lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2011]   [Jan]   [6]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Date
From
Subject[GIT PULL] RCU changes for v2.6.38
Linus,

Please pull the latest core-rcu-for-linus git tree from:

git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip.git core-rcu-for-linus

Thanks,

Ingo

------------------>
Frederic Weisbecker (2):
rcu: Stop chasing QS if another CPU did it for us
rcu: Keep gpnum and completed fields synchronized
Lai Jiangshan (2):
rcu,cleanup: move synchronize_sched_expedited() out of sched.c
rcu,cleanup: simplify the code when cpu is dying

Mariusz Kozlowski (1):
rculist: fix borked __list_for_each_rcu() macro

Paul E. McKenney (14):
rcu: add priority-inversion testing to rcutorture
rcu: move TINY_RCU from softirq to kthread
rcu: priority boosting for TINY_PREEMPT_RCU
rcu: add tracing for TINY_RCU and TINY_PREEMPT_RCU
rcu: document TINY_RCU and TINY_PREEMPT_RCU tracing.
rcu: Distinguish between boosting and boosted
rcu: get rid of obsolete "classic" names in TREE_RCU tracing
rcu: update documentation/comments for Lai's adoption patch
rcu: fix race condition in synchronize_sched_expedited()
rcu: Make synchronize_srcu_expedited() fast if running readers
rcu: fine-tune grace-period begin/end checks
rcu: limit rcu_node leaf-level fanout
rcu: reduce __call_rcu()-induced contention on rcu_node structures
rcu: remove unused __list_for_each_rcu() macro

Tejun Heo (1):
rcu: increase synchronize_sched_expedited() batching


Documentation/RCU/trace.txt | 144 +++++++++++++--
include/linux/init_task.h | 9 +-
include/linux/rculist.h | 5 -
include/linux/rcupdate.h | 4 +-
include/linux/rcutiny.h | 13 +-
include/linux/rcutree.h | 2 +
include/linux/sched.h | 11 +-
init/Kconfig | 55 ++++++-
kernel/rcutiny.c | 105 +++++++----
kernel/rcutiny_plugin.h | 433 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
kernel/rcutorture.c | 270 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
kernel/rcutree.c | 156 ++++++++--------
kernel/rcutree.h | 61 +++----
kernel/rcutree_plugin.h | 135 +++++++++++++-
kernel/rcutree_trace.c | 12 +-
kernel/sched.c | 69 -------
kernel/srcu.c | 8 +-
17 files changed, 1207 insertions(+), 285 deletions(-)
diff --git a/Documentation/RCU/trace.txt b/Documentation/RCU/trace.txt
index a851118..6a8c73f 100644
--- a/Documentation/RCU/trace.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RCU/trace.txt
@@ -1,18 +1,22 @@
CONFIG_RCU_TRACE debugfs Files and Formats


-The rcutree implementation of RCU provides debugfs trace output that
-summarizes counters and state. This information is useful for debugging
-RCU itself, and can sometimes also help to debug abuses of RCU.
-The following sections describe the debugfs files and formats.
+The rcutree and rcutiny implementations of RCU provide debugfs trace
+output that summarizes counters and state. This information is useful for
+debugging RCU itself, and can sometimes also help to debug abuses of RCU.
+The following sections describe the debugfs files and formats, first
+for rcutree and next for rcutiny.


-Hierarchical RCU debugfs Files and Formats
+CONFIG_TREE_RCU and CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU debugfs Files and Formats

-This implementation of RCU provides three debugfs files under the
+These implementations of RCU provides five debugfs files under the
top-level directory RCU: rcu/rcudata (which displays fields in struct
-rcu_data), rcu/rcugp (which displays grace-period counters), and
-rcu/rcuhier (which displays the struct rcu_node hierarchy).
+rcu_data), rcu/rcudata.csv (which is a .csv spreadsheet version of
+rcu/rcudata), rcu/rcugp (which displays grace-period counters),
+rcu/rcuhier (which displays the struct rcu_node hierarchy), and
+rcu/rcu_pending (which displays counts of the reasons that the
+rcu_pending() function decided that there was core RCU work to do).

The output of "cat rcu/rcudata" looks as follows:

@@ -130,7 +134,8 @@ o "ci" is the number of RCU callbacks that have been invoked for
been registered in absence of CPU-hotplug activity.

o "co" is the number of RCU callbacks that have been orphaned due to
- this CPU going offline.
+ this CPU going offline. These orphaned callbacks have been moved
+ to an arbitrarily chosen online CPU.

o "ca" is the number of RCU callbacks that have been adopted due to
other CPUs going offline. Note that ci+co-ca+ql is the number of
@@ -168,12 +173,12 @@ o "gpnum" is the number of grace periods that have started. It is

The output of "cat rcu/rcuhier" looks as follows, with very long lines:

-c=6902 g=6903 s=2 jfq=3 j=72c7 nfqs=13142/nfqsng=0(13142) fqlh=6 oqlen=0
+c=6902 g=6903 s=2 jfq=3 j=72c7 nfqs=13142/nfqsng=0(13142) fqlh=6
1/1 .>. 0:127 ^0
3/3 .>. 0:35 ^0 0/0 .>. 36:71 ^1 0/0 .>. 72:107 ^2 0/0 .>. 108:127 ^3
3/3f .>. 0:5 ^0 2/3 .>. 6:11 ^1 0/0 .>. 12:17 ^2 0/0 .>. 18:23 ^3 0/0 .>. 24:29 ^4 0/0 .>. 30:35 ^5 0/0 .>. 36:41 ^0 0/0 .>. 42:47 ^1 0/0 .>. 48:53 ^2 0/0 .>. 54:59 ^3 0/0 .>. 60:65 ^4 0/0 .>. 66:71 ^5 0/0 .>. 72:77 ^0 0/0 .>. 78:83 ^1 0/0 .>. 84:89 ^2 0/0 .>. 90:95 ^3 0/0 .>. 96:101 ^4 0/0 .>. 102:107 ^5 0/0 .>. 108:113 ^0 0/0 .>. 114:119 ^1 0/0 .>. 120:125 ^2 0/0 .>. 126:127 ^3
rcu_bh:
-c=-226 g=-226 s=1 jfq=-5701 j=72c7 nfqs=88/nfqsng=0(88) fqlh=0 oqlen=0
+c=-226 g=-226 s=1 jfq=-5701 j=72c7 nfqs=88/nfqsng=0(88) fqlh=0
0/1 .>. 0:127 ^0
0/3 .>. 0:35 ^0 0/0 .>. 36:71 ^1 0/0 .>. 72:107 ^2 0/0 .>. 108:127 ^3
0/3f .>. 0:5 ^0 0/3 .>. 6:11 ^1 0/0 .>. 12:17 ^2 0/0 .>. 18:23 ^3 0/0 .>. 24:29 ^4 0/0 .>. 30:35 ^5 0/0 .>. 36:41 ^0 0/0 .>. 42:47 ^1 0/0 .>. 48:53 ^2 0/0 .>. 54:59 ^3 0/0 .>. 60:65 ^4 0/0 .>. 66:71 ^5 0/0 .>. 72:77 ^0 0/0 .>. 78:83 ^1 0/0 .>. 84:89 ^2 0/0 .>. 90:95 ^3 0/0 .>. 96:101 ^4 0/0 .>. 102:107 ^5 0/0 .>. 108:113 ^0 0/0 .>. 114:119 ^1 0/0 .>. 120:125 ^2 0/0 .>. 126:127 ^3
@@ -212,11 +217,6 @@ o "fqlh" is the number of calls to force_quiescent_state() that
exited immediately (without even being counted in nfqs above)
due to contention on ->fqslock.

-o "oqlen" is the number of callbacks on the "orphan" callback
- list. RCU callbacks are placed on this list by CPUs going
- offline, and are "adopted" either by the CPU helping the outgoing
- CPU or by the next rcu_barrier*() call, whichever comes first.
-
o Each element of the form "1/1 0:127 ^0" represents one struct
rcu_node. Each line represents one level of the hierarchy, from
root to leaves. It is best to think of the rcu_data structures
@@ -326,3 +326,115 @@ o "nn" is the number of times that this CPU needed nothing. Alert
readers will note that the rcu "nn" number for a given CPU very
closely matches the rcu_bh "np" number for that same CPU. This
is due to short-circuit evaluation in rcu_pending().
+
+
+CONFIG_TINY_RCU and CONFIG_TINY_PREEMPT_RCU debugfs Files and Formats
+
+These implementations of RCU provides a single debugfs file under the
+top-level directory RCU, namely rcu/rcudata, which displays fields in
+rcu_bh_ctrlblk, rcu_sched_ctrlblk and, for CONFIG_TINY_PREEMPT_RCU,
+rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.
+
+The output of "cat rcu/rcudata" is as follows:
+
+rcu_preempt: qlen=24 gp=1097669 g197/p197/c197 tasks=...
+ ttb=. btg=no ntb=184 neb=0 nnb=183 j=01f7 bt=0274
+ normal balk: nt=1097669 gt=0 bt=371 b=0 ny=25073378 nos=0
+ exp balk: bt=0 nos=0
+rcu_sched: qlen: 0
+rcu_bh: qlen: 0
+
+This is split into rcu_preempt, rcu_sched, and rcu_bh sections, with the
+rcu_preempt section appearing only in CONFIG_TINY_PREEMPT_RCU builds.
+The last three lines of the rcu_preempt section appear only in
+CONFIG_RCU_BOOST kernel builds. The fields are as follows:
+
+o "qlen" is the number of RCU callbacks currently waiting either
+ for an RCU grace period or waiting to be invoked. This is the
+ only field present for rcu_sched and rcu_bh, due to the
+ short-circuiting of grace period in those two cases.
+
+o "gp" is the number of grace periods that have completed.
+
+o "g197/p197/c197" displays the grace-period state, with the
+ "g" number being the number of grace periods that have started
+ (mod 256), the "p" number being the number of grace periods
+ that the CPU has responded to (also mod 256), and the "c"
+ number being the number of grace periods that have completed
+ (once again mode 256).
+
+ Why have both "gp" and "g"? Because the data flowing into
+ "gp" is only present in a CONFIG_RCU_TRACE kernel.
+
+o "tasks" is a set of bits. The first bit is "T" if there are
+ currently tasks that have recently blocked within an RCU
+ read-side critical section, the second bit is "N" if any of the
+ aforementioned tasks are blocking the current RCU grace period,
+ and the third bit is "E" if any of the aforementioned tasks are
+ blocking the current expedited grace period. Each bit is "."
+ if the corresponding condition does not hold.
+
+o "ttb" is a single bit. It is "B" if any of the blocked tasks
+ need to be priority boosted and "." otherwise.
+
+o "btg" indicates whether boosting has been carried out during
+ the current grace period, with "exp" indicating that boosting
+ is in progress for an expedited grace period, "no" indicating
+ that boosting has not yet started for a normal grace period,
+ "begun" indicating that boosting has bebug for a normal grace
+ period, and "done" indicating that boosting has completed for
+ a normal grace period.
+
+o "ntb" is the total number of tasks subjected to RCU priority boosting
+ periods since boot.
+
+o "neb" is the number of expedited grace periods that have had
+ to resort to RCU priority boosting since boot.
+
+o "nnb" is the number of normal grace periods that have had
+ to resort to RCU priority boosting since boot.
+
+o "j" is the low-order 12 bits of the jiffies counter in hexadecimal.
+
+o "bt" is the low-order 12 bits of the value that the jiffies counter
+ will have at the next time that boosting is scheduled to begin.
+
+o In the line beginning with "normal balk", the fields are as follows:
+
+ o "nt" is the number of times that the system balked from
+ boosting because there were no blocked tasks to boost.
+ Note that the system will balk from boosting even if the
+ grace period is overdue when the currently running task
+ is looping within an RCU read-side critical section.
+ There is no point in boosting in this case, because
+ boosting a running task won't make it run any faster.
+
+ o "gt" is the number of times that the system balked
+ from boosting because, although there were blocked tasks,
+ none of them were preventing the current grace period
+ from completing.
+
+ o "bt" is the number of times that the system balked
+ from boosting because boosting was already in progress.
+
+ o "b" is the number of times that the system balked from
+ boosting because boosting had already completed for
+ the grace period in question.
+
+ o "ny" is the number of times that the system balked from
+ boosting because it was not yet time to start boosting
+ the grace period in question.
+
+ o "nos" is the number of times that the system balked from
+ boosting for inexplicable ("not otherwise specified")
+ reasons. This can actually happen due to races involving
+ increments of the jiffies counter.
+
+o In the line beginning with "exp balk", the fields are as follows:
+
+ o "bt" is the number of times that the system balked from
+ boosting because there were no blocked tasks to boost.
+
+ o "nos" is the number of times that the system balked from
+ boosting for inexplicable ("not otherwise specified")
+ reasons.
diff --git a/include/linux/init_task.h b/include/linux/init_task.h
index 1f8c06c..6b281fa 100644
--- a/include/linux/init_task.h
+++ b/include/linux/init_task.h
@@ -83,6 +83,12 @@ extern struct group_info init_groups;
*/
# define CAP_INIT_BSET CAP_FULL_SET

