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    SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/2] initramfs: Fix initramfs size calculation
    On Tue, Aug 31, 2010 at 10:23:09AM +0200, Hendrik Brueckner wrote:
    >The size of a built-in initramfs is calculated in init/initramfs.c by
    >"__initramfs_end - __initramfs_start". Those symbols are defined in the
    >linker script include/asm-generic/
    >#define INIT_RAM_FS \
    > . = ALIGN(PAGE_SIZE); \
    > VMLINUX_SYMBOL(__initramfs_start) = .; \
    > *(.init.ramfs) \
    > VMLINUX_SYMBOL(__initramfs_end) = .;
    >If the initramfs file has an odd number of bytes, the "__initramfs_end"
    >symbol points to an odd address, for example, the symbols in the
    >might look like:
    > 0000000000572000 T __initramfs_start
    > 00000000005bcd05 T __initramfs_end <-- odd address
    >At least on s390 this causes a problem:
    >Certain s390 instructions, especially instructions for loading addresses
    >(larl) or branch addresses must be on even addresses.
    >The compiler loads the symbol addresses with the "larl" instruction. This
    >instruction sets the last bit to 0 and, therefore, for odd size files, the
    >calculated size is one byte less than it should be:
    > 0000000000540a9c <populate_rootfs>:
    > 540a9c: eb cf f0 78 00 24 stmg %r12,%r15,120(%r15),
    > 540aa2: c0 10 00 01 8a af larl %r1,572000 <__initramfs_start>
    > 540aa8: c0 c0 00 03 e1 2e larl %r12,5bcd04 <initramfs_end>
    > (Instead of 5bcd05)
    > ...
    > 540abe: 1b c1 sr %r12,%r1
    >To fix the problem, this patch introduces the global variable
    >__initramfs_size, which is calculated in the "usr/initramfs_data.S" file.
    >The populate_rootfs() function can then use the start marker of the
    >.init.ramfs section and the value of __initramfs_size for loading the
    >initramfs. Because the start marker and size is sufficient, the
    >__initramfs_end symbol is no longer needed and is removed.
    >Signed-off-by: Michael Holzheu <>
    >Signed-off-by: Hendrik Brueckner <>

    This patch looks good for me too,

    Reviewed-by: WANG Cong <>

    I think Michal will take this into kbuild tree.


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      Last update: 2010-09-01 09:49    [W:0.024 / U:1.520 seconds]
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