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SubjectRe: [PATCH 3/8] readahead: replace ra->mmap_miss with ra->ra_flags
On Mon, Nov 21, 2011 at 03:01:16PM -0800, Andrew Morton wrote:
> On Mon, 21 Nov 2011 17:18:22 +0800
> Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> wrote:
>
> > Introduce a readahead flags field and embed the existing mmap_miss in it
> > (mainly to save space).
>
> What an ugly patch.

Indeed..

> > It will be possible to lose the flags in race conditions, however the
> > impact should be limited. For the race to happen, there must be two
> > threads sharing the same file descriptor to be in page fault or
> > readahead at the same time.
> >
> > Note that it has always been racy for "page faults" at the same time.
> >
> > And if ever the race happen, we'll lose one mmap_miss++ or mmap_miss--.
> > Which may change some concrete readahead behavior, but won't really
> > impact overall I/O performance.
> >
> > CC: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
> > CC: Steven Whitehouse <swhiteho@redhat.com>
> > Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
> > ---
> > include/linux/fs.h | 31 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> > mm/filemap.c | 9 ++-------
> > 2 files changed, 32 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)
> >
> > --- linux-next.orig/include/linux/fs.h 2011-11-20 11:30:55.000000000 +0800
> > +++ linux-next/include/linux/fs.h 2011-11-20 11:48:53.000000000 +0800
> > @@ -945,10 +945,39 @@ struct file_ra_state {
> > there are only # of pages ahead */
> >
> > unsigned int ra_pages; /* Maximum readahead window */
> > - unsigned int mmap_miss; /* Cache miss stat for mmap accesses */
> > + unsigned int ra_flags;
>
> And it doesn't actually save any space, unless ra_flags gets used for
> something else in a subsequent patch. And if it does, perhaps ra_flags

Because it's a preparation patch. There will be more fields defined later.

> should be ulong, which is compatible with the bitops.h code.
> Or perhaps we should use a bitfield and let the compiler do the work.

What if we do

u16 mmap_miss;
u16 ra_flags;

That would get rid of this patch. I'd still like to pack the various
flags as well as pattern into one single ra_flags, which makes it
convenient to pass things around (as one single parameter).

> > loff_t prev_pos; /* Cache last read() position */
> > };
> >
> > +/* ra_flags bits */
> > +#define READAHEAD_MMAP_MISS 0x000003ff /* cache misses for mmap access */
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Don't do ra_flags++ directly to avoid possible overflow:
> > + * the ra fields can be accessed concurrently in a racy way.
> > + */
> > +static inline unsigned int ra_mmap_miss_inc(struct file_ra_state *ra)
> > +{
> > + unsigned int miss = ra->ra_flags & READAHEAD_MMAP_MISS;
> > +
> > + /* the upper bound avoids banging the cache line unnecessarily */
> > + if (miss < READAHEAD_MMAP_MISS) {
> > + miss++;
> > + ra->ra_flags = miss | (ra->ra_flags & ~READAHEAD_MMAP_MISS);
> > + }
> > + return miss;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static inline void ra_mmap_miss_dec(struct file_ra_state *ra)
> > +{
> > + unsigned int miss = ra->ra_flags & READAHEAD_MMAP_MISS;
> > +
> > + if (miss) {
> > + miss--;
> > + ra->ra_flags = miss | (ra->ra_flags & ~READAHEAD_MMAP_MISS);
> > + }
> > +}
>
> It's strange that ra_mmap_miss_inc() returns the new value whereas
> ra_mmap_miss_dec() returns void.

Simply because no one need to check the return value of ra_mmap_miss_dec()...
But yeah it's good to make them look symmetry.

Thanks,
Fengguang


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