+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
+#define INIT_TASK_RCU_BOOST() \
+ .rcu_boost_mutex = NULL,
+#else
+#define INIT_TASK_RCU_BOOST()
+#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU
#define INIT_TASK_RCU_TREE_PREEMPT() \
.rcu_blocked_node = NULL,
@@ -94,7 +100,8 @@ extern struct group_info init_groups;
.rcu_read_lock_nesting = 0, \
.rcu_read_unlock_special = 0, \
.rcu_node_entry = LIST_HEAD_INIT(tsk.rcu_node_entry), \
- INIT_TASK_RCU_TREE_PREEMPT()
+ INIT_TASK_RCU_TREE_PREEMPT() \
+ INIT_TASK_RCU_BOOST()
#else
#define INIT_TASK_RCU_PREEMPT(tsk)
#endif
diff --git a/include/linux/rculist.h b/include/linux/rculist.h
index f31ef61..2dea94f 100644
--- a/include/linux/rculist.h
+++ b/include/linux/rculist.h
@@ -241,11 +241,6 @@ static inline void list_splice_init_rcu(struct list_head *list,
#define list_first_entry_rcu(ptr, type, member) \
list_entry_rcu((ptr)->next, type, member)

-#define __list_for_each_rcu(pos, head) \
- for (pos = rcu_dereference_raw(list_next_rcu(head)); \
- pos != (head); \
- pos = rcu_dereference_raw(list_next_rcu((pos)))
-
/**
* list_for_each_entry_rcu - iterate over rcu list of given type
* @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor.
diff --git a/include/linux/rcupdate.h b/include/linux/rcupdate.h
index 03cda7b..af56148 100644
--- a/include/linux/rcupdate.h
+++ b/include/linux/rcupdate.h
@@ -47,6 +47,8 @@
extern int rcutorture_runnable; /* for sysctl */
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TORTURE_TEST */

+#define UINT_CMP_GE(a, b) (UINT_MAX / 2 >= (a) - (b))
+#define UINT_CMP_LT(a, b) (UINT_MAX / 2 < (a) - (b))
#define ULONG_CMP_GE(a, b) (ULONG_MAX / 2 >= (a) - (b))
#define ULONG_CMP_LT(a, b) (ULONG_MAX / 2 < (a) - (b))

@@ -66,7 +68,6 @@ extern void call_rcu_sched(struct rcu_head *head,
extern void synchronize_sched(void);
extern void rcu_barrier_bh(void);
extern void rcu_barrier_sched(void);
-extern void synchronize_sched_expedited(void);
extern int sched_expedited_torture_stats(char *page);

static inline void __rcu_read_lock_bh(void)
@@ -118,7 +119,6 @@ static inline int rcu_preempt_depth(void)
#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU */

/* Internal to kernel */
-extern void rcu_init(void);
extern void rcu_sched_qs(int cpu);
extern void rcu_bh_qs(int cpu);
extern void rcu_check_callbacks(int cpu, int user);
diff --git a/include/linux/rcutiny.h b/include/linux/rcutiny.h
index 13877cb..30ebd7c 100644
--- a/include/linux/rcutiny.h
+++ b/include/linux/rcutiny.h
@@ -27,7 +27,9 @@

#include <linux/cache.h>

-#define rcu_init_sched() do { } while (0)
+static inline void rcu_init(void)
+{
+}

#ifdef CONFIG_TINY_RCU

@@ -58,6 +60,11 @@ static inline void synchronize_rcu_bh_expedited(void)
synchronize_sched();
}

+static inline void synchronize_sched_expedited(void)
+{
+ synchronize_sched();
+}
+
#ifdef CONFIG_TINY_RCU

static inline void rcu_preempt_note_context_switch(void)
@@ -125,16 +132,12 @@ static inline void rcu_cpu_stall_reset(void)
}

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC
-
extern int rcu_scheduler_active __read_mostly;
extern void rcu_scheduler_starting(void);
-
#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */
-
static inline void rcu_scheduler_starting(void)
{
}
-
#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */

#endif /* __LINUX_RCUTINY_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/rcutree.h b/include/linux/rcutree.h
index 95518e6..3a93348 100644
--- a/include/linux/rcutree.h
+++ b/include/linux/rcutree.h
@@ -30,6 +30,7 @@
#ifndef __LINUX_RCUTREE_H
#define __LINUX_RCUTREE_H

+extern void rcu_init(void);
extern void rcu_note_context_switch(int cpu);
extern int rcu_needs_cpu(int cpu);
extern void rcu_cpu_stall_reset(void);
@@ -47,6 +48,7 @@ static inline void exit_rcu(void)
#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU */

extern void synchronize_rcu_bh(void);
+extern void synchronize_sched_expedited(void);
extern void synchronize_rcu_expedited(void);

static inline void synchronize_rcu_bh_expedited(void)
diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index 2238745..d800550 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -1229,6 +1229,9 @@ struct task_struct {
#ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU
struct rcu_node *rcu_blocked_node;
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU */
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
+ struct rt_mutex *rcu_boost_mutex;
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */

#if defined(CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS) || defined(CONFIG_TASK_DELAY_ACCT)
struct sched_info sched_info;
@@ -1759,7 +1762,8 @@ extern void thread_group_times(struct task_struct *p, cputime_t *ut, cputime_t *
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU

#define RCU_READ_UNLOCK_BLOCKED (1 << 0) /* blocked while in RCU read-side. */
-#define RCU_READ_UNLOCK_NEED_QS (1 << 1) /* RCU core needs CPU response. */
+#define RCU_READ_UNLOCK_BOOSTED (1 << 1) /* boosted while in RCU read-side. */
+#define RCU_READ_UNLOCK_NEED_QS (1 << 2) /* RCU core needs CPU response. */

static inline void rcu_copy_process(struct task_struct *p)
{
@@ -1767,7 +1771,10 @@ static inline void rcu_copy_process(struct task_struct *p)
p->rcu_read_unlock_special = 0;
#ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU
p->rcu_blocked_node = NULL;
-#endif
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU */
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
+ p->rcu_boost_mutex = NULL;
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->rcu_node_entry);
}

diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
index c972899..526ec1c 100644
--- a/init/Kconfig
+++ b/init/Kconfig
@@ -393,7 +393,6 @@ config PREEMPT_RCU

config RCU_TRACE
bool "Enable tracing for RCU"
- depends on TREE_RCU || TREE_PREEMPT_RCU
help
This option provides tracing in RCU which presents stats
in debugfs for debugging RCU implementation.
@@ -459,6 +458,60 @@ config TREE_RCU_TRACE
TREE_PREEMPT_RCU implementations, permitting Makefile to
trivially select kernel/rcutree_trace.c.

+config RCU_BOOST
+ bool "Enable RCU priority boosting"
+ depends on RT_MUTEXES && TINY_PREEMPT_RCU
+ default n
+ help
+ This option boosts the priority of preempted RCU readers that
+ block the current preemptible RCU grace period for too long.
+ This option also prevents heavy loads from blocking RCU
+ callback invocation for all flavors of RCU.
+
+ Say Y here if you are working with real-time apps or heavy loads
+ Say N here if you are unsure.
+
+config RCU_BOOST_PRIO
+ int "Real-time priority to boost RCU readers to"
+ range 1 99
+ depends on RCU_BOOST
+ default 1
+ help
+ This option specifies the real-time priority to which preempted
+ RCU readers are to be boosted. If you are working with CPU-bound
+ real-time applications, you should specify a priority higher then
+ the highest-priority CPU-bound application.
+
+ Specify the real-time priority, or take the default if unsure.
+
+config RCU_BOOST_DELAY
+ int "Milliseconds to delay boosting after RCU grace-period start"
+ range 0 3000
+ depends on RCU_BOOST
+ default 500
+ help
+ This option specifies the time to wait after the beginning of
+ a given grace period before priority-boosting preempted RCU
+ readers blocking that grace period. Note that any RCU reader
+ blocking an expedited RCU grace period is boosted immediately.
+
+ Accept the default if unsure.
+
+config SRCU_SYNCHRONIZE_DELAY
+ int "Microseconds to delay before waiting for readers"
+ range 0 20
+ default 10
+ help
+ This option controls how long SRCU delays before entering its
+ loop waiting on SRCU readers. The purpose of this loop is
+ to avoid the unconditional context-switch penalty that would
+ otherwise be incurred if there was an active SRCU reader,
+ in a manner similar to adaptive locking schemes. This should
+ be set to be a bit longer than the common-case SRCU read-side
+ critical-section overhead.
+
+ Accept the default if unsure.
+
endmenu # "RCU Subsystem"

config IKCONFIG
diff --git a/kernel/rcutiny.c b/kernel/rcutiny.c
index d806735..0344937 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutiny.c
+++ b/kernel/rcutiny.c
@@ -36,31 +36,16 @@
#include <linux/time.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>

-/* Global control variables for rcupdate callback mechanism. */
-struct rcu_ctrlblk {
- struct rcu_head *rcucblist; /* List of pending callbacks (CBs). */
- struct rcu_head **donetail; /* ->next pointer of last "done" CB. */
- struct rcu_head **curtail; /* ->next pointer of last CB. */
-};
-
-/* Definition for rcupdate control block. */
-static struct rcu_ctrlblk rcu_sched_ctrlblk = {
- .donetail = &rcu_sched_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
- .curtail = &rcu_sched_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
-};
-
-static struct rcu_ctrlblk rcu_bh_ctrlblk = {
- .donetail = &rcu_bh_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
- .curtail = &rcu_bh_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
-};
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC
-int rcu_scheduler_active __read_mostly;
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_scheduler_active);
-#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */
+/* Controls for rcu_kthread() kthread, replacing RCU_SOFTIRQ used previously. */
+static struct task_struct *rcu_kthread_task;
+static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(rcu_kthread_wq);
+static unsigned long have_rcu_kthread_work;
+static void invoke_rcu_kthread(void);

