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SubjectRe: [PATCH 3/9] mm: alloc_contig_range() added
On Thu, Oct 06, 2011 at 03:54:43PM +0200, Marek Szyprowski wrote:
> From: Michal Nazarewicz <m.nazarewicz@samsung.com>
>
> This commit adds the alloc_contig_range() function which tries
> to allocate given range of pages. It tries to migrate all
> already allocated pages that fall in the range thus freeing them.
> Once all pages in the range are freed they are removed from the
> buddy system thus allocated for the caller to use.
>
> Signed-off-by: Michal Nazarewicz <m.nazarewicz@samsung.com>
> Signed-off-by: Kyungmin Park <kyungmin.park@samsung.com>
> [m.szyprowski: renamed some variables for easier code reading]
> Signed-off-by: Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@samsung.com>
> CC: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com>
> Acked-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
> ---
> include/linux/page-isolation.h | 2 +
> mm/page_alloc.c | 148 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 2 files changed, 150 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/page-isolation.h b/include/linux/page-isolation.h
> index b9fc428..774ecec 100644
> --- a/include/linux/page-isolation.h
> +++ b/include/linux/page-isolation.h
> @@ -36,6 +36,8 @@ extern void unset_migratetype_isolate(struct page *page);
> /* The below functions must be run on a range from a single zone. */
> extern unsigned long alloc_contig_freed_pages(unsigned long start,
> unsigned long end, gfp_t flag);
> +extern int alloc_contig_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long end,
> + gfp_t flags);
> extern void free_contig_pages(unsigned long pfn, unsigned nr_pages);
>
> /*
> diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
> index fbfb920..8010854 100644
> --- a/mm/page_alloc.c
> +++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
> @@ -5773,6 +5773,154 @@ void free_contig_pages(unsigned long pfn, unsigned nr_pages)
> }
> }
>
> +static unsigned long pfn_to_maxpage(unsigned long pfn)
> +{
> + return pfn & ~(MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES - 1);
> +}
> +

pfn_to_maxpage is a very confusing name here. It would be preferable to
create a MAX_ORDER_MASK that you apply directly.

Maybe something like SECTION_ALIGN_UP and SECTION_ALIGN_DOWN.

> +static unsigned long pfn_to_maxpage_up(unsigned long pfn)
> +{
> + return ALIGN(pfn, MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES);
> +}
> +
> +#define MIGRATION_RETRY 5
> +static int __alloc_contig_migrate_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
> +{
> + int migration_failed = 0, ret;
> + unsigned long pfn = start;
> +
> + /*
> + * Some code "borrowed" from KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki's
> + * __alloc_contig_pages().
> + */
> +

There is no need to put a comment like this here. Credit him in the
changelog.

> + /* drop all pages in pagevec and pcp list */
> + lru_add_drain_all();
> + drain_all_pages();
> +

Very similar to migrate_prep(). drain_all_pages should not be required
at this point.

> + for (;;) {
> + pfn = scan_lru_pages(pfn, end);

scan_lru_pages() is inefficient, this is going to be costly.

> + if (!pfn || pfn >= end)
> + break;
> +
> + ret = do_migrate_range(pfn, end);
> + if (!ret) {
> + migration_failed = 0;
> + } else if (ret != -EBUSY
> + || ++migration_failed >= MIGRATION_RETRY) {
> + return ret;
> + } else {
> + /* There are unstable pages.on pagevec. */
> + lru_add_drain_all();
> + /*
> + * there may be pages on pcplist before
> + * we mark the range as ISOLATED.
> + */
> + drain_all_pages();
> + }
> + cond_resched();
> + }
> +
> + if (!migration_failed) {
> + /* drop all pages in pagevec and pcp list */
> + lru_add_drain_all();
> + drain_all_pages();
> + }
> +
> + /* Make sure all pages are isolated */
> + if (WARN_ON(test_pages_isolated(start, end)))
> + return -EBUSY;
> +

