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Subject[PATCH v2] pstore: pass allocated memory region back to caller
The buf_lock cannot be held while populating the inodes, so make the backend
pass forward an allocated and filled buffer instead. This solves the following
backtrace. The effect is that "buf" is only ever used to notify the backends
that something was written to it, and shouldn't be used in the read path.

To replace the buf_lock during the read path, isolate the open/read/close
loop with a separate mutex to maintain serialized access to the backend.

[ 59.691019] BUG: sleeping function called from invalid context at .../mm/slub.c:847
[ 59.691019] in_atomic(): 0, irqs_disabled(): 1, pid: 1819, name: mount
[ 59.691019] Pid: 1819, comm: mount Not tainted 3.0.8 #1
[ 59.691019] Call Trace:
[ 59.691019] [<810252d5>] __might_sleep+0xc3/0xca
[ 59.691019] [<810a26e6>] kmem_cache_alloc+0x32/0xf3
[ 59.691019] [<810b53ac>] ? __d_lookup_rcu+0x6f/0xf4
[ 59.691019] [<810b68b1>] alloc_inode+0x2a/0x64
[ 59.691019] [<810b6903>] new_inode+0x18/0x43
[ 59.691019] [<81142447>] pstore_get_inode.isra.1+0x11/0x98
[ 59.691019] [<81142623>] pstore_mkfile+0xae/0x26f
[ 59.691019] [<810a2a66>] ? kmem_cache_free+0x19/0xb1
[ 59.691019] [<8116c821>] ? ida_get_new_above+0x140/0x158
[ 59.691019] [<811708ea>] ? __init_rwsem+0x1e/0x2c
[ 59.691019] [<810b67e8>] ? inode_init_always+0x111/0x1b0
[ 59.691019] [<8102127e>] ? should_resched+0xd/0x27
[ 59.691019] [<8137977f>] ? _cond_resched+0xd/0x21
[ 59.691019] [<81142abf>] pstore_get_records+0x52/0xa7
[ 59.691019] [<8114254b>] pstore_fill_super+0x7d/0x91
[ 59.691019] [<810a7ff5>] mount_single+0x46/0x82
[ 59.691019] [<8114231a>] pstore_mount+0x15/0x17
[ 59.691019] [<811424ce>] ? pstore_get_inode.isra.1+0x98/0x98
[ 59.691019] [<810a8199>] mount_fs+0x5a/0x12d
[ 59.691019] [<810b9174>] ? alloc_vfsmnt+0xa4/0x14a
[ 59.691019] [<810b9474>] vfs_kern_mount+0x4f/0x7d
[ 59.691019] [<810b9d7e>] do_kern_mount+0x34/0xb2
[ 59.691019] [<810bb15f>] do_mount+0x5fc/0x64a
[ 59.691019] [<810912fb>] ? strndup_user+0x2e/0x3f
[ 59.691019] [<810bb3cb>] sys_mount+0x66/0x99
[ 59.691019] [<8137b537>] sysenter_do_call+0x12/0x26

Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
---
v2:
- diffed on top of https://lkml.org/lkml/2011/11/16/342
- merged the backend changes for bisect sanity
drivers/acpi/apei/erst.c | 31 ++++++++++++++++++++++---------
drivers/firmware/efivars.c | 9 +++++++--
fs/pstore/platform.c | 13 ++++++++-----
include/linux/pstore.h | 4 +++-
4 files changed, 40 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)
diff --git a/drivers/acpi/apei/erst.c b/drivers/acpi/apei/erst.c
index 3616c67..6a9e3ba 100644
--- a/drivers/acpi/apei/erst.c
+++ b/drivers/acpi/apei/erst.c
@@ -932,7 +932,8 @@ static int erst_check_table(struct acpi_table_erst *erst_tab)
static int erst_open_pstore(struct pstore_info *psi);
static int erst_close_pstore(struct pstore_info *psi);
static ssize_t erst_reader(u64 *id, enum pstore_type_id *type,
- struct timespec *time, struct pstore_info *psi);
+ struct timespec *time, char **buf,
+ struct pstore_info *psi);
static int erst_writer(enum pstore_type_id type, enum kmsg_dump_reason reason,
u64 *id, unsigned int part,
size_t size, struct pstore_info *psi);
@@ -987,17 +988,23 @@ static int erst_close_pstore(struct pstore_info *psi)
}

static ssize_t erst_reader(u64 *id, enum pstore_type_id *type,
- struct timespec *time, struct pstore_info *psi)
+ struct timespec *time, char **buf,
+ struct pstore_info *psi)
{
int rc;
ssize_t len = 0;
u64 record_id;
- struct cper_pstore_record *rcd = (struct cper_pstore_record *)
- (erst_info.buf - sizeof(*rcd));
+ struct cper_pstore_record *rcd;
+ size_t rcd_len = sizeof(*rcd) + erst_info.bufsize;

if (erst_disable)
return -ENODEV;

+ rcd = kmalloc(rcd_len, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!rcd) {
+ rc = -ENOMEM;
+ goto out;
+ }
skip:
rc = erst_get_record_id_next(&reader_pos, &record_id);
if (rc)
@@ -1005,22 +1012,27 @@ skip:

/* no more record */
if (record_id == APEI_ERST_INVALID_RECORD_ID) {
- rc = -1;
+ rc = -EINVAL;
goto out;
}

- len = erst_read(record_id, &rcd->hdr, sizeof(*rcd) +
- erst_info.bufsize);
+ len = erst_read(record_id, &rcd->hdr, rcd_len);
/* The record may be cleared by others, try read next record */
if (len == -ENOENT)
goto skip;
- else if (len < 0) {
- rc = -1;
+ else if (len < sizeof(*rcd)) {
+ rc = -EIO;
goto out;
}
if (uuid_le_cmp(rcd->hdr.creator_id, CPER_CREATOR_PSTORE) != 0)
goto skip;

+ *buf = kmalloc(len, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (*buf == NULL) {
+ rc = -ENOMEM;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ memcpy(*buf, rcd->data, len - sizeof(*rcd));
*id = record_id;
if (uuid_le_cmp(rcd->sec_hdr.section_type,
CPER_SECTION_TYPE_DMESG) == 0)
@@ -1038,6 +1050,7 @@ skip:
time->tv_nsec = 0;

out:
+ kfree(rcd);
return (rc < 0) ? rc : (len - sizeof(*rcd));
}

diff --git a/drivers/firmware/efivars.c b/drivers/firmware/efivars.c
index f67ddfb..0a53a05 100644
--- a/drivers/firmware/efivars.c
+++ b/drivers/firmware/efivars.c
@@ -457,7 +457,8 @@ static int efi_pstore_close(struct pstore_info *psi)
}

static ssize_t efi_pstore_read(u64 *id, enum pstore_type_id *type,
- struct timespec *timespec, struct pstore_info *psi)
+ struct timespec *timespec,
+ char **buf, struct pstore_info *psi)
{
efi_guid_t vendor = LINUX_EFI_CRASH_GUID;
struct efivars *efivars = psi->data;
@@ -478,7 +479,11 @@ static ssize_t efi_pstore_read(u64 *id, enum pstore_type_id *type,
timespec->tv_nsec = 0;
get_var_data_locked(efivars, &efivars->walk_entry->var);
size = efivars->walk_entry->var.DataSize;
- memcpy(psi->buf, efivars->walk_entry->var.Data, size);
+ *buf = kmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (*buf == NULL)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ memcpy(*buf, efivars->walk_entry->var.Data,
+ size);
efivars->walk_entry = list_entry(efivars->walk_entry->list.next,
struct efivar_entry, list);
return size;
diff --git a/fs/pstore/platform.c b/fs/pstore/platform.c
index b22322f..f146d89 100644
--- a/fs/pstore/platform.c
+++ b/fs/pstore/platform.c
@@ -167,6 +167,7 @@ int pstore_register(struct pstore_info *psi)
}

psinfo = psi;
+ mutex_init(&psinfo->read_mutex);
spin_unlock(&pstore_lock);

if (owner && !try_module_get(owner)) {
@@ -195,30 +196,32 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pstore_register);
void pstore_get_records(int quiet)
{
struct pstore_info *psi = psinfo;
+ char *buf = NULL;
ssize_t size;
u64 id;
enum pstore_type_id type;
struct timespec time;
int failed = 0, rc;
- unsigned long flags;

if (!psi)
return;

- spin_lock_irqsave(&psinfo->buf_lock, flags);
+ mutex_lock(&psi->read_mutex);
rc = psi->open(psi);
if (rc)
goto out;

- while ((size = psi->read(&id, &type, &time, psi)) > 0) {
- rc = pstore_mkfile(type, psi->name, id, psi->buf, (size_t)size,
+ while ((size = psi->read(&id, &type, &time, &buf, psi)) > 0) {
+ rc = pstore_mkfile(type, psi->name, id, buf, (size_t)size,
time, psi);
+ kfree(buf);
+ buf = NULL;
if (rc && (rc != -EEXIST || !quiet))
failed++;
}
psi->close(psi);
out:
- spin_unlock_irqrestore(&psinfo->buf_lock, flags);
+ mutex_unlock(&psi->read_mutex);

if (failed)
printk(KERN_WARNING "pstore: failed to load %d record(s) from '%s'\n",
diff --git a/include/linux/pstore.h b/include/linux/pstore.h
index b38ddf9..e1461e1 100644
--- a/include/linux/pstore.h
+++ b/include/linux/pstore.h
@@ -38,10 +38,12 @@ struct pstore_info {
spinlock_t buf_lock; /* serialize access to 'buf' */
char *buf;
size_t bufsize;
+ struct mutex read_mutex; /* serialize open/read/close */
int (*open)(struct pstore_info *psi);
int (*close)(struct pstore_info *psi);
ssize_t (*read)(u64 *id, enum pstore_type_id *type,
- struct timespec *time, struct pstore_info *psi);
+ struct timespec *time, char **buf,
+ struct pstore_info *psi);
int (*write)(enum pstore_type_id type,
enum kmsg_dump_reason reason, u64 *id,
unsigned int part, size_t size, struct pstore_info *psi);
--
1.7.0.4


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