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Subject[PATCH v8 1/9] Basic kernel memory functionality for the Memory Controller
Date
This patch lays down the foundation for the kernel memory component
of the Memory Controller.

As of today, I am only laying down the following files:

* memory.independent_kmem_limit
* memory.kmem.limit_in_bytes (currently ignored)
* memory.kmem.usage_in_bytes (always zero)

Signed-off-by: Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com>
Reviewed-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill@shutemov.name>
CC: Paul Menage <paul@paulmenage.org>
CC: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
---
Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt | 40 ++++++++++++++-
init/Kconfig | 11 ++++
mm/memcontrol.c | 103 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
3 files changed, 147 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
diff --git a/Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt b/Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt
index cc0ebc5..f245324 100644
--- a/Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt
+++ b/Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt
@@ -44,8 +44,9 @@ Features:
- oom-killer disable knob and oom-notifier
- Root cgroup has no limit controls.

- Kernel memory and Hugepages are not under control yet. We just manage
- pages on LRU. To add more controls, we have to take care of performance.
+ Hugepages is not under control yet. We just manage pages on LRU. To add more
+ controls, we have to take care of performance. Kernel memory support is work
+ in progress, and the current version provides basically functionality.

Brief summary of control files.

@@ -56,8 +57,11 @@ Brief summary of control files.
(See 5.5 for details)
memory.memsw.usage_in_bytes # show current res_counter usage for memory+Swap
(See 5.5 for details)
+ memory.kmem.usage_in_bytes # show current res_counter usage for kmem only.
+ (See 2.7 for details)
memory.limit_in_bytes # set/show limit of memory usage
memory.memsw.limit_in_bytes # set/show limit of memory+Swap usage
+ memory.kmem.limit_in_bytes # if allowed, set/show limit of kernel memory
memory.failcnt # show the number of memory usage hits limits
memory.memsw.failcnt # show the number of memory+Swap hits limits
memory.max_usage_in_bytes # show max memory usage recorded
@@ -72,6 +76,9 @@ Brief summary of control files.
memory.oom_control # set/show oom controls.
memory.numa_stat # show the number of memory usage per numa node

+ memory.independent_kmem_limit # select whether or not kernel memory limits are
+ independent of user limits
+
1. History

The memory controller has a long history. A request for comments for the memory
@@ -255,6 +262,35 @@ When oom event notifier is registered, event will be delivered.
per-zone-per-cgroup LRU (cgroup's private LRU) is just guarded by
zone->lru_lock, it has no lock of its own.

+2.7 Kernel Memory Extension (CONFIG_CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR_KMEM)
+
+With the Kernel memory extension, the Memory Controller is able to limit
+the amount of kernel memory used by the system. Kernel memory is fundamentally
+different than user memory, since it can't be swapped out, which makes it
+possible to DoS the system by consuming too much of this precious resource.
+
+Some kernel memory resources may be accounted and limited separately from the
+main "kmem" resource. For instance, a slab cache that is considered important
+enough to be limited separately may have its own knobs.
+
+Kernel memory limits are not imposed for the root cgroup. Usage for the root
+cgroup may or may not be accounted.
+
+Memory limits as specified by the standard Memory Controller may or may not
+take kernel memory into consideration. This is achieved through the file
+memory.independent_kmem_limit. A Value different than 0 will allow for kernel
+memory to be controlled separately.
+
+When kernel memory limits are not independent, the limit values set in
+memory.kmem files are ignored.
+
+Currently no soft limit is implemented for kernel memory. It is future work
+to trigger slab reclaim when those limits are reached.
+
+2.7.1 Current Kernel Memory resources accounted
+
+None
+
3. User Interface

0. Configuration
diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
index 43298f9..b8930d5 100644
--- a/init/Kconfig
+++ b/init/Kconfig
@@ -689,6 +689,17 @@ config CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR_SWAP_ENABLED
For those who want to have the feature enabled by default should
select this option (if, for some reason, they need to disable it
then swapaccount=0 does the trick).
+config CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR_KMEM
+ bool "Memory Resource Controller Kernel Memory accounting (EXPERIMENTAL)"
+ depends on CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR && EXPERIMENTAL
+ default n
+ help
+ The Kernel Memory extension for Memory Resource Controller can limit
+ the amount of memory used by kernel objects in the system. Those are
+ fundamentally different from the entities handled by the standard
+ Memory Controller, which are page-based, and can be swapped. Users of
+ the kmem extension can use it to guarantee that no group of processes
+ will ever exhaust kernel resources alone.

config CGROUP_PERF
bool "Enable perf_event per-cpu per-container group (cgroup) monitoring"
diff --git a/mm/memcontrol.c b/mm/memcontrol.c
index 6aff93c..3becb24 100644
--- a/mm/memcontrol.c
+++ b/mm/memcontrol.c
@@ -227,6 +227,10 @@ struct mem_cgroup {
*/
struct res_counter memsw;
/*
+ * the counter to account for kmem usage.
+ */
+ struct res_counter kmem;
+ /*
* Per cgroup active and inactive list, similar to the
* per zone LRU lists.
*/
@@ -277,6 +281,11 @@ struct mem_cgroup {
*/
unsigned long move_charge_at_immigrate;
/*
+ * Should kernel memory limits be stabilished independently
+ * from user memory ?
+ */
+ int kmem_independent_accounting;
+ /*
* percpu counter.
*/
struct mem_cgroup_stat_cpu *stat;
@@ -344,9 +353,14 @@ enum charge_type {
};

