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Subject[RFC PATCH v3 5/5] perf:add a script shows a process of packet
Add a perf script which shows a process of packets and processed time.
It helps us to investigate networking or network device.

If you want to use it, install perf and record perf.data like following.

#perf trace record netdev-times [script]

If you set script, perf gathers records until it ends.
If not, you must Ctrl-C to stop recording.

And if you want a report from record,

#perf trace report netdev-times [options]

If you use some options, you can limit an output.
Option is below.

tx: show only process of tx packets
rx: show only process of rx packets
dev=: show a process specified with this option
debug: work with debug mode. It shows buffer status.

For example, if you want to show a process of received packets associated
with eth3,

#perf trace report netdev-times rx dev=eth3
79074.756672832sec cpu=1
irq_entry(+0.000000msec,irq=77:eth3)
|------------softirq_raise(+0.001277msec)
irq_exit (+0.002278msec) |
softirq_entry(+0.003562msec
|
|---netif_receive_skb(+0.006279msec,len=100)
| |
| skb_copy_datagram_iovec(+0.038778msec, 2285:sshd)
|
napi_poll_exit(+0.017160msec, eth3)
|
softirq_exit(+0.018248msec)

This perf script helps us to analyze a process time of transmit/receive
sequence.

Signed-off-by: Koki Sanagi <sanagi.koki@jp.fujitsu.com>
---
tools/perf/scripts/python/bin/netdev-times-record | 8 +
tools/perf/scripts/python/bin/netdev-times-report | 5 +
tools/perf/scripts/python/netdev-times.py | 478 +++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 491 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
diff --git a/tools/perf/scripts/python/bin/netdev-times-record b/tools/perf/scripts/python/bin/netdev-times-record
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..12da07e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/perf/scripts/python/bin/netdev-times-record
@@ -0,0 +1,8 @@
+#!/bin/bash
+perf record -c 1 -f -R -a -e net:net_dev_xmit -e net:net_dev_queue \
+ -e net:net_dev_receive -e skb:consume_skb \
+ -e skb:kfree_skb -e skb:skb_free_datagram_locked \
+ -e skb:dev_kfree_skb_irq -e napi:napi_poll \
+ -e irq:irq_handler_entry -e irq:irq_handler_exit \
+ -e irq:softirq_entry -e irq:softirq_exit \
+ -e irq:softirq_raise -e skb:skb_copy_datagram_iovec $@
diff --git a/tools/perf/scripts/python/bin/netdev-times-report b/tools/perf/scripts/python/bin/netdev-times-report
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c3d0a63
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/perf/scripts/python/bin/netdev-times-report
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+#!/bin/bash
+# description: display a process of packet and processing time
+# args: [tx] [rx] [dev=] [debug]
+
+perf trace -s ~/libexec/perf-core/scripts/python/netdev-times.py $@
diff --git a/tools/perf/scripts/python/less b/tools/perf/scripts/python/less
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e69de29
diff --git a/tools/perf/scripts/python/netdev-times.py b/tools/perf/scripts/python/netdev-times.py
