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Subject[PATCH 09/39] whiteout: tmpfs whiteout support
Date
Add support for whiteout dentries to tmpfs.  This includes adding
support for whiteouts to d_genocide(), which is called to tear down
pinned tmpfs dentries. Whiteouts have to be persistent, so they have
a pinning extra ref count that needs to be dropped by d_genocide().

Signed-off-by: Jan Blunck <jblunck@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Valerie Aurora <vaurora@redhat.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
---
fs/dcache.c | 13 +++++-
mm/shmem.c | 145 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
2 files changed, 143 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)
diff --git a/fs/dcache.c b/fs/dcache.c
index 80f059b..79b9f6a 100644
--- a/fs/dcache.c
+++ b/fs/dcache.c
@@ -2229,7 +2229,18 @@ resume:
struct list_head *tmp = next;
struct dentry *dentry = list_entry(tmp, struct dentry, d_u.d_child);
next = tmp->next;
- if (d_unhashed(dentry)||!dentry->d_inode)
+ /*
+ * Skip unhashed and negative dentries, but process
+ * positive dentries and whiteouts. A whiteout looks
+ * kind of like a negative dentry for purposes of
+ * lookup, but it has an extra pinning ref count
+ * because it can't be evicted like a negative dentry
+ * can. What we care about here is ref counts - and
+ * we need to drop the ref count on a whiteout before
+ * we can evict it.
+ */
+ if (d_unhashed(dentry)||(!dentry->d_inode &&
+ !d_is_whiteout(dentry)))
continue;
if (!list_empty(&dentry->d_subdirs)) {
this_parent = dentry;
diff --git a/mm/shmem.c b/mm/shmem.c
index f65f840..a0a4fa5 100644
--- a/mm/shmem.c
+++ b/mm/shmem.c
@@ -1805,6 +1805,76 @@ static int shmem_statfs(struct dentry *dentry, struct kstatfs *buf)
return 0;
}

+static int shmem_rmdir(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry);
+static int shmem_unlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry);
+
+/*
+ * This is the whiteout support for tmpfs. It uses one singleton whiteout
+ * inode per superblock thus it is very similar to shmem_link().
+ */
+static int shmem_whiteout(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *old_dentry,
+ struct dentry *new_dentry)
+{
+ struct shmem_sb_info *sbinfo = SHMEM_SB(dir->i_sb);
+ struct dentry *dentry;
+
+ if (!(dir->i_sb->s_flags & MS_WHITEOUT))
+ return -EPERM;
+
+ /* This gives us a proper initialized negative dentry */
+ dentry = simple_lookup(dir, new_dentry, NULL);
+ if (dentry && IS_ERR(dentry))
+ return PTR_ERR(dentry);
+
+ /*
+ * No ordinary (disk based) filesystem counts whiteouts as inodes;
+ * but each new link needs a new dentry, pinning lowmem, and
+ * tmpfs dentries cannot be pruned until they are unlinked.
+ */
+ if (sbinfo->max_inodes) {
+ spin_lock(&sbinfo->stat_lock);
+ if (!sbinfo->free_inodes) {
+ spin_unlock(&sbinfo->stat_lock);
+ return -ENOSPC;
+ }
+ sbinfo->free_inodes--;
+ spin_unlock(&sbinfo->stat_lock);
+ }
+
+ if (old_dentry->d_inode) {
+ if (S_ISDIR(old_dentry->d_inode->i_mode))
+ shmem_rmdir(dir, old_dentry);
+ else
+ shmem_unlink(dir, old_dentry);
+ }
+
+ dir->i_size += BOGO_DIRENT_SIZE;
+ dir->i_ctime = dir->i_mtime = CURRENT_TIME;
+ /* Extra pinning count for the created dentry */
+ dget(new_dentry);
+ spin_lock(&new_dentry->d_lock);
+ new_dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_WHITEOUT;
+ spin_unlock(&new_dentry->d_lock);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void shmem_d_instantiate(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry,
+ struct inode *inode)
+{
+ if (d_is_whiteout(dentry)) {
+ /* Re-using an existing whiteout */
+ shmem_free_inode(dir->i_sb);
+ if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode))
+ inode->i_mode |= S_OPAQUE;
+ } else {
+ /* New dentry */
+ dir->i_size += BOGO_DIRENT_SIZE;
+ dget(dentry); /* Extra count - pin the dentry in core */
+ }
+ /* Will clear DCACHE_WHITEOUT flag */
+ d_instantiate(dentry, inode);
+
+}
/*
* File creation. Allocate an inode, and we're done..
*/
@@ -1833,10 +1903,8 @@ shmem_mknod(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, int mode, dev_t dev)
#else
error = 0;
#endif
- dir->i_size += BOGO_DIRENT_SIZE;
+ shmem_d_instantiate(dir, dentry, inode);
dir->i_ctime = dir->i_mtime = CURRENT_TIME;
- d_instantiate(dentry, inode);
- dget(dentry); /* Extra count - pin the dentry in core */
}
return error;
}
@@ -1874,12 +1942,11 @@ static int shmem_link(struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *dir, struct dentr
if (ret)
goto out;

