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    Date
    SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/3] dma-buf: Introduce dma buffer sharing mechanism
    From
    2011/12/26 Sumit Semwal <sumit.semwal@ti.com>:
    > This is the first step in defining a dma buffer sharing mechanism.
    >
    > A new buffer object dma_buf is added, with operations and API to allow easy
    > sharing of this buffer object across devices.
    >
    > The framework allows:
    > - creation of a buffer object, its association with a file pointer, and
    >   associated allocator-defined operations on that buffer. This operation is
    >   called the 'export' operation.
    > - different devices to 'attach' themselves to this exported buffer object, to
    >  facilitate backing storage negotiation, using dma_buf_attach() API.
    > - the exported buffer object to be shared with the other entity by asking for
    >   its 'file-descriptor (fd)', and sharing the fd across.
    > - a received fd to get the buffer object back, where it can be accessed using
    >   the associated exporter-defined operations.
    > - the exporter and user to share the scatterlist associated with this buffer
    >   object using map_dma_buf and unmap_dma_buf operations.
    >
    > Atleast one 'attach()' call is required to be made prior to calling the
    > map_dma_buf() operation.
    >
    > Couple of building blocks in map_dma_buf() are added to ease introduction
    > of sync'ing across exporter and users, and late allocation by the exporter.
    >
    > For this first version, this framework will work with certain conditions:
    > - *ONLY* exporter will be allowed to mmap to userspace (outside of this
    >   framework - mmap is not a buffer object operation),
    > - currently, *ONLY* users that do not need CPU access to the buffer are
    >   allowed.
    >
    > More details are there in the documentation patch.
    >
    > This is based on design suggestions from many people at the mini-summits[1],
    > most notably from Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>, Rob Clark <rob@ti.com> and
    > Daniel Vetter <daniel@ffwll.ch>.
    >
    > The implementation is inspired from proof-of-concept patch-set from
    > Tomasz Stanislawski <t.stanislaws@samsung.com>, who demonstrated buffer sharing
    > between two v4l2 devices. [2]
    >
    > [1]: https://wiki.linaro.org/OfficeofCTO/MemoryManagement
    > [2]: http://lwn.net/Articles/454389
    >
    > Signed-off-by: Sumit Semwal <sumit.semwal@linaro.org>
    > Signed-off-by: Sumit Semwal <sumit.semwal@ti.com>
    > Reviewed-by: Daniel Vetter <daniel.vetter@ffwll.ch>
    > Reviewed-by: Dave Airlie <airlied@redhat.com>
    > Reviewed-and-Tested-by: Rob Clark <rob.clark@linaro.org>
    > ---
    >  drivers/base/Kconfig    |   10 ++
    >  drivers/base/Makefile   |    1 +
    >  drivers/base/dma-buf.c  |  291 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    >  include/linux/dma-buf.h |  176 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    >  4 files changed, 478 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
    >  create mode 100644 drivers/base/dma-buf.c
    >  create mode 100644 include/linux/dma-buf.h
    >
    > diff --git a/drivers/base/Kconfig b/drivers/base/Kconfig
    > index 21cf46f..8a0e87f 100644
    > --- a/drivers/base/Kconfig
    > +++ b/drivers/base/Kconfig
    > @@ -174,4 +174,14 @@ config SYS_HYPERVISOR
    >
    >  source "drivers/base/regmap/Kconfig"
    >
    > +config DMA_SHARED_BUFFER
    > +       bool "Buffer framework to be shared between drivers"
    > +       default n
    > +       select ANON_INODES
    > +       help
    > +         This option enables the framework for buffer-sharing between
    > +         multiple drivers. A buffer is associated with a file using driver
    > +         APIs extension; the file's descriptor can then be passed on to other
    > +         driver.
