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SubjectRe: fs hang in 2.6.27.y | Fwd: [Bug 15658] New: [PATCH] x86 constant_test_bit() prone to misoptimization with gcc-4.4
On Thu, Sep 23, 2010 at 04:50:22PM -0700, Andrew Morton wrote:
> Working around a gcc-4.4 bug is a good thing, and the patch cleans the
> code up anyway - is there a reason for casting away the `volatile const'?

It turned out that I translated the original assumption of _gcc_
fault (from our bugzilla) when the latter conclusion was that it
was correctly optimizing the code given that addr wasn't marked
as volatile. My fault, sorry; fixed the commit comment this time.

> I changed the patch cosmetics a bit, see below.
> We don't have a Signed-off-by: for this patch - it would be
> good to have one, please. We should at least have yours, as
> you sent the patch.

The simplicity of adding that somewhat went over my head --
please find attached the corrected original patch against HEAD
with Signed-off-by: for both of us. led@ didn't change cosmetics
-- thanks for providing it anyways.

> Also, we prefer to have real names in kernel commits.
> Does "Led" refer to Alexander Chumachenko?

(just in case) Yes.

---- WBR, Michael Shigorin <>
------ Linux.Kiev
From 70e6a20b3720e522633f4b791f2f35e817d7ced3 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Led <>
Date: Thu, 1 Apr 2010 15:34:52 +0300
Subject: [PATCH] x86: avoid 'constant_test_bit()' misoptimization due to cast to non-volatile

While debugging bit_spin_lock() hang, it was tracked down to gcc-4.4
misoptimization of non-inlined constant_test_bit() due to non-volatile
addr when 'const volatile unsigned long *addr' cast to 'unsigned long *'
with subsequent unconditional jump to pause (and not to the test) leading
to hang.

Compiling with gcc-4.3 or disabling CONFIG_OPTIMIZE_INLINING yields inlined
constant_test_bit() and correct jump, thus working around the kernel bug.

Other arches than asm-x86 may implement this slightly differently;
2.6.29 mitigates the misoptimization by changing the function prototype
(commit c4295fbb6048d85f0b41c5ced5cbf63f6811c46c) but probably fixing the issue
itself is better.

Signed-off-by: Alexander Chumachenko <>
Signed-off-by: Michael Shigorin <>

arch/x86/include/asm/bitops.h | 2 +-
1 files changed, 1 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/bitops.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/bitops.h
index 545776e..bafd80d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/bitops.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/bitops.h
@@ -309,7 +309,7 @@ static inline int test_and_change_bit(int nr, volatile unsigned long *addr)
static __always_inline int constant_test_bit(unsigned int nr, const volatile unsigned long *addr)
return ((1UL << (nr % BITS_PER_LONG)) &
- (((unsigned long *)addr)[nr / BITS_PER_LONG])) != 0;
+ (addr[nr / BITS_PER_LONG])) != 0;

static inline int variable_test_bit(int nr, volatile const unsigned long *addr)
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