lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2011]   [Oct]   [11]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Date
From
Subject[01/38] PCI: Set PCI-E Max Payload Size on fabric
3.0-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let us know.

------------------
From: Jon Mason <mason@myri.com>

commit b03e7495a862b028294f59fc87286d6d78ee7fa1 upstream.

On a given PCI-E fabric, each device, bridge, and root port can have a
different PCI-E maximum payload size. There is a sizable performance
boost for having the largest possible maximum payload size on each PCI-E
device. However, if improperly configured, fatal bus errors can occur.
Thus, it is important to ensure that PCI-E payloads sends by a device
are never larger than the MPS setting of all devices on the way to the
destination.
This can be achieved two ways:

- A conservative approach is to use the smallest common denominator of
the entire tree below a root complex for every device on that fabric.

This means for example that having a 128 bytes MPS USB controller on one
leg of a switch will dramatically reduce performances of a video card or
10GE adapter on another leg of that same switch.

It also means that any hierarchy supporting hotplug slots (including
expresscard or thunderbolt I suppose, dbl check that) will have to be
entirely clamped to 128 bytes since we cannot predict what will be
plugged into those slots, and we cannot change the MPS on a "live"
system.

- A more optimal way is possible, if it falls within a couple of
constraints:
* The top-level host bridge will never generate packets larger than the
smallest TLP (or if it can be controlled independently from its MPS at
least)
* The device will never generate packets larger than MPS (which can be
configured via MRRS)
* No support of direct PCI-E <-> PCI-E transfers between devices without
some additional code to specifically deal with that case

Then we can use an approach that basically ignores downstream requests
and focuses exclusively on upstream requests. In that case, all we need
to care about is that a device MPS is no larger than its parent MPS,
which allows us to keep all switches/bridges to the max MPS supported by
their parent and eventually the PHB.

In this case, your USB controller would no longer "starve" your 10GE
Ethernet and your hotplug slots won't affect your global MPS.
Additionally, the hotplugged devices themselves can be configured to a
larger MPS up to the value configured in the hotplug bridge.

To choose between the two available options, two PCI kernel boot args
have been added to the PCI calls. "pcie_bus_safe" will provide the
former behavior, while "pcie_bus_perf" will perform the latter behavior.
By default, the latter behavior is used.

NOTE: due to the location of the enablement, each arch will need to add
calls to this function. This patch only enables x86.

This patch includes a number of changes recommended by Benjamin
Herrenschmidt.

Tested-by: Jordan_Hargrave@dell.com
Signed-off-by: Jon Mason <mason@myri.com>
Signed-off-by: Jesse Barnes <jbarnes@virtuousgeek.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>

---
arch/x86/pci/acpi.c | 9 ++
drivers/pci/hotplug/pcihp_slot.c | 45 ------------
drivers/pci/pci.c | 67 ++++++++++++++++++
drivers/pci/probe.c | 145 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/pci.h | 15 +++-
5 files changed, 236 insertions(+), 45 deletions(-)
--- a/arch/x86/pci/acpi.c
+++ b/arch/x86/pci/acpi.c
@@ -361,6 +361,15 @@ struct pci_bus * __devinit pci_acpi_scan
}
}

+ /* After the PCI-E bus has been walked and all devices discovered,
+ * configure any settings of the fabric that might be necessary.
+ */
+ if (bus) {
+ struct pci_bus *child;
+ list_for_each_entry(child, &bus->children, node)
+ pcie_bus_configure_settings(child, child->self->pcie_mpss);
+ }
+
if (!bus)
kfree(sd);

--- a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pcihp_slot.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pcihp_slot.c
@@ -158,47 +158,6 @@ static void program_hpp_type2(struct pci
*/
}

