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Subject[PATCH v9 08/15] ARM: LPAE: Page table maintenance for the 3-level format
Date
This patch modifies the pgd/pmd/pte manipulation functions to support
the 3-level page table format. Since there is no need for an 'ext'
argument to cpu_set_pte_ext(), this patch conditionally defines a
different prototype for this function when CONFIG_ARM_LPAE.

The patch also introduces the L_PGD_SWAPPER flag to mark pgd entries
pointing to pmd tables pre-allocated in the swapper_pg_dir and avoid
trying to free them at run-time. This flag is 0 with the classic page
table format.

Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
---
arch/arm/include/asm/pgalloc.h | 24 +++++++++++++++
arch/arm/include/asm/pgtable-3level.h | 53 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/arm/include/asm/proc-fns.h | 21 +++++++++++++
arch/arm/mm/ioremap.c | 8 +++--
arch/arm/mm/pgd.c | 51 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
5 files changed, 150 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/pgalloc.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/pgalloc.h
index 7418894..943504f 100644
--- a/arch/arm/include/asm/pgalloc.h
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/pgalloc.h
@@ -25,6 +25,26 @@
#define _PAGE_USER_TABLE (PMD_TYPE_TABLE | PMD_BIT4 | PMD_DOMAIN(DOMAIN_USER))
#define _PAGE_KERNEL_TABLE (PMD_TYPE_TABLE | PMD_BIT4 | PMD_DOMAIN(DOMAIN_KERNEL))

+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
+
+static inline pmd_t *pmd_alloc_one(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr)
+{
+ return (pmd_t *)get_zeroed_page(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_REPEAT);
+}
+
+static inline void pmd_free(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd)
+{
+ BUG_ON((unsigned long)pmd & (PAGE_SIZE-1));
+ free_page((unsigned long)pmd);
+}
+
+static inline void pud_populate(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, pmd_t *pmd)
+{
+ set_pud(pud, __pud(__pa(pmd) | PMD_TYPE_TABLE));
+}
+
+#else /* !CONFIG_ARM_LPAE */
+
/*
* Since we have only two-level page tables, these are trivial
*/
@@ -32,6 +52,8 @@
#define pmd_free(mm, pmd) do { } while (0)
#define pud_populate(mm,pmd,pte) BUG()

+#endif /* CONFIG_ARM_LPAE */
+
extern pgd_t *pgd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm);
extern void pgd_free(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd);

@@ -109,7 +131,9 @@ static inline void __pmd_populate(pmd_t *pmdp, phys_addr_t pte,
{
pmdval_t pmdval = (pte + PTE_HWTABLE_OFF) | prot;
pmdp[0] = __pmd(pmdval);
+#ifndef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
pmdp[1] = __pmd(pmdval + 256 * sizeof(pte_t));
+#endif
flush_pmd_entry(pmdp);
}

diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/pgtable-3level.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/pgtable-3level.h
index 79bf0ac..759af70 100644
--- a/arch/arm/include/asm/pgtable-3level.h
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/pgtable-3level.h
@@ -99,4 +99,57 @@
#define L_PTE_MT_DEV_CACHED (_AT(pteval_t, 3) << 2) /* normal inner write-back */
#define L_PTE_MT_MASK (_AT(pteval_t, 7) << 2)