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..486f16e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/perf/scripts/python/netdev-times.py
@@ -0,0 +1,478 @@
+# Display a process of packets and processed time.
+# It helps us to investigate networking or network device.
+#
+# options
+# tx: show only tx chart
+# rx: show only rx chart
+# dev=: show only thing related to specified device
+# debug: work with debug mode. It shows buffer status.
+
+import os
+import sys
+
+sys.path.append(os.environ['PERF_EXEC_PATH'] + \
+ '/scripts/python/Perf-Trace-Util/lib/Perf/Trace')
+
+from perf_trace_context import *
+from Core import *
+from Util import *
+
+all_event_list = []; # insert all tracepoint event related with this script
+irq_dic = {}; # key is cpu and value is a list which stacks irqs
+ # which raise NET_RX softirq
+net_rx_dic = {}; # key is cpu and value include time of NET_RX softirq-entry
+ # and a list which stacks receive
+receive_hunk_list = []; # a list which include a sequence of receive events
+rx_skb_list = []; # received packet list for matching
+ # skb_copy_datagram_iovec
+
+buffer_budget = 65536; # the budget of rx_skb_list, tx_queue_list and
+ # tx_xmit_list
+of_count_rx_skb_list = 0; # overflow count
+
+tx_queue_list = []; # list of packets which pass through dev_queue_xmit
+of_count_tx_queue_list = 0; # overflow count
+
+tx_xmit_list = []; # list of packets which pass through dev_hard_start_xmit
+of_count_tx_xmit_list = 0; # overflow count
+
+tx_free_list = []; # list of packets which is freed
+
+# options
+show_tx = 0;
+show_rx = 0;
+dev = 0; # store a name of device specified by option "dev="
+debug = 0;
+
+# indices of event_info tuple
+EINFO_IDX_NAME= 0
+EINFO_IDX_CONTEXT=1
+EINFO_IDX_CPU= 2
+EINFO_IDX_TIME= 3
+EINFO_IDX_PID= 4
+EINFO_IDX_COMM= 5
+
+# Calculate a time interval(msec) from src(nsec) to dst(nsec)
+def diff_msec(src, dst):
+ return (dst - src) / 1000000.0
+
+# Display a process of transmitting a packet
+def print_transmit(hunk):
+ if dev != 0 and hunk['dev'].find(dev) < 0:
+ return
+ print "%7s %5d %6d.%09dsec %12.6fmsec %12.6fmsec" % \
+ (hunk['dev'], hunk['len'],
+ nsecs_secs(hunk['queue_t']),
+ nsecs_nsecs(hunk['queue_t']),
+ diff_msec(hunk['queue_t'], hunk['xmit_t']),
+ diff_msec(hunk['xmit_t'], hunk['free_t']))
+
+PF_IRQ_ENTRY= "irq_entry(+%fmsec,irq=%d:%s)"
+PF_IRQ_EXIT= "irq_exit (+%fmsec) |"
+PF_SOFT_RAISE=" |------------softirq_raise(+%fmsec)"
+PF_SOFT_ENTRY=" softirq_entry(+%fmsec)"
+PF_SOFT_EXIT= " softirq_exit (+%fmsec)\n"
+PF_NAPI_POLL= " napi_poll_exit(+%fmsec, %s)"
+PF_JOINT= " |"
+PF_WJOINT= " | |"
+PF_NET_RECV= " |---netif_receive_skb" \
+ "(+%fmsec,len=%d)"
+PF_CPY_DGRAM= " | skb_copy_datagram_iovec" \
+ "(+%fmsec, %d:%s)"
+PF_FREE_DGRAM=" | skb_free_datagram_locked" \
+ "(+%fmsec)"
+PF_KFREE_SKB= " | kfree_skb" \
+ "(+%fmsec)"
+PF_CONS_SKB= " | consume_skb" \
+ "(+%fmsec)"
+
+# Display a process of received packets and interrputs associated with
+# a NET_RX softirq
+def print_receive(hunk):
+ show_hunk = 0
+ irq_list = hunk['irq_list']
+ cpu = irq_list[0]['cpu']
+ base_t = irq_list[0]['irq_ent_t']
