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SubjectRe: [RFC 1/3 v3] mm: iommu: An API to unify IOMMU, CPU and device memory management
Zach Pfeffer <> writes:

> On Thu, Jul 15, 2010 at 09:55:35AM +0100, Russell King - ARM Linux wrote:
>> On Wed, Jul 14, 2010 at 06:29:58PM -0700, Zach Pfeffer wrote:
>> > The VCM ensures that all mappings that map a given physical buffer:
>> > IOMMU mappings, CPU mappings and one-to-one device mappings all map
>> > that buffer using the same (or compatible) attributes. At this point
>> > the only attribute that users can pass is CACHED. In the absence of
>> > CACHED all accesses go straight through to the physical memory.
>> So what you're saying is that if I have a buffer in kernel space
>> which I already have its virtual address, I can pass this to VCM and
>> tell it !CACHED, and it'll setup another mapping which is not cached
>> for me?
> Not quite. The existing mapping will be represented by a reservation
> from the prebuilt VCM of the VM. This reservation has been marked
> non-cached. Another reservation on a IOMMU VCM, also marked non-cached
> will be backed with the same physical memory. This is legal in ARM,
> allowing the vcm_back call to succeed. If you instead passed cached on
> the second mapping, the first mapping would be non-cached and the
> second would be cached. If the underlying architecture supported this
> than the vcm_back would go through.

How does this compare with the x86 pat code?

>> You are aware that multiple V:P mappings for the same physical page
>> with different attributes are being outlawed with ARMv6 and ARMv7
>> due to speculative prefetching. The cache can be searched even for
>> a mapping specified as 'normal, uncached' and you can get cache hits
>> because the data has been speculatively loaded through a separate
>> cached mapping of the same physical page.
> I didn't know that. Thanks for the heads up.
>> FYI, during the next merge window, I will be pushing a patch which makes
>> ioremap() of system RAM fail, which should be the last core code creator
>> of mappings with different memory types. This behaviour has been outlawed
>> (as unpredictable) in the architecture specification and does cause
>> problems on some CPUs.
> That's fair enough, but it seems like it should only be outlawed for
> those processors on which it breaks.

To my knowledge mismatch of mapping attributes is a problem on most
cpus on every architecture. I don't see it making sense to encourage
coding constructs that will fail in the strangest most difficult to
debug ways.


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