+/*
+ * Software PGD flags.
+ */
+#define L_PGD_SWAPPER (_AT(pgdval_t, 1) << 55) /* swapper_pg_dir entry */
+
+#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
+
+#define pud_none(pud) (!pud_val(pud))
+#define pud_bad(pud) (!(pud_val(pud) & 2))
+#define pud_present(pud) (pud_val(pud))
+
+#define pud_clear(pudp) \
+ do { \
+ *pudp = __pud(0); \
+ clean_pmd_entry(pudp); \
+ } while (0)
+
+#define set_pud(pudp, pud) \
+ do { \
+ *pudp = pud; \
+ flush_pmd_entry(pudp); \
+ } while (0)
+
+static inline pmd_t *pud_page_vaddr(pud_t pud)
+{
+ return __va(pud_val(pud) & PHYS_MASK & (s32)PAGE_MASK);
+}
+
+/* Find an entry in the second-level page table.. */
+#define pmd_index(addr) (((addr) >> PMD_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PMD - 1))
+static inline pmd_t *pmd_offset(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr)
+{
+ return (pmd_t *)pud_page_vaddr(*pud) + pmd_index(addr);
+}
+
+#define pmd_bad(pmd) (!(pmd_val(pmd) & 2))
+
+#define copy_pmd(pmdpd,pmdps) \
+ do { \
+ *pmdpd = *pmdps; \
+ flush_pmd_entry(pmdpd); \
+ } while (0)
+
+#define pmd_clear(pmdp) \
+ do { \
+ *pmdp = __pmd(0); \
+ clean_pmd_entry(pmdp); \
+ } while (0)
+
+#define set_pte_ext(ptep,pte,ext) cpu_set_pte_ext(ptep,__pte(pte_val(pte)|(ext)))
+
+#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
+
#endif /* _ASM_PGTABLE_3LEVEL_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/proc-fns.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/proc-fns.h
index 9e92cb2..f3628fb 100644
--- a/arch/arm/include/asm/proc-fns.h
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/proc-fns.h
@@ -65,7 +65,11 @@ extern struct processor {
* Set a possibly extended PTE. Non-extended PTEs should
* ignore 'ext'.
*/
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
+ void (*set_pte_ext)(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte);
+#else
void (*set_pte_ext)(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte, unsigned int ext);
+#endif

/* Suspend/resume */
unsigned int suspend_size;
@@ -79,7 +83,11 @@ extern void cpu_proc_fin(void);
extern int cpu_do_idle(void);
extern void cpu_dcache_clean_area(void *, int);
extern void cpu_do_switch_mm(unsigned long pgd_phys, struct mm_struct *mm);
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
+extern void cpu_set_pte_ext(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte);
+#else
extern void cpu_set_pte_ext(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte, unsigned int ext);
+#endif
extern void cpu_reset(unsigned long addr) __attribute__((noreturn));

/* These three are private to arch/arm/kernel/suspend.c */
@@ -107,6 +115,18 @@ extern void cpu_resume(void);

#define cpu_switch_mm(pgd,mm) cpu_do_switch_mm(virt_to_phys(pgd),mm)

+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
+#define cpu_get_pgd() \
+ ({ \
+ unsigned long pg, pg2; \
+ __asm__("mrrc p15, 0, %0, %1, c2" \
+ : "=r" (pg), "=r" (pg2) \
+ : \
+ : "cc"); \
+ pg &= ~(PTRS_PER_PGD*sizeof(pgd_t)-1); \
+ (pgd_t *)phys_to_virt(pg); \
+ })
+#else
#define cpu_get_pgd() \
({ \
unsigned long pg; \
@@ -115,6 +135,7 @@ extern void cpu_resume(void);
pg &= ~0x3fff; \
(pgd_t *)phys_to_virt(pg); \
})
+#endif

#endif

diff --git a/arch/arm/mm/ioremap.c b/arch/arm/mm/ioremap.c
index c3fa40d..d1f78ba 100644
--- a/arch/arm/mm/ioremap.c
+++ b/arch/arm/mm/ioremap.c
@@ -64,7 +64,7 @@ void __check_kvm_seq(struct mm_struct *mm)
} while (seq != init_mm.context.kvm_seq);
}

-#ifndef CONFIG_SMP
+#if !defined(CONFIG_SMP) && !defined(CONFIG_ARM_LPAE)
/*
* Section support is unsafe on SMP - If you iounmap and ioremap a region,
* the other CPUs will not see this change until their next context switch.
@@ -202,11 +202,13 @@ void __iomem * __arm_ioremap_pfn_caller(unsigned long pfn,
unsigned long addr;
struct vm_struct * area;

+#ifndef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
/*
* High mappings must be supersection aligned
*/
if (pfn >= 0x100000 && (__pfn_to_phys(pfn) & ~SUPERSECTION_MASK))
return NULL;
+#endif