/* for encoding cft->private value on file */
-#define _MEM (0)
-#define _MEMSWAP (1)
-#define _OOM_TYPE (2)
+
+enum mem_type {
+ _MEM = 0,
+ _MEMSWAP,
+ _OOM_TYPE,
+ _KMEM,
+};
+
#define MEMFILE_PRIVATE(x, val) (((x) << 16) | (val))
#define MEMFILE_TYPE(val) (((val) >> 16) & 0xffff)
#define MEMFILE_ATTR(val) ((val) & 0xffff)
@@ -3848,10 +3862,17 @@ static inline u64 mem_cgroup_usage(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, bool swap)
u64 val;

if (!mem_cgroup_is_root(memcg)) {
+ val = 0;
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR_KMEM
+ if (!memcg->kmem_independent_accounting)
+ val = res_counter_read_u64(&memcg->kmem, RES_USAGE);
+#endif
if (!swap)
- return res_counter_read_u64(&memcg->res, RES_USAGE);
+ val += res_counter_read_u64(&memcg->res, RES_USAGE);
else
- return res_counter_read_u64(&memcg->memsw, RES_USAGE);
+ val += res_counter_read_u64(&memcg->memsw, RES_USAGE);
+
+ return val;
}

val = mem_cgroup_recursive_stat(memcg, MEM_CGROUP_STAT_CACHE);
@@ -3884,6 +3905,11 @@ static u64 mem_cgroup_read(struct cgroup *cont, struct cftype *cft)
else
val = res_counter_read_u64(&memcg->memsw, name);
break;
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR_KMEM
+ case _KMEM:
+ val = res_counter_read_u64(&memcg->kmem, name);
+ break;
+#endif
default:
BUG();
break;
@@ -4612,6 +4638,67 @@ static int mem_control_numa_stat_open(struct inode *unused, struct file *file)
}
#endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */

+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR_KMEM
+static u64 kmem_limit_independent_read(struct cgroup *cgroup, struct cftype *cft)
+{
+ return mem_cgroup_from_cont(cgroup)->kmem_independent_accounting;
+}
+
+static int kmem_limit_independent_write(struct cgroup *cgroup, struct cftype *cft,
+ u64 val)
+{
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg = mem_cgroup_from_cont(cgroup);
+ struct mem_cgroup *parent = parent_mem_cgroup(memcg);
+
+ val = !!val;
+
+ if (parent && parent->use_hierarchy &&
+ (val != parent->kmem_independent_accounting))
+ return -EINVAL;
+ /*
+ * TODO: We need to handle the case in which we are doing
+ * independent kmem accounting as authorized by our parent,
+ * but then our parent changes its parameter.
+ */
+ cgroup_lock();
+ memcg->kmem_independent_accounting = val;
+ cgroup_unlock();
+ return 0;
+}
+static struct cftype kmem_cgroup_files[] = {
+ {
+ .name = "independent_kmem_limit",
+ .read_u64 = kmem_limit_independent_read,
+ .write_u64 = kmem_limit_independent_write,
+ },
+ {
+ .name = "kmem.usage_in_bytes",
+ .private = MEMFILE_PRIVATE(_KMEM, RES_USAGE),
+ .read_u64 = mem_cgroup_read,
+ },
+ {
+ .name = "kmem.limit_in_bytes",
+ .private = MEMFILE_PRIVATE(_KMEM, RES_LIMIT),
+ .read_u64 = mem_cgroup_read,
+ },
+};
+
+static int register_kmem_files(struct cgroup *cont, struct cgroup_subsys *ss)
+{
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ ret = cgroup_add_files(cont, ss, kmem_cgroup_files,
+ ARRAY_SIZE(kmem_cgroup_files));
+ return ret;
+};
+
+#else
+static int register_kmem_files(struct cgroup *cont, struct cgroup_subsys *ss)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+#endif
+
static struct cftype mem_cgroup_files[] = {
{
.name = "usage_in_bytes",
@@ -4925,6 +5012,7 @@ mem_cgroup_create(struct cgroup_subsys *ss, struct cgroup *cont)
if (parent && parent->use_hierarchy) {
res_counter_init(&memcg->res, &parent->res);
res_counter_init(&memcg->memsw, &parent->memsw);
+ res_counter_init(&memcg->kmem, &parent->kmem);
/*
* We increment refcnt of the parent to ensure that we can
* safely access it on res_counter_charge/uncharge.
@@ -4935,6 +5023,7 @@ mem_cgroup_create(struct cgroup_subsys *ss, struct cgroup *cont)
} else {
res_counter_init(&memcg->res, NULL);
res_counter_init(&memcg->memsw, NULL);
+ res_counter_init(&memcg->kmem, NULL);
}
memcg->last_scanned_child = 0;
memcg->last_scanned_node = MAX_NUMNODES;
@@ -4978,6 +5067,10 @@ static int mem_cgroup_populate(struct cgroup_subsys *ss,

if (!ret)
ret = register_memsw_files(cont, ss);
+
+ if (!ret)
+ ret = register_kmem_files(cont, ss);
+
return ret;
}

--
1.7.6.4


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