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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/9] mm: alloc_contig_freed_pages() added
At this point, I'm going to apologise for not reviewing this a long long
time ago.

On Thu, Oct 06, 2011 at 03:54:42PM +0200, Marek Szyprowski wrote:
> From: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
>
> This commit introduces alloc_contig_freed_pages() function
> which allocates (ie. removes from buddy system) free pages
> in range. Caller has to guarantee that all pages in range
> are in buddy system.
>

Straight away, I'm wondering why you didn't use

mm/compaction.c#isolate_freepages()

It knows how to isolate pages within ranges. All its control information
is passed via struct compact_control() which I recognise may be awkward
for CMA but compaction.c know how to manage all the isolated pages and
pass them to migrate.c appropriately.

I haven't read all the patches yet but isolate_freepages() does break
everything up into order-0 pages. This may not be to your liking but it
would not be possible to change.

> Along with this function, a free_contig_pages() function is
> provided which frees all (or a subset of) pages allocated
> with alloc_contig_free_pages().
>

mm/compaction.c#release_freepages()

> Michal Nazarewicz has modified the function to make it easier
> to allocate not MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES aligned pages by making it
> return pfn of one-past-the-last allocated page.
>
> Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
> Signed-off-by: Michal Nazarewicz <m.nazarewicz@samsung.com>
> [m.nazarewicz: added checks if all allocated pages comes from the
> same memory zone]
> Signed-off-by: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com>
> Signed-off-by: Kyungmin Park <kyungmin.park@samsung.com>
> [m.szyprowski: fixed wrong condition in VM_BUG_ON assert]
> Signed-off-by: Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@samsung.com>
> Acked-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
> ---
> include/linux/mmzone.h | 16 +++++++++
> include/linux/page-isolation.h | 5 +++
> mm/page_alloc.c | 67 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 3 files changed, 88 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
> index a2760bb..862a834 100644
> --- a/include/linux/mmzone.h
> +++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h
> @@ -1168,6 +1168,22 @@ static inline int memmap_valid_within(unsigned long pfn,
> }
> #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_HOLES_MEMORYMODEL */
>
> +#if defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM) && !defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP)
> +/*
> + * Both PFNs must be from the same zone! If this function returns
> + * true, pfn_to_page(pfn1) + (pfn2 - pfn1) == pfn_to_page(pfn2).
> + */
> +static inline bool zone_pfn_same_memmap(unsigned long pfn1, unsigned long pfn2)
> +{
> + return pfn_to_section_nr(pfn1) == pfn_to_section_nr(pfn2);
> +}
> +

Why do you care what section the page is in? The zone is important all
right, but not the section. Also, offhand I'm unsure if being in the
same section guarantees the same zone. sections are ordinarily fully
populated (except on ARM but hey) but I can't remember anything
enforcing that zones be section-aligned.

Later I think I see that the intention was to reduce the use of
pfn_to_page(). You can do this in a more general fashion by checking the
zone boundaries and resolving the pfn->page every MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES.
That will not be SPARSEMEM specific.

> +#else
> +
> +#define zone_pfn_same_memmap(pfn1, pfn2) (true)
> +
> +#endif
> +
> #endif /* !__GENERATING_BOUNDS.H */
> #endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
> #endif /* _LINUX_MMZONE_H */
> diff --git a/include/linux/page-isolation.h b/include/linux/page-isolation.h
> index 58cdbac..b9fc428 100644
> --- a/include/linux/page-isolation.h
> +++ b/include/linux/page-isolation.h
> @@ -33,6 +33,11 @@ test_pages_isolated(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn);
> extern int set_migratetype_isolate(struct page *page);
> extern void unset_migratetype_isolate(struct page *page);
>
> +/* The below functions must be run on a range from a single zone. */
> +extern unsigned long alloc_contig_freed_pages(unsigned long start,
> + unsigned long end, gfp_t flag);
> +extern void free_contig_pages(unsigned long pfn, unsigned nr_pages);
> +
> /*
> * For migration.
> */
> diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
> index bf4399a..fbfb920 100644
> --- a/mm/page_alloc.c
> +++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
> @@ -5706,6 +5706,73 @@ out:
> spin_unlock_irqrestore(&zone->lock, flags);
> }
>
> +unsigned long alloc_contig_freed_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long end,
> + gfp_t flag)
> +{
> + unsigned long pfn = start, count;
> + struct page *page;
> + struct zone *zone;
> + int order;
> +
> + VM_BUG_ON(!pfn_valid(start));

VM_BUG_ON seems very harsh here. WARN_ON_ONCE and returning 0 to the
caller sees reasonable.

> + page = pfn_to_page(start);
> + zone = page_zone(page);
> +
> + spin_lock_irq(&zone->lock);
> +
> + for (;;) {
> + VM_BUG_ON(page_count(page) || !PageBuddy(page) ||
> + page_zone(page) != zone);
> +

Here you will VM_BUG_ON with the zone lock held leading to system
halting very shortly.

> + list_del(&page->lru);
> + order = page_order(page);
> + count = 1UL << order;
> + zone->free_area[order].nr_free--;
> + rmv_page_order(page);
> + __mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_FREE_PAGES, -(long)count);
> +

The callers need to check in advance if watermarks are sufficient for
this. In compaction, it happens in compaction_suitable() because it only
needed to be checked once. Your requirements might be different.

> + pfn += count;
> + if (pfn >= end)
> + break;
> + VM_BUG_ON(!pfn_valid(pfn));
> +

On ARM, it's possible to encounter invalid pages. VM_BUG_ON is serious
overkill.

> + if (zone_pfn_same_memmap(pfn - count, pfn))
> + page += count;
> + else
> + page = pfn_to_page(pfn);
> + }
> +
> + spin_unlock_irq(&zone->lock);
> +
> + /* After this, pages in the range can be freed one be one */
> + count = pfn - start;
> + pfn = start;
> + for (page = pfn_to_page(pfn); count; --count) {
> + prep_new_page(page, 0, flag);
> + ++pfn;
> + if (likely(zone_pfn_same_memmap(pfn - 1, pfn)))
> + ++page;
> + else
> + page = pfn_to_page(pfn);
> + }
> +

Here it looks like you have implemented something like split_free_page().

> + return pfn;
> +}
> +
> +void free_contig_pages(unsigned long pfn, unsigned nr_pages)
> +{
> + struct page *page = pfn_to_page(pfn);
> +
> + while (nr_pages--) {
> + __free_page(page);
> + ++pfn;
> + if (likely(zone_pfn_same_memmap(pfn - 1, pfn)))
> + ++page;
> + else
> + page = pfn_to_page(pfn);
> + }
> +}
> +
> #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
> /*
> * All pages in the range must be isolated before calling this.


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