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SubjectRe: [PATCH 02/11] mm: compaction: introduce isolate_{free,migrate}pages_range().
On Fri, Nov 18, 2011 at 05:43:09PM +0100, Marek Szyprowski wrote:
> From: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com>
>
> This commit introduces isolate_freepages_range() and
> isolate_migratepages_range() functions. The first one replaces
> isolate_freepages_block() and the second one extracts functionality
> from isolate_migratepages().
>
> They are more generic and instead of operating on pageblocks operate
> on PFN ranges.
>
> Signed-off-by: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com>
> Signed-off-by: Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@samsung.com>
> ---
> mm/compaction.c | 170 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------------
> 1 files changed, 111 insertions(+), 59 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/mm/compaction.c b/mm/compaction.c
> index 899d956..6afae0e 100644
> --- a/mm/compaction.c
> +++ b/mm/compaction.c
> @@ -54,51 +54,64 @@ static unsigned long release_freepages(struct list_head *freelist)
> return count;
> }
>
> -/* Isolate free pages onto a private freelist. Must hold zone->lock */
> -static unsigned long isolate_freepages_block(struct zone *zone,
> - unsigned long blockpfn,
> - struct list_head *freelist)
> +/**
> + * isolate_freepages_range() - isolate free pages, must hold zone->lock.
> + * @zone: Zone pages are in.
> + * @start: The first PFN to start isolating.
> + * @end: The one-past-last PFN.
> + * @freelist: A list to save isolated pages to.
> + *
> + * If @freelist is not provided, holes in range (either non-free pages
> + * or invalid PFNs) are considered an error and function undos its
> + * actions and returns zero.
> + *
> + * If @freelist is provided, function will simply skip non-free and
> + * missing pages and put only the ones isolated on the list.
> + *
> + * Returns number of isolated pages. This may be more then end-start
> + * if end fell in a middle of a free page.
> + */
> +static unsigned long
> +isolate_freepages_range(struct zone *zone,
> + unsigned long start, unsigned long end,
> + struct list_head *freelist)

Use start_pfn and end_pfn to keep it consistent with the rest of
compaction.c.

> {
> - unsigned long zone_end_pfn, end_pfn;
> - int nr_scanned = 0, total_isolated = 0;
> - struct page *cursor;
> -
> - /* Get the last PFN we should scan for free pages at */
> - zone_end_pfn = zone->zone_start_pfn + zone->spanned_pages;
> - end_pfn = min(blockpfn + pageblock_nr_pages, zone_end_pfn);
> + unsigned long nr_scanned = 0, total_isolated = 0;
> + unsigned long pfn = start;
> + struct page *page;
>
> - /* Find the first usable PFN in the block to initialse page cursor */
> - for (; blockpfn < end_pfn; blockpfn++) {
> - if (pfn_valid_within(blockpfn))
> - break;
> - }
> - cursor = pfn_to_page(blockpfn);
> + VM_BUG_ON(!pfn_valid(pfn));
> + page = pfn_to_page(pfn);
>
> /* Isolate free pages. This assumes the block is valid */
> - for (; blockpfn < end_pfn; blockpfn++, cursor++) {
> - int isolated, i;
> - struct page *page = cursor;
> -
> - if (!pfn_valid_within(blockpfn))
> - continue;
> - nr_scanned++;
> -
> - if (!PageBuddy(page))
> - continue;
> + while (pfn < end) {
> + unsigned isolated = 1, i;
> +

Do not use implcit types. These are unsigned ints, call them unsigned
ints.

> + if (!pfn_valid_within(pfn))
> + goto skip;

The flow of this function in general with gotos of skipped and next
is confusing in comparison to the existing function. For example,
if this PFN is not valid, and no freelist is provided, then we call
__free_page() on a PFN that is known to be invalid.

> + ++nr_scanned;
> +
> + if (!PageBuddy(page)) {
> +skip:
> + if (freelist)
> + goto next;
> + for (; start < pfn; ++start)
> + __free_page(pfn_to_page(pfn));
> + return 0;
> + }

So if a PFN is valid and !PageBuddy and no freelist is provided, we
call __free_page() on it regardless of reference count. That does not
sound safe.

>
> /* Found a free page, break it into order-0 pages */
> isolated = split_free_page(page);
> total_isolated += isolated;
> - for (i = 0; i < isolated; i++) {
> - list_add(&page->lru, freelist);
> - page++;
> + if (freelist) {
> + struct page *p = page;
> + for (i = isolated; i; --i, ++p)
> + list_add(&p->lru, freelist);
> }
>
> - /* If a page was split, advance to the end of it */
> - if (isolated) {
> - blockpfn += isolated - 1;
> - cursor += isolated - 1;
> - }
> +next:
> + pfn += isolated;
> + page += isolated;

The name isolated is now confusing because it can mean either
pages isolated or pages scanned depending on context. Your patch
appears to be doing a lot more than is necessary to convert
isolate_freepages_block into isolate_freepages_range and at this point,
it's unclear why you did that.