    > +
    >  endmenu
    > diff --git a/drivers/base/Makefile b/drivers/base/Makefile
    > index 99a375a..d0df046 100644
    > --- a/drivers/base/Makefile
    > +++ b/drivers/base/Makefile
    > @@ -8,6 +8,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_DEVTMPFS)  += devtmpfs.o
    >  obj-y                  += power/
    >  obj-$(CONFIG_HAS_DMA)  += dma-mapping.o
    >  obj-$(CONFIG_HAVE_GENERIC_DMA_COHERENT) += dma-coherent.o
    > +obj-$(CONFIG_DMA_SHARED_BUFFER) += dma-buf.o
    >  obj-$(CONFIG_ISA)      += isa.o
    >  obj-$(CONFIG_FW_LOADER)        += firmware_class.o
    >  obj-$(CONFIG_NUMA)     += node.o
    > diff --git a/drivers/base/dma-buf.c b/drivers/base/dma-buf.c
    > new file mode 100644
    > index 0000000..e38ad24
    > --- /dev/null
    > +++ b/drivers/base/dma-buf.c
    > @@ -0,0 +1,291 @@
    > +/*
    > + * Framework for buffer objects that can be shared across devices/subsystems.
    > + *
    > + * Copyright(C) 2011 Linaro Limited. All rights reserved.
    > + * Author: Sumit Semwal <sumit.semwal@ti.com>
    > + *
    > + * Many thanks to linaro-mm-sig list, and specially
    > + * Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>, Rob Clark <rob@ti.com> and
    > + * Daniel Vetter <daniel@ffwll.ch> for their support in creation and
    > + * refining of this idea.
    > + *
    > + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
    > + * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as published by
    > + * the Free Software Foundation.
    > + *
    > + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
    > + * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
    > + * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for
    > + * more details.
    > + *
    > + * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
    > + * this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
    > + */
    > +
    > +#include <linux/fs.h>
    > +#include <linux/slab.h>
    > +#include <linux/dma-buf.h>
    > +#include <linux/anon_inodes.h>
    > +#include <linux/export.h>
    > +
    > +static inline int is_dma_buf_file(struct file *);
    > +
    > +static int dma_buf_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
    > +{
    > +       struct dma_buf *dmabuf;
    > +
    > +       if (!is_dma_buf_file(file))
    > +               return -EINVAL;
    > +
    > +       dmabuf = file->private_data;
    > +
    > +       dmabuf->ops->release(dmabuf);
    > +       kfree(dmabuf);
    > +       return 0;
    > +}
    > +
    > +static const struct file_operations dma_buf_fops = {
    > +       .release        = dma_buf_release,
    > +};
    > +
    > +/*
    > + * is_dma_buf_file - Check if struct file* is associated with dma_buf
    > + */
    > +static inline int is_dma_buf_file(struct file *file)
    > +{
    > +       return file->f_op == &dma_buf_fops;
    > +}
    > +
    > +/**
    > + * dma_buf_export - Creates a new dma_buf, and associates an anon file
    > + * with this buffer, so it can be exported.
    > + * Also connect the allocator specific data and ops to the buffer.
    > + *
    > + * @priv:      [in]    Attach private data of allocator to this buffer
    > + * @ops:       [in]    Attach allocator-defined dma buf ops to the new buffer.
    > + * @size:      [in]    Size of the buffer
    > + * @flags:     [in]    mode flags for the file.
    > + *
    > + * Returns, on success, a newly created dma_buf object, which wraps the
    > + * supplied private data and operations for dma_buf_ops. On either missing
    > + * ops, or error in allocating struct dma_buf, will return negative error.
