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SubjectRe: [PATCH 6/9] drivers: add Contiguous Memory Allocator
On Thu, 06 Oct 2011 15:54:46 +0200
Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@samsung.com> wrote:

> The Contiguous Memory Allocator is a set of helper functions for DMA
> mapping framework that improves allocations of contiguous memory chunks.
>
> CMA grabs memory on system boot, marks it with CMA_MIGRATE_TYPE and
> gives back to the system. Kernel is allowed to allocate movable pages
> within CMA's managed memory so that it can be used for example for page
> cache when DMA mapping do not use it. On dma_alloc_from_contiguous()
> request such pages are migrated out of CMA area to free required
> contiguous block and fulfill the request. This allows to allocate large
> contiguous chunks of memory at any time assuming that there is enough
> free memory available in the system.
>
> This code is heavily based on earlier works by Michal Nazarewicz.
>
>
> ...
>
> +#ifdef phys_to_pfn
> +/* nothing to do */
> +#elif defined __phys_to_pfn
> +# define phys_to_pfn __phys_to_pfn
> +#elif defined __va
> +# define phys_to_pfn(x) page_to_pfn(virt_to_page(__va(x)))
> +#else
> +# error phys_to_pfn implementation needed
> +#endif

Yikes!

This hackery should not be here, please. If we need a phys_to_pfn()
then let's write a proper one which lives in core MM and arch, then get
it suitably reviewed and integrated and then maintained.

> +struct cma {
> + unsigned long base_pfn;
> + unsigned long count;
> + unsigned long *bitmap;
> +};
> +
> +struct cma *dma_contiguous_default_area;
> +
> +#ifndef CONFIG_CMA_SIZE_ABSOLUTE
> +#define CONFIG_CMA_SIZE_ABSOLUTE 0
> +#endif
> +
> +#ifndef CONFIG_CMA_SIZE_PERCENTAGE
> +#define CONFIG_CMA_SIZE_PERCENTAGE 0
> +#endif

No, .c files should not #define CONFIG_ variables like this.

One approach is

#ifdef CONFIG_FOO
#define BAR CONFIG_FOO
#else
#define BAR 0
#endif

but that's merely cosmetic fluff. A superior fix is to get the Kconfig
correct, so CONFIG_FOO cannot ever be undefined if we're compiling this
.c file.

> +static unsigned long size_abs = CONFIG_CMA_SIZE_ABSOLUTE * SZ_1M;
> +static unsigned long size_percent = CONFIG_CMA_SIZE_PERCENTAGE;
> +static long size_cmdline = -1;

Maybe a little documentation for these, explaining their role in
everything?

> +static int __init early_cma(char *p)
> +{
> + pr_debug("%s(%s)\n", __func__, p);
> + size_cmdline = memparse(p, &p);
> + return 0;
> +}
> +early_param("cma", early_cma);

Did this get added to Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt?

> +static unsigned long __init __cma_early_get_total_pages(void)

The leading __ seems unnecessay for a static function.

> +{
> + struct memblock_region *reg;
> + unsigned long total_pages = 0;
> +
> + /*
> + * We cannot use memblock_phys_mem_size() here, because
> + * memblock_analyze() has not been called yet.
> + */
> + for_each_memblock(memory, reg)
> + total_pages += memblock_region_memory_end_pfn(reg) -
> + memblock_region_memory_base_pfn(reg);
> + return total_pages;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * dma_contiguous_reserve() - reserve area for contiguous memory handling
> + *
> + * This funtion reserves memory from early allocator. It should be
> + * called by arch specific code once the early allocator (memblock or bootmem)
> + * has been activated and all other subsystems have already allocated/reserved
> + * memory.
> + */

Forgot to document the argument.

> +void __init dma_contiguous_reserve(phys_addr_t limit)
> +{
> + unsigned long selected_size = 0;
> + unsigned long total_pages;
> +
> + pr_debug("%s(limit %08lx)\n", __func__, (unsigned long)limit);
> +
> + total_pages = __cma_early_get_total_pages();
> + size_percent *= (total_pages << PAGE_SHIFT) / 100;
> +
> + pr_debug("%s: total available: %ld MiB, size absolute: %ld MiB, size percentage: %ld MiB\n",
> + __func__, (total_pages << PAGE_SHIFT) / SZ_1M,
> + size_abs / SZ_1M, size_percent / SZ_1M);
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_CMA_SIZE_SEL_ABSOLUTE
> + selected_size = size_abs;
> +#elif defined(CONFIG_CMA_SIZE_SEL_PERCENTAGE)
> + selected_size = size_percent;
> +#elif defined(CONFIG_CMA_SIZE_SEL_MIN)
> + selected_size = min(size_abs, size_percent);
> +#elif defined(CONFIG_CMA_SIZE_SEL_MAX)
> + selected_size = max(size_abs, size_percent);
> +#endif

geeze, what's all that stuff?

