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Subject[PATCH RFC V2 5/5] kvm guest : pv-ticketlocks support for linux guests running on KVM hypervisor
This patch extends Linux guests running on KVM hypervisor to support
pv-ticketlocks. Very early during bootup, paravirtualied KVM guest detects if
the hypervisor has required feature (KVM_FEATURE_WAIT_FOR_KICK) to support
pv-ticketlocks. If so, support for pv-ticketlocks is registered via pv_lock_ops.

Signed-off-by: Srivatsa Vaddagiri <vatsa@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Suzuki Poulose <suzuki@in.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Raghavendra K T <raghavendra.kt@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_para.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_para.h
index 2874c19..c7f34b7 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_para.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_para.h
@@ -195,10 +195,18 @@ void kvm_async_pf_task_wait(u32 token);
void kvm_async_pf_task_wake(u32 token);
u32 kvm_read_and_reset_pf_reason(void);
extern void kvm_disable_steal_time(void);
-#else
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_SPINLOCKS
+void __init kvm_guest_early_init(void);
+#else /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_SPINLOCKS */
+#define kvm_guest_early_init() do { } while (0)
+#endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_SPINLOCKS */
+
+#else /* CONFIG_KVM_GUEST */
#define kvm_guest_init() do { } while (0)
#define kvm_async_pf_task_wait(T) do {} while(0)
#define kvm_async_pf_task_wake(T) do {} while(0)
+#define kvm_guest_early_init() do { } while (0)
static inline u32 kvm_read_and_reset_pf_reason(void)
{
return 0;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/head32.c b/arch/x86/kernel/head32.c
index 3bb0850..fb25bca 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/head32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/head32.c
@@ -9,6 +9,7 @@
#include <linux/start_kernel.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/memblock.h>
+#include <linux/kvm_para.h>

#include <asm/setup.h>
#include <asm/sections.h>
@@ -59,6 +60,8 @@ void __init i386_start_kernel(void)
break;
}

+ kvm_guest_early_init();
+
/*
* At this point everything still needed from the boot loader
* or BIOS or kernel text should be early reserved or marked not
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/head64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/head64.c
index 5655c22..cabf8ec 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/head64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/head64.c
@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@
#include <linux/start_kernel.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
#include <linux/memblock.h>
+#include <linux/kvm_para.h>

#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <asm/proto.h>
@@ -115,6 +116,8 @@ void __init x86_64_start_reservations(char *real_mode_data)

reserve_ebda_region();

+ kvm_guest_early_init();
+
/*
* At this point everything still needed from the boot loader
* or BIOS or kernel text should be early reserved or marked not
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c b/arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c
index a9c2116..f4f341f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c
@@ -39,6 +39,16 @@
#include <asm/desc.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>

+#ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_SPINLOCKS
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_KVM_DEBUG_FS
+
+#include <linux/debugfs.h>
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_KVM_DEBUG_FS */
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_SPINLOCKS */
+
#define MMU_QUEUE_SIZE 1024