- dir->i_size += BOGO_DIRENT_SIZE;
+ shmem_d_instantiate(dir, dentry, inode);
+
inode->i_ctime = dir->i_ctime = dir->i_mtime = CURRENT_TIME;
inc_nlink(inode);
atomic_inc(&inode->i_count); /* New dentry reference */
- dget(dentry); /* Extra pinning count for the created dentry */
- d_instantiate(dentry, inode);
out:
return ret;
}
@@ -1888,21 +1955,61 @@ static int shmem_unlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry)
{
struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode;

- if (inode->i_nlink > 1 && !S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode))
- shmem_free_inode(inode->i_sb);
+ if (d_is_whiteout(dentry) || (inode->i_nlink > 1 && !S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)))
+ shmem_free_inode(dir->i_sb);

+ if (inode) {
+ inode->i_ctime = dir->i_ctime = dir->i_mtime = CURRENT_TIME;
+ drop_nlink(inode);
+ }
dir->i_size -= BOGO_DIRENT_SIZE;
- inode->i_ctime = dir->i_ctime = dir->i_mtime = CURRENT_TIME;
- drop_nlink(inode);
dput(dentry); /* Undo the count from "create" - this does all the work */
return 0;
}

+static void shmem_dir_unlink_whiteouts(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry)
+{
+ if (!dentry->d_inode)
+ return;
+
+ /* Remove whiteouts from logical empty directory */
+ if (S_ISDIR(dentry->d_inode->i_mode) &&
+ dentry->d_inode->i_sb->s_flags & MS_WHITEOUT) {
+ struct dentry *child, *next;
+ LIST_HEAD(list);
+
+ spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
+ list_for_each_entry(child, &dentry->d_subdirs, d_u.d_child) {
+ spin_lock(&child->d_lock);
+ if (d_is_whiteout(child)) {
+ __d_drop(child);
+ if (!list_empty(&child->d_lru)) {
+ list_del(&child->d_lru);
+ dentry_stat.nr_unused--;
+ }
+ list_add(&child->d_lru, &list);
+ }
+ spin_unlock(&child->d_lock);
+ }
+ spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
+
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(child, next, &list, d_lru) {
+ spin_lock(&child->d_lock);
+ list_del_init(&child->d_lru);
+ spin_unlock(&child->d_lock);
+
+ shmem_unlink(dentry->d_inode, child);
+ }
+ }
+}
+
static int shmem_rmdir(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry)
{
if (!simple_empty(dentry))
return -ENOTEMPTY;

+ /* Remove whiteouts from logical empty directory */
+ shmem_dir_unlink_whiteouts(dir, dentry);
drop_nlink(dentry->d_inode);
drop_nlink(dir);
return shmem_unlink(dir, dentry);
@@ -1911,7 +2018,7 @@ static int shmem_rmdir(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry)
/*
* The VFS layer already does all the dentry stuff for rename,
* we just have to decrement the usage count for the target if
- * it exists so that the VFS layer correctly free's it when it
+ * it exists so that the VFS layer correctly frees it when it
* gets overwritten.
*/
static int shmem_rename(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *new_dir, struct dentry *new_dentry)
@@ -1922,7 +2029,12 @@ static int shmem_rename(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry, struct
if (!simple_empty(new_dentry))
return -ENOTEMPTY;

+ if (d_is_whiteout(new_dentry))
+ shmem_unlink(new_dir, new_dentry);
+
if (new_dentry->d_inode) {
+ /* Remove whiteouts from logical empty directory */
+ shmem_dir_unlink_whiteouts(new_dir, new_dentry);
(void) shmem_unlink(new_dir, new_dentry);
if (they_are_dirs)
drop_nlink(old_dir);
@@ -1987,10 +2099,8 @@ static int shmem_symlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, const char *s
unlock_page(page);
page_cache_release(page);
}
- dir->i_size += BOGO_DIRENT_SIZE;
+ shmem_d_instantiate(dir, dentry, inode);
dir->i_ctime = dir->i_mtime = CURRENT_TIME;
- d_instantiate(dentry, inode);
- dget(dentry);
return 0;
}

@@ -2367,6 +2477,12 @@ int shmem_fill_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data, int silent)
if (!root)
goto failed_iput;
sb->s_root = root;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_TMPFS
+ if (!(sb->s_flags & MS_NOUSER))
+ sb->s_flags |= MS_WHITEOUT;
+#endif
+
return 0;

failed_iput:
@@ -2466,6 +2582,7 @@ static const struct inode_operations shmem_dir_inode_operations = {
.rmdir = shmem_rmdir,
.mknod = shmem_mknod,
.rename = shmem_rename,
+ .whiteout = shmem_whiteout,
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_TMPFS_POSIX_ACL
.setattr = shmem_notify_change,
--
1.6.3.3


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