> }
>
> trace_mm_compaction_isolate_freepages(nr_scanned, total_isolated);
> @@ -135,7 +148,7 @@ static void isolate_freepages(struct zone *zone,
> struct compact_control *cc)
> {
> struct page *page;
> - unsigned long high_pfn, low_pfn, pfn;
> + unsigned long high_pfn, low_pfn, pfn, zone_end_pfn, end_pfn;
> unsigned long flags;
> int nr_freepages = cc->nr_freepages;
> struct list_head *freelist = &cc->freepages;
> @@ -155,6 +168,8 @@ static void isolate_freepages(struct zone *zone,
> */
> high_pfn = min(low_pfn, pfn);
>
> + zone_end_pfn = zone->zone_start_pfn + zone->spanned_pages;
> +
> /*
> * Isolate free pages until enough are available to migrate the
> * pages on cc->migratepages. We stop searching if the migrate
> @@ -191,7 +206,9 @@ static void isolate_freepages(struct zone *zone,
> isolated = 0;
> spin_lock_irqsave(&zone->lock, flags);
> if (suitable_migration_target(page)) {
> - isolated = isolate_freepages_block(zone, pfn, freelist);
> + end_pfn = min(pfn + pageblock_nr_pages, zone_end_pfn);
> + isolated = isolate_freepages_range(zone, pfn,
> + end_pfn, freelist);
> nr_freepages += isolated;
> }
> spin_unlock_irqrestore(&zone->lock, flags);
> @@ -250,31 +267,34 @@ typedef enum {
> ISOLATE_SUCCESS, /* Pages isolated, migrate */
> } isolate_migrate_t;
>
> -/*
> - * Isolate all pages that can be migrated from the block pointed to by
> - * the migrate scanner within compact_control.
> +/**
> + * isolate_migratepages_range() - isolate all migrate-able pages in range.
> + * @zone: Zone pages are in.
> + * @cc: Compaction control structure.
> + * @low_pfn: The first PFN of the range.
> + * @end_pfn: The one-past-the-last PFN of the range.
> + *
> + * Isolate all pages that can be migrated from the range specified by
> + * [low_pfn, end_pfn). Returns zero if there is a fatal signal
> + * pending), otherwise PFN of the first page that was not scanned
> + * (which may be both less, equal to or more then end_pfn).
> + *
> + * Assumes that cc->migratepages is empty and cc->nr_migratepages is
> + * zero.
> + *
> + * Other then cc->migratepages and cc->nr_migratetypes this function
> + * does not modify any cc's fields, ie. it does not modify (or read
> + * for that matter) cc->migrate_pfn.
> */
> -static isolate_migrate_t isolate_migratepages(struct zone *zone,
> - struct compact_control *cc)
> +static unsigned long
> +isolate_migratepages_range(struct zone *zone, struct compact_control *cc,
> + unsigned long low_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn)
> {
> - unsigned long low_pfn, end_pfn;
> unsigned long last_pageblock_nr = 0, pageblock_nr;
> unsigned long nr_scanned = 0, nr_isolated = 0;
> struct list_head *migratelist = &cc->migratepages;
> isolate_mode_t mode = ISOLATE_ACTIVE|ISOLATE_INACTIVE;
>
> - /* Do not scan outside zone boundaries */
> - low_pfn = max(cc->migrate_pfn, zone->zone_start_pfn);
> -
> - /* Only scan within a pageblock boundary */
> - end_pfn = ALIGN(low_pfn + pageblock_nr_pages, pageblock_nr_pages);
> -
> - /* Do not cross the free scanner or scan within a memory hole */
> - if (end_pfn > cc->free_pfn || !pfn_valid(low_pfn)) {
> - cc->migrate_pfn = end_pfn;
> - return ISOLATE_NONE;
> - }
> -
> /*
> * Ensure that there are not too many pages isolated from the LRU
> * list by either parallel reclaimers or compaction. If there are,
> @@ -283,12 +303,12 @@ static isolate_migrate_t isolate_migratepages(struct zone *zone,
> while (unlikely(too_many_isolated(zone))) {
> /* async migration should just abort */
> if (!cc->sync)
> - return ISOLATE_ABORT;
> + return 0;
>
> congestion_wait(BLK_RW_ASYNC, HZ/10);
>
> if (fatal_signal_pending(current))
> - return ISOLATE_ABORT;
> + return 0;
> }
>
> /* Time to isolate some pages for migration */
> @@ -365,17 +385,49 @@ static isolate_migrate_t isolate_migratepages(struct zone *zone,
> nr_isolated++;
>
> /* Avoid isolating too much */
> - if (cc->nr_migratepages == COMPACT_CLUSTER_MAX)
> + if (cc->nr_migratepages == COMPACT_CLUSTER_MAX) {
> + ++low_pfn;
> break;
> + }
> }

This change is unrelated to the rest of the path. I recognise that
incrementing low_pfn would prevent an already isolated PFN being
scanned the next time but it should be a separate patch.

>
> acct_isolated(zone, cc);
>
> spin_unlock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
> - cc->migrate_pfn = low_pfn;
>
> trace_mm_compaction_isolate_migratepages(nr_scanned, nr_isolated);
>
> + return low_pfn;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Isolate all pages that can be migrated from the block pointed to by
> + * the migrate scanner within compact_control.
> + */
> +static isolate_migrate_t isolate_migratepages(struct zone *zone,
> + struct compact_control *cc)
> +{
> + unsigned long low_pfn, end_pfn;
> +
> + /* Do not scan outside zone boundaries */
> + low_pfn = max(cc->migrate_pfn, zone->zone_start_pfn);
> +
> + /* Only scan within a pageblock boundary */
> + end_pfn = ALIGN(low_pfn + pageblock_nr_pages, pageblock_nr_pages);
> +
> + /* Do not cross the free scanner or scan within a memory hole */
> + if (end_pfn > cc->free_pfn || !pfn_valid(low_pfn)) {
> + cc->migrate_pfn = end_pfn;
> + return ISOLATE_NONE;
> + }
> +
> + /* Perform the isolation */
> + low_pfn = isolate_migratepages_range(zone, cc, low_pfn, end_pfn);
> + if (!low_pfn)
> + return ISOLATE_ABORT;
> +
> + cc->migrate_pfn = low_pfn;
> +
> return ISOLATE_SUCCESS;
> }
>
> --
> 1.7.1.569.g6f426
>

--
Mel Gorman
SUSE Labs


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