/* Forward declarations for rcutiny_plugin.h. */
-static void __rcu_process_callbacks(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp);
+struct rcu_ctrlblk;
+static void rcu_process_callbacks(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp);
+static int rcu_kthread(void *arg);
static void __call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head,
void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu),
struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp);
@@ -123,7 +108,7 @@ void rcu_sched_qs(int cpu)
{
if (rcu_qsctr_help(&rcu_sched_ctrlblk) +
rcu_qsctr_help(&rcu_bh_ctrlblk))
- raise_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ);
+ invoke_rcu_kthread();
}

/*
@@ -132,7 +117,7 @@ void rcu_sched_qs(int cpu)
void rcu_bh_qs(int cpu)
{
if (rcu_qsctr_help(&rcu_bh_ctrlblk))
- raise_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ);
+ invoke_rcu_kthread();
}

/*
@@ -152,13 +137,14 @@ void rcu_check_callbacks(int cpu, int user)
}

/*
- * Helper function for rcu_process_callbacks() that operates on the
- * specified rcu_ctrlkblk structure.
+ * Invoke the RCU callbacks on the specified rcu_ctrlkblk structure
+ * whose grace period has elapsed.
*/
-static void __rcu_process_callbacks(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp)
+static void rcu_process_callbacks(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp)
{
struct rcu_head *next, *list;
unsigned long flags;
+ RCU_TRACE(int cb_count = 0);

/* If no RCU callbacks ready to invoke, just return. */
if (&rcp->rcucblist == rcp->donetail)
@@ -180,19 +166,58 @@ static void __rcu_process_callbacks(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp)
next = list->next;
prefetch(next);
debug_rcu_head_unqueue(list);
+ local_bh_disable();
list->func(list);
+ local_bh_enable();
list = next;
+ RCU_TRACE(cb_count++);
}
+ RCU_TRACE(rcu_trace_sub_qlen(rcp, cb_count));
}

/*
- * Invoke any callbacks whose grace period has completed.
+ * This kthread invokes RCU callbacks whose grace periods have
+ * elapsed. It is awakened as needed, and takes the place of the
+ * RCU_SOFTIRQ that was used previously for this purpose.
+ * This is a kthread, but it is never stopped, at least not until
+ * the system goes down.
*/
-static void rcu_process_callbacks(struct softirq_action *unused)
+static int rcu_kthread(void *arg)
{
- __rcu_process_callbacks(&rcu_sched_ctrlblk);
- __rcu_process_callbacks(&rcu_bh_ctrlblk);
- rcu_preempt_process_callbacks();
+ unsigned long work;
+ unsigned long morework;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ for (;;) {
+ wait_event(rcu_kthread_wq, have_rcu_kthread_work != 0);
+ morework = rcu_boost();
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ work = have_rcu_kthread_work;
+ have_rcu_kthread_work = morework;
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+ if (work) {
+ rcu_process_callbacks(&rcu_sched_ctrlblk);
+ rcu_process_callbacks(&rcu_bh_ctrlblk);
+ rcu_preempt_process_callbacks();
+ }
+ schedule_timeout_interruptible(1); /* Leave CPU for others. */
+ }
+
+ return 0; /* Not reached, but needed to shut gcc up. */
+}
+
+/*
+ * Wake up rcu_kthread() to process callbacks now eligible for invocation
+ * or to boost readers.
+ */
+static void invoke_rcu_kthread(void)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ have_rcu_kthread_work = 1;
+ wake_up(&rcu_kthread_wq);
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
}

/*
@@ -230,6 +255,7 @@ static void __call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head,
local_irq_save(flags);
*rcp->curtail = head;
rcp->curtail = &head->next;
+ RCU_TRACE(rcp->qlen++);
local_irq_restore(flags);
}

@@ -282,7 +308,16 @@ void rcu_barrier_sched(void)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_barrier_sched);

-void __init rcu_init(void)
+/*
+ * Spawn the kthread that invokes RCU callbacks.
+ */
+static int __init rcu_spawn_kthreads(void)
{
- open_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ, rcu_process_callbacks);
+ struct sched_param sp;
+
+ rcu_kthread_task = kthread_run(rcu_kthread, NULL, "rcu_kthread");
+ sp.sched_priority = RCU_BOOST_PRIO;
+ sched_setscheduler_nocheck(rcu_kthread_task, SCHED_FIFO, &sp);
+ return 0;
}
+early_initcall(rcu_spawn_kthreads);
diff --git a/kernel/rcutiny_plugin.h b/kernel/rcutiny_plugin.h
index 6ceca4f..015abae 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutiny_plugin.h
+++ b/kernel/rcutiny_plugin.h
@@ -22,6 +22,40 @@
* Author: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
*/

+#include <linux/kthread.h>
+#include <linux/debugfs.h>
+#include <linux/seq_file.h>
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TRACE
+#define RCU_TRACE(stmt) stmt
+#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TRACE */
+#define RCU_TRACE(stmt)
+#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TRACE */
+
+/* Global control variables for rcupdate callback mechanism. */
+struct rcu_ctrlblk {
+ struct rcu_head *rcucblist; /* List of pending callbacks (CBs). */
+ struct rcu_head **donetail; /* ->next pointer of last "done" CB. */
+ struct rcu_head **curtail; /* ->next pointer of last CB. */
+ RCU_TRACE(long qlen); /* Number of pending CBs. */
+};
+
+/* Definition for rcupdate control block. */
+static struct rcu_ctrlblk rcu_sched_ctrlblk = {
+ .donetail = &rcu_sched_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
+ .curtail = &rcu_sched_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
+};
+
+static struct rcu_ctrlblk rcu_bh_ctrlblk = {
+ .donetail = &rcu_bh_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
+ .curtail = &rcu_bh_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
+};
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC
+int rcu_scheduler_active __read_mostly;
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_scheduler_active);
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */
+
#ifdef CONFIG_TINY_PREEMPT_RCU

#include <linux/delay.h>
@@ -46,17 +80,45 @@ struct rcu_preempt_ctrlblk {
struct list_head *gp_tasks;
/* Pointer to the first task blocking the */
/* current grace period, or NULL if there */
- /* is not such task. */
+ /* is no such task. */
struct list_head *exp_tasks;
/* Pointer to first task blocking the */
/* current expedited grace period, or NULL */
/* if there is no such task. If there */
/* is no current expedited grace period, */
/* then there cannot be any such task. */
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
+ struct list_head *boost_tasks;
+ /* Pointer to first task that needs to be */
+ /* priority-boosted, or NULL if no priority */
+ /* boosting is needed. If there is no */
+ /* current or expedited grace period, there */
+ /* can be no such task. */
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
u8 gpnum; /* Current grace period. */
u8 gpcpu; /* Last grace period blocked by the CPU. */
u8 completed; /* Last grace period completed. */
/* If all three are equal, RCU is idle. */
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
+ s8 boosted_this_gp; /* Has boosting already happened? */
+ unsigned long boost_time; /* When to start boosting (jiffies) */
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TRACE
+ unsigned long n_grace_periods;
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
+ unsigned long n_tasks_boosted;
+ unsigned long n_exp_boosts;
+ unsigned long n_normal_boosts;
+ unsigned long n_normal_balk_blkd_tasks;
+ unsigned long n_normal_balk_gp_tasks;
+ unsigned long n_normal_balk_boost_tasks;
+ unsigned long n_normal_balk_boosted;
+ unsigned long n_normal_balk_notyet;
+ unsigned long n_normal_balk_nos;
+ unsigned long n_exp_balk_blkd_tasks;
+ unsigned long n_exp_balk_nos;
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TRACE */
};

static struct rcu_preempt_ctrlblk rcu_preempt_ctrlblk = {
@@ -122,6 +184,210 @@ static int rcu_preempt_gp_in_progress(void)
}

/*
+ * Advance a ->blkd_tasks-list pointer to the next entry, instead
+ * returning NULL if at the end of the list.
+ */
+static struct list_head *rcu_next_node_entry(struct task_struct *t)
+{
+ struct list_head *np;
+
+ np = t->rcu_node_entry.next;
+ if (np == &rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.blkd_tasks)
+ np = NULL;
+ return np;
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TRACE
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
+static void rcu_initiate_boost_trace(void);
+static void rcu_initiate_exp_boost_trace(void);
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
+
+/*
+ * Dump additional statistice for TINY_PREEMPT_RCU.
+ */
+static void show_tiny_preempt_stats(struct seq_file *m)
+{
+ seq_printf(m, "rcu_preempt: qlen=%ld gp=%lu g%u/p%u/c%u tasks=%c%c%c\n",
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.qlen,
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_grace_periods,
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gpnum,
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gpcpu,
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.completed,
+ "T."[list_empty(&rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.blkd_tasks)],
+ "N."[!rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gp_tasks],
+ "E."[!rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.exp_tasks]);
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
+ seq_printf(m, " ttb=%c btg=",
+ "B."[!rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_tasks]);
+ switch (rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boosted_this_gp) {
+ case -1:
+ seq_puts(m, "exp");
+ break;
+ case 0:
+ seq_puts(m, "no");
+ break;
+ case 1:
+ seq_puts(m, "begun");
+ break;
+ case 2:
+ seq_puts(m, "done");
+ break;
+ default:
+ seq_printf(m, "?%d?", rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boosted_this_gp);
+ }
+ seq_printf(m, " ntb=%lu neb=%lu nnb=%lu j=%04x bt=%04x\n",
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_tasks_boosted,
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_exp_boosts,
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_normal_boosts,
+ (int)(jiffies & 0xffff),
+ (int)(rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_time & 0xffff));
+ seq_printf(m, " %s: nt=%lu gt=%lu bt=%lu b=%lu ny=%lu nos=%lu\n",
+ "normal balk",
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_normal_balk_blkd_tasks,
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_normal_balk_gp_tasks,
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_normal_balk_boost_tasks,
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_normal_balk_boosted,
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_normal_balk_notyet,
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_normal_balk_nos);
+ seq_printf(m, " exp balk: bt=%lu nos=%lu\n",
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_exp_balk_blkd_tasks,
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_exp_balk_nos);
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
+}
+
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TRACE */
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
+
+#include "rtmutex_common.h"
+
+/*
+ * Carry out RCU priority boosting on the task indicated by ->boost_tasks,
+ * and advance ->boost_tasks to the next task in the ->blkd_tasks list.
+ */
+static int rcu_boost(void)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ struct rt_mutex mtx;
+ struct list_head *np;
+ struct task_struct *t;
+
+ if (rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_tasks == NULL)
+ return 0; /* Nothing to boost. */
+ raw_local_irq_save(flags);
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boosted_this_gp++;
+ t = container_of(rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_tasks, struct task_struct,
+ rcu_node_entry);
+ np = rcu_next_node_entry(t);
+ rt_mutex_init_proxy_locked(&mtx, t);
+ t->rcu_boost_mutex = &mtx;
+ t->rcu_read_unlock_special |= RCU_READ_UNLOCK_BOOSTED;
+ raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
+ rt_mutex_lock(&mtx);
+ RCU_TRACE(rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_tasks_boosted++);
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boosted_this_gp++;
+ rt_mutex_unlock(&mtx);
+ return rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_tasks != NULL;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check to see if it is now time to start boosting RCU readers blocking
+ * the current grace period, and, if so, tell the rcu_kthread_task to
+ * start boosting them. If there is an expedited boost in progress,
+ * we wait for it to complete.
+ *
+ * If there are no blocked readers blocking the current grace period,
+ * return 0 to let the caller know, otherwise return 1. Note that this
+ * return value is independent of whether or not boosting was done.
+ */
+static int rcu_initiate_boost(void)
+{
+ if (!rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_cgp()) {
+ RCU_TRACE(rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_normal_balk_blkd_tasks++);
+ return 0;
+ }
+ if (rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gp_tasks != NULL &&
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_tasks == NULL &&
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boosted_this_gp == 0 &&
+ ULONG_CMP_GE(jiffies, rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_time)) {
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_tasks = rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gp_tasks;
+ invoke_rcu_kthread();
+ RCU_TRACE(rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_normal_boosts++);
+ } else
+ RCU_TRACE(rcu_initiate_boost_trace());
+ return 1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Initiate boosting for an expedited grace period.
+ */
+static void rcu_initiate_expedited_boost(void)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ raw_local_irq_save(flags);
+ if (!list_empty(&rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.blkd_tasks)) {
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_tasks =
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.blkd_tasks.next;
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boosted_this_gp = -1;
+ invoke_rcu_kthread();
+ RCU_TRACE(rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_exp_boosts++);
+ } else
+ RCU_TRACE(rcu_initiate_exp_boost_trace());
+ raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
+}
+
+#define RCU_BOOST_DELAY_JIFFIES DIV_ROUND_UP(CONFIG_RCU_BOOST_DELAY * HZ, 1000);
+
+/*
+ * Do priority-boost accounting for the start of a new grace period.
+ */
+static void rcu_preempt_boost_start_gp(void)
+{
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_time = jiffies + RCU_BOOST_DELAY_JIFFIES;
+ if (rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boosted_this_gp > 0)
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boosted_this_gp = 0;
+}
+
+#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
+
+/*
+ * If there is no RCU priority boosting, we don't boost.
+ */
+static int rcu_boost(void)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * If there is no RCU priority boosting, we don't initiate boosting,
+ * but we do indicate whether there are blocked readers blocking the
+ * current grace period.
+ */
+static int rcu_initiate_boost(void)
+{
+ return rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_cgp();
+}
+
+/*
+ * If there is no RCU priority boosting, we don't initiate expedited boosting.
+ */
+static void rcu_initiate_expedited_boost(void)
+{
+}
+
+/*
+ * If there is no RCU priority boosting, nothing to do at grace-period start.
+ */
+static void rcu_preempt_boost_start_gp(void)
+{
+}
+
+#endif /* else #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
+
+/*
* Record a preemptible-RCU quiescent state for the specified CPU. Note
* that this just means that the task currently running on the CPU is
* in a quiescent state. There might be any number of tasks blocked
@@ -148,11 +414,14 @@ static void rcu_preempt_cpu_qs(void)
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gpcpu = rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gpnum;
current->rcu_read_unlock_special &= ~RCU_READ_UNLOCK_NEED_QS;

