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Subject[145/200] firewire: core: check for 1394a compliant IRM, fix inaccessibility of Sony camcorder
2.6.34-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.


From: Stefan Richter <>

commit 10389536742cefbedecb67a5b2906f155cf3a1c3 upstream.

Per IEEE 1394 clause, a contender for the IRM role shall check
whether the current IRM complies to 1394a-2000 or later. If not force a
compliant node (e.g. itself) to become IRM. This was implemented in the
older ieee1394 driver but not yet in firewire-core.

An older Sony camcorder (Sony DCR-TRV25) which implements 1394-1995 IRM
but neither 1394a-2000 IRM nor BM was now found to cause an
interoperability bug:
- Camcorder becomes root node when plugged in, hence gets IRM role.
- firewire-core successfully contends for BM role, proceeds to perform
gap count optimization and resets the bus.
- Sony camcorder ignores presence of a BM (against the spec, this is
a firmware bug), performs its idea of gap count optimization and
resets the bus.
- Preceding two steps are repeated endlessly, bus never settles,
regular I/O is practically impossible.

This is an interoperability regression from the old to the new drivers.
Fix it indirectly by adding the 1394a IRM check. The spec suggests
three and a half methods to determine 1394a compliance of a remote IRM;
we choose the method of testing the Config_ROM.Bus_Info.generation
field. This is data that firewire-core should have readily available at
this point, i.e. does not require extra I/O.

Reported-by: Clemens Ladisch <> (missing 1394a check)
Reported-by: H. S. <> (issue with Sony DCR-TRV25)
Tested-by: H. S. <>
Signed-off-by: Stefan Richter <>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>

drivers/firewire/core-card.c | 24 +++++++++++++++++++-----
1 file changed, 19 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

--- a/drivers/firewire/core-card.c
+++ b/drivers/firewire/core-card.c
@@ -231,7 +231,7 @@ void fw_schedule_bm_work(struct fw_card
static void fw_card_bm_work(struct work_struct *work)
struct fw_card *card = container_of(work, struct fw_card,;
- struct fw_device *root_device;
+ struct fw_device *root_device, *irm_device;
struct fw_node *root_node;
unsigned long flags;
int root_id, new_root_id, irm_id, local_id;
@@ -239,6 +239,7 @@ static void fw_card_bm_work(struct work_
bool do_reset = false;
bool root_device_is_running;
bool root_device_is_cmc;
+ bool irm_is_1394_1995_only;

spin_lock_irqsave(&card->lock, flags);

@@ -248,12 +249,18 @@ static void fw_card_bm_work(struct work_

generation = card->generation;
root_node = card->root_node;
root_device = root_node->data;
root_device_is_running = root_device &&
atomic_read(&root_device->state) == FW_DEVICE_RUNNING;
root_device_is_cmc = root_device && root_device->cmc;
+ irm_device = card->irm_node->data;
+ irm_is_1394_1995_only = irm_device && irm_device->config_rom &&
+ (irm_device->config_rom[2] & 0x000000f0) == 0;
root_id = root_node->node_id;
irm_id = card->irm_node->node_id;
local_id = card->local_node->node_id;
@@ -276,8 +283,15 @@ static void fw_card_bm_work(struct work_

if (!card->irm_node->link_on) {
new_root_id = local_id;
- fw_notify("IRM has link off, making local node (%02x) root.\n",
- new_root_id);
+ fw_notify("%s, making local node (%02x) root.\n",
+ "IRM has link off", new_root_id);
+ goto pick_me;
+ }
+ if (irm_is_1394_1995_only) {
+ new_root_id = local_id;
+ fw_notify("%s, making local node (%02x) root.\n",
+ "IRM is not 1394a compliant", new_root_id);
goto pick_me;

@@ -316,8 +330,8 @@ static void fw_card_bm_work(struct work_
* root, and thus, IRM.
new_root_id = local_id;
- fw_notify("BM lock failed, making local node (%02x) root.\n",
- new_root_id);
+ fw_notify("%s, making local node (%02x) root.\n",
+ "BM lock failed", new_root_id);
goto pick_me;
} else if (card->bm_generation != generation) {

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