+ # check if this hunk should be showed
+ if dev != 0:
+ for i in range(len(irq_list)):
+ if irq_list[i]['name'].find(dev) >= 0:
+ show_hunk = 1
+ break
+ else:
+ show_hunk = 1
+ if show_hunk == 0:
+ return
+
+ print "%d.%09dsec cpu=%d" % \
+ (nsecs_secs(base_t), nsecs_nsecs(base_t), cpu)
+ for i in range(len(irq_list)):
+ print PF_IRQ_ENTRY % \
+ (diff_msec(base_t, irq_list[i]['irq_ent_t']),
+ irq_list[i]['irq'], irq_list[i]['name'])
+
+ if 'sirq_raise_t' in irq_list[i].keys():
+ print PF_SOFT_RAISE % \
+ diff_msec(base_t, irq_list[i]['sirq_raise_t'])
+
+ if 'irq_ext_t' in irq_list[i].keys():
+ print PF_IRQ_EXIT % \
+ diff_msec(base_t, irq_list[i]['irq_ext_t'])
+ if 'sirq_ent_t' not in hunk.keys():
+ print 'maybe softirq_entry is dropped'
+ return
+ print PF_SOFT_ENTRY % \
+ diff_msec(base_t, hunk['sirq_ent_t'])
+ print PF_JOINT
+ event_list = hunk['event_list']
+ for i in range(len(event_list)):
+ event = event_list[i]
+ if event['event_name'] == 'napi_poll':
+ print PF_NAPI_POLL % \
+ (diff_msec(base_t, event['event_t']), event['dev'])
+ else:
+ print PF_NET_RECV % \
+ (diff_msec(base_t, event['event_t']), event['len'])
+ if 'comm' in event.keys():
+ print PF_WJOINT
+ print PF_CPY_DGRAM % \
+ (diff_msec(base_t, event['comm_t']),
+ event['pid'], event['comm'])
+ elif 'handle' in event.keys():
+ print PF_WJOINT
+ if event['handle'] == \
+ "skb_free_datagram_locked":
+ print PF_FREE_DGRAM % \
+ diff_msec(base_t,
+ event['comm_t'])
+ elif event['handle'] == "kfree_skb":
+ print PF_KFREE_SKB % \
+ diff_msec(base_t,
+ event['comm_t'])
+ elif event['handle'] == "consume_skb":
+ print PF_CONS_SKB % \
+ diff_msec(base_t,
+ event['comm_t'])
+ print PF_JOINT
+ print PF_SOFT_EXIT % diff_msec(base_t, hunk['sirq_ext_t'])
+
+def trace_begin():
+ global show_tx
+ global show_rx
+ global dev
+ global debug
+
+ for i in range(len(sys.argv)):
+ if i == 0:
+ continue
+ arg = sys.argv[i]
+ if arg == 'tx':
+ show_tx = 1
+ elif arg =='rx':
+ show_rx = 1
+ elif arg.find('dev=',0, 4) >= 0:
+ dev = arg[4:]
+ elif arg == 'debug':
+ debug = 1
+ if show_tx == 0 and show_rx == 0:
+ show_tx = 1
+ show_rx = 1
+
+def trace_end():
+ # order all events in time
+ all_event_list.sort(lambda a,b :cmp(a[EINFO_IDX_TIME],
+ b[EINFO_IDX_TIME]))
+ # process all events
+ for i in range(len(all_event_list)):
+ event_info = all_event_list[i]
+ name = event_info[EINFO_IDX_NAME]
+ if name == 'irq__softirq_exit':
+ handle_irq_softirq_exit(event_info)
+ elif name == 'irq__softirq_entry':
+ handle_irq_softirq_entry(event_info)
+ elif name == 'irq__softirq_raise':
+ handle_irq_softirq_raise(event_info)
+ elif name == 'irq__irq_handler_entry':
+ handle_irq_handler_entry(event_info)
+ elif name == 'irq__irq_handler_exit':
+ handle_irq_handler_exit(event_info)
+ elif name == 'napi__napi_poll':
+ handle_napi_poll(event_info)
+ elif name == 'net__net_dev_receive':
+ handle_net_dev_receive(event_info)
+ elif name == 'skb__skb_copy_datagram_iovec':
+ handle_skb_copy_datagram_iovec(event_info)
+ elif name == 'net__net_dev_queue':
+ handle_net_dev_queue(event_info)
+ elif name == 'net__net_dev_xmit':