+ /* If there is no GP then there is nothing more to do. */
+ if (!rcu_preempt_gp_in_progress())
+ return;
/*
- * If there is no GP, or if blocked readers are still blocking GP,
- * then there is nothing more to do.
+ * Check up on boosting. If there are no readers blocking the
+ * current grace period, leave.
*/
- if (!rcu_preempt_gp_in_progress() || rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_cgp())
+ if (rcu_initiate_boost())
return;

/* Advance callbacks. */
@@ -164,9 +433,9 @@ static void rcu_preempt_cpu_qs(void)
if (!rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_any())
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.donetail = rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.nexttail;

- /* If there are done callbacks, make RCU_SOFTIRQ process them. */
+ /* If there are done callbacks, cause them to be invoked. */
if (*rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.donetail != NULL)
- raise_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ);
+ invoke_rcu_kthread();
}

/*
@@ -178,12 +447,16 @@ static void rcu_preempt_start_gp(void)

/* Official start of GP. */
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gpnum++;
+ RCU_TRACE(rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_grace_periods++);

/* Any blocked RCU readers block new GP. */
if (rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_any())
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gp_tasks =
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.blkd_tasks.next;

+ /* Set up for RCU priority boosting. */
+ rcu_preempt_boost_start_gp();
+
/* If there is no running reader, CPU is done with GP. */
if (!rcu_preempt_running_reader())
rcu_preempt_cpu_qs();
@@ -304,14 +577,16 @@ static void rcu_read_unlock_special(struct task_struct *t)
*/
empty = !rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_cgp();
empty_exp = rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.exp_tasks == NULL;
- np = t->rcu_node_entry.next;
- if (np == &rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.blkd_tasks)
- np = NULL;
+ np = rcu_next_node_entry(t);
list_del(&t->rcu_node_entry);
if (&t->rcu_node_entry == rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gp_tasks)
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gp_tasks = np;
if (&t->rcu_node_entry == rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.exp_tasks)
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.exp_tasks = np;
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
+ if (&t->rcu_node_entry == rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_tasks)
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_tasks = np;
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&t->rcu_node_entry);

/*
@@ -331,6 +606,14 @@ static void rcu_read_unlock_special(struct task_struct *t)
if (!empty_exp && rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.exp_tasks == NULL)
rcu_report_exp_done();
}
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
+ /* Unboost self if was boosted. */
+ if (special & RCU_READ_UNLOCK_BOOSTED) {
+ t->rcu_read_unlock_special &= ~RCU_READ_UNLOCK_BOOSTED;
+ rt_mutex_unlock(t->rcu_boost_mutex);
+ t->rcu_boost_mutex = NULL;
+ }
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
local_irq_restore(flags);
}

@@ -374,7 +657,7 @@ static void rcu_preempt_check_callbacks(void)
rcu_preempt_cpu_qs();
if (&rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.rcucblist !=
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.donetail)
- raise_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ);
+ invoke_rcu_kthread();
if (rcu_preempt_gp_in_progress() &&
rcu_cpu_blocking_cur_gp() &&
rcu_preempt_running_reader())
@@ -383,7 +666,7 @@ static void rcu_preempt_check_callbacks(void)

/*
* TINY_PREEMPT_RCU has an extra callback-list tail pointer to
- * update, so this is invoked from __rcu_process_callbacks() to
+ * update, so this is invoked from rcu_process_callbacks() to
* handle that case. Of course, it is invoked for all flavors of
* RCU, but RCU callbacks can appear only on one of the lists, and
* neither ->nexttail nor ->donetail can possibly be NULL, so there
@@ -400,7 +683,7 @@ static void rcu_preempt_remove_callbacks(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp)
*/
static void rcu_preempt_process_callbacks(void)
{
- __rcu_process_callbacks(&rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb);
+ rcu_process_callbacks(&rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb);
}

/*
@@ -417,6 +700,7 @@ void call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head, void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu))
local_irq_save(flags);
*rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.nexttail = head;
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.nexttail = &head->next;
+ RCU_TRACE(rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.qlen++);
rcu_preempt_start_gp(); /* checks to see if GP needed. */
local_irq_restore(flags);
}
@@ -532,6 +816,7 @@ void synchronize_rcu_expedited(void)

/* Wait for tail of ->blkd_tasks list to drain. */
if (rcu_preempted_readers_exp())
+ rcu_initiate_expedited_boost();
wait_event(sync_rcu_preempt_exp_wq,
!rcu_preempted_readers_exp());

@@ -572,6 +857,27 @@ void exit_rcu(void)

#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_TINY_PREEMPT_RCU */

+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TRACE
+
+/*
+ * Because preemptible RCU does not exist, it is not necessary to
+ * dump out its statistics.
+ */
+static void show_tiny_preempt_stats(struct seq_file *m)
+{
+}
+
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TRACE */
+
+/*
+ * Because preemptible RCU does not exist, it is never necessary to
+ * boost preempted RCU readers.
+ */
+static int rcu_boost(void)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
/*
* Because preemptible RCU does not exist, it never has any callbacks
* to check.
@@ -599,17 +905,116 @@ static void rcu_preempt_process_callbacks(void)
#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_TINY_PREEMPT_RCU */

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC
-
#include <linux/kernel_stat.h>

/*
* During boot, we forgive RCU lockdep issues. After this function is
* invoked, we start taking RCU lockdep issues seriously.
*/
-void rcu_scheduler_starting(void)
+void __init rcu_scheduler_starting(void)
{
WARN_ON(nr_context_switches() > 0);
rcu_scheduler_active = 1;
}

#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
+#define RCU_BOOST_PRIO CONFIG_RCU_BOOST_PRIO
+#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
+#define RCU_BOOST_PRIO 1
+#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TRACE
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
+
+static void rcu_initiate_boost_trace(void)
+{
+ if (rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gp_tasks == NULL)
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_normal_balk_gp_tasks++;
+ else if (rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_tasks != NULL)
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_normal_balk_boost_tasks++;
+ else if (rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boosted_this_gp != 0)
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_normal_balk_boosted++;
+ else if (!ULONG_CMP_GE(jiffies, rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_time))
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_normal_balk_notyet++;
+ else
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_normal_balk_nos++;
+}
+
+static void rcu_initiate_exp_boost_trace(void)
+{
+ if (list_empty(&rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.blkd_tasks))
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_exp_balk_blkd_tasks++;
+ else
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_exp_balk_nos++;
+}
+
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
+
+static void rcu_trace_sub_qlen(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp, int n)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ raw_local_irq_save(flags);
+ rcp->qlen -= n;
+ raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Dump statistics for TINY_RCU, such as they are.
+ */
+static int show_tiny_stats(struct seq_file *m, void *unused)
+{
+ show_tiny_preempt_stats(m);
+ seq_printf(m, "rcu_sched: qlen: %ld\n", rcu_sched_ctrlblk.qlen);
+ seq_printf(m, "rcu_bh: qlen: %ld\n", rcu_bh_ctrlblk.qlen);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int show_tiny_stats_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
+{
+ return single_open(file, show_tiny_stats, NULL);
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations show_tiny_stats_fops = {
+ .owner = THIS_MODULE,
+ .open = show_tiny_stats_open,
+ .read = seq_read,
+ .llseek = seq_lseek,
+ .release = single_release,
+};
+
+static struct dentry *rcudir;
+
+static int __init rcutiny_trace_init(void)
+{
+ struct dentry *retval;
+
+ rcudir = debugfs_create_dir("rcu", NULL);
+ if (!rcudir)
+ goto free_out;
+ retval = debugfs_create_file("rcudata", 0444, rcudir,
+ NULL, &show_tiny_stats_fops);
+ if (!retval)
+ goto free_out;
+ return 0;
+free_out:
+ debugfs_remove_recursive(rcudir);
+ return 1;
+}
+
+static void __exit rcutiny_trace_cleanup(void)
+{
+ debugfs_remove_recursive(rcudir);
+}
+
+module_init(rcutiny_trace_init);
+module_exit(rcutiny_trace_cleanup);
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Paul E. McKenney");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Read-Copy Update tracing for tiny implementation");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TRACE */
diff --git a/kernel/rcutorture.c b/kernel/rcutorture.c
index 9d8e8fb..89613f9 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutorture.c
+++ b/kernel/rcutorture.c
@@ -47,6 +47,7 @@
#include <linux/srcu.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <asm/byteorder.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>

MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@us.ibm.com> and "
@@ -64,6 +65,9 @@ static int irqreader = 1; /* RCU readers from irq (timers). */
static int fqs_duration = 0; /* Duration of bursts (us), 0 to disable. */
static int fqs_holdoff = 0; /* Hold time within burst (us). */
static int fqs_stutter = 3; /* Wait time between bursts (s). */
+static int test_boost = 1; /* Test RCU prio boost: 0=no, 1=maybe, 2=yes. */
+static int test_boost_interval = 7; /* Interval between boost tests, seconds. */
+static int test_boost_duration = 4; /* Duration of each boost test, seconds. */
static char *torture_type = "rcu"; /* What RCU implementation to torture. */

module_param(nreaders, int, 0444);
@@ -88,6 +92,12 @@ module_param(fqs_holdoff, int, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(fqs_holdoff, "Holdoff time within fqs bursts (us)");
module_param(fqs_stutter, int, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(fqs_stutter, "Wait time between fqs bursts (s)");
+module_param(test_boost, int, 0444);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(test_boost, "Test RCU prio boost: 0=no, 1=maybe, 2=yes.");
+module_param(test_boost_interval, int, 0444);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(test_boost_interval, "Interval between boost tests, seconds.");
+module_param(test_boost_duration, int, 0444);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(test_boost_duration, "Duration of each boost test, seconds.");
module_param(torture_type, charp, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(torture_type, "Type of RCU to torture (rcu, rcu_bh, srcu)");

@@ -109,6 +119,7 @@ static struct task_struct *stats_task;
static struct task_struct *shuffler_task;
static struct task_struct *stutter_task;
static struct task_struct *fqs_task;
+static struct task_struct *boost_tasks[NR_CPUS];

#define RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN 10

@@ -134,6 +145,12 @@ static atomic_t n_rcu_torture_alloc_fail;
static atomic_t n_rcu_torture_free;
static atomic_t n_rcu_torture_mberror;
static atomic_t n_rcu_torture_error;
+static long n_rcu_torture_boost_ktrerror;
+static long n_rcu_torture_boost_rterror;
+static long n_rcu_torture_boost_allocerror;
+static long n_rcu_torture_boost_afferror;
+static long n_rcu_torture_boost_failure;
+static long n_rcu_torture_boosts;
static long n_rcu_torture_timers;
static struct list_head rcu_torture_removed;
static cpumask_var_t shuffle_tmp_mask;
@@ -147,6 +164,16 @@ static int stutter_pause_test;
#endif
int rcutorture_runnable = RCUTORTURE_RUNNABLE_INIT;

+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
+#define rcu_can_boost() 1
+#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
+#define rcu_can_boost() 0
+#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
+
+static unsigned long boost_starttime; /* jiffies of next boost test start. */
+DEFINE_MUTEX(boost_mutex); /* protect setting boost_starttime */
+ /* and boost task create/destroy. */
+
/* Mediate rmmod and system shutdown. Concurrent rmmod & shutdown illegal! */

#define FULLSTOP_DONTSTOP 0 /* Normal operation. */
@@ -277,6 +304,7 @@ struct rcu_torture_ops {
void (*fqs)(void);
int (*stats)(char *page);
int irq_capable;
+ int can_boost;
char *name;
};

@@ -366,6 +394,7 @@ static struct rcu_torture_ops rcu_ops = {
.fqs = rcu_force_quiescent_state,
.stats = NULL,
.irq_capable = 1,
+ .can_boost = rcu_can_boost(),
.name = "rcu"
};

@@ -408,6 +437,7 @@ static struct rcu_torture_ops rcu_sync_ops = {
.fqs = rcu_force_quiescent_state,
.stats = NULL,
.irq_capable = 1,
+ .can_boost = rcu_can_boost(),
.name = "rcu_sync"
};

@@ -424,6 +454,7 @@ static struct rcu_torture_ops rcu_expedited_ops = {
.fqs = rcu_force_quiescent_state,
.stats = NULL,
.irq_capable = 1,
+ .can_boost = rcu_can_boost(),
.name = "rcu_expedited"
};

@@ -684,6 +715,110 @@ static struct rcu_torture_ops sched_expedited_ops = {
};

/*
+ * RCU torture priority-boost testing. Runs one real-time thread per
+ * CPU for moderate bursts, repeatedly registering RCU callbacks and
+ * spinning waiting for them to be invoked. If a given callback takes
+ * too long to be invoked, we assume that priority inversion has occurred.
+ */
+
+struct rcu_boost_inflight {
+ struct rcu_head rcu;
+ int inflight;
+};
+
+static void rcu_torture_boost_cb(struct rcu_head *head)
+{
+ struct rcu_boost_inflight *rbip =
+ container_of(head, struct rcu_boost_inflight, rcu);
+
+ smp_mb(); /* Ensure RCU-core accesses precede clearing ->inflight */
+ rbip->inflight = 0;
+}
+
+static int rcu_torture_boost(void *arg)
+{
+ unsigned long call_rcu_time;
+ unsigned long endtime;
+ unsigned long oldstarttime;
+ struct rcu_boost_inflight rbi = { .inflight = 0 };
+ struct sched_param sp;
+
+ VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_boost started");
+
+ /* Set real-time priority. */
+ sp.sched_priority = 1;
+ if (sched_setscheduler(current, SCHED_FIFO, &sp) < 0) {
+ VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_boost RT prio failed!");
+ n_rcu_torture_boost_rterror++;
+ }
+
+ /* Each pass through the following loop does one boost-test cycle. */
+ do {
+ /* Wait for the next test interval. */
+ oldstarttime = boost_starttime;
+ while (jiffies - oldstarttime > ULONG_MAX / 2) {
+ schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
+ rcu_stutter_wait("rcu_torture_boost");
+ if (kthread_should_stop() ||
+ fullstop != FULLSTOP_DONTSTOP)
+ goto checkwait;
+ }
+
+ /* Do one boost-test interval. */
+ endtime = oldstarttime + test_boost_duration * HZ;
+ call_rcu_time = jiffies;
+ while (jiffies - endtime > ULONG_MAX / 2) {
+ /* If we don't have a callback in flight, post one. */
+ if (!rbi.inflight) {
+ smp_mb(); /* RCU core before ->inflight = 1. */
+ rbi.inflight = 1;
+ call_rcu(&rbi.rcu, rcu_torture_boost_cb);
+ if (jiffies - call_rcu_time >
+ test_boost_duration * HZ - HZ / 2) {
+ VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_boost boosting failed");
+ n_rcu_torture_boost_failure++;
+ }
+ call_rcu_time = jiffies;
+ }
+ cond_resched();
+ rcu_stutter_wait("rcu_torture_boost");
+ if (kthread_should_stop() ||
+ fullstop != FULLSTOP_DONTSTOP)
+ goto checkwait;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Set the start time of the next test interval.
+ * Yes, this is vulnerable to long delays, but such
+ * delays simply cause a false negative for the next
+ * interval. Besides, we are running at RT priority,
+ * so delays should be relatively rare.
+ */
+ while (oldstarttime == boost_starttime) {
+ if (mutex_trylock(&boost_mutex)) {
+ boost_starttime = jiffies +
+ test_boost_interval * HZ;
+ n_rcu_torture_boosts++;
+ mutex_unlock(&boost_mutex);
+ break;
+ }
+ schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
+ }
+
+ /* Go do the stutter. */
+checkwait: rcu_stutter_wait("rcu_torture_boost");
+ } while (!kthread_should_stop() && fullstop == FULLSTOP_DONTSTOP);
+
+ /* Clean up and exit. */
+ VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_boost task stopping");
+ rcutorture_shutdown_absorb("rcu_torture_boost");
+ while (!kthread_should_stop() || rbi.inflight)
+ schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
+ smp_mb(); /* order accesses to ->inflight before stack-frame death. */
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
* RCU torture force-quiescent-state kthread. Repeatedly induces
* bursts of calls to force_quiescent_state(), increasing the probability
* of occurrence of some important types of race conditions.
@@ -933,7 +1068,8 @@ rcu_torture_printk(char *page)
cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "%s%s ", torture_type, TORTURE_FLAG);
cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt],
"rtc: %p ver: %ld tfle: %d rta: %d rtaf: %d rtf: %d "
- "rtmbe: %d nt: %ld",
+ "rtmbe: %d rtbke: %ld rtbre: %ld rtbae: %ld rtbafe: %ld "
+ "rtbf: %ld rtb: %ld nt: %ld",
rcu_torture_current,
rcu_torture_current_version,
list_empty(&rcu_torture_freelist),
@@ -941,8 +1077,19 @@ rcu_torture_printk(char *page)
atomic_read(&n_rcu_torture_alloc_fail),
atomic_read(&n_rcu_torture_free),
atomic_read(&n_rcu_torture_mberror),
+ n_rcu_torture_boost_ktrerror,
+ n_rcu_torture_boost_rterror,
+ n_rcu_torture_boost_allocerror,
+ n_rcu_torture_boost_afferror,
+ n_rcu_torture_boost_failure,
+ n_rcu_torture_boosts,
n_rcu_torture_timers);
- if (atomic_read(&n_rcu_torture_mberror) != 0)
+ if (atomic_read(&n_rcu_torture_mberror) != 0 ||
+ n_rcu_torture_boost_ktrerror != 0 ||
+ n_rcu_torture_boost_rterror != 0 ||
+ n_rcu_torture_boost_allocerror != 0 ||
+ n_rcu_torture_boost_afferror != 0 ||
+ n_rcu_torture_boost_failure != 0)
cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], " !!!");
cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "\n%s%s ", torture_type, TORTURE_FLAG);
if (i > 1) {
@@ -1094,22 +1241,91 @@ rcu_torture_stutter(void *arg)
}

static inline void
-rcu_torture_print_module_parms(char *tag)
+rcu_torture_print_module_parms(struct rcu_torture_ops *cur_ops, char *tag)
{
printk(KERN_ALERT "%s" TORTURE_FLAG
"--- %s: nreaders=%d nfakewriters=%d "
"stat_interval=%d verbose=%d test_no_idle_hz=%d "
"shuffle_interval=%d stutter=%d irqreader=%d "
- "fqs_duration=%d fqs_holdoff=%d fqs_stutter=%d\n",
+ "fqs_duration=%d fqs_holdoff=%d fqs_stutter=%d "
+ "test_boost=%d/%d test_boost_interval=%d "
+ "test_boost_duration=%d\n",
torture_type, tag, nrealreaders, nfakewriters,
stat_interval, verbose, test_no_idle_hz, shuffle_interval,
- stutter, irqreader, fqs_duration, fqs_holdoff, fqs_stutter);
+ stutter, irqreader, fqs_duration, fqs_holdoff, fqs_stutter,
+ test_boost, cur_ops->can_boost,
+ test_boost_interval, test_boost_duration);
}

-static struct notifier_block rcutorture_nb = {
+static struct notifier_block rcutorture_shutdown_nb = {
.notifier_call = rcutorture_shutdown_notify,
};