static int kvmapf = 1;
@@ -627,3 +637,240 @@ static __init int activate_jump_labels(void)
return 0;
}
arch_initcall(activate_jump_labels);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_SPINLOCKS
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_KVM_DEBUG_FS
+
+static struct kvm_spinlock_stats
+{
+ u32 taken_slow;
+ u32 taken_slow_pickup;
+
+ u32 released_slow;
+ u32 released_slow_kicked;
+
+#define HISTO_BUCKETS 30
+ u32 histo_spin_blocked[HISTO_BUCKETS+1];
+
+ u64 time_blocked;
+} spinlock_stats;
+
+static u8 zero_stats;
+
+static inline void check_zero(void)
+{
+ if (unlikely(zero_stats)) {
+ memset(&spinlock_stats, 0, sizeof(spinlock_stats));
+ zero_stats = 0;
+ }
+}
+
+#define ADD_STATS(elem, val) \
+ do { check_zero(); spinlock_stats.elem += (val); } while (0)
+
+static inline u64 spin_time_start(void)
+{
+ return sched_clock();
+}
+
+static void __spin_time_accum(u64 delta, u32 *array)
+{
+ unsigned index = ilog2(delta);
+
+ check_zero();
+
+ if (index < HISTO_BUCKETS)
+ array[index]++;
+ else
+ array[HISTO_BUCKETS]++;
+}
+
+static inline void spin_time_accum_blocked(u64 start)
+{
+ u32 delta = sched_clock() - start;
+
+ __spin_time_accum(delta, spinlock_stats.histo_spin_blocked);
+ spinlock_stats.time_blocked += delta;
+}
+
+static struct dentry *d_spin_debug;
+static struct dentry *d_kvm_debug;
+
+struct dentry *kvm_init_debugfs(void)
+{
+ d_kvm_debug = debugfs_create_dir("kvm", NULL);
+ if (!d_kvm_debug)
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "Could not create 'kvm' debugfs directory\n");
+
+ return d_kvm_debug;
+}
+
+static int __init kvm_spinlock_debugfs(void)
+{
+ struct dentry *d_kvm = kvm_init_debugfs();
+
+ if (d_kvm == NULL)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ d_spin_debug = debugfs_create_dir("spinlocks", d_kvm);
+
+ debugfs_create_u8("zero_stats", 0644, d_spin_debug, &zero_stats);
+
+ debugfs_create_u32("taken_slow", 0444, d_spin_debug,
+ &spinlock_stats.taken_slow);
+ debugfs_create_u32("taken_slow_pickup", 0444, d_spin_debug,
+ &spinlock_stats.taken_slow_pickup);
+
+ debugfs_create_u32("released_slow", 0444, d_spin_debug,
+ &spinlock_stats.released_slow);
+ debugfs_create_u32("released_slow_kicked", 0444, d_spin_debug,
+ &spinlock_stats.released_slow_kicked);
+
+ debugfs_create_u64("time_blocked", 0444, d_spin_debug,
+ &spinlock_stats.time_blocked);
+
+ debugfs_create_u32_array("histo_blocked", 0444, d_spin_debug,
+ spinlock_stats.histo_spin_blocked, HISTO_BUCKETS + 1);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+fs_initcall(kvm_spinlock_debugfs);
+#else /* !CONFIG_KVM_DEBUG_FS */
+#define TIMEOUT (1 << 10)
+#define ADD_STATS(elem, val) do { (void)(val); } while (0)
+
+static inline u64 spin_time_start(void)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static inline void spin_time_accum_blocked(u64 start)
+{
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_KVM_DEBUG_FS */
+
+struct kvm_lock_waiting {
+ struct arch_spinlock *lock;
+ __ticket_t want;
+};
+
+/* cpus 'waiting' on a spinlock to become available */
+static cpumask_t waiting_cpus;
+
+/* Track spinlock on which a cpu is waiting */
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kvm_lock_waiting, lock_waiting);
+
+static inline void kvm_wait_for_kick(void)
+{
+ kvm_hypercall0(KVM_HC_WAIT_FOR_KICK);
+}
+
+static void kvm_lock_spinning(struct arch_spinlock *lock, __ticket_t want)
+{
+ struct kvm_lock_waiting *w = &__get_cpu_var(lock_waiting);
+ int cpu = smp_processor_id();
+ u64 start;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ start = spin_time_start();
+
+ /*
+ * Make sure an interrupt handler can't upset things in a
+ * partially setup state.
+ */
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+
+ /*
+ * The ordering protocol on this is that the "lock" pointer
+ * may only be set non-NULL if the "want" ticket is correct.
+ * If we're updating "want", we must first clear "lock".
+ */
+ w->lock = NULL;
+ smp_wmb();
+ w->want = want;
+ smp_wmb();
+ w->lock = lock;
+
+ ADD_STATS(taken_slow, 1);
+
+ /*
+ * This uses set_bit, which is atomic but we should not rely on its
+ * reordering gurantees. So barrier is needed after this call.
+ */
+ cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, &waiting_cpus);
+
+ barrier();
+
+ /*
+ * Mark entry to slowpath before doing the pickup test to make
+ * sure we don't deadlock with an unlocker.
+ */
+ __ticket_enter_slowpath(lock);
+
+ /*
+ * check again make sure it didn't become free while
+ * we weren't looking.
+ */
+ if (ACCESS_ONCE(lock->tickets.head) == want) {
+ ADD_STATS(taken_slow_pickup, 1);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ /* Allow interrupts while blocked */
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+
+ kvm_wait_for_kick();
+
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+out:
+ cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, &waiting_cpus);
+ w->lock = NULL;
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+ spin_time_accum_blocked(start);
+}
+PV_CALLEE_SAVE_REGS_THUNK(kvm_lock_spinning);
+
+/* Kick a cpu */
+static inline void kvm_kick_cpu(int cpu)
+{
+ kvm_hypercall1(KVM_HC_KICK_CPU, cpu);
+}
+
+/* Kick vcpu waiting on @lock->head to reach value @ticket */
+static void kvm_unlock_kick(struct arch_spinlock *lock, __ticket_t ticket)
+{
+ int cpu;
+
+ ADD_STATS(released_slow, 1);
+
+ for_each_cpu(cpu, &waiting_cpus) {
+ const struct kvm_lock_waiting *w = &per_cpu(lock_waiting, cpu);
+ if (ACCESS_ONCE(w->lock) == lock &&
+ ACCESS_ONCE(w->want) == ticket) {
+ ADD_STATS(released_slow_kicked, 1);
+ kvm_kick_cpu(cpu);
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Setup pv_lock_ops to exploit KVM_FEATURE_WAIT_FOR_KICK if present.
+ * This needs to be setup really early in boot, before the first call to
+ * spinlock is issued!
+ */
+void __init kvm_guest_early_init(void)
+{
+ if (!kvm_para_available())
+ return;
+ /* Does host kernel support KVM_FEATURE_WAIT_FOR_KICK? */
+ if (!kvm_para_has_feature(KVM_FEATURE_WAIT_FOR_KICK))
+ return;
+
+ jump_label_inc(&paravirt_ticketlocks_enabled);
+
+ pv_lock_ops.lock_spinning = PV_CALLEE_SAVE(kvm_lock_spinning);
+ pv_lock_ops.unlock_kick = kvm_unlock_kick;
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_SPINLOCKS */

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