-/* Program PCIE MaxPayload setting on device: ensure parent maxpayload <= device */
-static int pci_set_payload(struct pci_dev *dev)
-{
- int pos, ppos;
- u16 pctl, psz;
- u16 dctl, dsz, dcap, dmax;
- struct pci_dev *parent;
-
- parent = dev->bus->self;
- pos = pci_find_capability(dev, PCI_CAP_ID_EXP);
- if (!pos)
- return 0;
-
- /* Read Device MaxPayload capability and setting */
- pci_read_config_word(dev, pos + PCI_EXP_DEVCTL, &dctl);
- pci_read_config_word(dev, pos + PCI_EXP_DEVCAP, &dcap);
- dsz = (dctl & PCI_EXP_DEVCTL_PAYLOAD) >> 5;
- dmax = (dcap & PCI_EXP_DEVCAP_PAYLOAD);
-
- /* Read Parent MaxPayload setting */
- ppos = pci_find_capability(parent, PCI_CAP_ID_EXP);
- if (!ppos)
- return 0;
- pci_read_config_word(parent, ppos + PCI_EXP_DEVCTL, &pctl);
- psz = (pctl & PCI_EXP_DEVCTL_PAYLOAD) >> 5;
-
- /* If parent payload > device max payload -> error
- * If parent payload > device payload -> set speed
- * If parent payload <= device payload -> do nothing
- */
- if (psz > dmax)
- return -1;
- else if (psz > dsz) {
- dev_info(&dev->dev, "Setting MaxPayload to %d\n", 128 << psz);
- pci_write_config_word(dev, pos + PCI_EXP_DEVCTL,
- (dctl & ~PCI_EXP_DEVCTL_PAYLOAD) +
- (psz << 5));
- }
- return 0;
-}
-
void pci_configure_slot(struct pci_dev *dev)
{
struct pci_dev *cdev;
@@ -210,9 +169,7 @@ void pci_configure_slot(struct pci_dev *
(dev->class >> 8) == PCI_CLASS_BRIDGE_PCI)))
return;

- ret = pci_set_payload(dev);
- if (ret)
- dev_warn(&dev->dev, "could not set device max payload\n");
+ pcie_bus_configure_settings(dev->bus, dev->bus->self->pcie_mpss);

memset(&hpp, 0, sizeof(hpp));
ret = pci_get_hp_params(dev, &hpp);
--- a/drivers/pci/pci.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/pci.c
@@ -77,6 +77,8 @@ unsigned long pci_cardbus_mem_size = DEF
unsigned long pci_hotplug_io_size = DEFAULT_HOTPLUG_IO_SIZE;
unsigned long pci_hotplug_mem_size = DEFAULT_HOTPLUG_MEM_SIZE;

+enum pcie_bus_config_types pcie_bus_config = PCIE_BUS_PERFORMANCE;
+
/*
* The default CLS is used if arch didn't set CLS explicitly and not
* all pci devices agree on the same value. Arch can override either
@@ -3223,6 +3225,67 @@ out:
EXPORT_SYMBOL(pcie_set_readrq);

/**
+ * pcie_get_mps - get PCI Express maximum payload size
+ * @dev: PCI device to query
+ *
+ * Returns maximum payload size in bytes
+ * or appropriate error value.
+ */
+int pcie_get_mps(struct pci_dev *dev)
+{
+ int ret, cap;
+ u16 ctl;
+
+ cap = pci_pcie_cap(dev);
+ if (!cap)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ ret = pci_read_config_word(dev, cap + PCI_EXP_DEVCTL, &ctl);
+ if (!ret)
+ ret = 128 << ((ctl & PCI_EXP_DEVCTL_PAYLOAD) >> 5);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/**
+ * pcie_set_mps - set PCI Express maximum payload size
+ * @dev: PCI device to query
+ * @rq: maximum payload size in bytes
+ * valid values are 128, 256, 512, 1024, 2048, 4096
+ *
+ * If possible sets maximum payload size
+ */
+int pcie_set_mps(struct pci_dev *dev, int mps)
+{
+ int cap, err = -EINVAL;
+ u16 ctl, v;
+
+ if (mps < 128 || mps > 4096 || !is_power_of_2(mps))
+ goto out;
+
+ v = ffs(mps) - 8;
+ if (v > dev->pcie_mpss)
+ goto out;
+ v <<= 5;
+
+ cap = pci_pcie_cap(dev);
+ if (!cap)
+ goto out;
+
+ err = pci_read_config_word(dev, cap + PCI_EXP_DEVCTL, &ctl);
+ if (err)
+ goto out;
+
+ if ((ctl & PCI_EXP_DEVCTL_PAYLOAD) != v) {
+ ctl &= ~PCI_EXP_DEVCTL_PAYLOAD;
+ ctl |= v;
+ err = pci_write_config_word(dev, cap + PCI_EXP_DEVCTL, ctl);
+ }
+out:
+ return err;
+}
+
+/**
* pci_select_bars - Make BAR mask from the type of resource
* @dev: the PCI device for which BAR mask is made
* @flags: resource type mask to be selected
@@ -3505,6 +3568,10 @@ static int __init pci_setup(char *str)
pci_hotplug_io_size = memparse(str + 9, &str);
} else if (!strncmp(str, "hpmemsize=", 10)) {
pci_hotplug_mem_size = memparse(str + 10, &str);
+ } else if (!strncmp(str, "pcie_bus_safe", 13)) {
+ pcie_bus_config = PCIE_BUS_SAFE;
+ } else if (!strncmp(str, "pcie_bus_perf", 13)) {
+ pcie_bus_config = PCIE_BUS_PERFORMANCE;
} else {
printk(KERN_ERR "PCI: Unknown option `%s'\n",
str);
--- a/drivers/pci/probe.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/probe.c
@@ -860,6 +860,8 @@ void set_pcie_port_type(struct pci_dev *
pdev->pcie_cap = pos;
pci_read_config_word(pdev, pos + PCI_EXP_FLAGS, &reg16);
pdev->pcie_type = (reg16 & PCI_EXP_FLAGS_TYPE) >> 4;
+ pci_read_config_word(pdev, pos + PCI_EXP_DEVCAP, &reg16);
+ pdev->pcie_mpss = reg16 & PCI_EXP_DEVCAP_PAYLOAD;
}