+static void rcutorture_booster_cleanup(int cpu)
+{
+ struct task_struct *t;
+
+ if (boost_tasks[cpu] == NULL)
+ return;
+ mutex_lock(&boost_mutex);
+ VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("Stopping rcu_torture_boost task");
+ t = boost_tasks[cpu];
+ boost_tasks[cpu] = NULL;
+ mutex_unlock(&boost_mutex);
+
+ /* This must be outside of the mutex, otherwise deadlock! */
+ kthread_stop(t);
+}
+
+static int rcutorture_booster_init(int cpu)
+{
+ int retval;
+
+ if (boost_tasks[cpu] != NULL)
+ return 0; /* Already created, nothing more to do. */
+
+ /* Don't allow time recalculation while creating a new task. */
+ mutex_lock(&boost_mutex);
+ VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("Creating rcu_torture_boost task");
+ boost_tasks[cpu] = kthread_create(rcu_torture_boost, NULL,
+ "rcu_torture_boost");
+ if (IS_ERR(boost_tasks[cpu])) {
+ retval = PTR_ERR(boost_tasks[cpu]);
+ VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_boost task create failed");
+ n_rcu_torture_boost_ktrerror++;
+ boost_tasks[cpu] = NULL;
+ mutex_unlock(&boost_mutex);
+ return retval;
+ }
+ kthread_bind(boost_tasks[cpu], cpu);
+ wake_up_process(boost_tasks[cpu]);
+ mutex_unlock(&boost_mutex);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int rcutorture_cpu_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
+ unsigned long action, void *hcpu)
+{
+ long cpu = (long)hcpu;
+
+ switch (action) {
+ case CPU_ONLINE:
+ case CPU_DOWN_FAILED:
+ (void)rcutorture_booster_init(cpu);
+ break;
+ case CPU_DOWN_PREPARE:
+ rcutorture_booster_cleanup(cpu);
+ break;
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+ return NOTIFY_OK;
+}
+
+static struct notifier_block rcutorture_cpu_nb = {
+ .notifier_call = rcutorture_cpu_notify,
+};
+
static void
rcu_torture_cleanup(void)
{
@@ -1127,7 +1343,7 @@ rcu_torture_cleanup(void)
}
fullstop = FULLSTOP_RMMOD;
mutex_unlock(&fullstop_mutex);
- unregister_reboot_notifier(&rcutorture_nb);
+ unregister_reboot_notifier(&rcutorture_shutdown_nb);
if (stutter_task) {
VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("Stopping rcu_torture_stutter task");
kthread_stop(stutter_task);
@@ -1184,6 +1400,12 @@ rcu_torture_cleanup(void)
kthread_stop(fqs_task);
}
fqs_task = NULL;
+ if ((test_boost == 1 && cur_ops->can_boost) ||
+ test_boost == 2) {
+ unregister_cpu_notifier(&rcutorture_cpu_nb);
+ for_each_possible_cpu(i)
+ rcutorture_booster_cleanup(i);
+ }

/* Wait for all RCU callbacks to fire. */

@@ -1195,9 +1417,9 @@ rcu_torture_cleanup(void)
if (cur_ops->cleanup)
cur_ops->cleanup();
if (atomic_read(&n_rcu_torture_error))
- rcu_torture_print_module_parms("End of test: FAILURE");
+ rcu_torture_print_module_parms(cur_ops, "End of test: FAILURE");
else
- rcu_torture_print_module_parms("End of test: SUCCESS");
+ rcu_torture_print_module_parms(cur_ops, "End of test: SUCCESS");
}

static int __init
@@ -1242,7 +1464,7 @@ rcu_torture_init(void)
nrealreaders = nreaders;
else
nrealreaders = 2 * num_online_cpus();
- rcu_torture_print_module_parms("Start of test");
+ rcu_torture_print_module_parms(cur_ops, "Start of test");
fullstop = FULLSTOP_DONTSTOP;

/* Set up the freelist. */
@@ -1263,6 +1485,12 @@ rcu_torture_init(void)
atomic_set(&n_rcu_torture_free, 0);
atomic_set(&n_rcu_torture_mberror, 0);
atomic_set(&n_rcu_torture_error, 0);
+ n_rcu_torture_boost_ktrerror = 0;
+ n_rcu_torture_boost_rterror = 0;
+ n_rcu_torture_boost_allocerror = 0;
+ n_rcu_torture_boost_afferror = 0;
+ n_rcu_torture_boost_failure = 0;
+ n_rcu_torture_boosts = 0;
for (i = 0; i < RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1; i++)
atomic_set(&rcu_torture_wcount[i], 0);
for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
@@ -1376,7 +1604,27 @@ rcu_torture_init(void)
goto unwind;
}
}
- register_reboot_notifier(&rcutorture_nb);
+ if (test_boost_interval < 1)
+ test_boost_interval = 1;
+ if (test_boost_duration < 2)
+ test_boost_duration = 2;
+ if ((test_boost == 1 && cur_ops->can_boost) ||
+ test_boost == 2) {
+ int retval;
+
+ boost_starttime = jiffies + test_boost_interval * HZ;
+ register_cpu_notifier(&rcutorture_cpu_nb);
+ for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
+ if (cpu_is_offline(i))
+ continue; /* Heuristic: CPU can go offline. */
+ retval = rcutorture_booster_init(i);
+ if (retval < 0) {
+ firsterr = retval;
+ goto unwind;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ register_reboot_notifier(&rcutorture_shutdown_nb);
mutex_unlock(&fullstop_mutex);
return 0;

diff --git a/kernel/rcutree.c b/kernel/rcutree.c
index ccdc04c..d0ddfea 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcutree.c
@@ -67,9 +67,6 @@ static struct lock_class_key rcu_node_class[NUM_RCU_LVLS];
.gpnum = -300, \
.completed = -300, \
.onofflock = __RAW_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(&structname.onofflock), \
- .orphan_cbs_list = NULL, \
- .orphan_cbs_tail = &structname.orphan_cbs_list, \
- .orphan_qlen = 0, \
.fqslock = __RAW_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(&structname.fqslock), \
.n_force_qs = 0, \
.n_force_qs_ngp = 0, \
@@ -620,9 +617,17 @@ static void __init check_cpu_stall_init(void)
static void __note_new_gpnum(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_node *rnp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
{
if (rdp->gpnum != rnp->gpnum) {
- rdp->qs_pending = 1;
- rdp->passed_quiesc = 0;
+ /*
+ * If the current grace period is waiting for this CPU,
+ * set up to detect a quiescent state, otherwise don't
+ * go looking for one.
+ */
rdp->gpnum = rnp->gpnum;
+ if (rnp->qsmask & rdp->grpmask) {
+ rdp->qs_pending = 1;
+ rdp->passed_quiesc = 0;
+ } else
+ rdp->qs_pending = 0;
}
}

@@ -681,6 +686,24 @@ __rcu_process_gp_end(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_node *rnp, struct rcu_dat

/* Remember that we saw this grace-period completion. */
rdp->completed = rnp->completed;
+
+ /*
+ * If we were in an extended quiescent state, we may have
+ * missed some grace periods that others CPUs handled on
+ * our behalf. Catch up with this state to avoid noting
+ * spurious new grace periods. If another grace period
+ * has started, then rnp->gpnum will have advanced, so
+ * we will detect this later on.
+ */
+ if (ULONG_CMP_LT(rdp->gpnum, rdp->completed))
+ rdp->gpnum = rdp->completed;
+
+ /*
+ * If RCU does not need a quiescent state from this CPU,
+ * then make sure that this CPU doesn't go looking for one.
+ */
+ if ((rnp->qsmask & rdp->grpmask) == 0)
+ rdp->qs_pending = 0;
}
}

@@ -984,53 +1007,31 @@ rcu_check_quiescent_state(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
#ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU

/*
- * Move a dying CPU's RCU callbacks to the ->orphan_cbs_list for the
- * specified flavor of RCU. The callbacks will be adopted by the next
- * _rcu_barrier() invocation or by the CPU_DEAD notifier, whichever
- * comes first. Because this is invoked from the CPU_DYING notifier,
- * irqs are already disabled.
+ * Move a dying CPU's RCU callbacks to online CPU's callback list.
+ * Synchronization is not required because this function executes
+ * in stop_machine() context.
*/
-static void rcu_send_cbs_to_orphanage(struct rcu_state *rsp)
+static void rcu_send_cbs_to_online(struct rcu_state *rsp)
{
int i;
+ /* current DYING CPU is cleared in the cpu_online_mask */
+ int receive_cpu = cpumask_any(cpu_online_mask);
struct rcu_data *rdp = this_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda);
+ struct rcu_data *receive_rdp = per_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda, receive_cpu);

if (rdp->nxtlist == NULL)
return; /* irqs disabled, so comparison is stable. */
- raw_spin_lock(&rsp->onofflock); /* irqs already disabled. */
- *rsp->orphan_cbs_tail = rdp->nxtlist;
- rsp->orphan_cbs_tail = rdp->nxttail[RCU_NEXT_TAIL];
+
+ *receive_rdp->nxttail[RCU_NEXT_TAIL] = rdp->nxtlist;
+ receive_rdp->nxttail[RCU_NEXT_TAIL] = rdp->nxttail[RCU_NEXT_TAIL];
+ receive_rdp->qlen += rdp->qlen;
+ receive_rdp->n_cbs_adopted += rdp->qlen;
+ rdp->n_cbs_orphaned += rdp->qlen;
+
rdp->nxtlist = NULL;
for (i = 0; i < RCU_NEXT_SIZE; i++)
rdp->nxttail[i] = &rdp->nxtlist;
- rsp->orphan_qlen += rdp->qlen;
- rdp->n_cbs_orphaned += rdp->qlen;
rdp->qlen = 0;
- raw_spin_unlock(&rsp->onofflock); /* irqs remain disabled. */
-}
-
-/*
- * Adopt previously orphaned RCU callbacks.
- */
-static void rcu_adopt_orphan_cbs(struct rcu_state *rsp)
-{
- unsigned long flags;
- struct rcu_data *rdp;
-
- raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rsp->onofflock, flags);
- rdp = this_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda);
- if (rsp->orphan_cbs_list == NULL) {
- raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rsp->onofflock, flags);
- return;
- }
- *rdp->nxttail[RCU_NEXT_TAIL] = rsp->orphan_cbs_list;
- rdp->nxttail[RCU_NEXT_TAIL] = rsp->orphan_cbs_tail;
- rdp->qlen += rsp->orphan_qlen;
- rdp->n_cbs_adopted += rsp->orphan_qlen;
- rsp->orphan_cbs_list = NULL;
- rsp->orphan_cbs_tail = &rsp->orphan_cbs_list;
- rsp->orphan_qlen = 0;
- raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rsp->onofflock, flags);
}

/*
@@ -1081,8 +1082,6 @@ static void __rcu_offline_cpu(int cpu, struct rcu_state *rsp)
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rnp->lock, flags);
if (need_report & RCU_OFL_TASKS_EXP_GP)
rcu_report_exp_rnp(rsp, rnp);
-
- rcu_adopt_orphan_cbs(rsp);
}

/*
@@ -1100,11 +1099,7 @@ static void rcu_offline_cpu(int cpu)

#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU */

-static void rcu_send_cbs_to_orphanage(struct rcu_state *rsp)
-{
-}
-
-static void rcu_adopt_orphan_cbs(struct rcu_state *rsp)
+static void rcu_send_cbs_to_online(struct rcu_state *rsp)
{
}

@@ -1440,22 +1435,11 @@ __call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head, void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu),
*/
local_irq_save(flags);
rdp = this_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda);
- rcu_process_gp_end(rsp, rdp);
- check_for_new_grace_period(rsp, rdp);

/* Add the callback to our list. */
*rdp->nxttail[RCU_NEXT_TAIL] = head;
rdp->nxttail[RCU_NEXT_TAIL] = &head->next;