In some respects, this is very similar to mm/compaction#compact_zone().
They could have shared significant code if you reworked compact_zone
to work on ranges of memory and express compact_zone to operate on
zone->zone_start_pfn zone->zone_start_pfn+zone->spanned_pages . The
compaction code is

> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * alloc_contig_range() -- tries to allocate given range of pages
> + * @start: start PFN to allocate
> + * @end: one-past-the-last PFN to allocate
> + * @flags: flags passed to alloc_contig_freed_pages().
> + *
> + * The PFN range does not have to be pageblock or MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES
> + * aligned, hovewer it's callers responsibility to guarantee that we
> + * are the only thread that changes migrate type of pageblocks the
> + * pages fall in.
> + *
> + * Returns zero on success or negative error code. On success all
> + * pages which PFN is in (start, end) are allocated for the caller and
> + * need to be freed with free_contig_pages().
> + */
> +int alloc_contig_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long end,
> + gfp_t flags)
> +{
> + unsigned long outer_start, outer_end;
> + int ret;
> +
> + /*
> + * What we do here is we mark all pageblocks in range as
> + * MIGRATE_ISOLATE. Because of the way page allocator work, we
> + * align the range to MAX_ORDER pages so that page allocator
> + * won't try to merge buddies from different pageblocks and
> + * change MIGRATE_ISOLATE to some other migration type.
> + *

This part is new. compaction does not need to do this nor does it need
to. I can see though why it would be important for CMA though and
calling start_isolate_page_range() is reasonable.

There are alignment problems because it'll be on a pageblock boundary
but that is not a significant problem.

> + * Once the pageblocks are marked as MIGRATE_ISOLATE, we
> + * migrate the pages from an unaligned range (ie. pages that
> + * we are interested in). This will put all the pages in
> + * range back to page allocator as MIGRATE_ISOLATE.
> + *
> + * When this is done, we take the pages in range from page
> + * allocator removing them from the buddy system. This way
> + * page allocator will never consider using them.
> + *
> + * This lets us mark the pageblocks back as
> + * MIGRATE_CMA/MIGRATE_MOVABLE so that free pages in the
> + * MAX_ORDER aligned range but not in the unaligned, original
> + * range are put back to page allocator so that buddy can use
> + * them.
> + */
> +
> + ret = start_isolate_page_range(pfn_to_maxpage(start),
> + pfn_to_maxpage_up(end));
> + if (ret)
> + goto done;
> +
> + ret = __alloc_contig_migrate_range(start, end);
> + if (ret)
> + goto done;
> +
> + /*
> + * Pages from [start, end) are within a MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES
> + * aligned blocks that are marked as MIGRATE_ISOLATE. What's
> + * more, all pages in [start, end) are free in page allocator.
> + * What we are going to do is to allocate all pages from
> + * [start, end) (that is remove them from page allocater).
> + *
> + * The only problem is that pages at the beginning and at the
> + * end of interesting range may be not aligned with pages that
> + * page allocator holds, ie. they can be part of higher order
> + * pages. Because of this, we reserve the bigger range and
> + * once this is done free the pages we are not interested in.
> + */
> +
> + ret = 0;
> + while (!PageBuddy(pfn_to_page(start & (~0UL << ret))))
> + if (WARN_ON(++ret >= MAX_ORDER))
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + outer_start = start & (~0UL << ret);
> + outer_end = alloc_contig_freed_pages(outer_start, end, flags);
> +
> + /* Free head and tail (if any) */
> + if (start != outer_start)
> + free_contig_pages(outer_start, start - outer_start);
> + if (end != outer_end)
> + free_contig_pages(end, outer_end - end);
> +
> + ret = 0;
> +done:
> + undo_isolate_page_range(pfn_to_maxpage(start), pfn_to_maxpage_up(end));
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
> /*
> * All pages in the range must be isolated before calling this.


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