+ handle_net_dev_xmit(event_info)
+ elif name == 'skb__kfree_skb':
+ handle_kfree_skb(event_info)
+ elif name == 'skb__dev_kfree_skb_irq':
+ handle_dev_kfree_skb_irq(event_info)
+ elif name == 'skb__consume_skb':
+ handle_consume_skb(event_info)
+ elif name == 'skb__skb_free_datagram_locked':
+ handle_skb_free_datagram_locked(event_info)
+ # display receive hunks
+ if show_rx:
+ for i in range(len(receive_hunk_list)):
+ print_receive(receive_hunk_list[i])
+ # display transmit hunks
+ if show_tx:
+ print " dev len Qdisc " \
+ " netdevice free"
+ for i in range(len(tx_free_list)):
+ print_transmit(tx_free_list[i])
+ if debug:
+ print "debug buffer status"
+ print "----------------------------"
+ print "xmit Qdisc:remain:%d overflow:%d" % \
+ (len(tx_queue_list), of_count_tx_queue_list)
+ print "xmit netdevice:remain:%d overflow:%d" % \
+ (len(tx_xmit_list), of_count_tx_xmit_list)
+ print "receive:remain:%d overflow:%d" % \
+ (len(rx_skb_list), of_count_rx_skb_list)
+
+# called from perf, when it finds a correspoinding event
+def irq__softirq_entry(name, context, cpu, sec, nsec, pid, comm, vec):
+ if symbol_str("irq__softirq_entry", "vec", vec) != "NET_RX":
+ return
+ event_info = (name, context, cpu, nsecs(sec, nsec), pid, comm, vec)
+ all_event_list.append(event_info)
+
+def irq__softirq_exit(name, context, cpu, sec, nsec, pid, comm, vec):
+ if symbol_str("irq__softirq_entry", "vec", vec) != "NET_RX":
+ return
+ event_info = (name, context, cpu, nsecs(sec, nsec), pid, comm, vec)
+ all_event_list.append(event_info)
+
+def irq__softirq_raise(name, context, cpu, sec, nsec, pid, comm, vec):
+ if symbol_str("irq__softirq_entry", "vec", vec) != "NET_RX":
+ return
+ event_info = (name, context, cpu, nsecs(sec, nsec), pid, comm, vec)
+ all_event_list.append(event_info)
+
+def irq__irq_handler_entry(name, context, cpu, sec, nsec, pid, comm,
+ irq, irq_name):
+ event_info = (name, context, cpu, nsecs(sec, nsec), pid, comm,
+ irq, irq_name)
+ all_event_list.append(event_info)
+
+def irq__irq_handler_exit(name, context, cpu, sec, nsec, pid, comm, irq, ret):
+ event_info = (name, context, cpu, nsecs(sec, nsec), pid, comm, irq, ret)
+ all_event_list.append(event_info)
+
+def napi__napi_poll(name, context, cpu, sec, nsec, pid, comm, napi, dev_name):
+ event_info = (name, context, cpu, nsecs(sec, nsec), pid, comm,
+ napi, dev_name)
+ all_event_list.append(event_info)
+
+def net__net_dev_receive(name, context, cpu, sec, nsec, pid, comm, skbaddr,
+ skblen, dev_name):
+ event_info = (name, context, cpu, nsecs(sec, nsec), pid, comm,
+ skbaddr, skblen, dev_name)
+ all_event_list.append(event_info)
+
+def net__net_dev_queue(name, context, cpu, sec, nsec, pid, comm,
+ skbaddr, skblen, dev_name):
+ event_info = (name, context, cpu, nsecs(sec, nsec), pid, comm,
+ skbaddr, skblen, dev_name)
+ all_event_list.append(event_info)
+
+def net__net_dev_xmit(name, context, cpu, sec, nsec, pid, comm,
+ skbaddr, skblen, rc, dev_name):
+ event_info = (name, context, cpu, nsecs(sec, nsec), pid, comm,
+ skbaddr, skblen, rc ,dev_name)
+ all_event_list.append(event_info)
+