- /* Start a new grace period if one not already started. */
- if (!rcu_gp_in_progress(rsp)) {
- unsigned long nestflag;
- struct rcu_node *rnp_root = rcu_get_root(rsp);
-
- raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rnp_root->lock, nestflag);
- rcu_start_gp(rsp, nestflag); /* releases rnp_root->lock. */
- }
-
/*
* Force the grace period if too many callbacks or too long waiting.
* Enforce hysteresis, and don't invoke force_quiescent_state()
@@ -1464,12 +1448,27 @@ __call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head, void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu),
* is the only one waiting for a grace period to complete.
*/
if (unlikely(++rdp->qlen > rdp->qlen_last_fqs_check + qhimark)) {
- rdp->blimit = LONG_MAX;
- if (rsp->n_force_qs == rdp->n_force_qs_snap &&
- *rdp->nxttail[RCU_DONE_TAIL] != head)
- force_quiescent_state(rsp, 0);
- rdp->n_force_qs_snap = rsp->n_force_qs;
- rdp->qlen_last_fqs_check = rdp->qlen;
+
+ /* Are we ignoring a completed grace period? */
+ rcu_process_gp_end(rsp, rdp);
+ check_for_new_grace_period(rsp, rdp);
+
+ /* Start a new grace period if one not already started. */
+ if (!rcu_gp_in_progress(rsp)) {
+ unsigned long nestflag;
+ struct rcu_node *rnp_root = rcu_get_root(rsp);
+
+ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rnp_root->lock, nestflag);
+ rcu_start_gp(rsp, nestflag); /* rlses rnp_root->lock */
+ } else {
+ /* Give the grace period a kick. */
+ rdp->blimit = LONG_MAX;
+ if (rsp->n_force_qs == rdp->n_force_qs_snap &&
+ *rdp->nxttail[RCU_DONE_TAIL] != head)
+ force_quiescent_state(rsp, 0);
+ rdp->n_force_qs_snap = rsp->n_force_qs;
+ rdp->qlen_last_fqs_check = rdp->qlen;
+ }
} else if (ULONG_CMP_LT(ACCESS_ONCE(rsp->jiffies_force_qs), jiffies))
force_quiescent_state(rsp, 1);
local_irq_restore(flags);
@@ -1699,13 +1698,12 @@ static void _rcu_barrier(struct rcu_state *rsp,
* decrement rcu_barrier_cpu_count -- otherwise the first CPU
* might complete its grace period before all of the other CPUs
* did their increment, causing this function to return too
- * early.
+ * early. Note that on_each_cpu() disables irqs, which prevents
+ * any CPUs from coming online or going offline until each online
+ * CPU has queued its RCU-barrier callback.
*/
atomic_set(&rcu_barrier_cpu_count, 1);
- preempt_disable(); /* stop CPU_DYING from filling orphan_cbs_list */
- rcu_adopt_orphan_cbs(rsp);
on_each_cpu(rcu_barrier_func, (void *)call_rcu_func, 1);
- preempt_enable(); /* CPU_DYING can again fill orphan_cbs_list */
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&rcu_barrier_cpu_count))
complete(&rcu_barrier_completion);
wait_for_completion(&rcu_barrier_completion);
@@ -1831,18 +1829,13 @@ static int __cpuinit rcu_cpu_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
case CPU_DYING:
case CPU_DYING_FROZEN:
/*
- * preempt_disable() in _rcu_barrier() prevents stop_machine(),
- * so when "on_each_cpu(rcu_barrier_func, (void *)type, 1);"
- * returns, all online cpus have queued rcu_barrier_func().
- * The dying CPU clears its cpu_online_mask bit and
- * moves all of its RCU callbacks to ->orphan_cbs_list
- * in the context of stop_machine(), so subsequent calls
- * to _rcu_barrier() will adopt these callbacks and only
- * then queue rcu_barrier_func() on all remaining CPUs.
+ * The whole machine is "stopped" except this CPU, so we can
+ * touch any data without introducing corruption. We send the
+ * dying CPU's callbacks to an arbitrarily chosen online CPU.
*/
- rcu_send_cbs_to_orphanage(&rcu_bh_state);
- rcu_send_cbs_to_orphanage(&rcu_sched_state);
- rcu_preempt_send_cbs_to_orphanage();
+ rcu_send_cbs_to_online(&rcu_bh_state);
+ rcu_send_cbs_to_online(&rcu_sched_state);
+ rcu_preempt_send_cbs_to_online();
break;
case CPU_DEAD:
case CPU_DEAD_FROZEN:
@@ -1880,8 +1873,9 @@ static void __init rcu_init_levelspread(struct rcu_state *rsp)
{
int i;

- for (i = NUM_RCU_LVLS - 1; i >= 0; i--)
+ for (i = NUM_RCU_LVLS - 1; i > 0; i--)
rsp->levelspread[i] = CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT;
+ rsp->levelspread[0] = RCU_FANOUT_LEAF;
}
#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT_EXACT */
static void __init rcu_init_levelspread(struct rcu_state *rsp)
diff --git a/kernel/rcutree.h b/kernel/rcutree.h
index 91d4170..e8f057e 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutree.h
+++ b/kernel/rcutree.h
@@ -31,46 +31,51 @@
/*
* Define shape of hierarchy based on NR_CPUS and CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT.
* In theory, it should be possible to add more levels straightforwardly.
- * In practice, this has not been tested, so there is probably some
- * bug somewhere.
+ * In practice, this did work well going from three levels to four.
+ * Of course, your mileage may vary.
*/
#define MAX_RCU_LVLS 4
-#define RCU_FANOUT (CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT)
-#define RCU_FANOUT_SQ (RCU_FANOUT * RCU_FANOUT)
-#define RCU_FANOUT_CUBE (RCU_FANOUT_SQ * RCU_FANOUT)
-#define RCU_FANOUT_FOURTH (RCU_FANOUT_CUBE * RCU_FANOUT)
-
-#if NR_CPUS <= RCU_FANOUT
+#if CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT > 16
+#define RCU_FANOUT_LEAF 16
+#else /* #if CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT > 16 */
+#define RCU_FANOUT_LEAF (CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT)
+#endif /* #else #if CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT > 16 */
+#define RCU_FANOUT_1 (RCU_FANOUT_LEAF)
+#define RCU_FANOUT_2 (RCU_FANOUT_1 * CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT)
+#define RCU_FANOUT_3 (RCU_FANOUT_2 * CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT)
+#define RCU_FANOUT_4 (RCU_FANOUT_3 * CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT)
+
+#if NR_CPUS <= RCU_FANOUT_1
# define NUM_RCU_LVLS 1
# define NUM_RCU_LVL_0 1
# define NUM_RCU_LVL_1 (NR_CPUS)
# define NUM_RCU_LVL_2 0
# define NUM_RCU_LVL_3 0
# define NUM_RCU_LVL_4 0
-#elif NR_CPUS <= RCU_FANOUT_SQ
+#elif NR_CPUS <= RCU_FANOUT_2
# define NUM_RCU_LVLS 2
# define NUM_RCU_LVL_0 1
-# define NUM_RCU_LVL_1 DIV_ROUND_UP(NR_CPUS, RCU_FANOUT)
+# define NUM_RCU_LVL_1 DIV_ROUND_UP(NR_CPUS, RCU_FANOUT_1)
# define NUM_RCU_LVL_2 (NR_CPUS)
# define NUM_RCU_LVL_3 0
# define NUM_RCU_LVL_4 0
-#elif NR_CPUS <= RCU_FANOUT_CUBE
+#elif NR_CPUS <= RCU_FANOUT_3
# define NUM_RCU_LVLS 3
# define NUM_RCU_LVL_0 1
-# define NUM_RCU_LVL_1 DIV_ROUND_UP(NR_CPUS, RCU_FANOUT_SQ)
-# define NUM_RCU_LVL_2 DIV_ROUND_UP(NR_CPUS, RCU_FANOUT)
-# define NUM_RCU_LVL_3 NR_CPUS
+# define NUM_RCU_LVL_1 DIV_ROUND_UP(NR_CPUS, RCU_FANOUT_2)
+# define NUM_RCU_LVL_2 DIV_ROUND_UP(NR_CPUS, RCU_FANOUT_1)
+# define NUM_RCU_LVL_3 (NR_CPUS)
# define NUM_RCU_LVL_4 0
-#elif NR_CPUS <= RCU_FANOUT_FOURTH
+#elif NR_CPUS <= RCU_FANOUT_4
# define NUM_RCU_LVLS 4
# define NUM_RCU_LVL_0 1
-# define NUM_RCU_LVL_1 DIV_ROUND_UP(NR_CPUS, RCU_FANOUT_CUBE)
-# define NUM_RCU_LVL_2 DIV_ROUND_UP(NR_CPUS, RCU_FANOUT_SQ)
-# define NUM_RCU_LVL_3 DIV_ROUND_UP(NR_CPUS, RCU_FANOUT)
-# define NUM_RCU_LVL_4 NR_CPUS
+# define NUM_RCU_LVL_1 DIV_ROUND_UP(NR_CPUS, RCU_FANOUT_3)
+# define NUM_RCU_LVL_2 DIV_ROUND_UP(NR_CPUS, RCU_FANOUT_2)
+# define NUM_RCU_LVL_3 DIV_ROUND_UP(NR_CPUS, RCU_FANOUT_1)
+# define NUM_RCU_LVL_4 (NR_CPUS)
#else
# error "CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT insufficient for NR_CPUS"
-#endif /* #if (NR_CPUS) <= RCU_FANOUT */
+#endif /* #if (NR_CPUS) <= RCU_FANOUT_1 */

#define RCU_SUM (NUM_RCU_LVL_0 + NUM_RCU_LVL_1 + NUM_RCU_LVL_2 + NUM_RCU_LVL_3 + NUM_RCU_LVL_4)
#define NUM_RCU_NODES (RCU_SUM - NR_CPUS)
@@ -203,8 +208,8 @@ struct rcu_data {
long qlen_last_fqs_check;
/* qlen at last check for QS forcing */
unsigned long n_cbs_invoked; /* count of RCU cbs invoked. */
- unsigned long n_cbs_orphaned; /* RCU cbs sent to orphanage. */
- unsigned long n_cbs_adopted; /* RCU cbs adopted from orphanage. */
+ unsigned long n_cbs_orphaned; /* RCU cbs orphaned by dying CPU */
+ unsigned long n_cbs_adopted; /* RCU cbs adopted from dying CPU */
unsigned long n_force_qs_snap;
/* did other CPU force QS recently? */
long blimit; /* Upper limit on a processed batch */
@@ -309,15 +314,7 @@ struct rcu_state {
/* End of fields guarded by root rcu_node's lock. */

raw_spinlock_t onofflock; /* exclude on/offline and */
- /* starting new GP. Also */
- /* protects the following */
- /* orphan_cbs fields. */
- struct rcu_head *orphan_cbs_list; /* list of rcu_head structs */
- /* orphaned by all CPUs in */
- /* a given leaf rcu_node */
- /* going offline. */
- struct rcu_head **orphan_cbs_tail; /* And tail pointer. */
- long orphan_qlen; /* Number of orphaned cbs. */
+ /* starting new GP. */
raw_spinlock_t fqslock; /* Only one task forcing */
/* quiescent states. */
unsigned long jiffies_force_qs; /* Time at which to invoke */
@@ -390,7 +387,7 @@ static void rcu_report_exp_rnp(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_node *rnp);
static int rcu_preempt_pending(int cpu);
static int rcu_preempt_needs_cpu(int cpu);
static void __cpuinit rcu_preempt_init_percpu_data(int cpu);
-static void rcu_preempt_send_cbs_to_orphanage(void);
+static void rcu_preempt_send_cbs_to_online(void);
static void __init __rcu_init_preempt(void);
static void rcu_needs_cpu_flush(void);

diff --git a/kernel/rcutree_plugin.h b/kernel/rcutree_plugin.h
index 71a4147..a363871 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutree_plugin.h
+++ b/kernel/rcutree_plugin.h
@@ -25,6 +25,7 @@
*/