    > + *
    > + */
    > +struct dma_buf *dma_buf_export(void *priv, struct dma_buf_ops *ops,
    > +                               size_t size, int flags)
    > +{
    > +       struct dma_buf *dmabuf;
    > +       struct file *file;
    > +
    > +       if (WARN_ON(!priv || !ops
    > +                         || !ops->map_dma_buf
    > +                         || !ops->unmap_dma_buf
    > +                         || !ops->release)) {
    > +               return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
    > +       }
    > +
    > +       dmabuf = kzalloc(sizeof(struct dma_buf), GFP_KERNEL);
    > +       if (dmabuf == NULL)
    > +               return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
    > +
    > +       dmabuf->priv = priv;
    > +       dmabuf->ops = ops;
    > +       dmabuf->size = size;
    > +
    > +       file = anon_inode_getfile("dmabuf", &dma_buf_fops, dmabuf, flags);
    > +
    > +       dmabuf->file = file;
    > +
    > +       mutex_init(&dmabuf->lock);
    > +       INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dmabuf->attachments);
    > +
    > +       return dmabuf;
    > +}
    > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dma_buf_export);
    > +
    > +
    > +/**
    > + * dma_buf_fd - returns a file descriptor for the given dma_buf
    > + * @dmabuf:    [in]    pointer to dma_buf for which fd is required.
    > + *
    > + * On success, returns an associated 'fd'. Else, returns error.
    > + */
    > +int dma_buf_fd(struct dma_buf *dmabuf)
    > +{
    > +       int error, fd;
    > +
    > +       if (!dmabuf || !dmabuf->file)
    > +               return -EINVAL;
    > +
    > +       error = get_unused_fd();
    > +       if (error < 0)
    > +               return error;
    > +       fd = error;
    > +
    > +       fd_install(fd, dmabuf->file);
    > +
    > +       return fd;
    > +}
    > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dma_buf_fd);
    > +
    > +/**
    > + * dma_buf_get - returns the dma_buf structure related to an fd
    > + * @fd:        [in]    fd associated with the dma_buf to be returned
    > + *
    > + * On success, returns the dma_buf structure associated with an fd; uses
    > + * file's refcounting done by fget to increase refcount. returns ERR_PTR
    > + * otherwise.
    > + */
    > +struct dma_buf *dma_buf_get(int fd)
    > +{
    > +       struct file *file;
    > +
    > +       file = fget(fd);
    > +
    > +       if (!file)
    > +               return ERR_PTR(-EBADF);
    > +
    > +       if (!is_dma_buf_file(file)) {
    > +               fput(file);
    > +               return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
    > +       }
    > +
    > +       return file->private_data;
    > +}
    > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dma_buf_get);
    > +
    > +/**
    > + * dma_buf_put - decreases refcount of the buffer
    > + * @dmabuf:    [in]    buffer to reduce refcount of
    > + *
    > + * Uses file's refcounting done implicitly by fput()
    > + */
    > +void dma_buf_put(struct dma_buf *dmabuf)
    > +{
    > +       if (WARN_ON(!dmabuf || !dmabuf->file))
    > +               return;
    > +
    > +       fput(dmabuf->file);
    > +}
    > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dma_buf_put);
    > +
    > +/**
    > + * dma_buf_attach - Add the device to dma_buf's attachments list; optionally,
    > + * calls attach() of dma_buf_ops to allow device-specific attach functionality
    > + * @dmabuf:    [in]    buffer to attach device to.
    > + * @dev:       [in]    device to be attached.
    > + *
    > + * Returns struct dma_buf_attachment * for this attachment; may return negative
    > + * error codes.