+def skb__kfree_skb(name, context, cpu, sec, nsec, pid, comm,
+ skbaddr, protocol, location):
+ event_info = (name, context, cpu, nsecs(sec, nsec), pid, comm,
+ skbaddr, protocol, location)
+ all_event_list.append(event_info)
+
+def skb__skb_free_datagram_locked(name, context, cpu, sec, nsec, pid, comm,
+ skbaddr):
+ event_info = (name, context, cpu, nsecs(sec, nsec), pid, comm,
+ skbaddr)
+ all_event_list.append(event_info)
+
+def skb__dev_kfree_skb_irq(name, context, cpu, sec, nsec, pid, comm, skbaddr):
+ event_info = (name, context, cpu, nsecs(sec, nsec), pid, comm,
+ skbaddr)
+ all_event_list.append(event_info)
+
+def skb__consume_skb(name, context, cpu, sec, nsec, pid, comm, skbaddr):
+ event_info = (name, context, cpu, nsecs(sec, nsec), pid, comm,
+ skbaddr)
+ all_event_list.append(event_info)
+
+def skb__skb_copy_datagram_iovec(name, context, cpu, sec, nsec, pid, comm,
+ skbaddr, skblen):
+ event_info = (name, context, cpu, nsecs(sec, nsec), pid, comm,
+ skbaddr, skblen)
+ all_event_list.append(event_info)
+
+def handle_irq_softirq_exit(event_info):
+ (name, context, cpu, time, pid, comm, vec) = event_info
+ irq_list = []
+ event_list = 0
+ if cpu in irq_dic.keys():
+ irq_list = irq_dic[cpu]
+ del irq_dic[cpu]
+ if cpu in net_rx_dic.keys():
+ sirq_ent_t = net_rx_dic[cpu]['sirq_ent_t']
+ event_list = net_rx_dic[cpu]['event_list']
+ del net_rx_dic[cpu]
+ if irq_list == [] or event_list == 0:
+ return
+ rec_data = {'sirq_ent_t':sirq_ent_t, 'sirq_ext_t':time,
+ 'irq_list':irq_list, 'event_list':event_list}
+ # merge information realted to a NET_RX softirq
+ receive_hunk_list.append(rec_data)
+
+def handle_irq_softirq_entry(event_info):
+ (name, context, cpu, time, pid, comm, vec) = event_info
+ net_rx_dic[cpu] = {'sirq_ent_t':time, 'event_list':[]}
+
+def handle_irq_softirq_raise(event_info):
+ (name, context, cpu, time, pid, comm, vec) = event_info
+ if cpu not in irq_dic.keys() \
+ or len(irq_dic[cpu]) == 0:
+ return
+ irq = irq_dic[cpu].pop()
+ # put a time to prev irq on the same cpu
+ irq.update({'sirq_raise_t':time})
+ irq_dic[cpu].append(irq)
+
+def handle_irq_handler_entry(event_info):
+ (name, context, cpu, time, pid, comm, irq, irq_name) = event_info
+ if cpu not in irq_dic.keys():
+ irq_dic[cpu] = []
+ irq_record = {'irq':irq, 'name':irq_name, 'cpu':cpu, 'irq_ent_t':time}
+ irq_dic[cpu].append(irq_record)
+
+def handle_irq_handler_exit(event_info):
+ (name, context, cpu, time, pid, comm, irq, ret) = event_info
+ if cpu not in irq_dic.keys():
+ return
+ irq_record = irq_dic[cpu].pop()
+ if irq != irq_record['irq']:
+ return
+ irq_record.update({'irq_ext_t':time})
+ # if an irq doesn't include NET_RX softirq, drop.
+ if 'sirq_raise_t' in irq_record.keys():
+ irq_dic[cpu].append(irq_record)
+
+def handle_napi_poll(event_info):
+ (name, context, cpu, time, pid, comm, napi, dev_name) = event_info
+ if cpu in net_rx_dic.keys():
+ event_list = net_rx_dic[cpu]['event_list']
+ rec_data = {'event_name':'napi_poll',
+ 'dev':dev_name, 'event_t':time}
+ event_list.append(rec_data)
+
+def handle_net_dev_receive(event_info):
+ global of_count_rx_skb_list
+