#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/stop_machine.h>

/*
* Check the RCU kernel configuration parameters and print informative
@@ -773,11 +774,11 @@ static void __cpuinit rcu_preempt_init_percpu_data(int cpu)
}

/*
- * Move preemptable RCU's callbacks to ->orphan_cbs_list.
+ * Move preemptable RCU's callbacks from dying CPU to other online CPU.
*/
-static void rcu_preempt_send_cbs_to_orphanage(void)
+static void rcu_preempt_send_cbs_to_online(void)
{
- rcu_send_cbs_to_orphanage(&rcu_preempt_state);
+ rcu_send_cbs_to_online(&rcu_preempt_state);
}

/*
@@ -1001,7 +1002,7 @@ static void __cpuinit rcu_preempt_init_percpu_data(int cpu)
/*
* Because there is no preemptable RCU, there are no callbacks to move.
*/
-static void rcu_preempt_send_cbs_to_orphanage(void)
+static void rcu_preempt_send_cbs_to_online(void)
{
}

@@ -1014,6 +1015,132 @@ static void __init __rcu_init_preempt(void)

#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU */

+#ifndef CONFIG_SMP
+
+void synchronize_sched_expedited(void)
+{
+ cond_resched();
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(synchronize_sched_expedited);
+
+#else /* #ifndef CONFIG_SMP */
+
+static atomic_t sync_sched_expedited_started = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
+static atomic_t sync_sched_expedited_done = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
+
+static int synchronize_sched_expedited_cpu_stop(void *data)
+{
+ /*
+ * There must be a full memory barrier on each affected CPU
+ * between the time that try_stop_cpus() is called and the
+ * time that it returns.
+ *
+ * In the current initial implementation of cpu_stop, the
+ * above condition is already met when the control reaches
+ * this point and the following smp_mb() is not strictly
+ * necessary. Do smp_mb() anyway for documentation and
+ * robustness against future implementation changes.
+ */
+ smp_mb(); /* See above comment block. */
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Wait for an rcu-sched grace period to elapse, but use "big hammer"
+ * approach to force grace period to end quickly. This consumes
+ * significant time on all CPUs, and is thus not recommended for
+ * any sort of common-case code.
+ *
+ * Note that it is illegal to call this function while holding any
+ * lock that is acquired by a CPU-hotplug notifier. Failing to
+ * observe this restriction will result in deadlock.
+ *
+ * This implementation can be thought of as an application of ticket
+ * locking to RCU, with sync_sched_expedited_started and
+ * sync_sched_expedited_done taking on the roles of the halves
+ * of the ticket-lock word. Each task atomically increments
+ * sync_sched_expedited_started upon entry, snapshotting the old value,
+ * then attempts to stop all the CPUs. If this succeeds, then each
+ * CPU will have executed a context switch, resulting in an RCU-sched
+ * grace period. We are then done, so we use atomic_cmpxchg() to
+ * update sync_sched_expedited_done to match our snapshot -- but
+ * only if someone else has not already advanced past our snapshot.
+ *
+ * On the other hand, if try_stop_cpus() fails, we check the value
+ * of sync_sched_expedited_done. If it has advanced past our
+ * initial snapshot, then someone else must have forced a grace period
+ * some time after we took our snapshot. In this case, our work is
+ * done for us, and we can simply return. Otherwise, we try again,
+ * but keep our initial snapshot for purposes of checking for someone
+ * doing our work for us.
+ *
+ * If we fail too many times in a row, we fall back to synchronize_sched().
+ */
+void synchronize_sched_expedited(void)
+{
+ int firstsnap, s, snap, trycount = 0;
+
+ /* Note that atomic_inc_return() implies full memory barrier. */
+ firstsnap = snap = atomic_inc_return(&sync_sched_expedited_started);
+ get_online_cpus();
+
+ /*
+ * Each pass through the following loop attempts to force a
+ * context switch on each CPU.
+ */
+ while (try_stop_cpus(cpu_online_mask,
+ synchronize_sched_expedited_cpu_stop,
+ NULL) == -EAGAIN) {
+ put_online_cpus();
+
+ /* No joy, try again later. Or just synchronize_sched(). */
+ if (trycount++ < 10)
+ udelay(trycount * num_online_cpus());
+ else {
+ synchronize_sched();
+ return;
+ }
+
+ /* Check to see if someone else did our work for us. */
+ s = atomic_read(&sync_sched_expedited_done);
+ if (UINT_CMP_GE((unsigned)s, (unsigned)firstsnap)) {
+ smp_mb(); /* ensure test happens before caller kfree */
+ return;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Refetching sync_sched_expedited_started allows later
+ * callers to piggyback on our grace period. We subtract
+ * 1 to get the same token that the last incrementer got.
+ * We retry after they started, so our grace period works
+ * for them, and they started after our first try, so their
+ * grace period works for us.
+ */
+ get_online_cpus();
+ snap = atomic_read(&sync_sched_expedited_started) - 1;
+ smp_mb(); /* ensure read is before try_stop_cpus(). */
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Everyone up to our most recent fetch is covered by our grace
+ * period. Update the counter, but only if our work is still
+ * relevant -- which it won't be if someone who started later
+ * than we did beat us to the punch.
+ */
+ do {
+ s = atomic_read(&sync_sched_expedited_done);
+ if (UINT_CMP_GE((unsigned)s, (unsigned)snap)) {
+ smp_mb(); /* ensure test happens before caller kfree */
+ break;
+ }
+ } while (atomic_cmpxchg(&sync_sched_expedited_done, s, snap) != s);
+
+ put_online_cpus();
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(synchronize_sched_expedited);
+
+#endif /* #else #ifndef CONFIG_SMP */
+
#if !defined(CONFIG_RCU_FAST_NO_HZ)

/*
diff --git a/kernel/rcutree_trace.c b/kernel/rcutree_trace.c
index d15430b..c8e9785 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutree_trace.c
+++ b/kernel/rcutree_trace.c
@@ -166,13 +166,13 @@ static void print_one_rcu_state(struct seq_file *m, struct rcu_state *rsp)

gpnum = rsp->gpnum;
seq_printf(m, "c=%lu g=%lu s=%d jfq=%ld j=%x "
- "nfqs=%lu/nfqsng=%lu(%lu) fqlh=%lu oqlen=%ld\n",
+ "nfqs=%lu/nfqsng=%lu(%lu) fqlh=%lu\n",
rsp->completed, gpnum, rsp->signaled,
(long)(rsp->jiffies_force_qs - jiffies),
(int)(jiffies & 0xffff),
rsp->n_force_qs, rsp->n_force_qs_ngp,
rsp->n_force_qs - rsp->n_force_qs_ngp,
- rsp->n_force_qs_lh, rsp->orphan_qlen);
+ rsp->n_force_qs_lh);
for (rnp = &rsp->node[0]; rnp - &rsp->node[0] < NUM_RCU_NODES; rnp++) {
if (rnp->level != level) {
seq_puts(m, "\n");
@@ -300,7 +300,7 @@ static const struct file_operations rcu_pending_fops = {

static struct dentry *rcudir;

-static int __init rcuclassic_trace_init(void)
+static int __init rcutree_trace_init(void)
{
struct dentry *retval;

@@ -337,14 +337,14 @@ free_out:
return 1;
}

-static void __exit rcuclassic_trace_cleanup(void)
+static void __exit rcutree_trace_cleanup(void)
{
debugfs_remove_recursive(rcudir);
}


-module_init(rcuclassic_trace_init);
-module_exit(rcuclassic_trace_cleanup);
+module_init(rcutree_trace_init);
+module_exit(rcutree_trace_cleanup);

MODULE_AUTHOR("Paul E. McKenney");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Read-Copy Update tracing for hierarchical implementation");
diff --git a/kernel/sched.c b/kernel/sched.c
index 297d1a0..e6f8f12 100644
--- a/kernel/sched.c
+++ b/kernel/sched.c
@@ -9534,72 +9534,3 @@ struct cgroup_subsys cpuacct_subsys = {
};
#endif /* CONFIG_CGROUP_CPUACCT */

-#ifndef CONFIG_SMP
-
-void synchronize_sched_expedited(void)
-{
- barrier();
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(synchronize_sched_expedited);
-
-#else /* #ifndef CONFIG_SMP */
-
-static atomic_t synchronize_sched_expedited_count = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
-
-static int synchronize_sched_expedited_cpu_stop(void *data)
-{
- /*
- * There must be a full memory barrier on each affected CPU
- * between the time that try_stop_cpus() is called and the
- * time that it returns.
- *
- * In the current initial implementation of cpu_stop, the
- * above condition is already met when the control reaches
- * this point and the following smp_mb() is not strictly
- * necessary. Do smp_mb() anyway for documentation and
- * robustness against future implementation changes.
- */
- smp_mb(); /* See above comment block. */
- return 0;
-}
-
-/*
- * Wait for an rcu-sched grace period to elapse, but use "big hammer"
- * approach to force grace period to end quickly. This consumes
- * significant time on all CPUs, and is thus not recommended for
- * any sort of common-case code.
- *
- * Note that it is illegal to call this function while holding any
- * lock that is acquired by a CPU-hotplug notifier. Failing to
- * observe this restriction will result in deadlock.
- */
-void synchronize_sched_expedited(void)
-{
- int snap, trycount = 0;
-
- smp_mb(); /* ensure prior mod happens before capturing snap. */
- snap = atomic_read(&synchronize_sched_expedited_count) + 1;
- get_online_cpus();
- while (try_stop_cpus(cpu_online_mask,
- synchronize_sched_expedited_cpu_stop,
- NULL) == -EAGAIN) {
- put_online_cpus();
- if (trycount++ < 10)
- udelay(trycount * num_online_cpus());
- else {
- synchronize_sched();
- return;
- }
- if (atomic_read(&synchronize_sched_expedited_count) - snap > 0) {
- smp_mb(); /* ensure test happens before caller kfree */
- return;
- }
- get_online_cpus();
- }
- atomic_inc(&synchronize_sched_expedited_count);
- smp_mb__after_atomic_inc(); /* ensure post-GP actions seen after GP. */
- put_online_cpus();
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(synchronize_sched_expedited);
-
-#endif /* #else #ifndef CONFIG_SMP */
diff --git a/kernel/srcu.c b/kernel/srcu.c
index c71e075..98d8c1e 100644
--- a/kernel/srcu.c
+++ b/kernel/srcu.c
@@ -31,6 +31,7 @@
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/srcu.h>

static int init_srcu_struct_fields(struct srcu_struct *sp)
@@ -203,9 +204,14 @@ static void __synchronize_srcu(struct srcu_struct *sp, void (*sync_func)(void))
* all srcu_read_lock() calls using the old counters have completed.
* Their corresponding critical sections might well be still
* executing, but the srcu_read_lock() primitives themselves
- * will have finished executing.
+ * will have finished executing. We initially give readers
+ * an arbitrarily chosen 10 microseconds to get out of their
+ * SRCU read-side critical sections, then loop waiting 1/HZ
+ * seconds per iteration.
*/

+ if (srcu_readers_active_idx(sp, idx))
+ udelay(CONFIG_SRCU_SYNCHRONIZE_DELAY);
while (srcu_readers_active_idx(sp, idx))
schedule_timeout_interruptible(1);


\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2011-01-06 10:11    [from the cache]
©2003-2011 Jasper Spaans