifo_ewma_qdisc_ops __read_mostly = {
.id = "bfifo_ewma",
.priv_size = sizeof(struct fifo_ewma_sched_data),
.enqueue = bfifo_ewma_enqueue,
.dequeue = fifo_ewma_dequeue,
.peek = qdisc_peek_head,
.drop = qdisc_queue_drop,
.init = fifo_ewma_init,
.reset = qdisc_reset_queue,
.change = fifo_ewma_init,
.dump = fifo_ewma_dump,
.owner = THIS_MODULE,
};
static struct Qdisc_ops pfifo_head_drop_ewma_qdisc_ops __read_mostly = {
.id = "pfifo_hd_ewma",
.priv_size = sizeof(struct fifo_ewma_sched_data),
.enqueue = pfifo_ewma_tail_enqueue,
.dequeue = fifo_ewma_dequeue,
.peek = qdisc_peek_head,
.drop = qdisc_queue_drop_head,
.init = fifo_ewma_init,
.reset = qdisc_reset_queue,
.change = fifo_ewma_init,
.dump = fifo_ewma_dump,
.owner = THIS_MODULE,
};
static int __init fifo_ewma_module_init(void)
{
int retval;
retval = register_qdisc(&pfifo_ewma_qdisc_ops);
if (retval)
goto cleanup;
retval = register_qdisc(&bfifo_ewma_qdisc_ops);
if (retval)
goto cleanup;
retval = register_qdisc(&pfifo_head_drop_ewma_qdisc_ops);
if (retval)
goto cleanup;
return 0;

cleanup:
unregister_qdisc(&pfifo_ewma_qdisc_ops);
unregister_qdisc(&bfifo_ewma_qdisc_ops);
unregister_qdisc(&pfifo_head_drop_ewma_qdisc_ops);
return retval;
}
static void __exit fifo_ewma_module_exit(void)
{
unregister_qdisc(&pfifo_ewma_qdisc_ops);
unregister_qdisc(&bfifo_ewma_qdisc_ops);
unregister_qdisc(&pfifo_head_drop_ewma_qdisc_ops);
}
module_init(fifo_ewma_module_init)
module_exit(fifo_ewma_module_exit)
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");

#include <linux/version.h>
#if LINUX_VERSION_CODE <= KERNEL_VERSION(2, 6, 37)
#include "average.c"
#endif

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