    > + *
    > + */
    > +struct dma_buf_attachment *dma_buf_attach(struct dma_buf *dmabuf,
    > +                                         struct device *dev)
    > +{
    > +       struct dma_buf_attachment *attach;
    > +       int ret;
    > +
    > +       if (WARN_ON(!dmabuf || !dev || !dmabuf->ops))
    > +               return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
    > +
    > +       attach = kzalloc(sizeof(struct dma_buf_attachment), GFP_KERNEL);
    > +       if (attach == NULL)
    > +               goto err_alloc;
    > +
    > +       mutex_lock(&dmabuf->lock);
    > +
    > +       attach->dev = dev;
    > +       attach->dmabuf = dmabuf;
    > +       if (dmabuf->ops->attach) {
    > +               ret = dmabuf->ops->attach(dmabuf, dev, attach);
    > +               if (ret)
    > +                       goto err_attach;
    > +       }
    > +       list_add(&attach->node, &dmabuf->attachments);
    > +
    > +       mutex_unlock(&dmabuf->lock);
    > +       return attach;
    > +
    > +err_alloc:
    > +       return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
    > +err_attach:
    > +       kfree(attach);
    > +       mutex_unlock(&dmabuf->lock);
    > +       return ERR_PTR(ret);
    > +}
    > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dma_buf_attach);
    > +
    > +/**
    > + * dma_buf_detach - Remove the given attachment from dmabuf's attachments list;
    > + * optionally calls detach() of dma_buf_ops for device-specific detach
    > + * @dmabuf:    [in]    buffer to detach from.
    > + * @attach:    [in]    attachment to be detached; is free'd after this call.
    > + *
    > + */
    > +void dma_buf_detach(struct dma_buf *dmabuf, struct dma_buf_attachment *attach)
    > +{
    > +       if (WARN_ON(!dmabuf || !attach || !dmabuf->ops))
    > +               return;
    > +
    > +       mutex_lock(&dmabuf->lock);
    > +       list_del(&attach->node);
    > +       if (dmabuf->ops->detach)
    > +               dmabuf->ops->detach(dmabuf, attach);
    > +
    > +       mutex_unlock(&dmabuf->lock);
    > +       kfree(attach);
    > +}
    > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dma_buf_detach);
    > +
    > +/**
    > + * dma_buf_map_attachment - Returns the scatterlist table of the attachment;
    > + * mapped into _device_ address space. Is a wrapper for map_dma_buf() of the
    > + * dma_buf_ops.
    > + * @attach:    [in]    attachment whose scatterlist is to be returned
    > + * @direction: [in]    direction of DMA transfer
    > + *
    > + * Returns sg_table containing the scatterlist to be returned; may return NULL
    > + * or ERR_PTR.
    > + *
    > + */
    > +struct sg_table *dma_buf_map_attachment(struct dma_buf_attachment *attach,
    > +                                       enum dma_data_direction direction)
    > +{
    > +       struct sg_table *sg_table = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
    > +
    > +       might_sleep();
    > +
    > +       if (WARN_ON(!attach || !attach->dmabuf || !attach->dmabuf->ops))
    > +               return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
    > +
    > +       mutex_lock(&attach->dmabuf->lock);
    > +       if (attach->dmabuf->ops->map_dma_buf)
    > +               sg_table = attach->dmabuf->ops->map_dma_buf(attach, direction);
    > +       mutex_unlock(&attach->dmabuf->lock);
    > +
    > +       return sg_table;
    > +}
    > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dma_buf_map_attachment);
    > +
    > +/**
    > + * dma_buf_unmap_attachment - unmaps and decreases usecount of the buffer;might
    > + * deallocate the scatterlist associated. Is a wrapper for unmap_dma_buf() of
    > + * dma_buf_ops.
    > + * @attach:    [in]    attachment to unmap buffer from
    > + * @sg_table:  [in]    scatterlist info of the buffer to unmap
    > + *
    > + */
    > +void dma_buf_unmap_attachment(struct dma_buf_attachment *attach,
    > +                               struct sg_table *sg_table)
    > +{
    > +       if (WARN_ON(!attach || !attach->dmabuf || !sg_table
    > +                           || !attach->dmabuf->ops))
    > +               return;
    > +
    > +       mutex_lock(&attach->dmabuf->lock);
    > +       if (attach->dmabuf->ops->unmap_dma_buf)
    > +               attach->dmabuf->ops->unmap_dma_buf(attach, sg_table);
    > +       mutex_unlock(&attach->dmabuf->lock);
    > +
    > +}
    > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dma_buf_unmap_attachment);
    > diff --git a/include/linux/dma-buf.h b/include/linux/dma-buf.h
    > new file mode 100644
    > index 0000000..f8ac076
    > --- /dev/null
    > +++ b/include/linux/dma-buf.h
    > @@ -0,0 +1,176 @@
    > +/*
    > + * Header file for dma buffer sharing framework.