void set_pcie_hotplug_bridge(struct pci_dev *pdev)
@@ -1327,6 +1329,149 @@ int pci_scan_slot(struct pci_bus *bus, i
return nr;
}

+static int pcie_find_smpss(struct pci_dev *dev, void *data)
+{
+ u8 *smpss = data;
+
+ if (!pci_is_pcie(dev))
+ return 0;
+
+ /* For PCIE hotplug enabled slots not connected directly to a
+ * PCI-E root port, there can be problems when hotplugging
+ * devices. This is due to the possibility of hotplugging a
+ * device into the fabric with a smaller MPS that the devices
+ * currently running have configured. Modifying the MPS on the
+ * running devices could cause a fatal bus error due to an
+ * incoming frame being larger than the newly configured MPS.
+ * To work around this, the MPS for the entire fabric must be
+ * set to the minimum size. Any devices hotplugged into this
+ * fabric will have the minimum MPS set. If the PCI hotplug
+ * slot is directly connected to the root port and there are not
+ * other devices on the fabric (which seems to be the most
+ * common case), then this is not an issue and MPS discovery
+ * will occur as normal.
+ */
+ if (dev->is_hotplug_bridge && (!list_is_singular(&dev->bus->devices) ||
+ dev->bus->self->pcie_type != PCI_EXP_TYPE_ROOT_PORT))
+ *smpss = 0;
+
+ if (*smpss > dev->pcie_mpss)
+ *smpss = dev->pcie_mpss;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void pcie_write_mps(struct pci_dev *dev, int mps)
+{
+ int rc, dev_mpss;
+
+ dev_mpss = 128 << dev->pcie_mpss;
+
+ if (pcie_bus_config == PCIE_BUS_PERFORMANCE) {
+ if (dev->bus->self) {
+ dev_dbg(&dev->bus->dev, "Bus MPSS %d\n",
+ 128 << dev->bus->self->pcie_mpss);
+
+ /* For "MPS Force Max", the assumption is made that
+ * downstream communication will never be larger than
+ * the MRRS. So, the MPS only needs to be configured
+ * for the upstream communication. This being the case,
+ * walk from the top down and set the MPS of the child
+ * to that of the parent bus.
+ */
+ mps = 128 << dev->bus->self->pcie_mpss;
+ if (mps > dev_mpss)
+ dev_warn(&dev->dev, "MPS configured higher than"
+ " maximum supported by the device. If"
+ " a bus issue occurs, try running with"
+ " pci=pcie_bus_safe.\n");
+ }
+
+ dev->pcie_mpss = ffs(mps) - 8;
+ }
+
+ rc = pcie_set_mps(dev, mps);
+ if (rc)
+ dev_err(&dev->dev, "Failed attempting to set the MPS\n");
+}
+
+static void pcie_write_mrrs(struct pci_dev *dev, int mps)
+{
+ int rc, mrrs;
+
+ if (pcie_bus_config == PCIE_BUS_PERFORMANCE) {
+ int dev_mpss = 128 << dev->pcie_mpss;
+
+ /* For Max performance, the MRRS must be set to the largest
+ * supported value. However, it cannot be configured larger
+ * than the MPS the device or the bus can support. This assumes
+ * that the largest MRRS available on the device cannot be
+ * smaller than the device MPSS.
+ */
+ mrrs = mps < dev_mpss ? mps : dev_mpss;
+ } else
+ /* In the "safe" case, configure the MRRS for fairness on the
+ * bus by making all devices have the same size
+ */
+ mrrs = mps;
+
+
+ /* MRRS is a R/W register. Invalid values can be written, but a
+ * subsiquent read will verify if the value is acceptable or not.