Whatever it's doing, it seems a bad idea to relegate these decisions to
Kconfig-time. The vast majority of users don't have control of their
kernel configuration! The code would be more flexible and generic if
this was done at runtime somehow.

> + if (size_cmdline != -1)
> + selected_size = size_cmdline;
> +
> + if (!selected_size)
> + return;
> +
> + pr_debug("%s: reserving %ld MiB for global area\n", __func__,
> + selected_size / SZ_1M);
> +
> + dma_declare_contiguous(NULL, selected_size, 0, limit);
> +};
> +
>
> ...
>
> +static struct cma *__cma_create_area(unsigned long base_pfn,

s/__//?

> + unsigned long count)
> +{
> + int bitmap_size = BITS_TO_LONGS(count) * sizeof(long);
> + struct cma *cma;
> +
> + pr_debug("%s(base %08lx, count %lx)\n", __func__, base_pfn, count);
> +
> + cma = kmalloc(sizeof *cma, GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!cma)
> + return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> +
> + cma->base_pfn = base_pfn;
> + cma->count = count;
> + cma->bitmap = kzalloc(bitmap_size, GFP_KERNEL);
> +
> + if (!cma->bitmap)
> + goto no_mem;
> +
> + __cma_activate_area(base_pfn, count);
> +
> + pr_debug("%s: returned %p\n", __func__, (void *)cma);
> + return cma;
> +
> +no_mem:
> + kfree(cma);
> + return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> +}
>
> ...
>
> +int __init dma_declare_contiguous(struct device *dev, unsigned long size,
> + phys_addr_t base, phys_addr_t limit)
> +{
> + struct cma_reserved *r = &cma_reserved[cma_reserved_count];
> + unsigned long alignment;
> +
> + pr_debug("%s(size %lx, base %08lx, limit %08lx)\n", __func__,
> + (unsigned long)size, (unsigned long)base,
> + (unsigned long)limit);
> +
> + /* Sanity checks */
> + if (cma_reserved_count == ARRAY_SIZE(cma_reserved))
> + return -ENOSPC;

I think a loud printk() is appropriate if the kernel fails in this
manner.

> + if (!size)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + /* Sanitise input arguments */
> + alignment = PAGE_SIZE << max(MAX_ORDER, pageblock_order);
> + base = ALIGN(base, alignment);
> + size = ALIGN(size, alignment);
> + limit = ALIGN(limit, alignment);
> +
> + /* Reserve memory */
> + if (base) {
> + if (memblock_is_region_reserved(base, size) ||
> + memblock_reserve(base, size) < 0) {
> + base = -EBUSY;
> + goto err;
> + }
> + } else {
> + /*
> + * Use __memblock_alloc_base() since
> + * memblock_alloc_base() panic()s.
> + */
> + phys_addr_t addr = __memblock_alloc_base(size, alignment, limit);
> + if (!addr) {
> + base = -ENOMEM;
> + goto err;
> + } else if (addr + size > ~(unsigned long)0) {
> + memblock_free(addr, size);
> + base = -EOVERFLOW;

EOVERFLOW is a numeric/float thing. It seems inappropriate to use it
here.

> + goto err;
> + } else {
> + base = addr;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * Each reserved area must be initialised later, when more kernel
> + * subsystems (like slab allocator) are available.
> + */
> + r->start = base;
> + r->size = size;
> + r->dev = dev;
> + cma_reserved_count++;
> + printk(KERN_INFO "CMA: reserved %ld MiB at %08lx\n", size / SZ_1M,
> + (unsigned long)base);
> +
> + /*
> + * Architecture specific contiguous memory fixup.
> + */
> + dma_contiguous_early_fixup(base, size);
> + return 0;
> +err:
> + printk(KERN_ERR "CMA: failed to reserve %ld MiB\n", size / SZ_1M);
> + return base;
> +}
> +
>
> ...
>
> +static inline struct cma *get_dev_cma_area(struct device *dev)
> +{
> + if (dev && dev->cma_area)
> + return dev->cma_area;
> + return dma_contiguous_default_area;
> +}
> +
> +static inline void set_dev_cma_area(struct device *dev, struct cma *cma)
> +{
> + if (dev)
> + dev->cma_area = cma;
> + dma_contiguous_default_area = cma;
> +}

dev_[get|set]_cma_area() would be better names.

> +#endif
> +#endif
> +#endif
>
> ...
>
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_CMA
> +
> +#define MAX_CMA_AREAS (8)

What are the implications of this decision?

Should it be in Kconfig? Everything else is :)

>
> ...
>



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