    > + *
    > + * Copyright(C) 2011 Linaro Limited. All rights reserved.
    > + * Author: Sumit Semwal <sumit.semwal@ti.com>
    > + *
    > + * Many thanks to linaro-mm-sig list, and specially
    > + * Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>, Rob Clark <rob@ti.com> and
    > + * Daniel Vetter <daniel@ffwll.ch> for their support in creation and
    > + * refining of this idea.
    > + *
    > + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
    > + * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as published by
    > + * the Free Software Foundation.
    > + *
    > + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
    > + * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
    > + * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for
    > + * more details.
    > + *
    > + * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
    > + * this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
    > + */
    > +#ifndef __DMA_BUF_H__
    > +#define __DMA_BUF_H__
    > +
    > +#include <linux/file.h>
    > +#include <linux/err.h>
    > +#include <linux/device.h>
    > +#include <linux/scatterlist.h>
    > +#include <linux/list.h>
    > +#include <linux/dma-mapping.h>
    > +
    > +struct dma_buf;
    > +struct dma_buf_attachment;
    > +
    > +/**
    > + * struct dma_buf_ops - operations possible on struct dma_buf
    > + * @attach: [optional] allows different devices to 'attach' themselves to the
    > + *         given buffer. It might return -EBUSY to signal that backing storage
    > + *         is already allocated and incompatible with the requirements
    > + *         of requesting device.
    > + * @detach: [optional] detach a given device from this buffer.
    > + * @map_dma_buf: returns list of scatter pages allocated, increases usecount
    > + *              of the buffer. Requires atleast one attach to be called
    > + *              before. Returned sg list should already be mapped into
    > + *              _device_ address space. This call may sleep. May also return
    > + *              -EINTR. Should return -EINVAL if attach hasn't been called yet.
    > + * @unmap_dma_buf: decreases usecount of buffer, might deallocate scatter
    > + *                pages.
    > + * @release: release this buffer; to be called after the last dma_buf_put.
    > + */
    > +struct dma_buf_ops {
    > +       int (*attach)(struct dma_buf *, struct device *,
    > +                       struct dma_buf_attachment *);
    > +
    > +       void (*detach)(struct dma_buf *, struct dma_buf_attachment *);
    > +
    > +       /* For {map,unmap}_dma_buf below, any specific buffer attributes
    > +        * required should get added to device_dma_parameters accessible
    > +        * via dev->dma_params.
    > +        */
    > +       struct sg_table * (*map_dma_buf)(struct dma_buf_attachment *,
    > +                                               enum dma_data_direction);
    > +       void (*unmap_dma_buf)(struct dma_buf_attachment *,
    > +                                               struct sg_table *);
    > +       /* TODO: Add try_map_dma_buf version, to return immed with -EBUSY
    > +        * if the call would block.
    > +        */
    > +
    > +       /* after final dma_buf_put() */
    > +       void (*release)(struct dma_buf *);
    > +
    > +};
    > +
    > +/**
    > + * struct dma_buf - shared buffer object
    > + * @size: size of the buffer
    > + * @file: file pointer used for sharing buffers across, and for refcounting.
    > + * @attachments: list of dma_buf_attachment that denotes all devices attached.
    > + * @ops: dma_buf_ops associated with this buffer object.
    > + * @priv: exporter specific private data for this buffer object.
    > + */
    > +struct dma_buf {
    > +       size_t size;
    > +       struct file *file;
    > +       struct list_head attachments;
    > +       const struct dma_buf_ops *ops;

    how about having sg_table here also? like this, struct sg_table *sgt;
    now dmabuf->priv could have duplicated values.