+ * If the MRRS value provided is not acceptable (e.g., too large),
+ * shrink the value until it is acceptable to the HW.
+ */
+ while (mrrs != pcie_get_readrq(dev) && mrrs >= 128) {
+ rc = pcie_set_readrq(dev, mrrs);
+ if (rc)
+ dev_err(&dev->dev, "Failed attempting to set the MRRS\n");
+
+ mrrs /= 2;
+ }
+}
+
+static int pcie_bus_configure_set(struct pci_dev *dev, void *data)
+{
+ int mps = 128 << *(u8 *)data;
+
+ if (!pci_is_pcie(dev))
+ return 0;
+
+ dev_info(&dev->dev, "Dev MPS %d MPSS %d MRRS %d\n",
+ pcie_get_mps(dev), 128<<dev->pcie_mpss, pcie_get_readrq(dev));
+
+ pcie_write_mps(dev, mps);
+ pcie_write_mrrs(dev, mps);
+
+ dev_info(&dev->dev, "Dev MPS %d MPSS %d MRRS %d\n",
+ pcie_get_mps(dev), 128<<dev->pcie_mpss, pcie_get_readrq(dev));
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* pcie_bus_configure_mps requires that pci_walk_bus work in a top-down,
+ * parents then children fashion. If this changes, then this code will not
+ * work as designed.
+ */
+void pcie_bus_configure_settings(struct pci_bus *bus, u8 mpss)
+{
+ u8 smpss = mpss;
+
+ if (!bus->self)
+ return;
+
+ if (!pci_is_pcie(bus->self))
+ return;
+
+ if (pcie_bus_config == PCIE_BUS_SAFE) {
+ pcie_find_smpss(bus->self, &smpss);
+ pci_walk_bus(bus, pcie_find_smpss, &smpss);
+ }
+
+ pcie_bus_configure_set(bus->self, &smpss);
+ pci_walk_bus(bus, pcie_bus_configure_set, &smpss);
+}
+
unsigned int __devinit pci_scan_child_bus(struct pci_bus *bus)
{
unsigned int devfn, pass, max = bus->secondary;
--- a/include/linux/pci.h
+++ b/include/linux/pci.h
@@ -251,7 +251,8 @@ struct pci_dev {
u8 revision; /* PCI revision, low byte of class word */
u8 hdr_type; /* PCI header type (`multi' flag masked out) */
u8 pcie_cap; /* PCI-E capability offset */
- u8 pcie_type; /* PCI-E device/port type */
+ u8 pcie_type:4; /* PCI-E device/port type */
+ u8 pcie_mpss:3; /* PCI-E Max Payload Size Supported */
u8 rom_base_reg; /* which config register controls the ROM */
u8 pin; /* which interrupt pin this device uses */

@@ -617,6 +618,16 @@ struct pci_driver {
/* these external functions are only available when PCI support is enabled */
#ifdef CONFIG_PCI

+extern void pcie_bus_configure_settings(struct pci_bus *bus, u8 smpss);
+
+enum pcie_bus_config_types {
+ PCIE_BUS_PERFORMANCE,
+ PCIE_BUS_SAFE,
+ PCIE_BUS_PEER2PEER,
+};
+
+extern enum pcie_bus_config_types pcie_bus_config;
+
extern struct bus_type pci_bus_type;

/* Do NOT directly access these two variables, unless you are arch specific pci
@@ -796,6 +807,8 @@ int pcix_get_mmrbc(struct pci_dev *dev);
int pcix_set_mmrbc(struct pci_dev *dev, int mmrbc);
int pcie_get_readrq(struct pci_dev *dev);
int pcie_set_readrq(struct pci_dev *dev, int rq);
+int pcie_get_mps(struct pci_dev *dev);
+int pcie_set_mps(struct pci_dev *dev, int mps);
int __pci_reset_function(struct pci_dev *dev);
int pci_reset_function(struct pci_dev *dev);
void pci_update_resource(struct pci_dev *dev, int resno);



\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2011-10-11 19:07    [from the cache]
©2003-2011 Jasper Spaans