/*
* Don't allow RAM to be mapped - this causes problems with ARMv6+
@@ -228,7 +230,7 @@ void __iomem * __arm_ioremap_pfn_caller(unsigned long pfn,
return NULL;
addr = (unsigned long)area->addr;

-#ifndef CONFIG_SMP
+#if !defined(CONFIG_SMP) && !defined(CONFIG_ARM_LPAE)
if (DOMAIN_IO == 0 &&
(((cpu_architecture() >= CPU_ARCH_ARMv6) && (get_cr() & CR_XP)) ||
cpu_is_xsc3()) && pfn >= 0x100000 &&
@@ -320,7 +322,7 @@ __arm_ioremap_exec(unsigned long phys_addr, size_t size, bool cached)
void __iounmap(volatile void __iomem *io_addr)
{
void *addr = (void *)(PAGE_MASK & (unsigned long)io_addr);
-#ifndef CONFIG_SMP
+#if !defined(CONFIG_SMP) && !defined(CONFIG_ARM_LPAE)
struct vm_struct **p, *tmp;

/*
diff --git a/arch/arm/mm/pgd.c b/arch/arm/mm/pgd.c
index b2027c1..a3e78cc 100644
--- a/arch/arm/mm/pgd.c
+++ b/arch/arm/mm/pgd.c
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/gfp.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>

#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
#include <asm/page.h>
@@ -17,6 +18,14 @@

#include "mm.h"

+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
+#define __pgd_alloc() kmalloc(PTRS_PER_PGD * sizeof(pgd_t), GFP_KERNEL)
+#define __pgd_free(pgd) kfree(pgd)
+#else
+#define __pgd_alloc() (pgd_t *)__get_free_pages(GFP_KERNEL, 2)
+#define __pgd_free(pgd) free_pages((unsigned long)pgd, 2)
+#endif
+
/*
* need to get a 16k page for level 1
*/
@@ -27,7 +36,7 @@ pgd_t *pgd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm)
pmd_t *new_pmd, *init_pmd;
pte_t *new_pte, *init_pte;

- new_pgd = (pgd_t *)__get_free_pages(GFP_KERNEL, 2);
+ new_pgd = __pgd_alloc();
if (!new_pgd)
goto no_pgd;

@@ -42,10 +51,25 @@ pgd_t *pgd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm)

clean_dcache_area(new_pgd, PTRS_PER_PGD * sizeof(pgd_t));

+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
+ /*
+ * Allocate PMD table for modules and pkmap mappings.
+ */
+ new_pud = pud_alloc(mm, new_pgd + pgd_index(MODULES_VADDR),
+ MODULES_VADDR);
+ if (!new_pud)
+ goto no_pud;
+
+ new_pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, new_pud, 0);
+ if (!new_pmd)
+ goto no_pmd;
+#endif
+
if (!vectors_high()) {
/*
* On ARM, first page must always be allocated since it
- * contains the machine vectors.
+ * contains the machine vectors. The vectors are always high
+ * with LPAE.
*/
new_pud = pud_alloc(mm, new_pgd, 0);
if (!new_pud)
@@ -74,7 +98,7 @@ no_pte:
no_pmd:
pud_free(mm, new_pud);
no_pud:
- free_pages((unsigned long)new_pgd, 2);
+ __pgd_free(new_pgd);
no_pgd:
return NULL;
}
@@ -111,5 +135,24 @@ no_pud:
pgd_clear(pgd);
pud_free(mm, pud);
no_pgd:
- free_pages((unsigned long) pgd_base, 2);
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
+ /*
+ * Free modules/pkmap or identity pmd tables.
+ */
+ for (pgd = pgd_base; pgd < pgd_base + PTRS_PER_PGD; pgd++) {
+ if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd))
+ continue;
+ if (pgd_val(*pgd) & L_PGD_SWAPPER)
+ continue;
+ pud = pud_offset(pgd, 0);
+ if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud))
+ continue;
+ pmd = pmd_offset(pud, 0);
+ pud_clear(pud);
+ pmd_free(mm, pmd);
+ pgd_clear(pgd);
+ pud_free(mm, pud);
+ }
+#endif
+ __pgd_free(pgd_base);
}


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