    I know that a private buffer object is set to dmabuf->priv when
    dma_buf_export function is called. but when xxx_acquire_dmabuf
    callback of vb2 side is called dmabuf->priv would have sg_table object
    returned from dmabuf->ops->map_dma_buf() again to release the sg_table
    with dmabuf->ops->unmap_dma_buf(). I'm not sure that this situation
    could induce some problem but anyway confusing.

    > +       /* mutex to serialize list manipulation and other ops */
    > +       struct mutex lock;
    > +       void *priv;
    > +};
    > +
    > +/**
    > + * struct dma_buf_attachment - holds device-buffer attachment data
    > + * @dmabuf: buffer for this attachment.
    > + * @dev: device attached to the buffer.
    > + * @node: list of dma_buf_attachment.
    > + * @priv: exporter specific attachment data.
    > + *
    > + * This structure holds the attachment information between the dma_buf buffer
    > + * and its user device(s). The list contains one attachment struct per device
    > + * attached to the buffer.
    > + */
    > +struct dma_buf_attachment {
    > +       struct dma_buf *dmabuf;
    > +       struct device *dev;
    > +       struct list_head node;
    > +       void *priv;
    > +};
    > +
    > +#ifdef CONFIG_DMA_SHARED_BUFFER
    > +struct dma_buf_attachment *dma_buf_attach(struct dma_buf *dmabuf,
    > +                                                       struct device *dev);
    > +void dma_buf_detach(struct dma_buf *dmabuf,
    > +                               struct dma_buf_attachment *dmabuf_attach);
    > +struct dma_buf *dma_buf_export(void *priv, struct dma_buf_ops *ops,
    > +                       size_t size, int flags);
    > +int dma_buf_fd(struct dma_buf *dmabuf);
    > +struct dma_buf *dma_buf_get(int fd);
    > +void dma_buf_put(struct dma_buf *dmabuf);
    > +
    > +struct sg_table *dma_buf_map_attachment(struct dma_buf_attachment *,
    > +                                       enum dma_data_direction);
    > +void dma_buf_unmap_attachment(struct dma_buf_attachment *, struct sg_table *);
    > +#else
    > +
    > +static inline struct dma_buf_attachment *dma_buf_attach(struct dma_buf *dmabuf,
    > +                                                       struct device *dev)
    > +{
    > +       return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
    > +}
    > +
    > +static inline void dma_buf_detach(struct dma_buf *dmabuf,
    > +                                 struct dma_buf_attachment *dmabuf_attach)
    > +{
    > +       return;
    > +}
    > +
    > +static inline struct dma_buf *dma_buf_export(void *priv,
    > +                                               struct dma_buf_ops *ops,
    > +                                               size_t size, int flags)
    > +{
    > +       return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
    > +}
    > +
    > +static inline int dma_buf_fd(struct dma_buf *dmabuf)
    > +{
    > +       return -ENODEV;
    > +}
    > +
    > +static inline struct dma_buf *dma_buf_get(int fd)
    > +{
    > +       return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
    > +}
    > +
    > +static inline void dma_buf_put(struct dma_buf *dmabuf)
    > +{
    > +       return;
    > +}
    > +
    > +static inline struct sg_table *dma_buf_map_attachment(
    > +       struct dma_buf_attachment *attach, enum dma_data_direction write)
    > +{
    > +       return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
    > +}
    > +
    > +static inline void dma_buf_unmap_attachment(struct dma_buf_attachment *attach,
    > +                                               struct sg_table *sg)
    > +{
    > +       return;
    > +}
    > +
    > +#endif /* CONFIG_DMA_SHARED_BUFFER */
    > +
    > +#endif /* __DMA_BUF_H__ */
    > --
    > 1.7.5.4
    >
    > --
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