+ (name, context, cpu, time, pid, comm,
+ skbaddr, skblen, dev_name) = event_info
+ if cpu in net_rx_dic.keys():
+ rec_data = {'event_name':'netif_receive_skb',
+ 'event_t':time, 'skbaddr':skbaddr, 'len':skblen}
+ event_list = net_rx_dic[cpu]['event_list']
+ event_list.append(rec_data)
+ rx_skb_list.insert(0, rec_data)
+ if len(rx_skb_list) > buffer_budget:
+ rx_skb_list.pop()
+ of_count_rx_skb_list += 1
+
+def handle_net_dev_queue(event_info):
+ global of_count_tx_queue_list
+
+ (name, context, cpu, time, pid, comm,
+ skbaddr, skblen, dev_name) = event_info
+ skb = {'dev':dev_name, 'skbaddr':skbaddr, 'len':skblen, 'queue_t':time}
+ tx_xmit_list.insert(0, skb)
+ if len(tx_xmit_list) > buffer_budget:
+ tx_xmit_list.pop()
+ of_count_tx_xmit_list += 1
+
+def handle_net_dev_xmit(event_info):
+ global of_count_tx_queue_list
+
+ (name, context, cpu, time, pid, comm,
+ skbaddr, skblen, rc, dev_name) = event_info
+ if rc == 0: # NETDEV_TX_OK
+ for i in range(len(tx_xmit_list)):
+ skb = tx_xmit_list[i]
+ if skb['skbaddr'] == skbaddr:
+ skb['xmit_t'] = time
+ tx_queue_list.insert(0, skb)
+ del tx_xmit_list[i]
+ if len(tx_queue_list) > buffer_budget:
+ tx_queue_list.pop()
+ of_count_tx_queue_list += 1
+ return
+
+def handle_kfree_skb(event_info):
+ (name, context, cpu, time, pid, comm,
+ skbaddr, protocol, location) = event_info
+ for i in range(len(tx_queue_list)):
+ skb = tx_queue_list[i]
+ if skb['skbaddr'] == skbaddr:
+ del tx_queue_list[i]
+ return
+ for i in range(len(tx_xmit_list)):
+ skb = tx_xmit_list[i]
+ if skb['skbaddr'] == skbaddr:
+ del tx_xmit_list[i]
+ return
+ for i in range(len(rx_skb_list)):
+ rec_data = rx_skb_list[i]
+ if rec_data['skbaddr'] == skbaddr:
+ rec_data.update({'handle':"kfree_skb",
+ 'comm':comm, 'pid':pid, 'comm_t':time})
+ del rx_skb_list[i]
+ return
+
+def handle_dev_kfree_skb_irq(event_info):
+ (name, context, cpu, time, pid, comm, skbaddr) = event_info
+ for i in range(len(tx_queue_list)):
+ skb = tx_queue_list[i]
+ if skb['skbaddr'] == skbaddr:
+ skb['free_t'] = time
+ tx_free_list.append(skb)
+ del tx_queue_list[i]
+ return
+
+def handle_consume_skb(event_info):
+ (name, context, cpu, time, pid, comm, skbaddr) = event_info
+ for i in range(len(tx_queue_list)):
+ skb = tx_queue_list[i]
+ if skb['skbaddr'] == skbaddr:
+ skb['free_t'] = time
+ tx_free_list.append(skb)
+ del tx_queue_list[i]
+ return
+
+def handle_skb_free_datagram_locked(event_info):
+ (name, context, cpu, time, pid, comm, skbaddr) = event_info
+ for i in range(len(rx_skb_list)):
+ rec_data = rx_skb_list[i]
+ if skbaddr == rec_data['skbaddr']:
+ rec_data.update({'handle':"skb_free_datagram_locked",
+ 'comm':comm, 'pid':pid, 'comm_t':time})
+ del rx_skb_list[i]
+ return
+
+def handle_skb_copy_datagram_iovec(event_info):
+ (name, context, cpu, time, pid, comm, skbaddr, skblen) = event_info
+ for i in range(len(rx_skb_list)):
+ rec_data = rx_skb_list[i]
+ if skbaddr == rec_data['skbaddr']:
+ rec_data.update({'handle':"skb_copy_datagram_iovec",
+ 'comm':comm, 'pid':pid, 'comm_t':time})
+ del rx_skb_list[i]
+ return


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